The 20 th century’s CUBA
Instructor: Ericka Ghersi
How was Cuba pictured at
the beginning of the 20th
Cuba was the city of casinos and
night clubs for businesses.
Hotel Nacional de Cuba
How these dancers look like?
Casino Tropicana (1928-present)
How this dancer looks like?
Queens of Tropic
Casino Tropicana (1928)
Its dancers (present)
1925-1933 Gerardo Machado.
1933 Cuban revolution led by Fulgencio
Batista and others (National Union).
1933-1944 Fulgencio Batista (Democratic
1944-1952 Cuban Revolutionary Party.
1952-1959 Fulgencio Batista.
1959-present Fidel Castro.
List of presidents in Cuba
Important people for Cuba
1. José Martí (1853-95)
2. “Ché” Guevara (1928-67)
3. Fidel Castro (1926)
4. Pablo Milanés (1943)
“Che” Guevara y Fidel Castro
Éramos (José Martí)
Éramos una visión,
We were imaginary
con el pecho de atleta,
of muscular men
las manos de petimetre
with hands for slavery
y la frente de niño.
and with a child forehead.
Éramos una máscara,
We were a mascaraed
con los calzones de Inglaterra,
with British trousers
el chaleco parisién,
with a French vest,
el chaquetón de Norteamérica
with a American jacket,
y la montera de España.
and with Spanish bad habits and accent .
El indio, mudo,
The Indian man, mute,
nos daba vueltas alrededor,
walked around us,
y se iba al monte,
and run away to the mountains,
a la cumbre del monte,
to the top of the mountain,
a bautizar a sus hijos.
in order to baptize his children.
El negro, oteado,
The African man, bad treated,
cantaba en la noche
sang at night
la música de su corazón,
solo y desconocido,
entre las olas y las fieras.
between the waves of the sea and the animals
of the forest. (without space/in between)
El campesino, el creador,
The peasant man, the maker,
se revolvía, ciego de indignación,
complained with fury,
contra la ciudad desdeñosa,
against the contempted city,
contra su criatura.
against his creature.
Cuban history until the Revolution
Cuba history started from the 18th century.
All the goods Cuba had were taken by
International companies, especially, American
companies. Among them an alcoholic beverage’s
The End of the First Half of Cuban
occurred on January 24, 1897. It was brought from Mexico by Gabriel
Veyre. The first presentation was offered at Paseo del Prado #126, just
aside the Teatro Tacón, today called Gran Teatro de La Habana.
•The first ambitious genre in the continent was probably historic
reviews. In Cuba films like "El Capitán Mambí" y "Libertadores o
guerrilleros" (1914), de Enríque Díaz Quesada with support from the
general Mario García Menocal are worth mentioning. Díaz Quesada
adapted from the Spanish novelist Joaquín Dicenta in 1910, as a
tendency widely used then, of using literary works adapted for movies,
as well as imitating Chaplin, the French comedies and cowboys
adventure films. The silent stage of production was extended until
1937, when the first full-length fiction movie was produced.
• 1945 la reina del tropico:
Sobre el cine de las rumberas:
Sobre la santeria:
Aristocracia mexicana y cubana:
s (hasta 3.11seg)
Movimiento 26 de Julio (M-26), Cuba
Castrist, Nationalist, Marxist. When Fulgencio
Batista took control of the government on
March 10, 1952, Fidel Castro stood up against
him and filed a lawsuit demanding his arrest,
but the court ruled against it.
On July 26, 1953, Castro and 170 guerrillas
attacked the Moncada barracks in Santiago. The
attacks were a failure: Abel Santamaría was
killed and Castro received a 15-year prison
sentence affairs. Leaders: Fidel Castro, Raúl
Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos, Ernesto "Che"
Guevara, Armando Hart, Frank País, René Ramos
Latour, David Salvado and Abel Santamaría.
After amnesty was granted in May 1955, Castro
was released and he headed for Mexico to
create and train a new guerrilla force. There he
met Ernesto "Che" Guevara. The new force set
off for Cuba on November 26, 1956. Despite
Batista's attempts to crush the movement, the
M-26 continued to gain popularity; for example,
the Partido Socialista Popular (PSP) and the
Cuban Communist Party (PCC) expressed their
M-26’s best known action was when “Che” Guevara and
his troops took over Santa Clara on December 24, 1958,
forcing Batista to flee. After Batista’s departure, Manuel
Urrutia was appointed president and Castro became
prime minister. Eventually, Fidel Castro became the
nation’s leader. M-26 was one of the few guerrilla groups
that succeeded in overthrowing a government and taking
over power. Fidel Castro was in power for over 50 years.
Recently because of health concerns his brother Raúl
assumed leadership of the island, although Fidel seems to
still be active in the country’s political