THE WHIG PARTY

        The Whig Party was organized in 1834. Taking the name from the Whig Party of great Britain. The
party was created by people who did not trust Andrew Jackson. The Whig Party supported high tariffs, a
national bank, and reform movements such as centralized systems of education and making alcohol illegal.
(Temperance Movement). Most Whip Presidents included William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary
Taylor and Millard Fillmore. The Whig Party introduced the practice of relying on catchy slogans and the
packaging of candidates to get elected. Today, this has become standard practice with the use of television
        By the late 1850s, the Whig party had lost popularity with the voters. A new party, the Republican
Party, formed to stop the spread of slavery, and was in competition with Andrew Jackson’s Democratic

   1. List the three parts of the Whig Party Platform:



   2. What practice did the Whigs use that the political parties use today?

   3. What party eventually replaced the Whig Party as an alternative to the Democratic Party?
                                        SLAVE RESISTANCE

        Slave quarters were cramped and barely furnished. Food was rationed and slaves were given the
minimum of clothing. Usually two outfits a year, one pair of shoes, and some hand-me-down clothes from
the planter’s family. Because slaves were expensive – an average price of $1200 to $1800 – the death or
serious injury to ones was an economic blow to the owner. However, many owners beat or used threats of
reduced rations to force slaves to work harder. If a slave could not be broken, they were sometimes sold
“Down the River” or away from family and friends. Slaves who were obedient were sometimes rewarded
with easier tasks, extra food, or the opportunity to work in the house instead of the fields.
        To resist slavery, slaves would fake illness, slow their work- pace, damage tools, or run away.
Sometimes there was open rebellion.

Questions from the reading above:
  1. Describe a typical slave’s living conditions.

   2. What was done if a slave could not be broken?

   3. How were slaves rewarded?

   4. How would slaves resist?

Questions from pages 272 – 274 in the Textbook
  1. Who was Nat Turner and what did he do?

   2. After Nat Turner’s hanging, what did some Southern whites and Southern State Legislatures do to
      prevent further problems?

   3. What was the Underground Railroad and where did it go?

   4. Explain how a runaway slave might escape to the North.

   5. Who were the “Conductors”? Who was the most famous conductor?

   6. Slave Culture, 274 – 275: What did many slaves do to relieve the hardships of their everyday life?
Chapter 9 Section 3 pages 292 – 295
   1. a.) What was the American Colonization Society?

      b.) Why did many African Americans oppose it?

   2. Who were Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm?

   3. Where was Liberia and why was it established?

   4. How did publications such as The Appeal and The Liberator affect the abolitionist movement?

   5. What was William Lloyd Garrison’s argument against slavery?

   6. Why were the appeals of Frederick Douglas and Sojourner Truth so effective in persuading people to
      join the abolitionist movement?

   7. Why did many Northerners oppose abolition?

   8. What else did William Lloyd Garrison support besides abolition?
Race to Freedom Video Sheet
   1. Who is the man speaking at the beginning of the movie?

   2. What was the Fugitive Slave Act?

   3. Through what states would the fugitives travel on their way to Canada?

   4. Why was the Bible scripture read to the slaves?

   5. Under what pretense was Dr. Ross visiting the south?

   6. Why were the Southern planters suspicious of Canadians?

   7. Why had Dr. Ross really come to the South?

   8. What was the password?

   9. What was the underground railroad?

   10. What assistance did Dr. Ross offer Thomas and other slaves who were considering escape?

   11. What was a “Safe House”? How was it marked?

   12. What was Thomas’s dream?

   13. How did the runaways escape the dogs?

   14. What were the meanings of the code-words used by Dr. Ross at the telegraph office?

   15. How much did the bounty-hunters expect to be paid for the return of the runaways?
       up front expenses
   16. Why was Solomon helping Ford?

   17. Why did Walter get caught?

   18. Why did the auctioneer let Dr. Ross have Thomas?

   19. For how much had Ford sold Thomas?

   20. Why did Thomas say a master could not look his slave in the eye?

   21. Why was the escape route to Canada called the underground railroad?
22. Who did the runaways and the abolitionist call Moses?

23. What fears did the free blacks have?

24. What was the punishment for assisting the fugitives?

25. By 1861, how many fugitives had escaped to Canada?

26. Describe the hardships suffered by the slaves
Race to Freedom Quiz
_____ 1. The man speaking at the beginning of the movie was,
          a.) Samuel Slater              b.) Frederick Douglas
          c.) Harriet Tubman             d.) Thomas

_____ 2. With the Fugitive Slave Act the only safe place for run away slaves was in,
         a.) The North                     b.) The South
         c.) Canada                        d.) Great Britain

_____ 3. The Bible scripture was read to the slaves so they would,
         a.) Obey their masters             b.) be knowledgeable
         c.) learn to recite                d.) be religious

_____ 4. Dr. Ross came to visit under the pretense of,
         a.) to buy slaves                 b.) to bird watch
         c.) to see horses                 d.) to buy cotton

_____ 5. The password for the underground railroad was,
         a.) buddy to buddy              b.) you are a friend
         c.) friend of a friend          d.) brotherly love

_____ 6. The underground railroad was to help,
         a.) slaves escape                b.) religious network
         c.) learn to read                d.) learn a trade

_____ 7. The “safe house” was marked with an,
         a.) x on the barn               b.) candle in the window
         c.) lantern on the porch        d.) bell in the yard

_____ 8. Tom’s dream was to,
         a.) marry Sarah             b.) own land         c.) build a house            d.) all of these

_____ 9. The runaways escaped the dog’s by using,
         a.) black pepper         b.) red pepper          c.) salt & pepper            d.) none of these

_____ 10. How much did the bounty-hunters expect to be paid for the return of the runaways if they were
          a.) $500.00             b.) $200.00           c.) $250.00                    d.) $150

_____ 11. How much did the bounty-hunters expect to be paid for the return of the runaways if they were
           a.) $500.00            b.) $200.00           c.) $250.00                    d.) $150

_____ 12. Walter got caught because he,
          a.) left the barn         b.) left the house    c.) snake bit him            d.) none of these
_____ 13. Who did the runaways and the abolitionist call Moses?
           a.) Thomas             b.) Sarah               c.) Harriet Tubman   d.) Walter

Part 2

   14. Why did Thomas say a master could not look his slave in the eyes?

   15. Describe the hardships suffered by the slaves

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