Dear Friends - Memory and Reality.pdf by suchufp


									   F A L S E             M E M O R Y                      S Y N D R O M E                         F O U N D A T I O N                             N E W S L E T T E R

                                                                                                                                                       FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4

Dear Friends,                                                                                 colleagues examines the question of whether childhood sex-
                                                                                              ual abuse causes dissociation. (p. 9) The researchers con-
     Twenty years! We mailed the first FMSF Newsletter in
                                                                                              ducted a longitudinal study that separated abuse from gener-
March 1992 and it is now almost 2012. What has changed?
                                                                                              al family care-giving. The results showed that lack of
What hasn’t changed?
                                                                                              parental responsiveness in infancy significantly predicted
     Without question, the biggest change in the past twenty
                                                                                              dissociation in young adults. Childhood verbal abuse was
years is increased access to information about false accusa-
tions based on claims of recovered memories. The following                                    the only type of abuse that added to the prediction of disso-
article from that first newsletter hints at people’s desperation                              ciation. With the exception of unreliable retrospective stud-
for information at that time.                                                                 ies, there is still no evidence that childhood sexual abuse
                                                                                              causes dissociation.
                              FBI Asks Us to Stop                                                The books that have been published in the past two
     Kenneth Lanning, the author of the excellent FBI publica-                                 decades have been milestones on the way to the scientific
  tion, Investigator’s Guide to Allegations of “Ritual” Child                                  understanding of recovered memories. There isn’t room in
  Abuse, January 1992, has asked if we would please stop call-                                 this newsletter to mention them all, but this issue does
  ing the FBI for this booklet. Not only have they run out of                                  report on the most recent milestone: Sybil Exposed: The
  copies, we are clogging the phone line. Since we are allowed                                 Extraordinary Story Behind the Famous Multiple
  to reproduce this book, we are checking into the cost. We will                               Personality Case. Regular readers of this newsletter will
  let you know how to purchase it in the next newsletter.
                                                                                               not be surprised that investigative journalist Debbie
  FMSF Newsletter No 1.
                                                                                               Nathan’s work showed that unlike the romantic notions in
     In 1992, families were desperate for anything that could                                  the book and movies about Sybil, she was the heart of a
help to explain what was happening to their children. Now,                                     “corporation” formed by author Schreiber, psychiatrist
abundant information is at our fingertips. Not only have                                       Wilbur and patient Shirley Mason. (p. 3) Sybil Exposed is
books, documentaries, scholarly articles, legal precedents                                     an expose that reads like a detective novel. Sybil was the
and popular articles been published, the Internet has made                                     defining case of multiple personality disorder, a model for
them almost instantly accessible. That change is profound.                                     the thousands of MPD diagnoses to follow. Psychiatrists,
What has not changed are the emotions of those caught in                                       journalists, celebrities, and television producers were all
the web of recovered-memory pseudo-science—be they the                                         misled by their enthusiasm. It just wasn’t so.
angry believers in the accuracy of their own “recovered”                                            After twenty years, the question that is most intriguing
repressed memories and the therapists who help create them                                    is how can so many people continue to hold beliefs that col-
or be they the families who grieve after losing a child in                                    lapse in the face of scientific research about memory. In a
such a devastatingly cruel manner.                                                            review of Sybil Exposed, psychologist Carol Tavris tells an
     The accumulated knowledge about false memories and
suggestibility amassed in the past two decades is awesome.
In this issue are two reports of research: “What People                                                                         In this issue...
                                                                                               From Our Readers ..........................................................10
Believe About How Memory Works” documents the
                                                                                               Bulletin Board ..................................................................12
astounding number of people who hold misconceptions
about memory. (p. 9) The results hold profound implications                                                    This is the final FMSF Newsletter
for the evaluation of legal testimony. A paper by Dutra and                                              Electronic news bulletins will be sent in 2012.

    1 9 5 5 L o c u s t S t r e e t , P h i l a d e l p h i a , PA 1 9 1 0 3 - 5 7 6 6 , 2 1 5 - 9 4 0 - 1 0 4 0 , F a x 2 1 5 - 9 4 0 - 1 0 4 2 , w w w. F M S F o n l i n e . o r g
amazing story from the book, a story that indicates that it is          electronic news bulletins, and for those without access to
unlikely that we will see the end of claims of recovered-               computers, we will collect and mail them three or four times
memories or multiple personality disorder in our lifetime.              a year.
       Yet the promulgators of MPD do not seem to have learned               There are so many people to thank who have made this
    anything. They changed the label to “Dissociative Identity          newsletter possible: All of our generous donors; All of our
    Disorder,” but a skunk by any other name is still a skunk. The      readers; All of the families who have written letters;. My
    International Society for the Study of Trauma and                   friends and colleagues Janet Fetkewicz, Emily Orne, and
    Dissociation continues to give its Cornelia B. Wilbur Award         Peter Freyd whose advice and editing suggestions have
    for outstanding clinical contributions to the treatment of dis-     been invaluable; The FMSF Board of Directors, and the dis-
    sociative disorders. When Ms. Nathan told the society’s pres-       tinguished Board of Scientific Advisors. Thank you.
    ident, Kathy Steele, about “the extensive evidence of                    We also thank those whose practices have made us
    Connie’s ignorance, arrogance, and ethical misconduct” that         smile, such as Kim Noble who found 80 personalities
    she had unearthed, that Sybil was “a performance based on
                                                                        between an Oprah appearance and publication of her book.
    fiction,” Ms. Steele replied: “So what? I don’t know what dif-
    ference it makes.”                                                  (p. 4) You just can’t beat that for good copy.
                                                                             Have a great holiday season. You will hear from us in
      What difference does a correct diagnosis make? At a pro-          January, if not before.
    fessional meeting in 1989, in response to a question from the
    audience about how Sybil was doing, Connie announced                                                                  Pamela
    casually that Shirley suffered from pernicious anemia, a dis-
    ease that causes an inability to process vitamin B-12.                        Special Thanks to Greg Louis, Ph.D.
    Discovering that Connie knew this fact about her patient may           When the FMS Foundation decided in 1998 that it was
    be Ms. Nathan’s greatest scoop, for symptoms of pernicious          time to start a website, a notice was placed in the newslet-
    anemia include just about everything that plagued Shirley
                                                                        ter asking for volunteers to help us in this new venture.
    Mason throughout her life: fatigue, social withdrawal, anxi-
    ety, hallucinations, muscle pains, confusion about identity,
                                                                        How fortunate that Canadian Greg Louis answered our
    distorted memories and changes in personality. No one in            plea for help!
    Connie’s audience of psychiatrists, Ms. Nathan writes, took            Greg was initially a research scientist, having received
    note.                                                               his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Ottawa in
       Tavris, C. (2011, October 29). Multiple personality deception.
                                                                        1972. In 1985 he relinquished his position as director of
    Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on October 30 from                   reproductive endocrinology research in a Toronto hospital,        and he devoted himself full-time to computers, which had
    9350972680560.html                                                  been an avocation since 1965 and a rewarding sideline
                                                                        since 1981. By 1998 he had become Information Systems
     Beliefs in recovered-memory and multiple personality               and Technology manager for Consultronics Limited, a
disorder are deeply embedded in our culture, but they are               small but influential multinational provider of telecommu-
now challenged in a way that seemed impossible in 1992.                 nications test equipment and monitoring systems for net-
The number of newly accused families has plummeted and                  work operators and telecom equipment manufacturers.
most of the new cases that come to our attention are the                With locations in Canada, the US, the UK and Hungary,
result of church-related counseling. (See Ongoing Spread                Consultronics provided Greg with a challenging and fasci-
p .9) Today, November 14, 2011, this writer received an                 nating working environment; and Greg responded by
email fund appeal from Deeper Walk that               keeping a top-quality computer network functioning effi-
states:                                                                 ciently and intrusion-free via the Internet for the whole of
      At a recent gathering of ministry leaders, I heard Alaine         his 9 years as IT manager.
    Pakkala warn that the church needs to prepare for a coming             In setting up the FMSF website, Greg worked to ensure
    “tsunami of dissociation.’ She believes that the church in          that it would be a useful research tool. He has been ever
    America is about to be swamped with people who have com-            patient and helpful in explaining what is possible and then
    plex trauma and deep emotional needs at a volume we have
                                                                        how to do it.
    never before seen. (Marcus Warner)
                                                                            Greg’s comment on his association with the FMSF: “I
     Misguided beliefs in recovered memories are still dan-             was and am only too glad to have been able to give service
gerous and the results still disastrous to families but the             to the FMSF as a small return for its benefit to me and in
source of these beliefs is increasingly outside mainstream              appreciation of its inestimable value to society as a
therapy in the United States.                                           whole.”
     This seems an appropriate time to publish the last issue              Thank you, Greg, for your many years of critical help to
of the FMSF Newsletter. In the future, we will send timely-             the FMS Foundation.

2         FMS Foundation Newsletter FALL2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
        Important New Book                    multiple personalities . . . . I do not               I Hope You're Seated.
 Sybil Exposed: The Extraordinary Story       even have a ‘double.’ . . . I am all of                  Robert Stern, MD
           Behind the Famous                  them. I have been essentially lying.”
        Multiple Personality Case                                                             I recently learned that the Los
                                                 Before coming to New York, she          Angeles Women's Task Force on Ritual
             Debbie Nathan                    wrote, she never pretended to have
       Free Press, New York, 2011                                                        Abuse is still in existence. Remember
                                              multiple personalities. As for her tales
                                              about “fugue” trips to Philadelphia,
                                                                                         them? Back in December of 1992, they
     Sybil Exposed entwines the biogra-                                                  were the ones who claimed that
phies of Shirley Mason, the patient           they were lies, too. Mason knew she
                                              had a problem. She “very, very, very       Satanists were pumping bug spray into
known as Sybil, Cornelia Wilbur, the                                                     their offices. I took this opportunity to
                                              much” wanted Wilbur’s help. To iden-
psychiatrist who treated her, and Flora       tify her real trouble and deal with it     call and ask them to send some litera-
Rheta Schreiber who wrote the best-           honestly, Mason wrote, she and             ture. And, they did. They sent me the
selling book Sybil. Investigative             Wilbur needed to stop demonizing her       1994 Task Force Report containing the
reporter Debbie Nathan has written a          mother. It was true that she had been      same old discredited beliefs—only 17
compelling story about the creation           anxious and overly protective. But the     years older. It is unchanged.
and marketing of Sybil. The story             “extreme things” — the rapes with the
                                                                                              I think I recall someone once say-
behind Sybil is an account of outra-          flashlights and bottles — were as fic-
                                              tional as the soap operas that she and
                                                                                         ing: “Bad ideas don’t die off when
geous medical and journalistic mal-                                                      they’re replaced by better ideas; bad
practice. Indeed, one reviewer even           her mother listened to on the radio.
                                              Her descriptions of gothic tortures        ideas die off when the people who
suggested that it is Sybil Exposed that                                                  believe the bad ideas die off.” Whoever
                                              “just sort of rolled out from some-
deserves to be a movie. Sybil Exposed         where, and once I had started and          it was, sure hit the bull's eye.
reads like fiction, but it is fact, the       found you were interested, I continued          In the interest of accuracy, the
result of painstaking investigation.          . . . . Under pentothal,” Mason added,     booklet is called Ritual Abuse:
     FMSF Newsletter readers are              “I am much more original.”                 Definitions, Glossary, The Use of Mind
familiar with the role that Sybil played                                                 Control. September 1, 1994. Report of
                                                Mason was the most important
in popularizing the notions of recov-         patient in Wilbur’s professional career.   the Ritual Abuse Task Force, Los
ered repressed memories and multiple          She was preserving the tape-recorded       Angeles County Commission for
personality disorder. Over the years,         narcosynthesis interviews she was          Women.
there have been numerous articles in          doing with Mason and preparing to               The Chair of the Task Force on
this newsletter showing that Shirley          speak about the case at professional       Ritual Abuse was Myra B. Riddell,
Mason’s childhood was not as por-             meetings. Wilbur told her patient that
                                                                                         LCSW, but Catherine Gould, PhD and
trayed in the book and that her multiple      the recantation was “a major defensive
                                              maneuver,” merely the ego’s attempt        Lyn Laboriel, M.D. were given special
personality symptoms were almost cer-                                                    thanks “for their outstanding contribu-
tainly a consequence of the highly sug-       to trick itself into thinking it didn’t
                                              need therapy. But Mason did need it,       tion to this project and to the work of
gestive therapy combined with high                                                       this Task Force.”
                                              badly, Wilbur insisted. She was deny-
dosages of drugs administered by              ing that she’d been tortured by her             The last time I ran across a blurb
Wilbur. Nathan’s new book adds much           mother; this showed she really had         about Dr. Gould, I believe that she was
new information that she gathered             been tortured.                             wondering aloud to an audience why,
from interviews and and research into                                                    with all their licentious behavior
                                                Mason went home and composed a
original documents to what was previ-         new letter. “One Friday,” she wrote        (orgies and the like) more Satanists
ously known.                                  Wilbur, “ ‘someone’ stalked into your      were not succumbing to AIDS.
     To get a flavor of Nathan’s writing,     office, imitated me [and] had a paper      Honest. That was 2008, or so.
here is an excerpt from a recent article:     written about how she had now
    One May afternoon in 1958, Mason          become well and was confessing . . .
                                                                                                    Lest We Forget (1986)
  walked into Wilbur’s office carrying a      that it had all been put on. Well, you
  typed letter that ran to four pages. It     knew better.”                                   Dr. Gould became well-known for
  began with Mason admitting that she              Tavris, C. (2001, October 14). A       her check list of symptoms of Satanic
  was “none of the things I have pre-         girl not named Sybil. New York Times        Ritual Abuse that was used in many of
  tended to be.                               Magazine, 56-59. See:http://www.            the notorious and now-overturned day-
                                              care cases. Signs included “Fear of
     “I am not going to tell you there        girl-not-named-sybil.html?pagewant-         ghosts and monsters” and “Fear of ‘bad
  isn’t anything wrong,” the letter con-      ed=all                                      people’ taking the child away.”
  tinued. “But it is not what I have led     Don’t miss this important new book.
  you to believe . . . . I do not have any

                                                                        FMS Foundation Newsletter     FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4   3
     Media Promotion of MPD:                the diagnosis. The Guardian article                   Lost— The Last Two Decades
         Kim Noble Finds                    states that the “therapist had to tease
                                                                                                   Lisa Michels is the founder of
    80 Personalities in One Year            out the separate personalities and treat
                                                                                              Surviving the Realities of Repressed
                                            them individually.”
     Just one year ago, this newsletter                                                       Memories. According to a press
contained an article about Oprah                 Noble was treated by Valerie
                                                                                              release from Virginia Wesleyan
Winfrey’s promotion of Kim Noble, an        Sinason, Ph.D., known to FMSF
                                                                                              College,[1] Ms. Michels was to speak to
aspiring British artist who claimed at      newsletter readers for her 1994 book,             the Sociology and Criminal Justice
that time that she had 20 personali-        Treating Survivors of Satanist Abuse.             class at the college in October. The
ties.[1] On her show, Oprah has promot-          Gone are the days in which                   purpose of the talk was to give the
                                            reporters might do some research on a
ed multiple personality disorder                                                              class exposure to the realities from a
                                            subject about which they wrote. For
(MPD) for many years and, indeed, her                                                         survivor of family violence and child
                                            example, the author of the Guardian
May 1990 program featuring Truddi                                                             sexual abuse, to enhance textbook and
Chase (who claimed 92 personalities)        article appears to be woefully ignorant           classroom coverage of the issue.
almost certainly helped to make this        of the fact that DID is a controversial                According to the press release, not
controversial disorder more popular.        diagnosis. She appears to be ignorant             only did Michels repress her memories
     This past September, the Guardian      of the type of suggestive therapy in              of abuse, she recovered those memo-
                                            which Kim Noble engaged. She seems
newspaper [2] featured an article about                                                       ries when she appeared on The Oprah
                                            to be ignorant of Valerie Sinason’s
Kim Noble, who is publicizing her                                                             Winfrey Show. The release noted that
                                            reputation for belief in satanic ritual
new ghostwritten book: All of Me.                                                             Michels will talk to the class about the
                                            abuse. Maybe it is a sign of the times
Kim now claims that she has 100 per-                                                          “issue of the memory of childhood
                                            that reporters and newspapers see their
sonalities.                                                                                   sexual abuse and how often it’s
                                            task as simply to do some rewriting to
     The facts about Kim’s life as                                                            repressed until much later.”
                                            a press release and not ask questions or
described in the Guardian article are                                                              Curious about Ms. Michels exper-
                                            check facts. Didn’t the reporter think it
essentially the same as those shown on                                                        tise in memory, we found more details
                                            odd that Kim Noble claimed to have 20
Oprah. Kim Noble was born in 1960 to                                                          about her and her recovery of memo-
                                            personalities in 2010 and 100 in 2011?
unhappily married factory workers           [3] Or is it 20 personalities in the United
                                                                                              ries on a blog, (likely posted to publi-
who left her in the care of neighbors                                                         cize her forthcoming book). [1] In one
and friends. This article explained how     States and 100 in Britain?                        paragraph we read: “Her memories
Noble came to develop multiple per-              Our culture has left reporters in the        surfaced in 2001 when her abuser
sonalities. Although no clear details       lurch when it comes to writing about              moved in with her and her family.” In
are given, Kim is reported to have suf-     anything that touches on the scientific.          another: “During the four days of
fered “extreme and repeated” abuse          This paves the way for the promotion              intense on-air therapy she began ver-
“somewhere between one and three            of myths and misinformation.                      balizing for the first time her memories
years old.” Because of this her mind        1. Oprah Got it Wrong: MPD as Entertain-          of abuse.” Dr. Phil was her therapist on
                                            ment. FMSF Newsletter Vol. 19 (4) Fall, 2010.
was “traumatized beyond endurance”                                                            the Oprah program.
                                            2. Mitchison, A. (2011, September 30). Kim
and “shattered into fragments.” As a        Noble: The woman with 100 personalities.
                                                                                                   Lisa Michels is described as an
teen, Ms. Noble overdosed and was put       Retrieved on Oct 4, 2011 from http://www.         entrepreneur, public and motivational
in a psychiatric hospital. Later she was      speaker, writer and advocate. She was
“exposed to a pedophile ring”. In ret-      noble-woman-with-100-personalities                invited to speak to students by
ribution for her telling the police about   3. “With guidance from a therapist, we meet       Assistant Professor Alison Marganski
the ring, the Guardian article notes that   some of the 20 personalities of Kim Noble, a      at Virginia Wesleyan College.
                                            mother and artist who has dissociative identity
someone threw acid in her face and set      disorder—a condition formerly known as mul-            Readers are forgiven if they feel
her bed afire, gutting her home.            tiple identity disorder.” Kim Noble’s multiple    transported to 1991. Clearly the last
     According to the Guardian, most        personalities. Oprah. Retrieved from              two decades of research were lost at
of “principal personalities [of Kim       Virginia Wesleyan College and
Noble] had no memories of her abuse                                                           Oprah’s Show.
and no flashbacks.” As an adult, Kim                                                          1. Administrator (2011, September 23). Lisa Michels
                                                                                              Speaking October 6. Image Publicity. Retrieved from
Nobel sought therapy. We are told that                                              
she initially considered the idea of a       It’s an indicium of witchcraft to                speaking-october-6-to-students-of-virginia-wesleyan-
diagnosis of Dissociative Identity                                                            college-2/ of 10/1/11.
                                             defend witches, ...”                             2.
Disorder as absurd in 1995. However,                    Martin Del Rio (16th century)         awareness.html
after six years of therapy, she accepted

4        FMS Foundation Newsletter   FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
           Ongoing Spread of                          Audit Reveals $640,000. of                  return more than $800,000. The London Free
           MPD/DID Beliefs                        Psychiatric Funding Misallocated in             Press. Retrieved on September 4, 2011 from
                                                           London, Ontario
     One of the ways in which MPD                                                                 don/2011/08/30/18620321.html
beliefs continue to spread is through                  Almost ten years ago, Emeritus
conferences, especially, it seems, reli-          Professor of Psychiatry at the                     Ritual Abuse Case Upended:
gious counseling meetings. A notice               University of Western Ontario Dr.                  West Memphis Three are Free
for a DID Symposium in Colorado                   Harold Merskey attempted to organize
Springs in mid-September sponsored                a one-day seminar at the London                     In August 2011, the three teenagers
by several different ministries caught            Health Sciences Centre that examined            (now men) who had been convicted of
our eye. The notice about the sympo-              the research about the accuracy of              brutally murdering three young Cub
sium stated that the target audience              recovered-memories. Roadblocks were             Scouts in the early 1990s in West
was: “counselors and others who want              placed in his path every step of the way        Memphis, Tennessee were released
to help.”                                         until finally Dr. Sandra Fisman, the            from prison. One of the three, Damien
     When we checked later, it turned             chair of the Psychiatry Department,             Echols, had been on death row for two
out that the symposium had been can-              refused to support the conference or            decades. To many the “deal” that gave
celed and in its place a workshop about           even to grant it continuing education           them their freedom seems strange.
DID was being offered.[1] The person              credits claiming that the subject was               ”Under the terms of a deal with
leading the workshop had “emerged                 “too controversial” and “outside the              prosecutors, Mr. Echols, Mr. Baldwin
from a traumatic childhood to inspire             mainstream” of psychiatric issues.                and Mr. Misskelley leave as men who
and equip hundreds of others who are                   When we saw Dr. Fisman’s name                maintain their innocence yet who
stuck in emotional pain,” She is a                mentioned in an article about an audit            pleaded guilty to murder, as men
Licensed Professional Counselor with              of the London Health Sciences Center,             whom the state still considers to be
                                                                                                    child killers but whom the state
a Master’s degree in Biblical counsel-            we were reminded of that unfortunate
                                                                                                    deemed safe enough to set free.” [1]
ing.                                              experience and naturally curious to
                                                  learn about the funding scandal.                The guilty pleas mean that these three
    The notice said:
                                                       According to reports in The                men cannot sue the state.
  Previously, DID was known as                                                                         The gruesome murders in 1993 of
  Multiple Personality Disorder. As a
                                                  London Free Press, the audit accused
                                                  Dr. Fisman of concealing funding,               the 8-year-old boys sparked claims that
  result of movies like Sybil and The
                                                  skirting rules and pressuring anyone            the deaths involved Satanism. During
  Three Faces of Eve, many people have
  preconceived ideas about what DID               who questioned her. The audit was the           the trial, both the prosecution and the
  really is. This workshop will shed              result of a challenge two years ago by          media portrayed the murders in the
  light and answer many questions                 14 psychiatrists about the way that             context of satanic rituals including sex-
  about DID and the people it affects.            funding was managed.                            ual abuse and genital mutilation.
  This one day workshop will give                      The essence of the problem was a           Emotions were high at the time and
  Biblical and clinical instruction in a          decision by Fisman to spend $640,000            when the teenagers were arrested 200
  way that not only makes the subject                                                             residents of the small town gathered to
                                                  of funds and 160,000 hours to train
  easier to understand, but will offer                                                            yell, “Burn in hell!” There was no
  much hope to those who are chal-
                                                  doctors and staff to speak effectively to
                                                  one another. The problem with this              physical evidence linking the teenagers
  lenged by this experience.
                                                  decision was that the money was part            to the crime. A member of the defense
    Some topics                                                                                   team noted, “The first trial was pretty
                                                  of a larger grant that was specifically
     What is Dissociation and what are            designated to be spent to “induce psy-          much a witch hunt.”
  its symptoms? How does Dissociative             chiatrists to spend more time treating               The prosecution case had relied on
  Identity Disorder (DID) develop?                acute mental illness that required              a confession of one of the teens, a
  What is the role of the therapist, pas-         immediate help.”                                mildly retarded 16-year-old boy, but it
  tor or caregiver? What are the Biblical                                                         was full of factual errors and was given
                                                       Dr. Fisman is soon to resign her
  Principles in working with those who                                                            after 12-hours of questioning. The boy
  have DID? What is Integration and               position claiming the decision was
                                                  made before this scandal.                       did not know the correct time of the
  how is it achieved?
                                                  Sher, J. (October 9, 2011).$ 640,000 hospital   murders or even the basic facts. A pros-
1. Information retrieved on October 20, 2011      training tab ‘shocking.’ The London Free        ecution expert, Dr. Dale Griffis, who
from          Press. Retrieved on October 9, 2011 from
                                                                                                  claimed to have a doctorate in law
                                                                                                  enforcement and psychology, got that
                                                   Sher, J. (August 30, 2011). Hospital did not   degree by mail order from a diploma

                                                                            FMS Foundation Newsletter FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4                  5
mill called Columbia Pacific                      Times. Retrieved from                           therapy; Charlotte had told a friend
University. Griffis is a former police      that she had been subjected to hypno-
                                                 er. aspx?ArticleID=f1b058c2-82ac-455c-b193-
captain from Tiffen, Ohio who in the             83cfce18215d on November 11, 2007.
                                                                                                  sis; and Charlotte had threatened to file
late 80s and early 90s called himself a          Stark, A. (2006, August 31). Life after death.
                                                                                                  a civil lawsuit against her parents, and
“Cult Cop” went around the country               Los Angeles CityBeat. Retrieved from             as part of that threat, her attorney refer-
talking to police departments about the       enced repressed memories. (Johnson v
signs and dangers of satanic abuse.              169&id=4287 on November 11, 2007.                Rogers Memorial No. 2003AP784 &
     A 1996 HBO documentary                                                                       2003 AP1413 Wi Sup Ct Jul 8 2005)
“Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at                      And On It Goes:                              Were the therapists in Johnson v
Robin Hood Hills” drew celebrity sup-                A Challenge from Ross Cheit                  Rogers guilty of practicing recovered
port for the accused in this notorious                                                            memory therapy?
case.                                                 In July 2011, Brown University                   The Johnson’s attorney Bill
     Over the years, appeals failed, as          Associate Professor of Political                 Smoler commented in his closing argu-
did post-conviction hearings, but the            Science and Public Policy Ross Cheit,            ment:
case got new life in 2007 when defense           J.D., Ph.D., posted five challenges to
                                                 the FMSF Newsletter Editor on a blog                 “And what does Kay Phillips say
lawyers representing Mr. Echols                                                                     about that when she writes to the
reported that new forensic tests of evi-         related to his Recovered Memory
                                                                                                    Disability Board to try to help
dence at the crime scene turned up no            Project website.[1] The five challenges            Charlotte get Disability? And this
genetic material belonging to any of             are five cases in which he asks this               would have been in May of 1992. Kay
the men — but did turn up some                   writer to inform our readers about                 Phillips writes: ‘During her stay at
belonging to someone else. The men               information that is posted on his web-             Rogers Memorial Hospital November
received new hearings from the                   site that he says contradicts informa-             4, ’91 to December 7, ’91, she began
Arkansas Supreme Court which led to              tion in past newsletters. Cheit did not            recovering memories of childhood
                                                 contact the Foundation. Nevertheless,              sexual abuse.”
the release.
                                                 we respond briefly as an example of                  (Page 11-12 from Closing argu-
      “I’m just tired. This has been             the type and quality of criticism                  ments of Bill Smoler. See Footnote 2.
    going on for 18 years. It’s been an          received by FMSF in 2011.                          Complete closing arguments at:
    absolute living hell,” said                                                           
    Misskelley.                                      1. Will you inform your readers                2011.pdf)
      “This was not justice,” said                 that the Johnson case in                           A jury found that the therapists in
   Baldwin. “In the beginning we told              Wisconsin, as documented here                  the Johnson case did not meet the stan-
   nothing but the truth. We were                  [on the Recovered Memory Project               dard of care in Charlotte’s treatment.
   innocent, and they sent us to prison            website [1]], had nothing to do                The defendant therapists appealed the
   for the rest of our lives. That’s not           with hypnosis or “digging for                  decision. The judge denied the appeal
   justice, no matter how you look at              memories” as you have falsely                  writing:
   it. They’re not out there trying to             claimed in several places?
                                                                                                       “Phillips argues that her treatment
   find out who really murdered those                  “Falsely claimed”? Dr. Charles               did not cause injuries to the Johnsons
   boys.”                                        and Karen Johnson sued their daugh-                and was not negligent. A reasonable
“I won’t tell you it’s a perfect resolu-         ter’s therapists more than 15 years ago.           jury could have and did find the oppo-
tion,” defense attorney Braga said.              In 2011, they were awarded $1 million.             site and had a rational basis for doing
“It’s the best possible resolution under         Their daughter had imaginings of                   so. While the damage to the Johnsons
the circumstances.”                              satanic cults, rapes, cutting off a baby’s         may have started at a finite point the
1. Robertson, C. (2011, August 19). Deal frees   head, dogs nailed to a cross, and more             damage continued for many years and
“West Memphis three” in Arkansas. The New        while she was a patient at Rogers                  continues today. Phillips treated
York Times. Retrieved on August 24, 2011                                                            Charlotte during many of those years
                                                 Memorial Hospital after she was treat-
from                                                                                                and, like Hollowell, failed to adjust      ed by nurses supervised by one of the              treatment, change treatment or chal-
nsas.html?pagewanted=all.                        therapists. Their daughter was placed              lenge/corroborate the allegations of
Dewan, S. (2007, November 11). New evi-          in a survivor group and she was                    Charlotte until the threat of a lawsuit
dence in 3 boys’ slayings. Philadelphia          involved with inner-child work.                    is mentioned in her notes. According
Inquirer, p. 9.                                       A 2005 Wisconsin Supreme Court                to her notes, the direction of therapy
Leveritt, M. New evidence in West Memphis        ruling related to the case stated:                 did change eventually but the signifi-
murders: Victim’s mother believes defendants                                                        cant damage had been done.
innocent. (2007, July 19). Arkansas
                                                 Charlotte disclosed that she was in

6         FMS Foundation Newsletter FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
    “Based upon the record in this case         3. Will you acknowledge the evi-           Sargent, 1999 WL 547885 (N.H.)
  Hollowell’s and Phillips’ motions after     dence of guilt against serial child
  verdict are denied.”                                                                       The New Hampshire Supreme
                                              molester, Billy Banks, who was               Court ruled that expert testimony
    April 11, 2011, and Judge Daniel R.       embraced by the FMSF? Your                   on the risk of false memory
  Moeser, Johnson v Kay Phillips,             newsletter reported on his case              implantation through suggestive
  Decision and Order Re Defendants’           without mentioning the evidence of
  Motion after Verdict,Case No 96 CV
                                                                                           and coercive questioning is admis-
                                              guilt, which is documented, includ-          sible because the average juror
  1228, Wisconsin.                            ing recent charges (to which he              may not have the knowledge or
    2. Will you correct the record            pled guilty).                                understanding of the proper proto-
  about the use of Betrayal Trauma              “Embraced”? Banks was found                cols and techniques used to inter-
  theory in court? You falsely insinu-      guilty. That was in the title of the
  ated that Betrayal Trauma Theory                                                         view child victims. (From the
  was not accepted in court, when in        FMSF Newsletter article. The article           Legal Aid Society NY, J.R.D.)
  fact, it has passed the Daubert test.     also stated that he is serving a life sen-
                                                                                             FMS Foundation Newsletter, Vol 8(7),
                                            tence. Cheit writes in his blog about          October 1999.
     “Falsely insinuated”? Betrayal         Billy Banks that “He was convicted on
Trauma Theory emerged as a way to           the basis of the testimony of his daugh-         5. Will you acknowledge that
explain how child sex abuse victims         ter and niece, now adults.” That was           memories recovered in therapy led
repressed memories of abuse from            what was also written in the FMSF              to the conviction of Calvin Huss,
close relatives on whom they depend-        news article. The FMSF article addi-           who... confessed to the crimes?
ed. Washington v. Martin was men-           tionally mentioned a defense argument             “Calvin Huss”? There is no men-
tioned in the Fall 2010 Newsletter, 19      that one of the accusers had made her        tion of this case in any FMSF
(4) as one in which that theory was         accusation after she was arrested on a       Newsletter. What the FMSF has stated
supposed to explain why an adult            crack-cocaine charge and while she           since its start is that some memories
woman shot her husband — that she           was undergoing intensive drug addic-         are true, some memories are false and
suffered emotional abuse leading up to      tion counseling. The FMSF article            some memories are a mixture of truth
her husband’s admission of [an] affair,     mentioned that the defense lasted one        and fantasy – whether those memories
and that the heartbreak caused her to       hour.                                        are continuous or recovered after a
dissociate from reality. Therefore, she         Cheit went on to say:                    time of being forgotten. The only way
couldn’t form the intent to try to kill
                                                The Foundation claimed that these        to know the truth or falsity of a memo-
                                              “recovered memories” were implant-         ry is with external corroboration.
     Washington       Senior      Deputy
                                              ed for the daughter in counseling and           The fact that someone claims that
Prosecutor John Fairgrieve noted that:
                                              for the niece in rehab.[5]                 he or she has recovered a memory does
“there is no prior record of this defense
                                            We cannot find that statement in the         not mean that the memory was
being raised in any courtroom in the
                                            short FMSF article which is reprinted        “repressed” and thus subject to some
United States.” He also noted, howev-
                                            in Note 4 below. Readers can decide          special mental mechanism. Ordinary
er, that that it was once used in federal
                                            for themselves if “embraced” is an           memory processes can explain the phe-
court to explain why a sexual assault
                                            accurate description.                        nomenon of recovering a memory.
victim delayed reporting the incident.
                                                                                         (See Ghetti, S/. et a;/ (2006). What can
That was U.S. v. Chatman (CR 07-178-            4. Will you acknowledge that             subjective forgetting tell us about
RE) in which a cheerleader sued stat-         Wayne Sergent, mentioned favor-
                                                                                         memory for childhood trauma?
ing that she had been sexually abused         ably in the FMSF newsletter,
                                              admitted. . . that his “false memo-        Memory & Cognition 34(5), 1011-
by her coach on an airplane from
                                              ry” defense was a ruse?                    1025. See Also McNally, R. &
Chicago to Portland.
                                                                                         Geraerts, E. (2009). A new solution to
What was written in the newsletter?              “Mentioned favorably”? Below,           the recovered memory debate.
                                            in its entirety, is the only Newsletter      Perspectives on Psychological Science
    “The court concluded …it [Betrayal
  Trauma Theory]        has not been        mention of the case. Cheit in his ques-      4(2), 126-134.)
  researched and established to any         tion gives the answer: the case turned            In his blog, Cheit wrote: writes:
  degree with respect to adult domestic     out to have nothing to do with FMS.
                                                                                              “But Geraerts et al. (2007) reported
  violence.” See Note 3.                    Cheit’s complaint, note, is that the
                                                                                           that none of their subjects who report-
    It remains to be seen how this the-     Newsletter mentioned the case “favor-          ed recovering memories of abuse dur-
ory will be accepted in various court       ably.”                                         ing therapy were able to obtain cor-
cases.                                          State of New Hampshire v                   roboration. This case challenges the

                                                                 FMS Foundation Newsletter    FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4                7
    generalizability of that conclusion.”            sharing and talking about her abuse.’ That was        each child in view of the other on the front seat
   It does not. What Geraerts et. al.                what went on in the first Rogers hospitaliza-         of a pickup.
                                                     tion.”                                                       According to the Palm Beach Post, the
wrote was
                                                          “And what does Kay Phillips say about            defense attorney noted that one of the accusers
      “[D]iscontinuous memories that                 that when she writes to the Disability Board to       made her charges after being arrested on a
    were recalled in the context of therapy          try to help Charlotte get Disability? And this        crack-cocaine charge and undergoing intensive
    were significantly less likely to be cor-        would have been in May of 1992. Kay Phillips          drug addiction counseling. The second accuser
                                                     writes: ‘During her stay at Rogers Memorial           is disabled by back problems and depression for
    roborated than were either continuous
                                                     Hospital November 4, ’91 to December 7, ’91,          which she takes painkillers and anti-anxiety
    memories or discontinuous memories               she began recovering memories of childhood            drugs.
    recalled outside therapy. Indeed, of the         sexual abuse.” (Page 11-12)                                  The defense had planned to present an
    16 therapy-based discontinuous mem-                                                                    expert from Michigan to testify about the falli-
    ories, not a single one could be cor-            3. McVicker, Laura. (2010, August 5). Unusual         bility of recovered memories. However, at the
    roborated.”                                      defense sought in woman’s attempted murder            last minute the expert could not come, and the
1. Cheit, R. (2011, July 29). Five Easy
                                                     trial. Her attorney says she was too distraught       Circuit Judge Larry Schack refused to delay the
Questions-for Pamela are posted at:                  to form legal intent. Retrieved on November 2,        trial. The defense lasted an hour. In          2011 from                                                    Defense attorneys were Deborah Gowen
that blog, there is a link to “The Incredible            and Mitchell Tyre of Palm City. The prosecutor
Distortion of Johnson v Rogers Memorial              unusual-defense-sought-in-womans-attempted-           was Assistant State Attorney Kathryn Nelson.
Hospital.”         murder/?print.                                        Taylor, J. (2003, September 17). Father, son
memory/2011/02/04/featured-post-the-incredi-                “Freyd said Martin had suffered emotional      face sex-abuse charges. Palm Beach Post, 2B.
ble-distortion-of-johnson-v-rogers-memorial-         abuse leading up to her husband’s admission of        Ash, J. (2005, April 27). Accusers testify in
hospital/                                            the affair, and that the heartbreak caused her to     child sex-abuse case. Palm Beach Post, 1B.
                                                     dissociate from reality. Therefore, she couldn’t      Ash, J. (2005, April 28) Jury finds retired fire-
2. Excerpts from Bill Smoler’s Closing               form the intent to try to kill him, by Freyd’s the-   fighter guilty of molesting girls in ‘60s. Palm
Arguments:                                           ory                                                   Beach Post, 1B.
       “This case is about whether or not things            “Heartache doesn’t give you license to         Taylor, J. (2005, June 7). Woman confronts
went wildly astray when common sense was             shoot someone, not does it mean you can’t form        father about molesting. Palm Beach Post, 1B.
not used. And instead of dealing with legitimate     intent,” said Senior Deputy Prosecutor John           Ash, J. (2005, June 16). Juror faces scrutiny in
issues that Charlotte had, this case went off into   Fairgrieve. He called two witnesses, including a      abuse trial. Palm Beach Post, 1A.
who knows where. I believe that the records in       Western State Hospital psychologist, to testify
this case make that very clear.” ( Page 4)           Wednesday about how betrayal trauma is rela-          5.
      “We’ll never know why Charlotte’s mem-         tively unknown in the psychology community.           ry/2010/10/31/the-misrepresentation-of-the-
ories began. I have not in this case tried to say    It’s also not listed in the DSM-IV, a guide book      case-of-billy-banks/
to you that Charlotte, whatever it was that she      psychologists use in diagnosing patients.
had in early October is the result of something             “The most glaring error is that there is no
                                                     prior record of this defense being raised in any
of the defense. I don’t believe we will ever                                                               Misunderstandings About Memory
know what that was.” (Page 6)                        courtroom in the United States,” Fairgrieve
                                                     said. The only exception, he added is that it was       Simons, D.J., & Chabris, C.F. (2011)
      “It’s our position that when you go to a                                                             What people believe about how memory
doctor and you say, ‘I’ve got chest pain,’ the       once used in federal court to explain why a sex-
                                                     ual assault victim delayed reporting the inci-        works: A representative survey of the U.S.
doctor doesn’t say to you, ‘Well that’s nice.
What do you think it’s from?’ ‘Well, I think it’s    dent.        Senior Deputy Prosecutor John              Population. PloS ONE, Vol. 6 No. 8.
from – I’m sure I need open heart surgery,’ and      Fairgrieve stated:                                                    Available at:
dive in and do open heart surgery. The doctor               “Most psychologists aware of the theory
says, ‘Let’s do some tests. Let’s start trying to    are among a close-knit group who focus on                     1371%2Fjournal.pone.0022757
figure out what’s going on here because, gosh,       trauma behavior or are students of Freyd.”.
                                                                                                                The authors talked with 1838 peo-
it could be an ulcer, it could be cancer, it just
                                                     4. Criminal Conviction in Florida Based on            ple selected from a nationally repre-
could be anxiety. Who knows?’ And questions
are asked. And you’ll notice that nowhere in         Recovered Memories, FMS Foundation                    sentative sample. Simons and Chabris
any of the records, despite my repeated ques-        Newsletter 2005, 14(4).                               conducted this survey during research
tioning, did we ever hear about a differential             On April 10, 2005, a Stuart, Florida jury of
                                                     four women and two men found 68-year-old
                                                                                                           for their book, “The Invisible Gorilla,”
diagnosis. What’s the possibility of what’s                                                                which explores commonly held (and
going on here? Might it be something other than      Billy Banks Sr. guilty of sexually molesting two
truthful memories? Never was that looked at          girls in the 1960s. The only evidence in the trial    often incorrect) beliefs about memory
through out this entire therapy. “(Page 9-10)        were the recovered memories of two accusers           and perception. The major findings
      “Let’s go to Rogers Memorial Hospital          ages 43 and 44. Banks is a former firefighter         were:
records. November 8, 1991, just a few days           who is now 68 and uses a wheelchair. The
                                                     charges against him date from the 1960s.                   Amnesia: 82.7% of respondents
after Charlotte arrived there. ‘Plan: Support
                                                           The accusers, Banks’ daughter and anoth-        agreed that “people suffering from
patient. Talk and share feelings of abuse.’
      Three days later, November 11, 1991.           er woman, described fondling, oral sex and            amnesia typically cannot recall their
‘Plan: Support patient in remembering history        rape. They claimed Banks assaulted them for           own name or identity.” All 16 experts
and acceptance of past’ – ‘of past.’ Excuse me.      years between the ages of 6 and 10, as often as
                                                     every weekend or more. They said that he drove
Two days later: ‘Patient is encouraged to keep                                                                  Confident Testimony: 37.1%
                                                     them to wooded areas and took turns raping

8           FMS Foundation Newsletter        FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
agreed that “in my opinion, the testi-            Does early childhood sexual abuse      the quality of early care and later dis-
mony of one confident eyewitness             predict dissociation? That is certainly     sociation.
should be enough evidence to convict a       the assumption behind claims of
defendant of a crime.” All 16 experts        “recovered repressed memories.” That
disagreed.                                   is a relationship shown in “retrospec-        Multiple Personality Testimony of
     Video Memory: 63.0% agreed that         tive” studies. Retrospective studies,          Colin Ross, M.D., Excluded in
“human memory works like a video             however, are not reliable for making            Texas Twilight Rapist Case.
camera, accurately recording the             such a causal claim. What is known is            In September a jury of six men and
events we see and hear so that we can        that many traumatized survivors do not      six women in Edna, Texas took 10
review and inspect them later.” All 16       dissociate and some non-traumatized         minutes to convict 54-year-old Billy
experts disagreed.                           people do, so clearly there are other       Joe Harris on charges related to the
     Permanent Memory: 47.6% agreed          factors involved in the development of      sexual assault of an elderly disabled
that “once you have experienced an           dissociation besides trauma. Dutra and      woman. They rejected his claim that he
event and formed a memory of it, that        colleagues note that longitudinal stud-     had multiple personality disorder.
memory does not change.” 15 experts          ies are needed to provide evidence for           Harris had been arrested as he
disagreed and 1 responded “Don’t             a causal link between trauma and dis-       came out of a nursing home where he
Know/Unclear.”                               sociation.                                  had assaulted a disabled resident.
     Hypnosis: 55.4% agreed that “hyp-            This longitudinal study examined       DNA evidence also ties him to five
nosis is useful in helping witnesses         the quality of 56 low-income chil-          other assaults on elderly women in the
accurately recall details of crimes.” 14     dren’s early care and childhood sexual,     past two years. He became known as
experts disagreed and 2 responded            physical, or verbal abuse as predictors     the “twilight” rapist because most of
“Don’t Know/Unclear.”                        of dissociation when they were young        the attacks occurred just before dawn.
     Unexpected Events: 77.5% agreed         adults. Trauma was indexed by state-             Harris’s attorney had entered a
that “people generally notice when           documented maltreatment, self-              plea of not guilty by reason of insanity
something unexpected enters their            reports, and interviewers’ ratings of the   but he said he was not surprised at the
field of view, even when they’re pay-        participants’ stories. Quality of care      verdict. “I tried the best defense I
ing attention to something else.” 13         was measured by observer ratings of         could. . . I tried a Hail Mary defense.”
experts disagreed and 3 agreed.              mother-child       interactions.     The         One doctor who examined Harris
     These beliefs show a misunder-          researchers used the Dissociative           testified: “I’ve never seen any worse
standing of the way that memory              Experience Scale to measure dissocia-       depiction of someone being mentally
works. The authors mentioned that            tion.                                       ill. To me, he just looked goofy.” Not
they were disappointed because “many              Eight percent of the participants      only did Harris never tell anyone in or
of the ideas we tested refer to scientif-    were rated as experiencing childhood        out of the family about multiple per-
ic findings that have been established       sexual abuse, twenty-one percent            sonalities, he was also taped talking to
for decades.” They point out that jurors     experienced physical abuse; thirty-one      a girlfriend on the telephone bragging
likely also hold mistaken beliefs about      percent experienced verbal abuse and        to her about the show he put on in
memory and that expert testimony on          nineteen percent witnessed serious          court with his multiple personalities.
the issues could help to overcome the        family violence. The authors note that           To support the claim of MPD, the
misunderstandings. The misunder-             there was no overlap among those who        defense called Dr. Colin Ross who tes-
standings also point to the need for bet-    were sexually or physically abused.         tified that he believed Harris suffered
ter education about memory.                       The results showed that a lack of      from multiple personalities. Ross
                                             parental responsiveness in infancy sig-     based that belief on a personal inter-
                                             nificantly predicted dissociation in        view, 35 minutes of which were spent
Does Early Childhood Sexual Abuse            young adults. Childhood verbal abuse        talking to one of Harris’ four alters.
      Predict Dissociation?                  was the only type of trauma that added      Ross also based that belief on three
         Not in this Study                   to the prediction of dissociation.          tests that another doctor had adminis-
Dutra, L., Bureau, J, Holmes, B, Lynbchik,        The authors comment that because       tered, a very unusual procedure. Ross
A., Lyons-Ruth, K. (2009). Quality of        of previous literature, they had expect-    testified that because dissociative iden-
early care and childhood trauma: A           ed that childhood abuse would account       tity disorder is in the Diagnostic and
prospective study of developmental path-
                                             for unique variance in dissociative         Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
ways to dissociation. Journal of Nervous
                                             symptoms. The authors note the limita-      (DSM) that it is “real and valid disor-
and Mental Disease, 197(6), 383-390.
                                             tions of the study and theorize about       der.”

                                                               FMS Foundation Newsletter    FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4             9
     The District Attorney asked if              3/sl_twilight_rapist_day2_091411_151920/
Ross had made any attempt to deter-              Associated Press (2011, September 14). South
mine if Harris was lying about the wild          Texas rape suspect using insanity defense.
                                                 Retrieved on October 20,2011 from
stories that he told. He had not. He                                                                Update from the Netherlands
then asked if Ross had personal knowl-                   Sometimes I wonder if the Dutch
edge of who actually answered the test           texas-rape-suspect-using.html
                                                                                                    FMS Group disbanded too soon.
questions. Ross did not. In answering            Long, S. (2011, September 20). Harris told              In these last few weeks I have spo-
the DA’s questions, Ross admitted that           girlfriend he put on a ‘show’ in court. Victoria
                                                                                                    ken with two lawyers in the who spe-
the diagnosis of MPD (DID) is contro-
                                                                                                    cialize in sexual-abuse allegations.
versial.                                         Long, S. (2011, September 21). Twilight rapist
                                                 case settled in 10 minutes: Guilty. Retrieved      One of them was especially critical of
     R. Christopher Barden, Ph.D., J.D.
                                                 on October 20 from                                 the atmosphere here. She pointed out
testified: “If something is controversial      several disturbing decisions, one of
it means it’s not generally acceptable.”         1/sl_twilight_rapist_day6_092211_152795/           which I call the Dutch Paul Ingram
He also testified: “Because something            Franklin, K. (2011, October 13). Multiple per-     case.
is in the DSM doesn’t mean it’s reliable         sonality excluded in twilight rapist insanity
                                                                                                         Even though the accused was
or should be allowed in a court of law.”         case. Retrieved on October 20, 2011 from
                                                finally acquitted by the judge, he was
The DSM is a kind of dictionary or cat-
                                                                                                    given the same treatment by the police
alog so psychiatrists are “using the
                                                                                                    that Paul Ingram had endured — many
same language.”
                                                                                                    months of interrogations. The Dutch
     Barden said the number of mental               SOME BOOKS OF INTEREST
                                                                                                    detectives convinced this man that he
health professionals who tout dissocia-              The Trauma Myth: The Truth                     had repressed abusing his own chil-
tive identity disorder as viable are few              About the Sexual Abuse of                     dren. Then, using guided imagery, they
and far between. “There are a few                     Children and Its Aftermath                    started helping him to recover the
pockets of people left who are doing                           Susan A. Clancy                      memories; they “helped” him to “break
this. The scientists I know condemn it
                                                          Remembering Trauma                        down the wall” behind which he had
to be the worst kind of junk science
                                                               Richard McNally                      “hidden” these memories. He ended up
and dangerous to the public.
                                                                                                    confessing to everything. Only in a
Controversial and experimental theo-                  Science and Pseudoscience in                  very late stage did the prosecutor call
ries should not be allowed to contami-                     Clinical Psychology                      in LEBZ (the Dutch expert group on
nate the legal system.”                             S. O. Lilienfeld, S.J. Lynn, J.M. Lohr          complex sexual abuse allegations),
     The Judge ruled these disorders
                                                           Psychology Astray:                       which tore apart the interrogation pro-
are controversial and are not generally
                                                   Fallacies in Studies of “Repressed               cedure that had been applied by the
accepted in the scientific community.
                                                   Memory” and Childhood Trauma                     police. For me, this is an infuriating
He ordered the jury to disregard the
                                                        Harrison G. Pope, Jr., M.D.                 case; I simply do not understand why
testimony of Colin Ross.
                                                                                                    these detectives have not been prose-
     Admission of MPD evidence has                   Remembering Our Childhood:                     cuted and locked up for willfully pro-
swung back and forth in the courts.                    How Memory Betrays Us                        voking a false statement.
This case is another in which a trial                            Karl Sabbagh
judge did not allow the evidence. An                                                                       A Day of Remembering
                                                      Making Minds and Madness:
interesting appeal level case in which
                                                      From Hysteria to Depression                   The horror of the attack
dissociative identity disorder was ruled
                                                                 Chapter 3                          The pain and anguish
to be a generally accepted diagnosis,                    “A Black Box Named Sybil”                  The helplessness in loss
also stated that its applicability to the                  Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen                    The abandonment and rejection
issue of criminal responsibility was
                                                    Try to Remember: Psychiatry’s                   Crying out for justice and mercy
problematic and that such testimony                                                                 Two towers fell:
was not helpful to jurors. (State v.                Clash Over Meaning, Memory,
                                                                                                    Your mother,
Greene (139 Washington. 2d 64), the                           and Mind
                                                                                                    My daughter.
Washington Supreme Court).                                   Paul McHugh, M.D.
                                                                                                    From the ashes, a mother’s love
Long, S. (2011, September 13). Defense               The Ravages of False Memory                    and forgiveness.
claims multiple personality disorder in                         Brigitte Axelrad                    You are forever missed, always loved
Twilight Rapist case. Retrieved on October 20,                                                      and never forgotten.             Mom
20011 from                                                     Sybil Exposed                   Debbie Nathan

10               FMS Foundation Newsletter       FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
         Unimaginable Loss                  leability of memory. Is there no jus-         breakfast that lasted four hours. We
                                            tice? Is there no accountability?             laughed, cried and reminisced.
     Never seeing my family again is
                                                 “The great enemy of the truth is very         In fact, we met one more time
my greatest fear. Losing a child is a
                                            often not the lie—deliberate, contrived and   before I left her state. The second
parents’ greatest fear: but losing all      dishonest—but the myth—persistent, per-       meeting included my two now-grown
eight members of your family in a mat-      suasive, and unrealistic.” John F. Kennedy    grandchildren.
ter of months—unimaginable. This is              A devastated Mom and Grandmother.             Since that visit, my daughter and I
my story.
                                                                                          have kept in telephone communica-
     The nightmare began Friday,
                                                                                          tion. On my first call I said: “Let’s just
February 19th 2007 with a phone call           Too Poor to Confront Remorse
                                                                                          kick the elephant out of the living
that changed our lives. It was not the
                                                I want to share an email I sent to        room and get on with our lives.” We’ve
phone call in the middle of the night
                                            my daughter on 9/11 with Newsletter           let it go at that and I feel good about it.
that any parent with a teenager dreads;
                                            readers. I sent it to her after attending          But I can’t imagine what I would
but it was a phone call in midday that
                                            church where the sermon was on for-           have done without FMSF. Thank you.
signaled the beginning of the end of a
                                            giveness. One of the concepts present-                             A very happy mother
loving relationship between a closely
                                            ed was:
knit family—father, mother, daughters
                                                        “Too poor to pay”
and grandchildren. At the time, I was                                                             Diane Lackey Brooks
                                                          Debt forgiven.
unaware to the full extent of the                                                                 Makes Video Available
                                                My daughter is a returner, not a
tragedy that was about to unfold.
                                            recanter. I am not able to totally accept      In the 2011 FMSF Summer Newsletter,
     It has been five long years since I
                                            her without remorse on her part but            the article about Diane Lackey’s lawsuit
have seen my children and grandchil-
                                            after 10 years have decided to forgive         included a remarkable excerpt from a
dren, and I have learned that the say-                                                     therapy session. Diane has made the
                                            her as I understand that she is “too
ing, “Time heals all things,” is not nec-                                                  four-minute video from that session
                                            poor” in her psychological state to con-
essarily true as was recently confirmed                                                    available: See
                                            front what she has done.
by the heartbreaking interviews of                                               
                                                                            A Mom
those who lost loved ones during 9/11.                                                     2a844d022&id=3DADA092A844D022
When asked about their feelings                                                            %21395
                                                    Kick the Elephant Out
regarding the discovery and killing of
Osama bin Laden, relatives recounted            Our family was devastated in 1994          In addition, the complaints in that case
their daily remembrances of loved           when our second daughter came and              are now available on the FMSF Website
                                            told us we were allowed no communi-            in the Legal Section (Retractors)
ones reaffirming that even victory over
                                                                                           Lackey v. Baker - Complaint
evil could not erase their pain of loss.    cation. Not too long after her bomb-
                                                                                           Lackey v. DePaoli - Complaint
     I remember losing my mother to         shell, church leaders who employed
cancer when I was twenty-three and          her husband as a pastor removed him
thinking how unfair, and then the grief     from his church and pastorate. My              The Rutherford Family Speaks to
of losing my father to the ravages of       daughter and her husband then moved                    FMS Families
Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s the memory         to another state.
                                                                                                The DVD made by the Rutherford
thief. And now, the terror of recreated         My husband died in 1999 when he            family is the most popular DVD of
memories has torn our family apart.         was seventy-six. I am now eighty-five          FMSF families. It covers the complete
 Stripped our children and grandchil-       and live in an assisted living program.        story from accusation, to retraction and
dren away like thieves in the night. Not        In 2010, after 16 years, my daugh-         reconciliation. Family members describe
disease, not violence—no way. No,           ter sent me a letter telling about her         the things they did to cope and to help
something more insidious—the unsci-         family and their life. She wrote that she      reunite. Of particular interest are Beth
entific practices and techniques of         wished she could see me. That was              Rutherford’s comments about what her
                                            what I call a “God-Wink” because I             family did that helped her to retract and
some therapists playing with the mal-
                                            called her immediately and said that
       A Blog Worth Reading                 my friend and I were leaving the next              Available in DVD format only:
           Issues of MPD                    week on an Amtrak trip to her state. I                 To order send request to
                                                                                                FMSF -DVD, 1955 Locust St.          said that she should tell me where we
                                                                                                    Philadelphia, PA 19103
                                            could meet.                                    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other            She arrived a half hour early at the                 countries add $10.00
author/jeanettebartha/                      restaurant where we met and had a                 Checks payable to FMS Foundation

                                                                            FMS Foundation Newsletter FALL2011 Vol. 20 No. 4      11
                                                                                                NEW JERSEY
            Web Sites of Interest                                                                 Sally 609-927-4147 (Southern)                                                            NEW MEXICO
                                                                                                Albuquerque - 2nd Sat. (BI-MO) @1 pm
                  Elizabeth Loftus                         CONTACTS & MEETINGS -                Southwest Room -Presbyterian Hospital                           UNITED STATES                        Maggie 505-662-7521(after 6:30pm) or Sy
              Against Satanic Panics                                                              505-758-0726
                                                  ALABAMA                                                             NEW YORK
                                                    See Georgia
The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group,                                                    Upstate/Albany Area
           University of Arkansas                                                                 Elaine 518-399-5749
                                                    Kathleen 907-333-5248
                                                                                                NORTH CAROLINA
http:/               ARIZONA
                                                                                                  Susan 704-538-7202
        The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit            Phoenix Pat 480-396-9420
                                                  ARKANSAS                                                            Cleveland
                                                    Little Rock Al & Lela 870-363-4368
       Site for retractors run by Laura Pasley                                                    Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
          Site of Investigative Journalist                                                      Oklahoma City
                                                    Jocelyn 530-570-1862
                                                                                                  Dee 405-942-0531
                      San Francisco & North Bay
                   and                              Charles 415-435-9618
                                                                                                Portland area
                      San Francisco & South Bay
                                                                                                  Kathy 503-655-1587
           French False Memory Groups               Eric 408-738-0469
                                                  East Bay Area Judy 925-952-4853
            www.psychoheresy-                     Covina Area
                                                                                                Wayne (includes S. NJ)
                                                                 Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
                                                    Floyd & Libby 626-357-2750
   The Bobgans question Christian counseling                                                    UTAH
                                                                                                  Keith 801-467-0669
         http:/                  Colorado Springs Doris 719-488-9738
          Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society          FLORIDA
                                                                                                  See Oregon
                         Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
                  Australian FMA                    John & Nancy 352-750-5446
                                                                                                  Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
                                                  GEORGIA                                                                   Susanne 608-427-3686
                    Ohio Group                      Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917               ILLINOIS                                                 INTERNATIONAL
     Matt Stone’s updates on Australia FMS        Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
           http:/                    Eileen 847-985-7693 or                      BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
           British False Memory Society             Liz 847-827-1056                            Vancouver & Mainland
                                                  INDIANA                                          Lloyd 250-741-8941              Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health   Victoria & Vancouver Island
    Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse        Practices                                        John 250-721-3219
                      Pat 317-865-8913 & Helen 574-753-2779       MANITOBA CANADA
          Parents Against Cruel Therapy           KANSAS                                           Roma 204-275-5723
                                                  Wichita - Meeting as called                   ONTARIO, CANADA
                                                    Pat 785-762-2825                            London
Site run by Brian Robinson contains information
   about Christchurch Creche and other cases.     LOUISIANA                                        Adriaan 519-471-6338
                                                    Sarah 337-235-7656                          Burlington
                 MARYLAND                                         Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
              National Child Abuse                  Carol 410-465-6555                          Waubaushene
            Defense & Resource Center             MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND                        Paula 705-534-0318                  Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm                 AUSTRALIA
         Excerpts from Victims of Memory            Frank 978-263-9795                
                                                  MICHIGAN                                      BELGIUM
                                                  Greater Detroit Area                   
                   Ross Institute
                                                    Nancy 248-642-8077                          FRANCE                 MINNESOTA                                        afsi.fauxsouvenirs@wanadoo.frfr
       FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom            Terry & Collette 507-642-3630               ISRAEL
                             Dan & Joan 651-631-2247                     FMS ASSOCIATION fax-972-2-625-9282
   National Center for Reason & Justice           MISSOURI                                      NEW ZEALAND                 Springfield - Biannual (4th Sat. of Apr. &       Colleen 09-416-7443
  English language web site of Dutch retractor.      Oct., ) @12:30pm                           SWEDEN
                                                    Tom 417-300-3148 & Roxie 417-781-3929          Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
                      MONTANA                                       UNITED KINGDOM
    This site is run by Stephen Barrett, M.D.       Lee & Avone 406-443-3189                    The British False Memory Society
                  NEW HAMPSHIRE                                   Madeline 44-1225 868-682
  Contains information about filing complaints.     Jean 603-772-2269 & Mark 802-497-1570

  12                 FMS Foundation Newsletter    FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4
     Copyright © 2011 by the FMS Foundation
                      1955 Locust Street                                          Do you have access to e-mail? Send a message to
                 Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766                                        
         Phone: 215-940-1040       Fax: 215-940-1042                         if you wish to receive electronic bulletins and notices of radio                        and television broadcasts about FMS. All the message need
                      ISSN # 1069-0484                                       say is “add to the FMS-News”. It would be useful, but not
            Pamela Freyd, Ph.D., Executive Director                          necessary, if you add your full name (all addresses and names
                                                                             will remain strictly confidential).
      FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board
                         November 15, 2011
Aaron T. Beck, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania,                  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3
Philadelphia, PA; Terence W. Campbell, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic       corporation with its principal offices in Philadelphia and gov-
Psychology, Sterling Heights, MI; Rosalind Cartwright, Ph.D., Rush        erned by its Board of Directors. While it encourages participation
Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; Jean Chapman,
                                                                          by its members in its activities, it must be understood that the
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; Loren Chapman, Ph.D.,
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; Frederick C. Crews, Ph.D.,
                                                                          Foundation has no affiliates and that no other organization or per-
University of California, Berkeley, CA; David F. Dinges, Ph.D.,           son is authorized to speak for the Foundation without the prior
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Henry C. Ellis, Ph.D.,      written approval of the Executive Director. All membership dues
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; Fred H. Frankel,               and contributions to the Foundation must be forwarded to the
MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School; George K.                  Foundation for its disposition.
Ganaway, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Rochel                ____________________________________________
Gelman, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; Henry
Gleitman, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Lila       This is the final FMSF Newsletter. In 2012, the FMSF will send
Gleitman, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
                                                                          shorter and more frequent electronic news bulletins. These will be
Richard Green, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London; John
Hochman, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; David S.
                                                                          collected and mailed four times during the year to those without
Holmes, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS; MA; Robert A.          Internet access.
Karlin, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; Elizabeth
Loftus, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA; Susan L. McElroy,
M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; Paul McHugh, M.D.,
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Harold Merskey, D.M.,                           Your Contribution Will Help
University of Western Ontario, London, Canada; Spencer Harris
Morfit, Author, Westford, MA; Ulric Neisser, Ph.D., Cornell University,                   PLEASE FILL OUT ALL INFORMATION
Ithaca, NY; Richard Ofshe, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley,                                 PLEASE PRINT
CA; Emily Carota Orne, B.A., University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA; Loren Pankratz, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences            __Visa: Card # & exp. date:_________________________
University, Portland, OR; Michael A. Persinger, Ph.D., Laurentian          __Discover: Card # & exp. date:_____________________
University, Ontario, Canada; August T. Piper, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
Harrison Pope, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;              __Mastercard: # & exp. date:________________________
James Randi, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL; Henry L.                                 (Minimum credit card is $25)
Roediger, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO; Carolyn       __Check or Money Order: Payable to FMS Foundation in
Saari, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL; Michael A. Simpson,
                                                                           U.S. dollars
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for Psychosocial &
Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa; Ralph Slovenko, J.D., Ph.D.,
Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, MI; Jeffrey Victor, Ph.D.,     Signature: ______________________________________
Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY; Hollida Wakefield,
M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, Northfield, MN; Charles A.     Name: _________________________________________
Weaver, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX.
     Advisors to whom we are grateful who are now deceased.
Robyn M. Dawes, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;        State, ZIP (+4) ___________________________________
Martin Gardner, Author, Norman, OK; David A. Halperin, M.D.,
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY; Ernest Hilgard,
Ph.D., Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA; Philip S. Holzman, Ph.D.,
                                                                          Country: ________________________________________
Harvard University, Cambridge; Harold Lief, M.D., University of
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Martin Orne, M.D., Ph.D., University      Phone: (________)_______________________
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Campbell Perry, Ph.D., Concordia
University, Montreal, Canada; Theodore Sarbin, Ph.D., University of        Fax: (________)________________________
California, Santa Cruz, CA; Thomas A. Sebeok, Ph.D., Indiana
University, Bloomington, IN; Margaret Singer, Ph.D., University of
California, Berkeley, CA; Donald Spence, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson
Medical Center, Piscataway, NJ.
                                                                                       Thank you for your generosity.

                                                                          FMS Foundation Newsletter FALL 2011 Vol. 20 No. 4              13

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