JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES

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JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES Powered By Docstoc
					  Chapter 11
   Launching an
Employment Campaign
                 Overview
• The nature of job campaigns
• Nature of employment problems
• Relating CIP to job hunting
• Cognitive reframing of unemployment
  experiences
• Temporary services employment
Nature of Employment Problems
Defining the GAP:

• “I’m graduating and need a job.”
• “My employer laid me off and my
  unemployment runs out in 2 weeks.”
• “I’m returning to work after being at home
  raising my children.”
What makes job hunting hard?
• complex & ambiguous
  cues
• overwhelming amount of
  information
• uncertainty of the
  outcome
• solutions present new
  problems
       History of Job Hunting

                           • Job clubs
• Frank Parsons
                           • Internet
• The Great Depression
                           • One-Stop Career Centers
• Studies of job hunting
  methods                  • Role of internships
• Networking
• What Color Is Your
  Parachute?
CIP Approach to Job Hunting


                Thinking
               About My
              Decision Making


              Knowing How
            I Make Decisions


  Knowing About             Knowing About
     Myself                  My Options
           Self Knowledge
• Values
   – what work settings and employers will allow you
     to satisfy your values
• Interests
   – what type of position will allow you to engage in
     work activities you enjoy
• Skills
   – what type of position will draw on your strengths
 Other Personal Factors
Important in Job Hunting

   • Employment Preferences
       • Family Situation
         • Job Target(s)
 Other Personal Factors Important
       in Job Hunting (contd.)
• Employment Preferences
  – hours of work
  – travel requirements
  – physical demands
• Family Situation
  – desire to live close to family members
  – employment opportunities for significant others
  – existence of family business
   Other Personal Factors
Important in Job Hunting (contd.)
• Job Target(s)
  – Based on my self-knowledge, what do I want to do?
  – What job families, work settings, occupational titles
    interest me?
  – Where do I want to work?
  – Who employs people doing what I want to do?
     What do you want to do ?
                  Consider:
• Job families



• Work settings



• Occupational titles
          Sample Job Families
•   Advertising      •   Insurance
•   Banking          •   Law
•   Communications   •   Marketing
•   Fashion          •   Politics
•   Education        •   Public administration
•   Economics        •   Real estate
•   Health care      •   Telecommunications
•   Hospitality      •   Travel
•   Human services
               Work Settings
•   Business/Industry
•   Government
•   Education
•   Non-profit
•   Professions
•   Private enterprise
      What do you want to do?
Example:
Job Family
  –   fund raising
Work Setting
  –   university
Occupational Title
  –   development officer
           Self-Knowledge
• Knowledge of your values, interests,
  skills, and other personal preferences can
  help you clarify what type of
  organization, industry, or position offers
  you the most of what you want in a job
    Knowledge of Employment
           Options
              vs.
          Occupations
• Employment information includes specific data
  about an organizational structure and culture.
• Jobs across industries can vary widely
• Employment information usually includes
  information about geographic location
  Knowledge of Employment
         Options
• Specific jobs
• Knowledge of employment classifications
• Existence of particular jobs in certain geographic
  locations
Where do you want to do it?
            Geographic considerations

 –   anywhere
 –   international
 –   national
 –   southeast
 –   Florida
 –   Tampa
 Expand Geographic Location or Job
             Target
           (Not Both)
                       TAMPA

PUBLIC RELATIONS                      AD AGENCY

                       NEWSPAPER

                         OR

                   PUBLIC RELATIONS

  TAMPA                                   DALLAS
                        ATLANTA
    Knowledge of Employment
         Options (contd.)
• Certification or licensure required by
  certain positions
• Education and training supported by the
  employer
• Impact of various employment options on
  leisure
• “Family-friendly” workplaces
 CASVE Cycle & the Job
     Campaign
                   Communication
                    Identifying the
                   problem - the gap


  Execution                              Analysis
Taking action to                       Thinking about
 narrow the gap                         alternatives


          Valuing                 Synthesis
         Prioritizing          Generating likely
         alternatives            alternatives
             Communication
• Need to make an employment decision
  – “I’m graduating and need a job.”
  – “My company is going to lay me off.”
  – “I want to return to work after being at home.”


• Can include internal and external cues
                 Analysis
• Using self-knowledge and knowledge of
  employment options to better understand the
  gap between where you are and where you want
  to be.
• Reflect on what you know, obtain information
  and reflect on what you’ve learned.
• A more accurate understanding of self &
  employment options leads to a more effective
  job campaign
                   Synthesis
• Expanding and narrowing your employment
  options
• Two methods for expanding:
  – generate a list of potential employers & positions you
    have considered in the past
  – use information resources to generate new options
    (e.g., computer systems, Internet)
            Synthesis (continued)
• Narrowing your employment options
  – Consider what you learned in the Analysis phase
    about your skills, interests, and values
  – Keep only those employers and/or positions that
    have a reasonable chance of helping you narrow
    your employment gap
                     Valuing
• Consider the costs and
  benefits of each
  employment option
• Employment options
  are prioritized (may
  include specific
  industries, positions,
  geographic locations)
• First choice is identified
  for real world
  exploration
            Execution
•Take action to make the transition
 to employment
Develop & Refine Your Job Search
             Tools
• Resume

• Cover letters

• Interviewing skills
             Job Search Methods

• classified ads         • employment agencies
• career expos           • “drop-in”
• mass mailing resumes   • phoning
• previous employers     • networking
• Internet               • school placement
                           services
             Job Search Resources
• Directories of employers in many fields
• FSU Career Center
• Academic department – faculty contacts
• Family, friends, neighbors, acquaintances (networking)
• Organization’s job postings
• Internet
• Telephone books
• Professional associations & journals
          Job Search Resources (contd.)
• Newspapers
• Strozier Library & Public Library
• Employment Agencies
• State Employment Office/Department of Labor
• FSU Alumni
• Better Business Bureau
• Chamber of Commerce
• United Way
  Researching Specific Organizations
• Annual reports
• Organizational chart
• Stock reports
• Current periodicals
• In-house publications
• PR office
• Local newspapers
• Worldwide Web (www)
  homepages
               Networking
•   Family/friends
•   Professionals
•   School associates/alumni/Seminole Connection
•   Neighbors
•   Clubs/organizations
•   Organized networks
•   Former teachers/employers
•   Recreational acquaintances
            Information Interviews
              (People Resources)
• Information only

• Do your research

• Prepare questions

• Be courteous

• Secure another contact

• Send thank you letter
       Understanding How Thoughts
        Influence a Job Campaign
• Self-Talk: impact of positive and negative self-
  talk on job campaign
   –   being discouraged
   –   fear of rejection
   –   not getting needed information
   –   procrastination
   –   being overwhelmed by negative opinions
    Understanding How Thoughts
     Influence a Job Campaign
• Self-Awareness
  – awareness of the interaction among thoughts,
    feelings, and behaviors, how these impact your job
    campaign
  – reactions and feedback from significant others to your
    job campaign
    Understanding How Thoughts
     Influence a Job Campaign

• Control & Monitoring
  – being able to engage in the next appropriate task in a
    job campaign
  – judging when a task has been successfully completed,
    when to move to the next task, or when to ask for
    help
        Assumptions/Myths
• “I’ll do anything”

• “Wallflower syndrome”

• “Lone Ranger”

• “Looking under the light”
                      Barriers
• Shy/lack of confidence

• Fear of rejection

• Lack necessary skills

• Procrastination

• Not knowing where to start
 Reframing the Unemployment
         Experience
• what’s normal               •   information getting
• accomplishments             •   decision making
• transferable skills and     •   imagine success
  attitudes                   •   practice
• positive support            •   new activity patterns
• externalizing the problem   •   focused goal statements
• limit negative thinking
        Ten Job Hunting Errors
1. Poor resume
2. Failure to network
3. Limiting job sources
4. Canned approach
5. Inadequate interview preparation
6. Poor interview techniques
7. Restricted job search
8. Too little time devoted to search
9. Negative attitude
10. Lack of attention to dress & appearance
     Job Hunting in the Temporary
       Staffing Services Industry
•   Know the “lingo”
•   Trends & issues
•   Job hunting
•   Where to find these services
•   Deciding to seek temporary employment
                 Suggestions
•   Get support from friends and career services
    professionals.

•   Reward yourself when you make progress.

•   Take care of yourself physically.

•   Avoid negative people.
            Suggestions (contd.)
• Keep good records of     • Employers contacted
  everything in your job
  campaign                 • Letters sent

                           • Responses received

                           • Second interviews

                           • Follow-up needed
Suggestions (contd.)
          • Join a job hunter’s club.

          • Consider part-time or
            temporary work.
                Final Thoughts
1.   Take advantage of all available job search
     resources.

2. Begin now! Talk with a Career Center staff
   member if you don’t know where to begin.

3. Remember, “The best jobs don’t always go to the
   best qualified, but to the best job hunters.”

				
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posted:11/7/2012
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