Joint Stock Company-Business owned by many people
Cash Crop-Crop grown for a profit
Puritan-person who wanted to change/purify church of England
Separatist-People who wanted to separate from the Church of England
Apprentice-person who learns a trade from a skilled worker
Indentured Servants-people who pay off a debt by working for a specified period of time
House of Burgesses-1st Representative Gov’t in Jamestown colony. Citizens elected
representatives to represent their interests
Mayflower Compact-Plan of Gov’t for Plymouth Colony
Representative Government-government where people elect representatives to represent their
interests and make laws for them
Great Migration-large number of Puritans coming to New World from England
John Smith-First leader of Jamestown, forced colonists to work in order to eat, made friendly
relations with Native Americans
John Rolfe-Introduced Tobacco to Jamestown Colony, Married Pocahontas
Pocahontas-Created friendly relations between Powatan (Native American) people and English
Settlers at Jamestown
King James-Established English Colony in North America under his rule-Jamestown
John Carver-First governor of Plymouth colony
Queen Elizabeth I-Wanted to expand English empire into New World (North America)
Possible Test Questions:
Compare/Contrast Jamestown and Plymouth Colony: What similarities did they have?
What differences did they have? Similarities-Both English Colonies, both had friendly relations
with Native Americans, both struggled at first, both sent resources back to England, both had
representative governments. Differences-Jamestown was started for Economic Reasons;
Plymouth was started for Religious reasons, Jamestown relied on Tobacco; Plymouth relied on
other industries-fishing, furs. Jamestown was in present day Virginia; Plymouth was in present
Understand challenges faced by Jamestown colonists?-What were directions? What happened?
What changed their bad luck to good luck?
Find a navigable river, start your colony there, avoid the Natives if possible,
What happened: Brackish Water (Mixture of Salt and Fresh Water), filled with waste and debris
led to diseases for settlers; attacked by Natives at first; did not find gold, could not grow crops-
Saved by John Rolf and the growing of Tobacco
How did John Smith help save Jamestown? How did John Rolfe help save Jamestown?
John Smith forced colonists to work in order to eat, made friendly relations with Natives
John Rolfe introduced Tobacco as a cash crop which gave the colonists a way to earn a good
Jamestown was founded for ECONOMIC reasons
-Plymouth colony was founded for religious purposes, they had less cash crops and relied more
-Pilgrim is a person who makes a long journey for religious purposes. The group of people who
celebrated the first Thanksgiving were Separatists who we called Pilgrims because they left
England and made their journey for religious purposes. (Freedom to practice their Separatist
-Puritans were usually wealthier and held more positions of power in England than Separatists.
The Puritans moving to the New World was more organized and they were better prepared to
start their colony.
-Mass Bay Colony was more organized the citizens were usually wealthier and prepared to work.
There was not a large upper or lower class most of the citizens were middle class. More families
immigrated than the other colonies (Single White Men) and the Puritans had a stronger sense of
-New Englanders were healthier, lived longer, had more land, cleaner air, more resources, more
livestock, cleaner water and a better way of life than most of the people of England.