Thesis Writing HTW Berlin by liaoqinmei


									Thesis Writing

Prof. Dr. Michael von Wuntsch
           What is a thesis?

• A contribution to the scholarly world.
• It is a stepping stone into your career.
• It represents an opportunity to integrate
  your theoretical knowledge into something
• It represents a problem and offers a
   1. Planning the Assignment
• Focus on a particular problem or question !

• Limit your topic !

• Consult source material and prepare a

• Time Schedule
              Define a problem !

• What do I want to find out?
• Does the subject promise to hold my interest?
• Concentrate on 1 to 3 main questions!
  – What are valuation techniques used by brokers currently?
  – Which method serves clients best?
  – Why has relative valuation become the dominant valuation tool for brokers?

• Provide information and select first source
  material in libraries
              Limit your Topic

• Don`t attempt topics that are too broad!
• Casting the net wide is a common reaction, but,
  you can easily get lost in a mass of data.
  Example: FDI in China
  Unclear: Field of research (Marketing; Macroeconomic frame;
  Investment Conditions; Industry) ?
• A Statement of a study`s limitations in the
  introduction is useful
 Consulting Source Material and
     Preparing a Bibliography

• Locate source material for a particular topic
  (check reference books, catalogues for books in
  libraries, handbooks, web)
• Prepare an alphabetic list of source material
  (books, journal articles, other documents,
• Continues throughout the duration of a thesis.
               Time Schedule
Allocate time for different stages of writing:

• Defining and limiting the problem, consulting
  source material, collecting information
  = 35 - 40 %
• First draft = 30 - 35 %
• Revising, footnoting, referencing, writing final
  draft, proofreading = 35 - 25 %
         Topics - Examples
• Adidas-Salomon`s Acquisition of Reebok –
  Company and Synergies Valuation
• How to enter the Chinese Automotive
• Incentives for Attracting Foreign Direct
  Investments - A Comparison between
  Mexico and Brazil
        2. Designing a study
• Approach can be predominately quantitative
  or qualitative
• Quantitative studies are typified as
  experimental studies in science based
  disciplines where findings are usually
  expressed in numerical form.
• Qualitative research is characterised by
  historical and ethnographic studies where
  findings are expressed in words.
        Qualitative Studies

• explain a phenomenon by using elements of
  existing concepts or theories.

• are based on primary or secondary data,
         Qualitative Studies
Can be
• more descriptive or exploratory,
• more inductive
  (= creating a concept based on data collection)
• or deductive
  (= testing existing theories on a specific case)
Definition of Terms and Concepts

 • Key terms must be defined and stated
 • Essence of concepts and main theories
   related to the topic and thesis must be
     Statement of Hypothesis
             (for Master and PhD papers)

• A particular argument is pursued
• A hypothesis is an idea or concept that is
  expressed as a statement, a contention for
  which evidence is gathered and discussed
  logically (my or the book`s thesis is that ...)
• The thesis statement usually appears in the
  first chapter where the background of the
  study is described
  Gather and interpret data –
   apply effective methods

• Determine methods in data collection
  (primary and secondary data)

• Interpret reliability of collected information,
  summarize and check if data supports your
  statements or hypothesis
           Data Collection
Primary Data:

• Generated through direct observation (field
  research) and interviews.

• Interviews are highly or semi-structured
            Data Collection
Secondary Data:

• Data already collected for same or other
• Identified and collected in books, articles,
  journals, databases
• Two types: internal and external
   3. Logical structure of text -
            First Draft
• Check the line of your arguments! Build a
  clear systematic structure of your

• Armed with an outline, reading notes and
  data structure your thesis logically and write
  a first rough draft.
    Structure of the final Text
• Introduction
  – Introduce the problem
  – Stimulate reader`s interest
• Main Body
  - organize arguments in a logical way
• Conclusion
• Spelling and grammar are of utmost
          Format of the Text
1. Preliminaries
2. Introduction
3. Main Body
4. Conclusion
5. Referencing / Bibliography
6. Appendices
        Format: 1. Preliminaries
•   Title page
•   Declaration Statement
•   Executive Summary
•   Table of Contents
•   List of Tables/Figures
•   List of Abbreviations
  Format: Declaration Statement
I, ..., declare that this thesis is my own work
and has not been submitted in any form for
another degree or diploma at any university or
other institute of tertiary education.
Information derived from the published and
unpublished work of others has been
acknowledged in the text and a list of references is
given in the bbliography.
   Format: Executive Summary
• What did you want to do (main goals).
• How did you want to get the goals
• What did you find out (major findings)
• What still needs to be done (open issues).
        Format: 2. Introduction

•   Explain the rationale for your thesis.
•   Give details about your goals.
•   Explain the research tools used (methodology).
•   Narrate the structure of your thesis.
         Format: 3. Main Body
• Provide a profile of topic or problem under
• Analyze the literature on the subject.
• Apply and compare different concepts and tools
  in order to support your arguments.
• Offer your own view or a critic.
• Describe your results.
       Format: 4. Conclusion

• Provide a brief summary of main findings.
• Show the relevance of your findings and
  draw conclusions.
• Point out the remaining open questions.
       Format: 5. Referencing

The aim of referencing is:
• to achieve clarity and consistency in
  crediting other authors,
• to point out statements or ideas useful for
  your own analyzis,
• to analyze or refute another author`s claim.
            5. Referencing

• Citations and bibliographical references
  must be in accordance with the scholarly
• Apply the
   „footnote system“
        or the
  „Harvard system“.
                 5. Referencing

The „Footnote System“:

 Rappaport1 pointed out the idea of ...

 1 Alfred Rappaport, Creating Shareholder Value, New

   York, 2001, p. 46 (or: pp. 60-70)
 2 Ibid (or: Ibid p. 50)
 3 www:usda.pdf retrieved on 03.08.2006
               5. Referencing

The „Harvard system“:

 He (Copeland 2002: 62) examined ...
              5. Bibliography
A bibliography is a complete list of works

All references must be included (even when
not directly quoted)!!

References can be from Books, Journals/Periodicals,
Conference Papers, Unpublished Sources, Internet
Sources, Corporate reports or Author`s Interviews.
       Format: 6. Appendices

You can use Appendices to supply additional
information (in graphical, tabular or any other
Plagiarism will not be tolerated!!
• In addition to the 3 printed copies hand in a
  CD-Rom with the thesis file (Format: Word
  or pdf).
• Every thesis will be systematically checked
  for plagiarism.
• Just a part of the thesis not properly quoted
  is sufficient for a failure (5,0) !!
       Mechanical Details (for MIB)
•   Margins: 4 cm on the left and 2,5 cm on the right
•   Spacing: 1,5
•   Words : max. 16,000 (50 to 60 pages)
•   Font: Times New Roman (New Times Roman)
•   Font Size: 12
              Evaluation Criteria
• Format
  Citations format
  Bibliographical references
• Content
  Analytical quality/Logical arguments/Coherence
  Theoretical Underpinning
  Latest Data
• Organization
  Graphical and Tabular Support
• Language
     HTW Examination Order
• This Handout is only a supplement to the
  HTW Rules and Regulations.

• This information does not replace what you
  have learned heretofore. In doubt, contact
  your professors or supervisors.
            Professors / Lecturers
• Marketing
  + New Professor for MIB and BIB
  Hummel: contact directly or through M. von Wuntsch

• Finance (Markets, Valuation, Taxation)
 von Wuntsch:
        Professors / Lecturers
• Accounting
 Trauner: contact directly or through M. von Wuntsch

• Human Resource Man.
         Professors / Lecturers
• Economics

• Business Ethics / CSR
 Von Wuntsch:
           Professors / Lecturers
• Project Management

• Soft Skills
  Von Zadow:
     contact directly or through M. von Wuntsch

• Quantitative Approaches
     contact directly or through M. von Wuntsch
          Professors / Lecturers
• See all professors on homepage of faculty 3:
                  Application for
           Admission to the Master Thesis

     • Students have to hand in the form „Admission to
       Master Thesis“ till Febr. 13th 2010
       in room HG 041 (Frau Büchner).
     • In the Annex of this form, students must submit a
       thesis proposal (topic) and suggest two supervisors.
     • Download the form from Homepage of HTW-Berlin
       (link: Prüfungsangelegenheiten /
       Prüfungsanmeldung / Diplom / Bachelor /
       Masterarbeiten / Application for Admission to the
       Master Thesis
       Approval of the topic & thesis period

     • Deadline for the Approval of the thesis by the
       Examination Board is March 31st 2010.
     • Every student has to pick up and sign the
       Approval form till March 31st 2010 in
       room VG 309 (phone 5019 2353).
     • The thesis period begins on April 6th 2010
       and ends on August 3rd 2010 (= 17 weeks).
             Assessment of final grade X

       X = 0.7 X1 + 0.2 X2 + 0.1 X3

     X1 = Average of all module grades
     X2 = Grade of thesis
     X3 = Grade of thesis seminar and colloquium

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