PowerPoint Presentation by bn07DkDF

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									Preparing and Delivering
     Presentations

  Alexander.Bird@bristol.ac.uk
  what you are going to learn



1. Planning your Presentation

2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation

3. Why use PowerPoint or a Handout?

4. Delivering your Presentation
          1. Planning your Presentation




your presentation has a purpose and has constraints


             plan to

             1. achieve your purposes
             2. meet your constraints
            1. Planning your Presentation
                    ~ purposes ~


       get a job                       instruct students


                       purposes

impress your peers                       convey information

                      convince your
                     audience that p
       1. Planning your Presentation
              ~ constraints ~



    equipment                   time


                constraints
audience                               place

                            one-way/
                           interactive/
     formal/informal?    question period?
           2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
                            ~ Intro ~

Intro        1. Tell ‘em what you are going to tell
                ‘em
Argument
             2. Tell it to ‘em
Conclusion
             3. Tell ‘em what you’ve told ‘em.
    2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
                ~ the Argument ~


All (good) philosophical papers and presentations are
           arguments of one sort of another


                     therefore

         The structure of the presentation
    should follow the structure of your argument
 2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
             ~ the Argument ~




what is the main point you want to get across?




         start there and work back,
       constructing your argument to
           lead to that conclusion
2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
            ~ the Argument ~




  talks and written papers are different
    media with different purposes and
               constraints
            2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
                        ~ the Argument ~
                      ~ how much detail? ~


                Your presentation need not contain
           everything you want to say about a given topic

                 It is often a good idea to leave stuff out

   1. Too much detail can obscure the structure of your argument
2. You can leave clever response to problems to the question period

            if it is not essential, often best to leave it out
     2. Structuring a Philosophy Presentation
                 ~ the Conclusion ~



Use your conclusion

1. to remind people of:
   i. your main points
   ii. how they fit together

2. to point out the significant/relevance of your argument

3. to gesture towards possible future developments
      3. Why use PowerPoint or a Handout?




            use more than one medium,
           engage more than one sense

                  not ephemeral,
                reference material



PowerPoint and handout must enhance a presentation
 3. Why use PowerPoint or a Handout?



      some arguments are complex
  and are better understood written down



use the spatial potential (diagrammes etc.)
            assume P

              if P then
           either Q or R


Q                                   R


S                                   S

                  S


    conclusion:       P entails S
3. Why use PowerPoint or a Handout?




        easy to emphasize
      important points/refer to
         important ideas

           aide-memoire
advantages of PowerPoint




•   can be attractive
•   easy to use helpful devices
•   easy to update
•   can turn into handout
    disadvantages of PowerPoint



•   potential for technical problems
•   sometimes difficult to refer back to a slide
•   can be used badly
•   semi-ephemeral
      advantages of handout



• all relevant information in front of audience
• something for them to hold on to
4. Delivering your Presentation



         Be prepared

           Practice




         time yourself
        record yourself
              4. Delivering your Presentation




                  engage with your audience




don’t read your                                look at
  handout/                                       your
 PowerPoint                                   audience
               5. Conclusion



• Plan your presentation carefully with purposes
and constraints in mind
• Structure your presentation around an
argument
• Use a handout of PowerPoint presentation to
enhance your presentation
• Prepare yourself carefully

								
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