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A. Semicolon

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									 Colons &
Semicolons
                 Semicolon
• 2 main uses:
  – Separate independent clauses.
    • Julie ate five brownies; Eileen ate seven.
    • Kara ate two cookies; however, Bill ate none.
  – Divide a series when commas are already
    taken (i.e. “super comma”)
    • The teams ranked in this order: Jan, Carol, and
      Mike in first place; Pam, Jim, and Andy in second.
                         Colon
3 main uses are to introduce…
  …an explanation
     We learned to respect the bear’s power: He had just
 ripped the hood off our car.
 …a series
     I brought the following: a tent, matches, and a map.
 …a related quotation
     I’ll always remember my mother’s words: “If you can’t
 stand the heat, stay out of the kitchen.”
    Practice: which is correct?
Choose A or B, write down your choice.
 A. David drove to the store to get dinner;
 then to the bakery for cupcakes.
 B. Dwight stayed home watching TV; Jim
 went out to Alfredo’s Pizza.
     B. is correct: the semicolon separates two
     independent clauses.
     A. should have a comma instead of a
     semicolon.
            Which is correct?
A) Remember the quote from Oscar Wilde: “We
   are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking
   at the stars.”
B) My favorite quote is from Ben Franklin; “Be
   slow in choosing friends, and slower
   changing.”
      A. is correct: the colon introduces a quote with a
      sentence.
      B. should have a colon instead of a semicolon.
         Notice the difference:
Use a colon for an explanatory quote or after
 a full sentence:
  My father’s exclamation summed up the
  wedding: “Everything was perfect except for
  everything that went wrong.”
Use a comma when simply identifying a
 quote:
Then Phyllis said, “you left me in a bad part of
  town.”
          Copy this down:
• The following dates should be
  remembered in history 1776, for the
  American Revolution 1941 for the attack
  on Pearl Harbor and 1989 for the fall
  of the Berlin Wall.
 Commas, Colons, Semicolons
Put the punctuation in the right place:
Use: commas, colons, and semicolons.

The following dates should be
 remembered in history 1776, for the
 American Revolution 1941 for the attack
 on Pearl Harbor and 1989 for the fall
 of the Berlin Wall.
 Commas, Colons, Semicolons
Copy this down then put the punctuation in
 the right place:

The following dates should be remembered
 in history: 1776, for the American
 Revolution;1941, for the attack on Pearl
 Harbor; and 1989, for the fall of the Berlin
 Wall.
      Comma vs. Semicolon
Rule: If each part can be a complete
 sentence, don’t use a comma. Use a
 period, semicolon, or conjunction.
 One Comma- One Semicolon
 Which one gets a comma? Which one gets a semicolon?



A. Oscar flew? Andy drove.
B. Daryl stopped? then he got out.
A. Semicolon: both parts are complete
   sentences.
B. Comma: “then he got out.” isn’t a
   complete sentence.
 One Comma- One Semicolon
     Which one gets a comma? Which one gets a semicolon?




A. Oscar flew; Andy drove.
B. Daryl Stopped, then he got out.
  One Comma- One Semicolon
A. You need to bring fireworks? I’ll bring the
   extinguisher.
B. I don’t expect any problems? but we
   need to be prepared.
A. Semicolon: both parts are complete sentences.
B. Comma:
      Why? “but we need to be prepared” isn’t a
    complete sentence because of the “but”.
  One Comma- One Semicolon
A. You need to bring fireworks tomorrow; I’ll
   bring the extinguisher.
B. I don’t expect any problems, but we need
   to be prepared.
 One Comma- One Semicolon
A. Dogs run fast? Cheetahs run faster.
B. Turtles are slow? and snails are even
   slower.
A. Semicolon.
B. Comma.
 One Comma- One Semicolon
A. Dogs run fast; Cheetahs run faster.
B. Turtles are slow, and snails are even
   slower.
A. Semicolon.
B. Comma.
                 Exit Quiz
1. What is one use of the colon?
2. What is one use of the semicolon?
3. Don’t use a comma, but use a semicolon
   or period, if both parts of the sentence are
   _____________.
4. Which is Incorrect?
  A. Let’s go home; I need different shoes.
  B. Let’s go home, you need different shoes.
  C. Let’s go home, and get some different shoes.

								
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