The Secret Life of Bees

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The Secret Life of Bees Powered By Docstoc
					The Busy Life
  Of Bees




      Bees, Bee Keeping &
         Honey Making
        Bee vocabulary
•   Cell
•   Worker bee
•   Queen bee
•   Drone bee
•   Nectar
•   Beehive
•   Honey
•   Wax
•   Honey comb
Types of Honey bees
                    Worker bee
During the first two days of its life, a worker bee
 cleans its cell.
When they are three days old they feed the drones
 and larvae.
Workers have glands that produce wax. They shape
 the wax into the comb. During their last days in the
 hive they guard the entrance.
When the worker bee leaves the hive, during its
 travels it collects water, nectar, and pollen. A worker
 bee has ultraviolet vision which allows it to see
 patterns on flower petals which attract the workers to
 them.
Types of Honey bees:
                        Queen Bee
 A queen lays all the eggs.
 For a queen to be born, the workers must feed the
 larva royal jelly. If a new queen is born, the old queen will
 kill it or leave with half of the hive colony. That is a bee
 swarm.
 She lays her own weight in eggs every day in summer,
 from 1,500 2,400 eggs per day.
 In her lifetime, she can lay over 600,000 eggs. Queen
 bees can live more up to six years, but her usual lifespan
 in a hive is two years.
 The queen is fed by the worker bees, and eats up to 80
 times her weight daily.
 Types of Honey bees
                        Drone Bee

 They are the male species.
 The drones have big, strong wings.
 Their only purpose in life is to mate with the female.
 They have no stinger.
 They make up 10% of the hive colony.
 They use their strong wings for the mating flight. After
  the mating flight, the workers take care of the drones.
 Before winter, the workers bite the wings off the drones,
  and kick them out of the hive since they are of no more
  use. They are left to die.
        Communication
 The principle form of communication among honey bees
  is through chemicals called pheromones.
 They also communicate by vibration (BUZZZZZzzzz)
 Bees are deaf to most sounds, and they are mute.
 Worker bees alert other bees to nectar and pollen
  sources by doing a "waggle" dance, which explains
  direction and distance.
 If the source is within 100 meters of the hive, the bees
  dance is in a circular shape. If it is further away than 100
  meters, they dance a figure 8.
Honey
Production
The worker bees
collect nectar (a
sweet liquid found in
flowers) from a
variety of flowers.
They must visit
between 100 & 150
flowers in order to fill
their stomachs
Honey
Production
They use their long
tube like tongue to
suck the nectar from
the flower.
Honey
Production
The nectar then
enters their “honey
stomach” which is
separate from their
digestive stomach
Honey
Production
When the nectar
enters the stomach
the sugar from the
nectar reacts with
enzymes to form two
simple sugars. This
is an important
process in the
making of honey
Honey
Production


The nectar is stored
in the stomach until
they return to the
hive.
Honey
Production
When the bees get
to the hive, they
regurgitate the
nectar into the cells
or they pass it to
other bees who put
it into the cells
Honey
Production
The next stage in the
process of making
honey:

all the bees fan the
nectar with their wings,
which creates a draft
and helps the excess
water to evaporate. The
nectar thus becomes
thicker, and the high
sugar concentration
prevents fermentation.
The honey at this stage
is called ripe honey,
and if removed from the
hive and properly
Honey
Production
They continue with
this process until the
cells are full and
then they put a wax
cap over the cells
                • http://www.youtube.com/
                  watch?v=Jpcpn5NX62c
How bees make
honey 
Why do bees need honey?

            • Bees store the honey in the
              hive and use it for energy
            • They store it through the winter
              months to keep warm:
                – During the winter, workers and the
                  queen form a tight cluster and
                  metabolize the honey to generate
                  heat. This keeps the bees warm
                  and protects them from the
                  cold. The temperature of the
                  winter cluster typically stays
                  around 29 °C. However, the
                  colony will die if the honey supply
                  runs short and the bees are
                  unable to produce enough heat
             Beekeeping
• A person who breeds
  bees for the production of
  honey is called a
  Beekeeper
• Beekeepers must wear a
  hooded suit with a veil to
  protect themselves from
  the bees
     Harvesting honey
• Beekeepers create
  homemade hives to
  gather the honey comb
      Harvesting honey
• They allow the bees to
  make the honey and
  when it’s the right time of
  year, the beekeepers
  collect the honey combs.
    How do the beekeepers stay
              safe?

• The beekeepers wear
  protective clothing
• They also spray some
  smoke onto the hive
  before they collect it.
• This makes the bees eat
  some honey and it calms
  them so they are less
  likely to sting
 Collecting the honey
• Some bee keepers check
  on the honey production
  and then place a “bee
  escape” over the hive.
  This allows the bees to
  leave but does not allow
  them to re-enter.
• After a few days the
  beekeeper returns to
  collect the honey combs
  and there are very few
  bees
 Collecting the honey
• The beekeeper brings the
  honey comb inside
• They use a special
  heated knife to take off
  the wax honey comb
• They sometimes use a
  machine that spins the
  honey and puts it through
  a filter
               Final Stage
• The last and final stage is
  to bottle the honey and
  eat it!
 Learn how to harvest
        honey:
• http://www.youtube.com/w
  atch?v=1XRHveGgYjQ
          Health Benefits
•   Anti-bacterial
•   Anti-inflammatory
•   burns
•   Leg ulcers
•   Stomach ulcers
•   Diarrhea and upset stomach
•   Prevents cancer and heart disease
•   Good for skin
•   Helps a sore throat
•   Helps with blood formation
•   ****babies younger than 1 year should not eat honey!!
              Bee Jokes 
Who is the bees favorite pop band?
  -The Bee Gees 

What did the bee say to the flower?
  -Hello honey!! 

What is the favorite fairytale in the hive?
  -Beauty and the bees 

Why did the bee go to the dermatologist?
  -because he had bad hives 

Why did the bee cross the road?
  – Just bee-cause! 

				
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posted:11/7/2012
language:English
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