The Agricultural Revolution
Got to be
18th C. European Food Supply
Peasants were to produce food
Risks were great = Slow Change
Mistakes could be fatal
How did the
Agricultural Revolution begin?
More land under cultivation
Clover & Turnips
Jethro Tull >> Seed Drill
Charles Townsend >> Fertilizers & Rotation
Robert Bakewell >> Animal Breeding
How did farming practice change?
Open Field System 4 Field Rotation
3 Field Rotation Replenish soil via
Replenish soil via rest different crops & use
What is it?
The Enclosure Movement
The shift from community based farming to tenant
Fencing & parceling land >> no common
Why did it occur?
Less Waste – Higher Crop Yields – Profit $$
What were the results in England?
Commercialization of Farming
Changing demographics of villages & towns
More Productive Land = More Food >>
What is happening
in England based
on this document?
Enclosed land today
Were Agricultural Changes Universal
Throughout 18th c. Europe?
Dutch were already efficient
Land reclamation – Specialization
France made limited changes…
Only if it positively affected the nobility
Eastern Europe made little change
Landlord – Serf relationship discouraged
Maize & Potato introduced… = biggest change!
Why did the population explode in
18th c. Europe?
Improved sanitation and hygiene
Improved medical knowledge
Innovation & Invention
New crops from the Americas
Tomato, Corn and… the humble POTATO!
Write down and then analyze the
following question and write a thesis
statement & intro that fully addresses
it…then outline a response…
Identify the key features of the 18th c.
Agricultural Revolution and analyze its
social and economic consequences.
The Agricultural Revolution of the 1700s
included … and resulted in…
Significant developments such as… led to …
during the …