Ronald Reagan - PowerPoint by 4ZxdtQ3

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									RONALD REAGAN
            Rise of the New Right
   The Reagan Coalition
     Conservatives   who sought smaller gov’t, less
      intervention in eco., reduction in social programs
     Others wanted to restore Christian values to society

     Working class and White Southerners who had previous
      voted Democratic
     Reagan Democrats jumped ship to Rep. party
The Moral Majority
   Created by Jerry
    Falwell
   Perceived the moral
    decay of America
    (School prayer,
    abortion, Equal Rights
    Amendment,
    homosexuality, and
    women's liberation, etc.)
   Became an influential
    force in conservative
    politics, reliable part of
    conservative base.
American in Moral Decay
"We are born into a war zone where the
forces of God do battle with the forces of
evil. Sometimes we get trapped, pinned
down in the crossfire. And in the heart of
that noisy, distracting battle, two voices
call out for us to follow. Satan wants to
lead us into death. God wants to lead us
into life eternal.“

- Jerry Falwell
Moral Majority: A Political Force to
be Reckoned With
I was convinced that there was a moral majority
out there among those more than 200 million
Americans sufficient in number to turn back the
flood tide of moral permissiveness, family
breakdown and general capitulation to evil and
to foreign policies such as Marxism-Leninism.“

- Jerry Falwell
Ronald Reagan:
"Government is not the solution to our problem.
Government is the problem.”

Do you agree or disagree?
Ronald Reagan
“Government's view of the
economy could be summed up in a
few short phrases: If it moves, tax
it. If it keeps moving, regulate it.
And if it stops moving, subsidize
it.”
            The Role of Government
   What federally-funded programs are you familiar
    with/can you name?
   How significant is the impact of the federal
    government on everyday life?
   What are the benefits of government programs?
   What are the drawbacks?
   How has the role of government changed since the
    beginning of the 20th century?
          11/15/11

“I never drink coffee at lunch. I
find it keeps me awake for the
           afternoon.”
          - Ronald Reagan
      The “Teflon President” and the
          Great Communicator”
   The "Teflon" president –
     scandal and controversy didn't
       seem to "stick" to him and he
       remained popular.
   The "Great Communicator" –
     someone who had the ability to
       appeal to people through his
       anecdotes and rhetoric.
   What to look for while we
    watch…
     Observe how Reagan's
       personality and behavior
       helped earn him these
       nicknames.
     How did these attributes affect
       Reagan's presidency, both
       good and bad?
        The Reagan Revolution

 Reduce the size and
  scope of federal
  gov’t
 Lower taxes

 Reduce regulation

 Increase defense

  spending
                 Reagan Coalition
   New Coalition of voters that propelled
    Reagan/Bush to 12 years of Republican control
                 with social/economic issues under Carter
     Dissatisfied

     No longer saw Dem. Party as the party of the working
      class
   New Right made up by Evangelical Christians
    (Moral Majority)
   Reagan Democrats: mostly white, socially
    conservative blue-collar workers from the Northeast
      Reaganomics: A Controversial Legacy

   Supporters argue
     Spurred record growth
     Cut regulation, changed perceptions against regulation

   Critics claim
     Increased income inequality
     No correlation between tax cuts and eco. growth

     Sight deregulation for risky/unethical behavior
       Savings  and Loan scandal1985. Banks defaulted cost 130
        billion gov’t bailout to pay depositors
         Reagan’s Goals vs. Reality
   Size of gov’t during Reagan
     Employment went from 2.9 million to 3.1 million

   Spending on gov’t
     Increased to 23.5% of GDP, lowered to 21.5%, higher than
       Carter
   Balanced Budget
     Between 1983 and 1989, the budget deficit was always at
       least $153 billion; climbed to more than $221 billion.
     National debt increased during the Reagan years from
       $914 billion to $2.6 trillion;
     Annual interest paid on the debt went from $71 billion to
       $150 billion
              “A Bipolar Economy”
   Unprecedented economic boom. The gross national product
    increased by 3.6 percent in 1983 and by 6.8 percent in
    1984;
      GNP had shrunk in 1982 by 2.5 percent.

   Unemployment sank from 9.5 percent in 1983 to 7.4
    percent in 1984. 18 million jobs added in his two terms
   Stock market soared to new heights from 950-2,239 by 89’
   Eco. Mixed with battered/declining manufacturing and
    industry and with a burgeoning tech. industry
       A More “Fractured Society”?
   Low or semi-skilled workers hit hard by outsourcing
    effects of globalization and modernization
   Burden of social welfare fell upon state and local
    governments
   Disproportionate rise in wealth/income
Hillbrook Green, Air Traffic
Controller
“I went on strike... and I'm still on
strike, 30 years later…they didn't like
unions at all and they came up with a
plan that became a blueprint for
union-busting ever since.”
               PATCO Strike, 1981
   Reagan praised for
    strength/decisiveness of
    action
   Sent a clear message to
    corporate America:
    bargain more firmly with
    organized labor
   Sharp reduction in major
    strikes, 300/yr to 30/year
   Changed perceptions about
    labor unions
          The Occupy Wall Street Movement




    1. What do you think the
    “Occupy Wall Street” and
    other “Occupy”
    protests are about? What
    do the protesters want?
    2. Who are the protesters?
    Describe who you think is
    protesting.
    3. Do you support or oppose
    this movement, and why?
Ronald Reagan (1983)
"It is the Soviet Union that runs against the tide
of history.... [It is] the march of freedom and
democracy which will leave Marxism-Leninism on
the ash heap of history as it has left other
tyrannies which stifle the freedom and muzzle
the self-expression of the people."
Foreign Policy: The Reagan Doctrine
   Regarded Communism as an
    immoral and destructive
    ideology; Soviet Union bent
    on world domination.
      In a famous speech on
       March 8, 1983, referred
       to the Soviet Union as an
       "evil empire," he also
       called the Soviets "the
       focus of evil in the modern
       world."
   Had supported containment
    policy under Truman; opposed
    the policy of détente during
    1970s (relaxation of tension)
        Reagan Doctrine Continued…
   Supported efforts to roll back
    communist control and influence
   As stated by Charles Krauthammer's
    words in 1985, The Reagan Doctrine
    was a policy of "democratic
    militance" that "proclaims overt and
    unabashed support for anti-
    Communist revolution."
   CIA involved in numerous anti-
    communist efforts throughout the
    decade
         Angola
         Nicaragua
         El Salvador
         Poland
         Afghanistan
         Grenada
Charles Krauthammer defines the Reagan Doctrine
(1985 Time Magazine)
   The Reagan Doctrine is more radical than it pretends to be. It pretends
    that support for democratic rebels is "self-defense" and sanctioned by
    international law. That case is weak. The real case rests instead on
    other premises: that to be constrained from supporting freedom by an
    excessive concern for sovereignty (and a unilateral concern, at that) is
    neither especially moral nor prudent. The West, of late, has taken to
    hiding behind parchment barriers as an excuse for inaction when
    oppressed democrats beg for help. The Reagan Doctrine, while still
    hiding a bit, announces an end to inaction.
   Only a few months ago, a Nicaraguan friend, an exSandinista who still
    speaks their language, said in near despair that the struggle of democrats
    around the world was doomed by the absence in the West of what he
    called "democratic militance." The Reagan Doctrine represents a first
    step toward its restoration.
              "Defense is not a budget issue.
                You spend what you need."

   Military buildup had three
    objectives:
   Sought safety through
    strength
     Strengthening the
       military in case of war,
     Persuading European
       allies that the United
       States would not
       abandon them
     Encouraging Soviets to
       come to the bargaining
       table.
Legacy of Reagan: Essential Question
Did Reagan's accomplishments occurred because
of his philosophy or despite it—or both.
What is his legacy in terms of economics, foreign
policy and the end of the Cold War, and his
impact on the political landscape of today?
Did Reagan win the Cold War?
              Fall of the Soviet Union
   Glasnost (Political openness, free speech/press)
       Introduction of Democracy (local party level)
     Could  now question authority
   Economic Stagnation:
     Perostroika (Eco. Reforms/aspects of capitalism
      introduced)
     Cost of arms race (SDI, nuclear arsenal)

     Eco. reform failed, didn’t deliver = people lost
      faith and support for Gorbachev
   Overreach in Afghanistan, defeat = humiliation
                     Iran-Contra Scandal:
    “What did the president know, and when did he know it,"

   No evidence that Reagan
    knew about the funneling of
    funds to the Contras; was
    aware of money for
    hostages
   Significance: Reagan's
    disengagement from the
    management of White
    House seen, compromised
    his leadership/public image
    in short term.
   Opinion polls would
    rebound by end of office

								
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