displays-and-lighting by xiaoyounan

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 6

									Displays & Lighting: OLED, E-Paper,
 Electroluminescents and Beyond
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

1. INTRODUCTION

2. BACKPLANES

3. DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES
       3.1. Non Emissive
              3.1.1. Electrochromic (EC)
              3.1.2. Liquid Crystal (LCD)
              3.1.3. Electrophoretic (EP)
              3.1.4. Electrowetting (EW)
              3.1.5. Thermochromic
       3.2. Emissive
              3.2.1. Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)
              3.2.2. Field Emission Display (FED)
              3.2.3. Plasma Display (PDP)
              3.2.4. Electroluminescent (EL)
              3.2.5. Organic Light Emitting (OLED)

4. MATERIALS
              4.1.1. Substrates
              4.1.2. Metals
              4.1.3. Polymer films
              4.1.4. Paper
              4.1.5. Fabric or textiles
      4.2. Encapsulation
              4.2.2. Vitex
              4.2.3. GE
              4.2.4. 3M
              4.2.5. Others

5. APPLICATIONS
       5.1. (Smart) Cards
               5.1.1. Secure financial cards
               5.1.2. Stored value cards
               5.1.3. Novelty
       5.2. Mobile Devices/Consumer Electronics
               5.2.1. Electronic Readers
               5.2.2. Mobile Telephone
               5.2.3. Dynamic Keypads
               5.2.4. Watches
               5.2.5. Storage
               5.2.6. Wearable/conformable
               5.2.7. Medical
               5.2.8. Skins for mobile devices
               5.2.9. Greeting Cards
               5.2.10. Electronic Tablets
               5.2.11. Others
       5.3. Digital Signage
               5.3.2. Smart Labels
       5.4. Others
               5.4.1. Military/Security
               5.4.2. Automotive
               5.4.3. High quality displays
               5.4.4. Transparent

6. PATTERNING TECHNIQUES
      6.1. Physical phenomena
      6.2. Printing/patterning process taxonomy
      6.3. Printing process considerations
              6.3.1. Physical (size) requirements
              6.3.2. Material requirements
              6.3.3. Economic considerations
              6.3.4. Other considerations
      6.4. Printing Processes
              6.4.1. Flexography
              6.4.2. Letterpress
              6.4.3. Soft Lithography
              6.4.4. Gravure
              6.4.5. Gravure Offset (Pad)
              6.4.6. Offset Lithography
              6.4.7. Screen
              6.4.8. Ink-jet
              6.4.9. Thermal/ablation
              6.4.10. Aerosol Jet
              6.4.11. Liquid dispensing

7. COMPANIES
      7.1. OLED: Materials & Licensing
             7.1.1. Cambridge Display Technology (CDT) - Sumation™
             7.1.2. DuPont
             7.1.3. Kodak
             7.1.4. Novaled
             7.1.5. OLED-T
      7.2. OLED Displays
             7.2.1. LG
             7.2.2. Pioneer
             7.2.3. RiTdisplay
             7.2.4. Samsung SDI
             7.2.5. Seiko Epson
             7.2.6. SONY
             7.2.7. TDK
             7.2.8. Toshiba Matsushita Display Technology (TMD)
               7.2.9. Universal Display Corporation
               7.2.10. Beijing Visionox Technology Company ltd.
       7.3. OLED lighting
               7.3.1. Add-vision Inc. (AVI)
               7.3.2. General Electric (GE)
               7.3.3. Lumiotec Inc.
               7.3.4. OSRAM Opto Semiconductors
               7.3.5. PHILIPS
       7.4. E-paper displays
               7.4.2. LG
               7.4.3. Nemoptic
               7.4.4. Plastic Logic
               7.4.5. Polymer Vision
               7.4.6. The four basic steps in making Polymer Vision's rollable display
       7.5. Inorganic Electroluminescent (EL)
               7.5.1. Elumin8
               7.5.2. Luminous Media
               7.5.3. Pelikon
               7.5.4. Rogers Corporation
               7.5.5. Schreiner VarioLight
       7.6. Research groups
               7.6.1. USA
               7.6.2. Asia
               7.6.3. Europe
       7.7. Manufacturers
       7.8. Chemicals

8 APPENDIX 1: REFERENCES

9 APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS TABLES
      3.1. Selected electrical properties of metals
      4.1. Dimensional stability of selected substrate materials
      4.2. Properties of polymer films
      4.3. Summary of properties for heat stabilized PET and PEN
      4.4. Water vapor and oxygen transmission rates of various materials
      4.5. Requirements of barrier materials
      4.6. Oxygen transmission rates of polypropylene with various coatings
      5.1. Quotes from major book publishers about electronic publishing
      5.2. Performance characteristics of SiPix E-book media
      5.3. Automotive display requirements
      6.1. Printing processes and the physical phenomena they are based upon
      6.2. Printing process parameter and issue comparison
      6.3. Advantages and disadvantages of flexographic printing for functional
      materials.
      6.4. Advantages and disadvantages of microcontact printing
      6.5. Comparison of flexography with microcontact printing
      6.6. Summary of gravure printing features.
      6.7. Summary of pad printing characteristics
      6.8. Offset lithography capability summary
      6.9. Screen printing capability comparison
       6.10. Summary of ink-jet printing features
       6.11. Thermal transfer printing feature summary

FIGURES
     2.1. Pelikon remote control with iconic displays
     2.2. Primero 6 Digit, 7-segment printed display module from Aveso.
     2.3. Optical micrograph of TFT array processed using Digital Lithography.12
     2.4. Cross sectional view of printed multilayer pixel architechture from
     Plastic Logic.17
     2.5. All additive OTFT AM backplane on PEN
     2.6. Readius rollable display by Polymer Vision
     3.1. Acreo electrochromic display and structure
     3.2. Custom displays, using Aveso electrochromic technology
     3.3. Side view of Aveso display
     3.4. Chemistry of Aveso electrochromic display
     3.5. Aveso inlays, showing battery, display, and switch
     3.6. Siemens Electrochromic display
     3.7. Structure of NTERA electrochromic display
     3.8. Diagram of the construction and operation of a twisted nematic liquid
     crystal display (TN-LCD)
     3.9. Structure of TFT-LCD
     3.10. Structure and example of Printed OTFT TN LCD from Plastic Logic
     3.11. 30 µm droplets of spacer ball droplets (3.1-4.5 µm
     diameter) before drying, deposited by ink jet
     3.12. ChLC droplets prepared by membrane emulsification
     3.13. Comparison of ChLC stacking structures a) Shared electrode b)
     conventional
     3.14. ChLC displays produced by PIPS
     3.15. Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Displays
     3.16. Schematic cross section of FLC display pixel
     3.17. Image of 3" FLC display from Dai Nippon Printing
     3.18. Diagram of 1 and 2 particle electrophoretic display types
     3.19. Diagram of EP display using 2 particles
     3.20. Micrograph of E-ink display showing subcapsule addressing
     3.21. Micrograph of RGBW pixel layout, and two color E-ink images
     3.22. SiPix EP display
     3.23. Optical micrograph of SiPix display showing sub microcup addressing
     3.24. Grayscale rendition of SiPix EPD
     3.25. SiPix display production process
     3.26. Microcup filling and sealing processes
     3.27. Dual Mode microcup operation and micrograph of color MicrocupTM
     array
     3.28. Bridgestone liquid powder display
     3.29. Operating principle of Liquid Powder display
     3.30. Diagram of transmissive electrowetting display in the dark (a) and light
     (b) state
     3.31. Step and wedge shaped Duracell thermochromic battery testers
     3.32. Comparison of CRT and FED displays
     3.33. SEM image of a) conventional metal (Spindt) tip and b) printable cathode
     FED
3.34. Cross section of a) first screen printed CNT FED, and diode FED (PED)
3.35. SEM images of CNT paste
3.36. Morphology of printed graphite cathode
3.37. Operation of Plasma Display
3.38. Typical EL lamp construction (not to scale)
3.39. Pelikon EL technologies
3.40. Pixellated EL matrix display from Pelikon
3.41. Cross sectional diagram of Quantum Paper (Nth Degree) EL display on
paper
3.42. Production process (flowchart) for Quantum Paper (Nth degree)
printed EL displays
3.43. Construction of iFire TDEL panels
3.44. Radisson SAS London Stansted Wine Tower
3.45. 100 m long printed EL poster for IBM at Heathrow airport
3.46. Over 100 m long advertising display (BNP Paribas) at London
(Waterloo) train station
3.47. Interest in OLEDs
3.48. Typical structures of Small Molecule and Polymer OLEDs
3.49. Structure of Add-Vision's printed P-OLED
4.1. Surface smoothness of PEN substrates
4.2. Chemical structures of PET and PEN
4.3. Chemical structures of bisphenol A (monomer) and polycarbonate.
4.4. Schematic view of inkjet deposition of PEDOT:PSS along polyimide strip,
and AFM image
4.5. MVA fabrication process
4.6. Schematic cross section of a) MVA and b) transflective LCD's
4.7. Chemical structure of Polyethersulfone
4.8. Chemical structure of fluorene polyester
4.9. Optical transmission spectra of DuPont "Clear Plastic" and Kapton®
E
4.10. Cross sectional structure of top emitting OLED on paper
4.11. ChLC displays on textiles
4.12. Preparation process and cross section of ChLC display on textiles
4.13. Schematic diagram showing electronic paper display made of hollow
fibers
4.14. Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b)
laminated c) deposited in situ
4.15. Examples of PML surface planarization a) OLED cathode separator
structure b) high aspect ratio test structure
4.16. Vitex multilayer deposition process
4.17. SEM cross section of Vitex Barix material with 4 dyads
4.18. Optical transmission of Vitex Barix coating
4.19. Edge seal barrier formation by deposition through shadow masks
4.20. Three dimensional barrier structure. Polymer is shown in red, and
oxide (barrier) shown in blue
4.21. Schematic of cross section of graded barrier coating and complete
barrier film structure
5.1. RSA SecurID one time password token
5.2. Token and software system for generating a One Time Password
5.3. Schematic diagram of the construction of a smart card (SiPix)
5.4. Concepts of smart cards which incorporate a printed display
5.5. Business card prototype with emissive scrolling logo display
5.6. Estimated annual sales of E-readers
5.7. E-book readers
5.8. Printed EL display backlight for a mobile telephone
5.9. Motorola Motofone with electrophoretic main display
5.10. Mobile telephone with ReadiusTM rollable electronic display
5.11. Printed OLED displays for mobile telephones
5.12. NTT DoCoMo Dynamic keypad using electrophoretic display
5.13. DD101 watch with printed EL display
5.14. o.d.m. watch using SiPix electrophoretic display.
5.15. The Seiko Electronic Ink watch
5.16. Art Technology digital watch using E-Ink electrophoretic display
technology
5.17. Lexar JumpDrive Mercury and Secure II Plus flash drives with
electrophoretic "gas gauge"
5.18. SmartDisk Firelite Xpress portable USB hard drive
5.19. Hypercolor T-shirt incorporating thermochromic dye
5.20. Jay Maynard, a.k.a. "The TRON guy" wearing EL display
5.21. Concept of a diagnostic temperature sensing patch with display
5.22. Concept of eGo color changing skins
5.23. Greeting card produced for Marks & Spencer with electrochromic
display
5.24. Electronic tablets from Kent Displays
5.25. Q2 remote from Qwizdom
5.26. Examples of printed electrophoretic displays for digital signage
(courtesy SiPix)
5.27. Smart label with printed electronic display showing suitability for
product use
5.28. Digital Alert Display Device with printed electrochromic display
(Aveso)
5.29. Printed P-OLED wearable patch
5.30. Integrated display with solar-assisted power
5.31. Automotive dashboard printed with DuPont Luxprint® EL ink
5.32. Automotive dashboard with printed OLED display
5.33. Automotive application for low information content display
5.34. Active matrix display image
5.35. Transparent display from PolyDisplay
6.1. Schematic diagram of different types of printing processes
6.2. Taxonomy of printing processes
6.3. Throughput vs. Resolution of Different Kinds of Printing Processes
6.4. Illustration of how flexible printing plates conform to substrate surfaces
6.5. Diagram of flexographic printing process
6.6. Flexographic printing process.
6.7. Diagram

								
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