IMPACT OF MOTIVATION OF WORKERS IN SOME
(A CASE STUDY OF EMENITE LIMITED ENUGU)
This study investigated the impact of motivation on the staff of
Emenite Limited Enugu.
The researcher collected data for this study based on the
questionnaires administered to management and staff of the organization.
A simple percentage techniques were used in analyzing the data.
Some of the findings made were the availability of fringe benefits
like retirement allowance, transport allowance, housing allowance etc and
there however some of problems associated with the administration of
these motivation tools. This includes the problem of identifying an
efficient personnel etc.
Based on the findings made some recommendation like identifying
and recruitment of an experts in human resources management to take
charge of the management and find good motivating factors for staff,
workers involvement in the management activities so as to give them a
sense of belonging etc. Were recommended by the researcher.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.6 Research question
2.2 Definition and Concept of motivation
2.3 The need theory of Maslow
2.4 Maslow’s theory of hierarchy of needs
2.5 Frederick Herxbergs two factor – motivation hygiene theory
2.6 David McClellands achievement theory
2.7 The classical theory of motivation
2.8 Arch patton model
2.9 J. Stacy Adam’s Equity theory
2.10 Motivational tools and techniques
2.11 Situational approach to motivation
2.12 Motivation and the Nigeria worker
2.13 Effects of motivation
2.14 Summary of literature review
3.2 Population and sample
3.4 Validation of instrument
3.5 Collection of data
3.6 Method of analysis
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data
5.1 Summary of findings
5.4 Limitation of the study
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Often, we ask ourselves this question: “What motivates people to
do what they do? “By this we normally mean” “Why do people behave as
they do? However, the answer we got points at motivation which is a term
popularly used to refer to the cause or way of behaviour. Because
psychologist are aware that many aspects of behaviour are determined by
motivation or learning. They confided the concept of motivation to those
factors which energize and give direction to behaviour. Usually a
motivated person will engage in an activity more vigorously and more
efficiently than an unmotivated person. Apart form activating a person or
other organisms, motivation tends to direct or focus behaviour. For
instance, a thirsty person is always ready to look for water to drink.
Motivation is the act of making workers strive hard in order to
achieve the overall objective of the organization and the employer does so
in anticipation of attaining specific goals. The word motivation is derived
from the word motive, which is impulse or desire that moves one towards
a goal. A motive is an inner states that direct a person to seek to satisfy a
In this country (Nigeria) the positive instrument in the motivation
of labour is money. Some management think that by increasing the
worker’s pay or wage packet, they have gone a long way to achieve
industrial peace, harmony, low labour turnover, increased productivity,
employees loyalty, commitment and dedication to duty.
The Nigerian workers does not only want increase in pay, he also
wants to be recognized, enjoy the work he is doing, be proud of the work
and also to be identified with it
In the time past, Nigerian workers might be satisfied with mere
basic necessities of life and cared less about the future. But in recent
times, they have been exposed to the good things of life, and are willing to
work hard to get them.
Motivation could be channeled towards the wrong direction by
management’s concentrations on good payment and allowances only.
This means that the motivation will be ineffective. A good motivational
factor could be in the form of provisions of transport facilities for workers
who experience difficulty in getting to the work place, housing allowance,
medical services etc these will help the workers and at the same time
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In these days of harsh economic conditions many industries are
finding it difficult to keep a float. On the other hand others like Emenite,
Anammco etc. are growing from strength to strength. Both the thriving
and non-thriving industries are operating under the same environment.
Why then are some succeeding and others not succeeding? This brings us
to the central point of this research motivation. What strategies are being
adopted by the different companies in motivating their staff. Is the
success of a company dependent on the motivational strategies being used
in the company? Could a company’s futures be improved by adopting a
more forward looking motivational strategy. These and many more are
the questions which this research seeks to answer.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study are:-
1. To identify some of the impact of motivation on the workers.
2. To identify some of the problems associated with motivation
3. To identify some of the prospects of motivation on staff
4. To identify whether adequate motivation on the part of the
workers has any effect on production.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project if successfully completed shall help some of the
selected organization in adopting the best motivational procedures that
will enhance productivity; as well as boosting the morale of the workers.
Also it will help some other consumer – students, workers, manager
etc. in their further studies of motivational structures and approaches.
For easy and accurate analysis of the research problems, the scope
of the research projects will cover only Emenite Limited, Enugu.
This is not only because of the time limit for carrying out this
project but also because of financial constraints involved.
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTION
The following questions have been formulated as a guide for this
1. What are the impact of motivation on staff?
2. What are the problems associated with motivation on staff?
3. What are the prospects associated with motivation on staff?
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