The Cuban Revolution

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					  Cuba is an island in the
Caribbean Sea. It is only 90
     miles from Florida.
Fulgencio Batista was a Cuban
dictator. He ruled Cuba from
1934 – 1959.
Under Batista’s rule, most
 Cubans were very poor.
Batista’s rule was oppressive.
  But Cuba
  became a
   popular
   vacation
destination for
 Americans.
And, yes, a few wealthy Cuban
  families prospered as long
as they supported the dictator.
 However, most Cubans were
poor, illiterate, and oppressed.
 High rates of illiteracy and
malnutrition as well as foreign
 control of resources made
    many Cubans suffer.
 Some Cubans were tired of
dictatorship and malnutrition.
  They wanted a revolution.
Fidel Castro, the Argentinean –
 Ernesto “Che” Guevara, and
   other Communist rebels
  overthrew Batista in 1959.
A Communist government was
 established in Cuba in 1959
   under the leadership of
         Fidel Castro.
  U.S. officials
 were worried.
  A communist
  government
    was only
  ninety miles
     off the
coast of Florida.
   As Castro nationalized
 industries and Americans
 lost investments in Cuba,
U.S. officials prepared Cuban
exiles for an invasion of the
             island.
  But the Bay of
  Pigs invasion
 in 1961 failed.
Castro’s forces
  defeated the
invading exiles.
 Yet in 1962, the Americans
did have some success when
     Soviet missiles were
    placed on Cuban soil.
President
 Kennedy
demanded
  that the
  missiles
     be
 removed.
The Soviets agreed and a
nuclear war was averted.
The U.S. began a
 trade embargo
    with Cuba,
refusing to trade
 with Cuba, but
   Fidel Castro
   remained in
      power.
  Yet again, a revolution
had changed world history.

				
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posted:11/7/2012
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