Comma_ Semicolon_ Apostrophe and MORE.ppt - clhs9

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Comma_ Semicolon_ Apostrophe and MORE.ppt - clhs9 Powered By Docstoc
					      Standar d Punctuation




Do I need a
comma?
                       Or do I need a
                       semicolon?
 This presentation
  covers standard
 punctuation: end
marks, commas,
semicolons, and
  apostrophes.
             End Mar ks
• Use the period [ . ] to end statements.
  Jasmine ate a chocolate-broccoli muffin.
• Use the question mark [ ? ] when asking a
  question.
  Did Jasmine eat a chocolate-broccoli muffin?
• Use — not overuse — the exclamation
  mark [ ! ] to signify excitement or
  emphasis.
  Oh, no! Jasmine ate a chocolate-broccoli muffin!
      Commas, Par t 1
• Use commas to connect introductory,
  interrupting, and some concluding
  material.
• Interrupting material will include a comma
  before and a comma after.
                 without a doubt, without
   Without a ,doubt, Jasmine test,pass the
   Jasmine will pass the comma will pass the
   a doubt.
   comma test.


                             You should know
                              commas as well
                                 as I do!
       Commas, Par t 2
• Use a comma with a coordinating
  conjunction to connect two sentences.
• Coordinating conjunctions = and, but, for,
  or, nor, yet, and so.
                              test, but Slacker
  Jasmine will pass the comma test. Slacker Sam
  Sam will
  will not. not.


                                     You have to
                                  study if you want
                                     to do well!
     Commas, Par t 3
• Use and alone to connect two items.
• Use commas and an and to connect
  three or more items.
                                  chips,
 Jasmine will buy a bag of potato chips a
 hotdog, and a
 and a hotdog. soda

                      Hard work
                       deserves a
                       reward!
             Commas continued (,)
- use a comma to separate adjectives
  - use the AND test or the FLIP test
  - “He was tall, dark, and handsome.”
  - “He was tall and dark and handsome.”
  - “He was dark, handsome, and tall.”
  - “There were seven fat sheep.”
  - “There were fat seven sheep.”
  - “There were seven AND fat sheep.”
               Semicolon
• Use the semicolon [ ; ] to connect two main
  clauses.
• Do not use the semicolon to introduce a list.
  The comma with a transition like such as or
  including, or the colon [ : ] does that job.
             prefers about her grade in statistics;
                                         her to write:
   Jasmine worries classes that requirestatistics.
   math Humanities, Abnormal
   Math tois not her best subject. Psychology, and
   Intro is not her best subject.
   US Government.


         But I excel at
         punctuation!
           Apostrophe
• Use the apostrophe [ ’ ] with an s to show
  possession: Jasmine’s pen, the cat’s eyes,
  the professors’ frowns
• Or use the apostrophe to indicate the
  letters/spaces removed in a contraction:
  she’ d, can’ t, should’ ve
       can’t cheat from Jasmine’s punctuation
   We cant cheat from Jasmines punctuation quiz
   quiz because absent today!
   because shesshe’s absent today!


                  Ha! Dentist
                 appointment!
   Old Navy Shir ts!




Can you spot the er ror?
     Quick Test, Par t 1

Directions: In the items that follow, choose
the option that corrects an error in the
underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose
“No change is necessary.”



                           Show me
                           what you
                            know.
Handout answers to follow!
                 Item 1

Although Raymond will eat grasshopper, he
Although Raymond will eat a a grasshopper, he
          A                            B
                  vegetables,
                  vegetables; such as peas,
refuses all green vegetables; such as peas,
                          C
spinach, and even cucumbers.

A.Although, Raymond
B.grasshopper he
C.vegetables, such
C.vegetables, such
D.No change is necessary.
                  Item 2

                     exam Scott rubbed his lucky
                     exam, Scott rubbed his lucky
Before his calculus exam Scott rubbed his lucky
                           A            B
rabbit’s foot and found his favorite pencil.
         foot and found his favorite pencil.
             C

A.exam, Scott
A.exam, Scott
B.rubbed, his
C.foot, and
D.No change is necessary.
                  Item 3

                  chair’s but sixguests coming
Francine has five chair’s but six guests coming
                  chairs           guests coming
                    A                B
                                     B
for Thanksgiving dinner; she hopes that old Uncle

     remembers to bring an extra.
Ross remembers to bring an extra.
         C

A.chairs
A.chairs
B.guest’s
C.remember’s
D.No change is necessary.
                 Item 4
                                    dishes;while
                                    dishes while
Roseanne washed the piles of dirty dishes; while
                                           A
                                    tried to
Maria vacuumed the filthy rug; they tried to
                                        B
             month’s worth of housekeeping in
complete a month’s worth of housekeeping in aa
               C
single hour.

A.dishes while
A.dishes while
B.tried, to
C.months
D.No change is necessary.
                   Item 5

         can’t leave work early, and Peggy wont
                                            won’t
Audrey can’t leave work early, and Peggy wont
          A                                    B
help with the cupcakes, so I guess I’ll have to do
                                     ’ll have to do
                                     C
all the baking myself.

A.cant
B.won’t
B.won’t
C.Ill
D.No change is necessary.
                  Item 6
            picnic, we were tormented by
During our picnic, we were tormented by
                 A
insects: ants swarming into the potato
insects: ants swarming into the potato
      B
salad, bees buzzing by our ears, and a katydid
salad, bees buzzing by our ears, and a katydid
      C
jumping into Henry’s open mouth.

A.picnic we
B.insects; ants
C.salad bees
      change is necessary.
D.No change is necessary.
     Quick Test, Par t 2

Directions: In the items that follow, choose
the sentence that is correctly punctuated.




                            Try a
                         different
                          type of
                           item.
                 Item 7

A. Roger spent three hours writing Christinas
   paper.
B. Roger spent three hour’s writing Christina’s
   paper.
   Roger spent three hours writing Christina’s
C. Roger spent three hours writing Christina’s
   paper.
   paper.
                  Item 8

A. When the crickets and the frogs sing Luis
   cannot get a good nights sleep.
   When the crickets and the frogs sing, Luis
B. When the crickets and the frogs sing, Luis
   cannot get good night’s sleep.
   cannot get aagood night’s sleep.
C. When the cricket’s and the frog’s sing, Luis
   cannot get a good nights sleep.
                   Item 9

   Before you start painting the walls, you’ll
A. Before you start painting the walls, you’ll need
   a drop cloth and a ladder. ladder.
   need a drop cloth and a
B. Before you start painting the walls you’ll
   need a drop cloth, and a ladder.
C. Before you start painting the walls, youll need
   a drop cloth, and a ladder.
                Item 10

A. Darlene laughed at Jebs haircut; it looked,
   as if goat’s had grazed on his head.
   Darlene laughed at Jeb’s haircut; it looked
B. Darlene laughed at Jeb’s haircut; it looked
      if goats had grazed on his head.
   as if goats had grazed on his head.
C. Darlene laughed at Jeb’s haircut, it looked
   as if goats had grazed on his’s head.
         Tips on
    Hyphens and Dashes

Hyphens are shorter (-) and are used to connect
words that are related. Hyphens can change the
meaning of words!

A man-eating shark.
A man eating shark.
Three hundred year old trees.
Three hundred-year-old trees.
Three-hundred-year-old trees.
                     Hyphens (-)

-are shorter than dashes and are used to connect
words that are related
   - English-speaking person
   - Part-time job
   - Check the dictionary
   - Don’t hyphenate “ly” words
   - Completely ridiculous grammar rule
   - Well-placed hyphen
-hyphens can change the meaning of words
   - Man eating shark (om nom nom)
   - Man-eating shark (!)
   - Three hundred year old trees
   - Three-hundred-year-old tree
         Tips on
    Hyphens and Dashes
Dashes (–) are longer than hyphens. They can come
in pairs!
They can introduce information that is off-topic. If you
take that information out, the sentence still makes
sense.
After we buy toenail clippers – the dinosaur in that
exhibit could use a trim – we’ll go to the bakery.
                  Dashes (– –)

-longer than hyphens
-come in pairs
-introduce information that is interesting but off-
topic
   - if you take out the information between
      the dashes, the sentence still makes
      sense
   - “We took our little brother – who picks his
      nose – to the fancy restaurant.”
             More Tips on
               Dashes
A dash (–) can also appear on its own. This shows
when a sentence or a speaker is interrupted.

“I love spraypainting walls!” said Bob. “It really –”

“What were you saying?” said Principal Pat from
behind him.
                     Tips on
                     Colons
Colons are stronger pauses than commas. They can
introduce long lists and long quotations.

General Parker needed quite a few things: a horse,
an army, a suit of armor, a few million arrows, and a
map.

But if you put a comma in front of a list, check the part
that comes before the colon. It must be a complete
sentence as it is.
   capitals            apostrophes

commas     Partner Interview   colons

 semicolons             quotation marks

         hyphens        dashes
                        Partner Interview
                          Assignment
                               Write this down!

1.   Brainstorm 10 questions to ask your partner.
2.   Make sure you create questions that will receive detailed answers.
3.   Ask your partner your questions, and make notes on their answers.
4.   Create a “good copy” of your interview. Your good copy will include:
                  - your questions
                  - their answers (in your words with correct punctuation)
                  - capitals, commas, semicolons, apostrophes, colons,
                    quotation marks, hyphens, dashes. (8 punctuation marks)


1. Good copy (questions and answers in your words – make
   sure you include all 8 punctuation marks).
2. Circle your punctuation marks (2 x at least 8).
3. Attach your rough notes from the interview.
                          Partner Interview
                            Assignment
For example:

Question: What is the bravest thing you have ever done?

Notes: lived in Mexico, scared of spiders, family let a spider live in the bathroom

Answer: Ms. Schwab said that she was the bravest when she lived in Mexico.
Because she is scared of spiders – a fear that many people have – she had to be
brave daily when she faced the giant spider that lived in her bathroom. When she
asked her Mexican family to get rid of the spider, they just laughed at her!

1. Good copy (questions and answers in your words – make
   sure you include all 8 punctuation marks).
2. Circle your punctuation marks (2 x at least 8).
3. Attach your rough notes from the interview.

				
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