US History B � Chapter 13 Study Guide �WW2 Erupts

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US History B � Chapter 13 Study Guide �WW2 Erupts Powered By Docstoc
					AP European History – Study Guide Chapter 13 – 160 points - 17th//18th C. European States

I. Complete the Reading Notes for ALL the following terms. Know the definition AND
significance of each:
    The Netherlands
    1. William III of Orange                            3. Dutch East India Company
    2. Calvinist Reformed Church                        4. Stadtholder
    Two Models of Political Development
    5. Parliamentary                 6. Absolutism
        Monarchy                     7. Divine Right
    Constitutional Crisis & Settlement in England
    8. James I of England            19. Long Parliament                 31. Whigs
    9. Impositions                   20. Militia Ordinance               32. James II of England
    10. Hampton Court                21. English Civil War               33. Glorious Revolution
        Conference                   22. Roundheads                      34. English Bill of
    11. Plymouth Colony              23. Cavaliers                           Rights
    12. Massachusetts Bay            24. Oliver Cromwell                 35. Act of Settlement
        Colony                       25. Puritan                         36. Act of Union
    13. Duke of                           Commonwealth                   37. George I of Gr.
        Buckingham                   26. Lord Protector                      Britain
    14. Charles I of England         27. The Restoration                 38. Sir Robert Walpole
    15. Petition of Right            28. Charles II of                   39. House of Commons
    16. Thomas Wentworth                  England                        40. House of Lords
    17. William Laud                 29. Clarendon Code
    18. Short Parliament             30. Popish Plot
    Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France
    41. Cardinal Richelieu           52. Jean-Baptiste                   59. Nine Years War
    42. Cardinal Mazarin                  Colbert                        60. War of the Spanish
    43. Louis XIV                    53. War of the                          Succession
    44. Parlements                        Devolution                     61. Philip of Anjou
    45. Dauphin                      54. Treaty of Aix-la-               62. Grand Alliance
    46. Patronage                         Chapelle                       63. Peace of Utrecht
    47. Versailles                   55. Peace of Nijmwegen                  1713
    48. Sun King                     56. Jansenism                       64. Duke of Orleans
    49. Bishop Bossuet               57. Madame de                       65. John Law
    50. Divine Right                      Maintenon                      66. Mississippi Bubble
    51. L’etat c’est moi             58. League of Augsburg              67. Cardinal Fleury
    Central & Eastern Europe
    68. King John III                73. Maria Theresa of                77. Frederick I of
        Sobieski                          Austria                            Prussia
    69. Liberum Veto                 74. Hohenzollern                    78. Frederick Wm. I of
    70. Treaty of Rastatt            75. The Great Elector                   Prussia
    71. Leopold I of Austria         76. Junkers                         79. Frederick II “the
    72. Pragmatic Sanction                                                   Great”
    Russia Enters European Politics
    80. Time of Troubles             84. Peter the Great                 88. Table of Ranks
    81. Michael Romanov              85. Great Northern War              89. Holy Synod
    82. Boyars                       86. Peace of Nystad
    83. Tsar (Czar)                  87. St. Petersburg


                                                                                               1
   The Ottoman Empire
   90. Ottoman Empire               94. Janissaries                   98. Grand Vizier
   91. Millet                       95. Shari’a                       99. Treaty of Carlowitz
   92. Dhimmi                       96. Qur’an
   93. Devshirme                    97. Ulama

II. Answer in FRQ Quick Format – Intro with appropriate thesis underlined, bullet points for
evidence in each body ¶ and a concluding statement – Choose TWO (2) – 30 points each:

   1. What led to the rise and decline of the Netherlands as a world power?
   2. What issues were most responsible for England’s transition from monarchy to
      commonwealth to a Parliamentary (Constitutional) Monarchy?
   3. Explain why France was considered an “absolute monarchy” under Louis XIV? Justify your
      answer with appropriate evidence.
   4. What transformation in monarchial power occurred under the regency of the Duke of
      Orleans?
   5. How did Prussia evolve into a militaristic society in the 1700s?
   6. What changes did Peter the Great enact to modernize & westernize Russia?
   7. What circumstances, inside and outside the Ottoman Empire, led to its slow decline?




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