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GERMAN SUSTAINABLE BUILDING CERTIFICATE atmosgrad

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					GERMAN SUSTAINABLE
BUILDING CERTIFICATE
Structure – Application – Criteria




                                     Deutsche Gesellschaft für nachhaltiges Bauen e.V.
                                     German Sustainable Building Council
CONTENTS

Preface                                              Page 03

The German Sustainable Building Certificate          Page 04

Advantages of the Certificate                        Page 05

The Pathway to Certificate                           Page 06

Methodical principles of the                         Page 08
Certification System



The Certificate for New Construction of Office and
Administration Buildings, Version 2008

Basics                                               Page 10

Evaluation Matrix                                    Page 11

Oversight of the topics                              Page 12

     Ecological Quality                              Page 14

     Economical Quality                              Page 21

     Socio-Cultural and Functional Quality           Page 22

     Technical Quality                               Page 30

     Process Quality                                 Page 33

     Quality of the Location                         Page 38

Chairmanship and CEO of the DGNB                     Page 42




Copyright: DGNB
First English Edition March 2009




02
Preface


Dear readers,


The construction and real estate economy are in a state of change: energy efficiency,
resource protection, residential and workplace health, value retention and risk mitigation
are now in focus. General conditions and market interests are changing. Therefore, in the
future buildings will be planned, built and operated differently.


Against this background, the German Sustainability Building Council (DGNB) together with
the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs (BMVBS) developed a voluntary
certification system for sustainable buildings. It was developed by experts from the complete
value chain of the construction and real estate sector and gives a clear orientation for this
future-oriented economical sector. We are pleased to present the certification system in this
brochure.                                                                                       Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Sobek


The 2008 version of the German certification system is available for office and administra-
tion buildings. The practical experience gained during the certification’s test phase as well
as a numerous comments from the professional world will be included in the development
of the 2009 version. Parallel to this, the flexible rating system is being developed step-by-
step for other construction types. As previously, experts will be involved in the development
process. This decision process is pushed forward by the non-profit-organisation DGNB as
driving force and moderator.


The DGNB considers itself to be the central organization for exchange of knowledge, profes-
sional training, and for a raising public awareness for sustainable construction in Germany.
The focus of the DGNB is the development of the certification system that is described in
detail at the following pages.
                                                                                                Dipl.-Ing. Christian Donath




Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Sobek                       Dipl.-Ing. Christian Donath
Chairman of the DGNB                              CEO of the DGNB




                                                                                                                       03
German Sustainable Building Certificate




ThE GERMAN SUSTAINABLE BUILDING CERTIFICATE


For planning and evaluation of buildings, there is a new        Sustainable building means to build intelligently: The focus is on
and clearly structured tool: The German Sustainable Build-      a comprehensive quality concept that serves the building and real
ing Certificate. As meritocratic rating system, it covers all   estate sectors, as well as society in general. Sustainable properties
relevant topics of sustainable construction. Outstanding        are beneficial to the environment, conserve resources, comfortable
buildings are awarded in the categories bronze, silver, or      and healthy for their users, and fit optimally into their socio-cultural
gold.                                                           surroundings.


                                                                In the same way, they stand for economic efficiency and long-term
                                                                value-retention. Sustainable properties are cost effective due to
                                                                their lower operation and maintenance costs. The manageable ad-
                                                                ditional planning and construction costs will usually amortize in a
                                                                few years.


                                                                The German Sustainable Building Certificate was developed by the
                                                                German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB) together with the
                                                                Federal Ministry of Transport, Building, and Urban Affairs (BMVBS)
                                                                to be used as a tool for the planning and evaluation of buildings in
                                                                this comprehensive perspective on quality. As a clearly arranged and
                                                                easy to understand rating system, the German Sustainable Building
                                                                Certificate covers all relevant topics of sustainable construction, and
                                                                awards outstanding buildings in the categories bronze, silver, and
                                                                gold. Six subjects affect the evaluation: ecology, economy, social-
                                                                cultural and functional topics, techniques, processes, and location.


                                                                The certificate is based on the concept of integral planning that de-
                                                                fines, at an early stage, the aims of sustainable construction. In this
                                                                way, sustainable buildings can be designed based on the current
X The German certificate makes sustainability measurable and    state of technology, – and they can communicate their quality with
  comparable.                                                   this new certificate.




04
                                                                                                         German Sustainable Building Certificate




ADvANTAGES OF ThE CERTIFICATE


Active Contribution to Sustainability                                       Marketing Tool
The certificate demonstrates, in a quantifiable way, the positive ef-       The certificate serves as a communication tool for investors, owners,
fects of a building on the environment and on society.                      and users – it documents their commitment to sustainability. As a
                                                                            sign of quality, it supports export, and it enhances the attractiveness
Cost- and Planning Certainty                                                of the German real estate sector for investors.
The certification process provides, in the early planning stage, a high
degree of certainty that the performance goals of a building can be         Comprehensive Quality of a Property
reached at the time of completion. For example, it helps reduce the         The certificate enhances the chances for sale and rent. The certi-
energy consumption and costs during operation.                              fication makes the high quality of a building tangible for owners
                                                                            and users. Furthermore, it signals a performance-enhancing work
Minimizes Risk                                                              environment as well as high user satisfaction.
The certification process promotes integral planning during
construction. This leads to more transparency and well-defined              The Performance is Key
processes during planning and construction, opens up potentials for         The German certificate evaluates the building’s performance and
optimization, and minimizes the risks during construction, opera-           not merely single measures. Owners and designers are given a large
tion, renovations, and removal.                                             leeway to achieve the targets.


Praxis-oriented Planning Tool                                               More than “Green Building”
The certificate was developed by practitioners for practitioners. It        The certificate far exceeds the ecologic aspects of “green building”
supports owners and designers in a goal-oriented way in develop-            by also equally including the economic performance, as well as
ing sustainable buildings.                                                  socio-cultural and functional aspects of buildings.


Focus on the Life Cycle                                                     Flexibility
The certificate is based on the life cycle of a building, which is indis-   The certificate system can flexibly be updated. It can easily be
pensable for an evaluation of the sustainability.                           adapted to technical, social, and international developments.


Made in Germany
The certificate is optimally adapted to the German and European
building environment. This includes building codes and norms, as well
as long-term market experience with energy efficient buildings etc.




                                                                                                                                                 05
German Sustainable Building Certificate




ThE PAThwAy TO CERTIFICATION


If an owner wants to gain a certificate for a planned building, he
                                                                           The way to certification
assigns an accredited DGNB auditor who, due to his training, is
familiar with the requirements of the German Sustainable Building
Certificate. The auditor accompanies the owner on his/her way to                        Registration of the property at DGNB

certification. The auditor advises the owner on all issues concern-
ing sustainable construction, formulates the goals for the planned              Defining of goals for characteristics of the building
                                                                                        according to gold, silver, or bronze
building, and makes sure that the planning team implements the
agreed-upon sustainability criteria. The auditor summarizes the
                                                                                    Using of the pre-certification for marketing
goals of the project in a comprehensive object-specific specification
sheet.
                                                                                           DGNB checks the planning- and
                                                                                            construction documentation
Registration
To start the certification process for the planned building, the audi-
                                                                                      Use of the German Sustainable Building
tor registers the object at the DGNB website – www.dgnb.de.                                   Certificate for marketing


Issuance of the Pre-Certification
After registration at the website, the auditor submits the object
specific specification sheet to the DGNB. It contains the data
regarding all criteria of the German Sustainable Building Certifica-      X The procedure of the certification is clearly defined. The certifica-
tion and is a binding declaration of intent by the owner to realize         tion system is based on international certification standards.
the planned performance goals. The DGNB checks the documents
submitted by the auditor. If they comply with the requirements of
the certificate, the owner receives a pre-certificate for his building.
He therewith assumes responsibility for the implementation of the
discribed measurements. At the same time he is entitled to use this
pre-certificate – in gold, silver, or bronze – for the promotion of his
property.




The pre-certification process allows owners to optimize
their building during the planning phase and to market
it at an early stage with verifiable statements about its
sustainability.




06
                                                                                  German Sustainable Building Certificate




Documentation
On this basis, the building design and construction can be started.
The consulting auditor is to establish an accompanying planning
and construction documentation in accordance with the specifica-
tions of the DGNB documentation guidelines.


Inspection of Conformity
After completion of the building, the DGNB checks if the specifica-
tions of the pre-certificate have been realized. An assessor performs
a conformity inspection based on the DGNB documentation guide-
lines, makes plausibility checks, and takes control-samples.


Award of the Certificate
Finally, the DGNB reviews if the entire certification process was ex-
ecuted properly. If all requirements are fulfilled, the owner receives,
depending on the degree of compliance, the gold, silver, or bronze
certificate from the DGNB and BMVBS, consisting of a certificate
and a plaque for his building. He may use these in his marketing
activities.


Auditors
Auditors accompany the owners during the certification process. To
be officially recognized as DGNB auditors, they have to participate
in a multi-week training by the DGNB or by educational institu-
tions that have been accredited by the DGNB, such as Universities
or Chambers. The modularly structured curriculum consists of an
introduction to sustainable construction; it also conveys the relevant    X The Seal is awarded in gold, silver, or
contents for the implementation of the certification system.                bronze.




                                                                                                                      07
German Sustainable Building Certificate

                                                                            Integrale Planung

                                                                            Text
METhODICAL PRINCIPLES OF ThE CERTIFICATION
SySTEM
                                                                                                                     Text


The German Sustainable Building Certificate is a transparent              Clear Topics
and comprehensible rating system that was developed based on              During the evaluation, 6 topics are considered by the certificate:
real-world circumstances. It defines the quality of buildings in a        – Ecological Quality
comprehensive way, and enables auditors to conduct an evaluation          – Economical Quality
systematically and independently.                                         – Socio-cultural and Functional Quality
                                                                          – Technical Quality
Supporting Software                                                       – Quality of the Process
User-friendly software supports the auditor with the documentation        – Quality of the Location
and evaluation process. The software visualizes the capabilities of
a building in a way that is concise and easy to understand. Already
                                                                            Themenfelder
                                                                            Topics
during the planning process, it marks the influencing parameters
were the building can be optimized with regard to sustainability.
                                                                                                            Economical
                                                                                                            Ökonomische
                                                                                                            Quality
                                                                                                            Qualität
Flexibility as Strength                                                                                                        Soziale
                                                                                                                               Social
                                                                                            Ecological
                                                                                            Ökologische                        Qualität
The basis for the system was developed on the building type “New                                                               Quality
                                                                                            Qualität
                                                                                            Quality
Construction of Office and Administration buildings”. On this basis,
further systems for completely different building types will be
developed. As a second-generation certification system, the label                                                           Technische
                                                                                                                            Technical
                                                                                                          Quality
                                                                                                          Prozess-          Qualität
                                                                                                                            Quality
excels with a high degree of flexibility. The basis of the evaluation,                                    of the
                                                                                  Standort
                                                                                 Quality of               qualität
which was developed with a wide consensus, is a list of topics and                                        Process
                                                                                  Qualität
                                                                                the Location
the criteria for sustainable construction that are included within that
list. These criteria are weighted differently, depending on the build-
ing type to be evaluated. Thus, each version of the system, hence
each building type, has its own evaluation matrix. An example is the
matrix for the evaluation of new office and administration buildings      X The Certificate: For the evaluation of the building’s quality, five
on page 11.                                                                 topics are considered. The quality of the location is presented
                                                                            separately.




The benchmarks for awarding the certificate are orien-
tated on the current state-of-the-art and on an integral
planning statement that includes the aims of sustainable
construction.




08
                                                                                                      German Sustainable Building Certificate




The topics are weighted differently in the overall assessment of the      assigned the bronze, silver, or gold award. Furthermore, grades are
building, depending on their relevance. For example, for the certifi-     given for the total performance of the building as well as for the
cate “New Construction Office and Administration, Version 2008”,          individual topics.
both the economical and the ecological quality have the same
weighting (22.5% each). The quality of the location is not included       Praxis-oriented Continuing Development of the
in the final grade but is presented separately.                           System
                                                                          On this basis, the German Sustainable Building Certificate can be
Conclusive Individual Criteria                                            adapted, in a practicable way, to the individual requirements of
Each topic is divided into several criteria. For instance, the energy     different building types. Similarly, it can be adapted to regional
consumption, acoustical quality, or land consumption are consid-          requirements or social developments, for example to the increasing
ered for the evaluation of a building. For each criterion, measur-        importance of individual criteria like indoor air quality or CO2-
able target values are defined, and a maximum of 10 points can            emissions of a building. The strength of the system is also based on
be assigned. The measuring methods for each criterion are clearly         the involvement, from the beginning, of interested parties during
defined.                                                                  the development of new variations. A supplementary commenting
                                                                          procedure ensures that the requirements of the construction and
Detailed Weighting                                                        real estate sector are systematically queried and included into the
At the same time, each criterion has a weighting factor: it can flow      system.
threefold into the evaluation of its respective topic. This way, for
instance, the energy consumption of an office building is of more
importance than the acoustical comfort. The weighting factor can
also be zero – the consideration of motorway bridges does not
require the criteria for indoor air quality.


Clear presentation of Results
Each criteria flows into the overall result in a clearly differentiated
way. A software-supported computation displays the building’s
performance: by reaching a defined degree of performance, it is




                                                                          The interested parties are included during the develop-
                                                                          ment of each new version of the certificate from the very
                                                                          beginning.




                                                                                                                                            09
German Sustainable Building Certificate




BASICS FOR NEw CONSTRUCTION OF OFFICE AND                       Visualisierung
                                                                Objektbewertung
                                                                                                                                   Deutsches Gütesiegel
                                                                                                                                   Nachhaltiges Bauen
                                                                                                                                                                               Seite 6



ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS, vERSION 2008
                                                                                                                                   Allgemeine Gebäudeinformation
                                                                                                                                   Mustergebäude
                                                                                                                                   Beispielstraße 5
The German Sustainable Building Certificate was initially developed          Evaluation                                            90210 Musterstadt

for new office and administration buildings. In version 2008, which          From a total degree of compliance of
emerged from the pilot phase of the certification system, the sus-           – 50 %, the bronze certificate is awarded
tainability of office and administration buildings is evaluated based        – 65 % for silver
on 49 criteria.                                                              – 89 % for gold


The Topics                                                                  Alternatively, the total degree of compliance is indicated by a grade:
                                                                          Objektbewertung
These criteria are distributed among the 6 topics of the system. Five       a total degree of compliance of Soziale und
                                                                          Ökologische        Ökonomische                             Technische                                               Prozessqualität
                                                                          Qualität           Qualität           Funktionale Qualität Qualität
of the topics flow into the final grade: Ecological Quality, Economi-       – 95% corresponds to grade 1,0
                                                                          01–15              16–17              18–32                33–42                                                    43–51
cal Quality, Socio-cultural and Functional Quality, Technical Quality,      – 80 % corresponds to 1,5
and Quality of the Process. The Quality of the Location is evaluated         – 65 % corresponds to 2,0
separately. It is not included in the overall evaluation of the build-
ing’s quality, so that each building can be evaluated independent of                                                          51        01
                                                                                                                        50                    02
its location.                                                                                               48
                                                                                                                  49                                    03
                                                                                                                                                              04
                                                                                                      47                                                            05
                                                                                                 46                                                                      06
Evaluation Matrix
                                                                                            45                                                                                08
Each criterion can be assigned a maximum of 10 points, depending
                                                                                       44                                                                                          09
on the documented or calculated quality. All criteria are weighted
                                                                                  43                                                                                                10
with a factor from 0 to 3, because individual criteria are treated
                                                                              42                                                                                                         11
as either more or less relevant. The evaluation matrix on page 11
                                                                              40                                                                                                         14
shows the structure of the system. The degree of compliance with
the requirements of the certification is calculated in accordance             35
                                                                                                                       Degree of Compliance                                              15

                                                                                                                              66.6%
with the evaluation matrix.                                                       34                                                                                                    16

                                                                                   33                                                                                               17

                                                                                        32                                                                                     18

                                                                                             31                                                                           19
                                                                                                  30                                                                 20
                                                                                                           29                                                  21
                                                                                                                 28                                      22
                                                                                                                       27                          23
                                                                                                                             26    25    24




                                                                             X An entire building at a glance: A software-generated evaluation
                                                                               diagram nicely summarizes the results of the topics and individual
                                                                               criteria.


The advantage of the certificate is the transparency for
owner, operators, and users of a building.




10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Criteria                                Criterion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Main
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Criteria                                                    No.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              German Sustainable Building Certificate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Group                                        Group


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1   Global warming potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Criteria                                     Criterion                                                      Criterion Points                   Weighted Points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Main                                                                                                                                                                          2   Ozone depletion potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Criteria                                                         No.                                                                                                             Weighting                   Fulfilment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Max.3 Photochemical ozone creation potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Max.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Group                                            Group                                                                                                    Achieved                         Achieved                         Ach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Possible                    Possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Impacts on         4 Acidification potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               global and local10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10,0            1         3         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Global warming potential 30      100%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ecological Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 environment         5 Eutrophication potential



EvALUATION MATRIx: NEw CONSTRUCTION OFFICE
                                                                                                                                                                                           Criteria                                                              Criterion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Criterion 2 Ozone depletion potential Points                     Weighted Points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10,0           10        0,5         5 Points Group
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5       100%
                                                                                                                                                                               Main                                                                                                                                  6 Risks to the regional environmentFulfilment We
                                                                                                                                                                             Criteria                  No.                                 3 Photochemical ozone creation potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Max.     Weighting    10,0           10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Max.    Fulfilment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0,5         5          5Max.   100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Group)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8 Other impacts on the global environment        (
                                                                                                                                                                              Group         Group                                                             Achieved                         Achieved                             Achieved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Impacts on                                      Possible                          Possible                            Possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4 Acidification potential                              10,0           10         1         10          10      100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        global and local                                                                             9 Microclimate




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ecological Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10,0         10           3        30            30       100%


AND ADMINISTRATION, vERSION 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 Global warming potential 5 Eutrophication potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          environment                                                              7,1           10         1        7,1          10      71%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 Non-renewable primary energy demands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 Ozone depletion potential 6 Risks to the regional environment      10          0,5        5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8,2           5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10       100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3         energy demands and82%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Total primary24,6          30       proportion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Utilization of     11                                              17
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 Photochemical ozone creation potential                10,0         10          0,5        5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10,0           5     of renewable primary energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          100%
                                                                                                                                 Criteria                              Criterion                       Criterion Points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           8 Other impacts on the global environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Weighted Points                     Points Group      resources and 10            1         10          10      100%
                                                                                         Main                                                                                            Impacts on     4 Acidification potential          9 Microclimate       10,0         10           1     waste arising 10 14 Potable water 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Fulfilment Weighting 100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10,0                     0,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       consumption and sewage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5       100%
                                                                                        Criteria                                            No.                                       global and local                      Weighting                       Fulfilment                                                 generation




                                                                                                                                                                               Ecological Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Max.                              Max.                                Max.     (Group)        (Group) Fulfilment
                                                                                        Group                                    Group                                                                  5 Eutrophication                                         7,1         10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 Non-renewable primary energy demands1
                                                                                                                                                                                        environment Achieved Possible potential Achieved Possible                         Achieved                 7,1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10,0           10 15 Surface area usage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           71%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3         30          30      100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Total                8,2
                                                                                                                                                                               6 Risks to the regional environment primary energy demands10 proportion    and     3        24,6         30         82%
                                                                                                                                             1     Global warming potential   10,0         10 Utilization of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3          11           30       100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    30 of renewable primary energy                         8,4          10          2         17         20          84%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Economical
                                                                                                                                                                                                resources and
                                                                                                                                                                               8 Other impacts on the global environment                    10,0         10       1         10                                173,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 16 Building-related life cycle195
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%                     costs      89%      2




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Quality
                                              Criteria                                 Criterion                                                    Criterion Points                             Points Group          Weighted Points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Potable 5water consumption and sewage
 Main                                                                                                               2 Ozone depletion potential                               10,0         10 waste 0,5              5
                                                                                                                                                                                                        arising 14 Fulfilment Weighting   100%                              5,0 costs 10            2         10         20          50%
                                                                                                                                                                                   Microclimate
                                                                                                                                                                               9Fulfilment                              generation          10,0   Total 10      0,5    Life 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             cycle       5        100%
Criteria                                                     No.                                                                   Max.    Weighting
Group                                         Group                                                                 3 Achieved                         potential Max. 10,0
                                                                                                                       Photochemical ozone creationAchieved                                10Achieved0,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Max. 5 (Group) 5 (Group) Fulfilment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          100%
                                                                                                                                  Possible                           Possible 10 Non-renewable primary energySurface area usage
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Possible15 demands               10,0         10       3        10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            30          10 17 Value stability20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        30          2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%                   20         100%
                                                                                                    Impacts on      4 Acidification potential                                 10,0         10           1           10          10        100%
                                                                                                 global and local                                                                  Total primary energy demands and proportion
                                                                                                                        10,0                                                                                                                 8,4
                                                                                         Ecological Quality




                                                              1    Global warming potential                                         10         3          30Utilization30  of 11 100% 10                                                                 10       2         17          20         84%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Economical
                                                                                                   environment      5 Eutrophication potential                                 7,1 of renewable primary energy Building-related life cycle costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1           7,1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   16           10        71%                               9,0         10 18 Thermal comfort in the winter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3         27         30          90%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quality
                                                                                                                                                            resources and
                                                              2    Ozone depletion potential                            10,0        10        0,5          5              5    8,2100% water cycle costs 24,6
                                                                                                                    6 Risks to the regional environment waste arising 14 Potable10 Life consumption and sewage
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3                       30        82%5,0         10       2         10          20 19 Thermal comfort in the summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   50%                                         4
                                                                                                                                                                                   generation
                                                              3    Photochemical ozone creation potential               10,0        10        0,5          5              5   10,0100% 10               1                                              173,5    195         89%         22,5% Indoor Hygiene
                                                                                                                    8 Other impacts on the global environment
                                                                                                                                                                              15 Surface area usage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10          10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   17 Value stability 100%  10,0         10       2        10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            20          10 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20          2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%        20         20         100%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Socio-cultural and Functional Quality
                                             Impacts on       4    Acidification potential                              10,0        10         1          10             10       100% 10                                                                                 Performance
                                                                                                                    9 Microclimate                                            10,0                     0,5           5           5        100%                         Health, comfort 21 Acoustical comfort
                                          global and local
  Ecological Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   18 Thermal comfort in9,0 winter10                       10,0 user 10             2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        30 22 Visual comfort20           20         100%
                                                                                                                                                                            Economical
                                            environment       5    Eutrophication potential                              7,1        10         1          7,1            10   16 71% 10
                                                                                                                                                                              10,0Building-related life cycle costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3           30          30        100%                    3         27
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            and                    90%
                                                                                                                   10 Non-renewable primary energy demands

                                                                                                                                                                              Quality
                                                                                                                         8,2        10         3         24,6 cycle costs30        82%                             19 Thermal comfort in the summer                       satisfaction 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10,0                     3         30         30         100%
                                                              6    Risks to the regional environment                   Total primary energy demands and proportion
                                                                                                                                                            Life                                                                                                                                                47
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           23 Influences by users          50         94%      2
                                                                                                   Utilization of  11                                                          8,4         10           2           17          20        84%
                                                              8    Other impacts on the global environment             of renewable primary energy
                                                                                                                        10,0        10         1          10             10       100%         173,5          195 20 Indoor Hygiene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          89%        22,5%                                 10,0         10          3         30         30         100%
                                                                                                  resources and                                                               17 Value stability                                            10,0         10       2         20                    100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20 24 Roof design




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Socio-cultural and Functional Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Performance
                                                                                                   waste arising 14 Potable water consumption and sewage
                                                                                                                        10,0                                                   5,0100% 10               2           10          20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   21 Acoustical comfort  50%                              10,0         10          1         10         10         100%
                                                              9    Microclimate                                        generation 10          0,5          5              5                    Health, comfort                                                                             25 Safety and risks of failure
                                                                                                                        10,0                                                  10,0Thermal comfort in the winter Visual comfort 100%
                                                                                                                                                                              18 100% 10           and user        22                       10,0         10       2         20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8,5         20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10        100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3         26         30          85%
                                                              10   Non-renewable primary energy demands            15 Surface area10 usage     3          30             30                             2           20          20                                                         26 Barrier free accessibility
                                                                                                                                                                                                 satisfaction
                                                                   Total primary energy demands and proportion                                                                19 Thermal comfort in the summerInfluences by users
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   23                       10,0         10       3         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6,7         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10        100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         13         20          67%
                                            Utilization of    11                                                         8,4        10         2          17             20        84%                                                                                                     27 Area efficiency
                                                                                       Economical




                                                                   of renewable primary energy                                                                                 9,0
                                           resources and                                                           16 Building-related life cycle costs                       20 Indoor 10 Hygiene 3                27          30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   24 Roof design
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          90%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10,0         10       3         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9,0         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10        100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1         9          10          90%
                                                                                         Quality




                                                                   Potable water consumption and sewage                                                                                                                                                                  Functionality     28 Feasibility of conversion
                                                                                                                                                                               Socio-cultural and Functional Quality




                                           waste arising      14                                  Life cycle costs       5,0        10         2          10Performance  20        50%                                                                   47      50         94%         22,5%
                                                                   generation                                                                              Health, comfort 21 Acoustical comfort                   25 Safety and risks of10,0failure     10       1         10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8,0         10        100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1         8          10          80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           29 Accessibility
                                                              15   Surface area usage                              17 Value stability
                                                                                                                        10,0        10         2          20 and user    20   10,0Visual comfort 2
                                                                                                                                                                              22 100% 10                           26 Barrier 20 accessibility
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    20          free      100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             8,5         10       3         26
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8,0         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10         85%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         16         20          80%
                                                                                                                                                              satisfaction                                                                                                                 30 Bicycle comfort
                                                                                                                                                                              23 Influences by users               27 Area efficiency        6,7         10       2         13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5,0         20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10         67%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1         5          10          50%
Economical




                                                              16   Building-related life cycle costs               18 Thermal comfort in the 3
                                                                                                                         9,0        10          winter 27                30   10,090% 10                2           20          20        100%                                                 Assurance of the quality of the design and for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 31 urban development for competition
  Quality




                                                                                                                                                                              24 Roof design Functionality                                   9,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   28 Feasibility of conversion          10       1          9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7,1                    90%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         14         20          71%
                                          Life cycle costs                                                         19 Thermal comfort in the summer                           10,0         10 47        3 50 30 94% 30 22,5%              100%
                                                                                                                                                                              25 Safety and risks of failure 29 Accessibility                8,0         10       1          8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10,0         10 32 Art 80% Architecture 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   within     20                    100%
                                                                                                                   20 Indoor Hygiene                                          10,0         10           3           30          30        100%                                                                251,1       280         90%      2
                                                              17   Value stability                                      10,0        10         2          20             20       100%
                                                                                         Socio-cultural and Functional Quality




                                                                                                    Performance                                                               26 Barrier free accessibility 30 Bicycle comfort               8,0         10       2         16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10,0         10 33 Fire80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20          1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    protection10         10         100%
                                                                                                 Health, comfort 21 Acoustical comfort                                        10,0         10           1           10          10        100%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Technical Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                   Area
                                                                                                                                                                              27 100% efficiency                                             5,0         10       1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Assurance of the quality of the design and for       5          10         50%
                                                              18   Thermal comfort in the winter and user               10,0
                                                                                                                   22 Visual comfort
                                                                                                                                    10         2          20             20    8,5         10           3           26
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   31           30        85%                              10,0         10 34 Noise protection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3         30         30         100%
                                                                                                    satisfaction                                                                   Feasibility of conversion                                   for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        urban development7,1 competition 10       2         14          20         71%
                                                              19   Thermal comfort in the summer                        10,0        10         3          30Functionality30   28 100%
                                                                                                                                                                               6,7         10           2           13          20        67%                           Quality of the 35 Energetic and moisture proofing quality of
                                                                                                                   23 Influences by users                                                                                                                                  10,0         10
                                                                                                                                                                                   Accessibility
                                                                                                                                                                              29 100%                              32 Art within Architecture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10,0         10       2         technical 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            20                      1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   building's 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the100%        Shell      10         100%
                                                              20   Indoor Hygiene                                       10,0        10         3          30             30    9,0         10           1            9          10        90%
                                                                                                                   24 Roof design                                                                                                                                      implementation10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8,0
  Socio-cultural and Functional Quality




                                           Performance
                                                                                                                        10,0        10         1          10             10        Bicycle
                                                                                                                                                                              30 100% comfort                      33 Fire protection       10,0         10       1         10          10 40 Ease2of Cleaning and Maintenance 80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%        16         20          of the
                                          Health, comfort     21   Acoustical comfort                                                                                          8,0         10           1            8          10        80%
                                                                                                                   25 Safety and risks of failure                                                                                                                                       22,5% Structure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Technical Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       251,1    280         90%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5,0         10          2         10         20          50%
                                             and user                                                                    8,5        10         3          26             30        Assurance of the quality of34 Noise protection 10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the design and for
                                                              22   Visual comfort                                  26 Barrier free accessibility                              31 85% 10
                                                                                                                                                                               8,0 urban development for competition 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2           16                    80%            10       3         30          30        100% %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   86,4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ease of deconstruction, recycling and
                                            satisfaction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   42
                                                                                                                         6,7        10         2          13             20                     Quality of the 35 Energetic and moisture proofing quality of                7,7         10          2Gold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               dismantling 15            20          77%
                                                              23   Influences by users                             27 Area efficiency                                          5,0 67% 10          technical
                                                                                                                                                                              32 Art within Architecture1            5 the building's Shell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10        50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10,0         10       1         10                    100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 43 Quality of the project's preparation             7
                                                              24   Roof design                                           9,0        10         1           9             10    7,1 90% 10 implementation 14 Ease of20
                                                                                                   Functionality   28 Feasibility of conversion                               33 Fire protection 2                 40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          71%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cleaning and Maintenance of the2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             8,0         10                 16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7,1         20         80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 44 Integrated planning        20          71%
                                                              25   Safety and risks of failure                           8,0        10         1           8             10        80% 10                               Structure
                                                                                                                                                                              10,0Noise protection 2 280 20 90% 20 22,5% 5,0              100%
                                                                                                                                                                               Technical Quality




                                                                                                                   29 Accessibility                                           34               251,1                                                     10       2         10          20         50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ease of deconstruction, recycling and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  86,4 %                                       Optimization and complexity of the approach
                                                              26   Barrier free accessibility                            8,0        10
                                                                                                                   30 Bicycle comfort          2          16             20   10,080% 10                1          42
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 dismantling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10        100%                              9,2         10 45 to planning 18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2                    20          92%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Quality of the Process
                                                                                                                                                            Quality of the 35 Energetic and moisture proofing quality of                     7,7 Gold 10          2         15          20         77%
                                                              27   Area efficiency                                       5,0        10         1           5             10        50%building's Shell
                                                                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                   31
                                                                                                                       Assurance of the quality of the design and for
                                                                                                                                                               technical      10,0         10           3          43 Quality30 the project's preparation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    30           of       100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8,3         10     Evidence of sustainability100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                74
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3         25         30           74%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     83%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           considerations      2
                                                                                                                       urban development for2   competitionimplementation                                                                                               Quality of the 46
                                           Functionality      28   Feasibility of conversion                             7,1        10                    14             20        71% of Cleaning and Maintenance of the
                                                                                                                                                                                   Ease                                                                                    10,0                during bid invitation and30awarding
                                                                                                                                                                              40                                   44 Integrated planning    7,1         10       2         planning 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14          20          3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   71%        30                    100%
                                                              29   Accessibility                                   32 Art within Architecture 2
                                                                                                                        10,0        10                    20             20   10,0 Structure
                                                                                                                                                                                  100% 10               1           10          10        100%                                                 Establishment of preconditions for optimized
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Optimization and complexity of the approach         8,6         10 47 use and operation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3         26         30          86%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   45
                                                                                                                                                                               8,0 Ease of deconstruction, recycling and 20
                                                                   Bicycle comfort                                 33 Fire protection
                                                                                                                        10,0        10         1          10             10   42 100% 10                2           16 to planning        80%9,2         10       2         18          20         92%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quality of the Process




                                                              30                                                                                                                   dismantling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           48 Construction site, construction phase
                                                                                         Technical Quality




                                                                   Assurance of the quality of the design and for Noise protection
                                                                                                                   34                                                          5,0         10           2                       20        50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 Evidence of sustainability considerations3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             8,3         10                 25          30         83%
                                                              31                                                        10,0        10         3          30             30        Quality
                                                                                                                                                                              43 100% of the project's preparation
                                                                                                                                                                                                Quality of the 46                                                          10,0         10          2         20         20         100%
                                                                   urban development for competition                                                                                                                    during bid invitation and awarding                                     Quality of executing companies, pre-
                                                                                                  Quality of the 35 Energetic and moisture proofing quality of                44 Integrated planning
                                                                                                                                                                               7,7         10      planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2           15          20          10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          77%            10       3         30          30 49 qualifications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%
                                                              32   Art within Architecture           technical         the building's Shell
                                                                                                                        10,0        10         1          10             10       100%                                  Establishment of preconditions for optimized
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         74     100         74%         22,5%                                               18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   47 of the approach                                       5,0         10                    10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 assurance of the 20            50%
                                                                                                 implementation                                                                    Optimization and complexity use and operation 8,6
                                                                                                                                                                              45 80%                                                                     10       3     Quality of the 30 50 Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            26                     86%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         construction
                                                                                                                       Ease of Cleaning and Maintenance of the 20
                                                              33   Fire protection                                 40 8,0           10         2          16                   7,1 to planning
                                                                                                                                                                                           10           2           14          20        71%                                                  activities
                                                                                                                                                                               Quality of the Process




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         construction
                                                                                                                       Structure                                                                                   48 Construction site, construction phase                 7,7         10          2         15         20          77%
  Technical Quality




                                                              34   Noise protection                                      5,0        10         2          10             20        50%                                                                                      activities     51 Systematic commissioning
                                                                                                                       Ease of deconstruction, recycling and                       Evidence of sustainability considerations                10,0         10       2         20          20        100%
                                                                                                                   42                                       Quality of the 46                                       18 Quality of
                                                                                                                                                                               9,2 during bid invitation and awarding 20 executing companies, pre-
                                                                                                                                                                                           10           2                                 92%
                                                                   Energetic and moisture proofing quality of          dismantling 10                                                                              49                                                       5,0         10          2         10         20          50%
                                           Quality of the     35                                                         7,7                   2          15 planning    20        77%                                  qualifications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Location: is presented separately, and is not included in
                                             technical             the building's Shell                            43 Quality of the project's preparation                                 10 74
                                                                                                                                                                               8,3 Establishment of preconditionsQuality30 22,5% of the construction 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 100 25 for optimized 83%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          74% assurance                                                                       188,6       230         82%      1
                                                                                                                                                                              47                                                             5,0         10                 10          20         50%
                                          implementation                                                                                                                                        Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                   use and operation of the 50 activities                                                  10,0         10          3         30         30         100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Quality of the Location




                                                                   Ease of Cleaning and Maintenance of the                                                                                                                                                                                 56 Risks at the microlocation
                                                              40                                                   44 Integrated planning 2
                                                                                                                         7,1        10                    14             20   10,071% 10 construction   3           30          30        100%
                                                                   Structure                                                                                                  48 Construction site, construction phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                   activities                                7,7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   51 Systematic commissioning           10       2         15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7,5         20         77%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3                    30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 57 Circumstances23 the microlocation75%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               at
                                                                   Ease of deconstruction, recycling and               Optimization and complexity of the approach             8,6 Quality10 executing companies, pre- 30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3           26                    86%
                                                                                                                   45 9,2                                                                   of
                                                              42                                                       to planning 10          2          18             20        92%                                                                                                  20 58 Image and condition of the location and
                                                                                         Quality of the Process




                                                                   dismantling                                                                                                49                                                             5,0         10       2         10                     50%
                                                                                                                                                                                               Location: is presented separately, and is not included in the overall grade of the object
                                                                                                                                                                                   qualifications                                                                                              neighbourhood
                                                              43   Quality of the project's preparation of the 46 Evidence of 10
                                                                                                  Quality                8,3        sustainability considerations 30
                                                                                                                                               3          25                  10,083% 10
                                                                                                                                                                                   Quality assurance 2 the construction 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                         of         20                    100%
                                                                                                                       during bid invitation and awardingQuality of the 50
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quality of the Location




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   56 Risks at the microlocation         10       3        7,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            30          10 59 Connection to14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        30          2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100%         transportation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         20          70%
                                                              44   Integrated planning                planning          10,0        10         3          30construction 30        activities
                                                                                                                                                                                  100%
                                                                                                                       Establishment of preconditions for optimized
                                                                                                                                                                activities    51 Systematic commissioning 57 Circumstances at 50%microlocation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7,5       188,6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         10     230
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3        7,1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            82%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            23          10,0% Vicinity to usage-specific20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 60       2        14,2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        30         75%                    facilities 71%
                                                                   Optimization and complexity of the approach     47                                                          5,0         10           2           10          20
                                                              45                                                       use and operation
                                                                                                                         8,6        10         3          26             30        86%                                  Image and condition of the location and
                                                                   to planning                                                                                                                                                                                             1,0          10 61 Adjoining media, infrastructure development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         2          20          10%
  Quality of the Process




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   58
                                                                                                                                                          Location: is presented separately, and is 15 neighbourhood the overall grade of the object
                                                                                                                   48 Construction site, construction phase                    7,7         10           2                       20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     not included in 77%                                                                                                      9
                                                                   Evidence of sustainability considerations            10,0 of executing companies, pre-
                                                                                                                                    10         2          20             20       100%
                                           Quality of the     46                                                       Quality                                                                                     59 Connection to transportation 10                      8,3          10 be filled-in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          To        3        24,9        30          83%
                                                                                                                                                                               Quality of the Location




                                                                   during bid invitation and awarding              49                                                         56 Risks at the microlocation 10
                                                                                                                                                                               5,0         10           2                       20        50%7,0                  2         14          20         70%
                                             planning                                                                  qualifications                                                                              60 Vicinity to usage-specific facilities                9,7          10Automatically calculated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2        19,4        20          97%
                                                                   Establishment of preconditions for optimized          5,0                                                  57 Circumstances at the microlocation
                                                                                                                                                                                               188,6          230         82%        10,0% 7,1           10       2        14,2         20         71%
                                                              47
                                                                   use and operation              Quality of the 50 Quality assurance of the construction
                                                                                                                                    10         2          10             20   10,050% 10                3           30          30        100%                             9,4          10Fixed value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2        18,8        20          94%
                                                                                                   construction        activities                                                  Image and condition of the61 Adjoining media, infrastructure development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    location and
                                                                                                                                                                              58                                                             1,0         10       2          2          20         10%
                                                              48   Construction site, construction phase
                                                                                                      activities         7,7        10
                                                                                                                   51 Systematic commissioning 2          15             20        neighbourhood 3
                                                                                                                                                                               7,5 77% 10                           23          30        75%                                                                  93,3       130         72%
                                                                                                                                                                              59 Connection to transportation     To be filled-in            8,3         10       3       Grade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           24,9         30         83%       3,0       50 %
                                                                   Quality of executing companies, pre-                  5,0        10         2          10             20        50%
                                                              49
                                                                   qualifications                Location: is presented separately, and is not included in the overall grade of the object                        Automatically calculated9,7
                                                                                                                                                                              60 Vicinity to usage-specific facilities                                   10       2         1,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           19,4        95 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20         97%       4,0       35 %
                                           Quality of the          Quality assurance of the construction                10,0                                                                                      Fixed value 20                                                       80 %                            20 %
                                                                                                                   56 Risks at the 10          3          30             30    7,0100% 10                                                                                  1,5                               5,0
                                                                                         Quality of the Location




                                                              50                                                                    microlocation                                                       2           14                    70%9,4         10       2        18,8         20         94%
                                           construction            activities                                                                                                 61 Adjoining media, infrastructure development
                                             activities       51 Systematic commissioning                                                    57 Circumstances at the microlocation
                                                                                                                                                 7,5       10         3         23                                                30       7,1 75% 10           2                                                 14,2         20           71%                                                              2,0          65 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         To be filled-in                                                                                     Grade                                                                        50 %                      Degree of
                                                                                                                                                   Image and condition of the location and                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3,0                                                  ab 80%
                                                                                                                                             58                                                                                            1,0         10       2                                                  2           20           10%                                                                                                    Compliance
                                          Location: is presented separately, and is not included in                                                neighbourhood
                                                                                                                                                  the overall grade of the object                                                        Automatically calculated                                                                             1,0         93,3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          95 %     130                                       72%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4,0          35 %                                    65-79,9%
                                                                                                                                             59 Connection to transportation                                                               8,3 value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Fixed70% 10            3                                                 24,9         30           83%
  Quality of the Location




                                                              56 Risks at the microlocation                                                      7,0       10         2                                                 14        20                                                                                                          1,5         80 %                                               5,0          20 %                                    50-64,9%     B
                                                              57 Circumstances at the microlocation                                          60 Vicinity to usage-specific facilities
                                                                                                                                                 7,1         10         2          14,2                                           20      9,7 71%                                         10          2           19,4         20           97%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,0         65 %
                                                                   Image and condition of the location and                                   61 Adjoining media, infrastructure development                                               9,4                                             10          2           18,8         20           94%                                                               Degree of
                                                              58                                                                                 1,0       10          2         2       20                                                     10%                                                                                                                                                          Compliance
                                                                   neighbourhood                                                                                                                                                                                                               93,3         130           72%
                                                                                                                                            To be filled-in                                                                              Grade                                                                               50 %                           Degree of
                                                              59 Connection to transportation                                                      8,3          10         3                                           24,9       30         83%                                                                  3,0                                                                                       ab 80%         Gold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Compliance
                                                              60 Vicinity to usage-specific facilities    Automatically calculated
                                                                                                                 9,7       10                                              2                                           19,4       20      1,0 97% 95 %                                                            4,0         35 %                                                                         65-79,9%        Silver
                                                                                                          Fixed value
                                                                                                                 9,4       10                                              2                                           18,8       20      1,5 94% 80 %                                                            5,0         20 %                                                                         50-64,9%       Bronze
                                                              61 Adjoining media, infrastructure development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2,0                                    65 %
                                                             To be filled-in                                                                       Grade                                                                         50 %                                                            Degree of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3,0                                                                                               ab 80%      Gold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Compliance
                                                             Automatically calculated                                                               1,0        95 %                                                    4,0       35 %                                                                                   65-79,9%     Silver
X Example of an evaluation matrix for a building80that was
           Fixed value                    1,5      %                                                                                                                                                                   5,0       20 %                                                                                   50-64,9%     Bronze
                                          2,0   65 %
  awarded with a Gold certificate.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       11
German Sustainable Building Certificate




OvERvIEw OF ThE TOPICS: NEw CONSTRUCTION
OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATION, vERSION 2008
During the development of the certificate, 6 topics were       Ecological Quality
defined, which with a total of 63 individual criteria,
represent the relevant sectors of sustainable construc-        01   Global Warming Potential
tion. During the testing of the system, the development        02   Ozone Depletion Potential
of 14 criteria was postponed. Therefore, the certification     03   Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential
for “New Construction Office and Administration” in the        04   Acidification Potential
version 2008 is based on the following 49 criteria. Forty-     05   Eutrophication Potential
three of these criteria evaluate the building’s quality. Six   06   Risks to the Regional Environment
separate criteria specify the quality of location.             08   Other Impacts on the Global Environment
                                                               09 Microclimate
                                                               10 Non-renewable Primary Energy Demands
                                                               11 Total Primary Energy Demands and Proportion of Renewable
                                                                  Primary Energy
                                                               14 Potable Water Consumption and Sewage Generation
                                                               15 Surface Area Usage



                                                               Economical Quality


                                                               16 Building-related Life Cycle Costs
                                                               17 Value Stability



                                                               Socio-cultural and Functional Quality


                                                               18   Thermal Comfort in the Winter
                                                               19   Thermal Comfort in the Summer
                                                               20   Indoor Hygiene
                                                               21   Acoustical Comfort
                                                               22   Visual Comfort
                                                               23   Influences by Users




12
                                                                                         German Sustainable Building Certificate




24   Roof Design                                            48   Construction Site, Construction Phase
25   Safety and Risks of Failure                            49   Quality of Executing Companies, Pre-qualifications
26   Barrier free Accessibility                             50   Quality Assurance of the Construction Activities
27   Area Efficiency                                        51   Systematic Commissioning
28   Feasibility of Conversion
29   Accessibility
30   Bicycle Comfort
31   Assurance of the Quality of the Design and for Urban
     Development for Competition
32 Art within Architecture



Technical Quality                                           Quality of the Location
                                                            Is presented separately, and is not included in the overall grade of
33 Fire Protection                                          the object.
34 Noise Protection
35 Energetic and Moisture Proofing Quality of the           56 Risks at the Microlocation
   Building’s Shell                                         57 Circumstances at the Microlocation
40 Ease of Cleaning and Maintenance of the Structure        59 Image and Condition of the Location and Neighbourhood
42 Ease of Deconstruction, Recycling and Dismantling        59 Connection to Transportation
                                                            60 Vicinity to Usage-specific Facilities
                                                            61 Adjoining Media, Infrastructure Development
Process Quality
43 Quality of the Project’s Preparation
44 Integral Planning
45 Optimization and Complexity of the Approach to
   Planning
46 Evidence of Sustainability Considerations during Bid
   Invitation and Awarding
47 Establishment of Preconditions for Optimized Use
   and Operation




                                                                                                                               13
German Sustainable Building Certificate




ECOLOGICAL QUALITy – 12 CRITERIA


Criterion 01: Global Warming Potential (GWP)                            J Data Basis
                                                                        The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)
J Goal                                                                  is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-
Reduction of the Global Warming Potential. The Global Warming           ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle
Potential is the potential contribution of a substance to warm the      costs can be calculated simultaneously.
near-surface air for the so called greenhouse effect. The contribu-     www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >
tion of the substance is indicated as GWP-value in relation to the      Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen
greenhouse potential of carbon dioxide (CO2). For the certification
the GWP 100 value, which is the contribution of a substance to the
greenhouse effect over a period of 100 years, is used.                  Criterion 02:      Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)


J Methodology                                                           J Goal
Evaluation of the greenhouse potential of the construction,             Reduction of pollutant emissions that contribute to the destruction
operation and disposal of a structure over a period of 50 years         of the ozone layer. Ozone is able to absorb short-wave UV-rays
(kg CO2-Equiv./m²NFA*a). The input quantities can be gained from        and emit longer wavelength radiation omnidirectionally. The ozone
the operational phase of the energetic proof according to the Ger-      layer shields the earth from a large part of the UV-radiation,
man regulation for energy saving in buildings and building systems      prevents excessive warming of the earth’s surface, and contributes
2007 (EnEV 2007 = in German: Energieeinsparverordnung 2007).            to protecting us from UV-A and UV-B radiation. The accumulation
For the identification of the ecological impacts of the building’s      of R11-equivalent in the atmosphere contributes to the destruction
construction, including its systems engineering, an eco-accounting      of the ozone-layer. Consequences are e.g. tumour generation in
of the used materials and/or building parts according to DIN EN         humans and animals, as well as disruption of photosynthesis.
ISO 14040 and 14044 is necessary. The required datasets for this
are provided via the information portal for sustainable building. For   J Methodology
the evaluation of the construction, including the systems engineer-     The input quantities for the operating phase can be taken from
ing, reference values are defined on the basis of an average office     the energetic documentation according to EnEV 2007. For the
building. The evaluation of the “Global Warming Potential” criterion    determination the ecologic impacts of the building’s structure,
is based on an average annual value of the realized building, which     including the systems engineering, an eco-accounting of the used
is compared to the annual reference value.                              materials and building parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and
                                                                        14044 is necessary. The required datasets for this are provided via
                                                                        the information portal for sustainable building. For the evaluation
                                                                        of the construction, including the systems engineering, reference
                                                                        values are defined on the basis of an average office building. The




14
                                                                        New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




evaluation of the “Ozone Depletion Potential” criterion is based on       building parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and 14044 is neces-
an average annual value of the realized building, which is compared       sary. The required datasets for this are provided via the information
to the annual reference value.                                            portal for sustainable building. For the evaluation of the construc-
                                                                          tion, including the systems engineering, reference values are
J Data Basis                                                              defined on the basis of an average office building. The evaluation of
The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)     the “Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential” criterion is based on
is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-     an average annual value of the realized building, which is compared
ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle       to the annual reference value.
costs can be calculated simultaneously.
www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >                   J Data Basis
Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen                                              The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)
                                                                          is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-
                                                                          ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle
Criterion 03: Photochemical Ozone Creation                                costs can be calculated simultaneously.
              Potential, POCP                                             www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >
                                                                          Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen
J Goal
Reduction of photochemical ozone creation potential – the mass-
based equivalent of destructive trace gases (e.g., nitric oxide and       Criterion 04:      Acidification Potentialpotential
hydrocarbons). These, in combination with UV-radiation, contribute
to the formation of near-surface ozone. The human- and eco-toxic          J Goal
contamination of the near-surface air is called “summer smog”. It         Reduction of Acidification Potential. Acidification means rising of the
adversely affects the respiratory system and damages plants and           concentration of H-ions in the air, water and soil. Sulphur and ni-
animals.                                                                  trogen compounds from anthropogenic emissions react in the air to
                                                                          form sulphuric and/or nitric acid that falls to the earth as “acid rain”
J Methodology                                                             and negatively impacts water bodies, creatures, and buildings. The
The lower the photochemical ozone creation potential (“summer             sum of the individual acidification impacts leads to forest dieback
smog”) is, the better is the evaluation (in kg C2H4-Equiv./m²NFA*a).      and fish mortality. Acidic precipitations corrode historical buildings
The input quantity for the operating phase can be taken from the          (sandstone). The evaluation criterion for this environmental impact is
energetic proof according to EnEV 2007. For the classifying the           the acidification potential as is indicated by SO2 equivalents.
ecologic impacts of the building’s structure, including its systems
engineering, an eco-accounting of the used materials and/or of the




                                                                                                                                                15
German Sustainable Building Certificate




J Methodology                                                             Criterion 05:      EutrophicationPotential (EP)


The lower the acid potential, the better is the evaluation (in kg         J Goal
SO2-Equ./m²NFA*a). The input quantity for the operating phase can
be taken from the energetic proof according to EnEV 2007. For the         Reduction of Eutrophication. Eutrophication describes the transi-
classifying the ecologic impacts of the building’s structure, including   tion of water bodies and soil from a nutrient-poor to a nutrient-rich
its systems engineering, an eco-accounting of the used materials          (a.k.a..eutrophic) state. This state is mainly caused by supplying
and/or of the building parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and            phosphor- and nitrogen compounds. These compounds can get
14044 is necessary. The required datasets for this are provided via       into the environment via fabrication of building materials and via
the information portal for sustainable building. For the evaluation       washing-off of combustion-emissions. The change in available nutri-
of the construction, including the systems engineering, reference         ents e.g., increases the formation of algae in water bodies , which
values are defined on the basis of an average office building. The        can lead to higher fish mortality, among other things.
evaluation of the criterion “Acid Potential” is made by an average
annual value of the realized building (structure and use) that is         J Methodology
opposed to and adequate specific reference value.                         The input quantity for the operating phase can be taken from the
                                                                          energetic proof according to EnEV 2007. For the classifying the
J Data Basis                                                              ecologic impacts of the building’s structure, including its systems
The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)     engineering, an eco-accounting of the used materials and/or of
is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-     the building parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and 14044
ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle       is necessary. The required datasets for this are provided via the
costs can be calculated simultaneously.                                   information portal for sustainable building. For the evaluation of
www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >                   the construction, including the systems engineering, reference
Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen                                              values are defined on the basis of an average office building (type-
                                                                          representative). The final evaluation of the “Eutrofication Potential”
                                                                          criterion is based on an average annual value of the realized build-
                                                                          ing (structure and use), which is compared to the annual reference
                                                                          value. The lower the eutrophication potential is, the better is the
                                                                          evaluation (in kg PO4-Equiv./m²NFA*a).

                                                                          J Data Basis
                                                                          The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)
                                                                          is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-




16
                                                                       New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle      Criterion 08:      Other Impacts on the Global
costs can be calculated simultaneously.                                                     Environment
www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >
Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen                                             J Goal
                                                                         The impacts of a building on the global environment shall be
                                                                         reduced. A central aspect is the proof of the use of certificated
Criterion 06:      Risks for the Local Environment                       wood. Subtropical and boreal woods are only allowed to be used
                                                                         if the supplier can certify the “controlled, sustainable cultivation of
J Goal                                                                   the forest of origin”. Only certificates that are issued by the For-
The risks for the local environment are minimized through a pur-         est Stewardship Council (FSC) or certification authorities that are
poseful choice of building materials that come in contact with the       accredited by the Program for Endorsement of Forest Certification
surrounding air, soil, and surface- and/or groundwater during the        Schemes (PEFC) are accepted. The certification criteria of sustain-
operation of the building.                                               able forestry established by the FSC have international consensus.
                                                                         For the verifiability, the supplier has to declare both the country of
J Methodology                                                            origin and the wood’s species. An FSC-certificate is only valid in
Materials and substance types that can cause environmental risks         combination with the appropriate FSC-trade certificate “chain of
are queried individually and on a per-product basis. Substance types     custody”.
that are considered are halogens, heavy metals, organic solvents,
and substances and products that fall under the biocide- and             J Methodology
REACH guidelines. There are 4 defined action-levels that build on        Action Level 1: No use of tropic, sub-tropic, or boreal wood. No
each other. The requirements of a higher action-level include the        proof required.
successful implementation of all requirements of the level below         Action Level 2: Use of at least 20% of FSC- or PEFC certificated
it. Each action-level contains a list of materials and products to       wood or wood-based materials, independent of country of origin or
be avoided. The more action-levels that can be fulfilled, the lower      wood species.
the risks for the local environment are. Proof for the successful        Action Level 3: Use of at least 50% of FSC- or PEFC certificated
implementation includes: declarations for the required materials         wood or wood-based materials, independent of country of origin or
and products, submission of material and product lists, and a test       wood species.
certificate that confirms the compliance of the declared and used
products and materials with the requirements.                            J Data Basis
                                                                         The quantification is taken from the amounts provided in the
                                                                         request for bids. The use of certified wood has to be verified by the
                                                                         declaration of the products.




                                                                                                                                               17
German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 09:      Microclimate                                           Criterion 10:      Non-Renewable Primary Energy De-
                                                                                             mands (PEne)
J Goal
The choice of appropriate products and solutions shall reduce the         J Goal
negative impact on the micro-climate of roofs and façades, which          The use of non-renewable energy resources shall be reduced. With
can contribute to “heat islands”.                                         the identification of the non-renewable primary energy demands,
Cities are significantly warmer than rural areas due to the intense       the energy-efficiency of the construction and use, as well as the
warming-up during the daytime and the limited cooling-down at             energy demands of the upstream chain is evaluated. The energy
night. This “heat island” effect can be compensated by creating           demands of the users’ equipment are not evaluated. Primary energy
unsealed areas, greening, or the use of materials with low solar          is the energy that is available from naturally existing energy sources.
absorption.                                                               Included are non-renewable energies such as black coal, brown
                                                                          coal, petroleum, natural gas, and uranium.
J Methodology
Documentation of the roof- and façade materials with the aid of the       J Methodology
reference table “Albedo Values” (“Albedowerte”).                          The demands of non-renewable primary energy is calculated
                                                                          over the life-cycle of construction, reconditioning, operation, and
Action Level 1: Documentation of character, colour, surface texture,      deconstruction/disposal of a building (in kWh/m²NFA*a). The input
as well as the appropriately determined reflection values (Albedo),       quantities for the operating phase can be taken from the energetic
absorbency, emissivity, and transmissivity of the roof and soil mate-     proof according to EnEV 2007. For the classifying the ecologic
rials. Unsealed and planted areas are also documented, according          impacts of the building’s structure, including its systems engineer-
to their size and nature, on technical drawings. Further, information     ing, an eco-accounting of the used materials and/or of the building
concerning the surroundings of the building, such as the mass of          parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and 14044 is necessary.
surrounding buildings, street-widths, and heights of the surrounding
buildings, as well as the orientation of the building is supplied. This   J Data Basis
can be documented with photos and property- and elevation plans.          The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)
                                                                          is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-
Action Level 2: Additional documentation of the facade material.          ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle
                                                                          costs can be calculated simultaneously.
                                                                          www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >
                                                                          Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen
                                                                          The “eco-balance” (“Ökobilanz“) supplement has to be considered
                                                                          for the calculation of the non-renewable primary energy demands.




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                                                                          New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 11: Total Primary Energy Demands and                              J Data Basis
Percentage of Renewable Primary Energy                                      The data identification (eco-balance as well as calculations of EnEV)
                                                                            is largely the same for the criteria 01 to 05 and 10 to 11. By enter-
J Goal                                                                      ing the building data into the appropriate software, the life-cycle
The total demand for primary energy shall be minimized and the              costs can be calculated simultaneously.
percentage of renewable energy shall be maximized during the life
cycle of a property. Among the non-renewable primary energies               www.nachhaltigesbauen.de:> Baustoff- und Gebäudedaten >
are black coal, brown coal, petroleum, natural gas and uranium;             Nutzungsdauern von Bauteilen
and among the renewable energies are biomass, solar radiation,              Non-renewable primary energy can be transferred from criterion 10.
geothermal energy, hydropower, and wind energy. The total value of
primary energy demands are evaluated, as well as the percentage
of renewable energy demands, as compared to the total primary
energy demands.

J Methodology
The percentage of renewable energy as compared to the total
primary energy demands for the construction and use is evaluated
over a period of 50 years. The input quantities for the operating
phase are taken from the energetic proof according to EnEV 2007.
Here, differing from EnEV 2007, the standard is a coverage propor-
tion of 15 % of the heat-demand by solar heat. For the classifying
the ecologic impacts of the building’s structure, including its systems
engineering, an eco-accounting of the used materials and/or of the
building parts according to DIN EN ISO 14040 and 14044 is neces-
sary. For the evaluation of the construction, including the systems
engineering, reference values are defined on the basis of an aver-
age office building. The evaluation of the criterion “Percentage of
Renewable Primary Energy” is made by comparing the percentage
of renewable energies regarding the total primary energy demands
of the realized building with the reference building.




                                                                                                                                              19
German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 14:      Potable Water Consumption and Sew-                    Criterion 15:      Surface Area Usage
                   age Generation
                                                                         J Goal
J Goal                                                                   The constant increase in traffic and settlement areas shall be
Potable water consumption and sewage generation shall be                 reduced. Preferably, areas shall be used that are already assigned as
reduced. Despite the ample supply of water, there is a deficiency        traffic or settlement areas or that are allocated for the recovery of
of high-quality potable water. Only after elaborate filtration, where    contaminated locations.
naturally occurring iron and manganese, pesticides and nitrates
from agriculture, and other harmful substances are removed, can          J Methodology
water be used as potable water. The treatment of sewage in central       It is evaluated, in which degree and in which sense the type of area
sewage treatment plants causes high expenditures, transport in           consumption is changed by the construction project. Area is not
canalization, and the need for purification. The higher concentrated     “consumed”, but a usage-change of the area takes place.
the sewage is, the more effective is the purification. Infiltration or
usage of storm water is preferable to the mere draining into the         1. The previous use of the area can be determined from the certifi-
sewage system. Infiltration contributes to the stabilization of the         cates of title or extracts from the land survey register.
groundwater table, and evaporation contributes to the improvement        2. The previous contamination of the property by contaminated
of the micro-climate. Storm water can replace potable water for             sites, munitions, etc. can be determined based on available
e.g., flushing toilets.                                                     survey reports.
                                                                         3. The realization of compensation measures can be identified
J Methodology                                                               based on available documents.
By adding the ascertained potable water consumption and the              4. Based on the planning documents, it is checked if a greened roof
sewage emergence, the “specific water-use value” („Wasserge-                is planned, and can be approved as a compensation measure.
brauchskennwert“) is generated. This represents a simple value for       5. The type, extent, and direction of change of the actual use of the
the evaluation of the handling of water in the building. The basis for      area are recorded and evaluated (change from nearly natural
the evaluation is established with the aid of defined assumptions           to cultivated = negative; change from contaminated area to
concerning consumer behaviour and specific values.                          cultivated area = positive).




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                                                                        New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




ECONOMICAL QUALITy – 2 CRITERIA


Criterion 16:      Building-related Life Cycle Costs (LCC)                Criterion 17:       Value Stability


J Goal                                                                    J Goal
Some of the goals of economic sustainability are the minimiza-            A globalized and international market demands high efficiency,
tion of a building’s life cycle costs and the relative cost reduction     flexibility, and adaptability. This is also reflected in the utilization
of alteration and preservation investments in comparison to new           of buildings. A building designed for sustainability can be easily
constructions. In the past, the conventional planning and con-            adapted to changing requirements. Change in the usage can result
struction process was focused mainly on the minimization of the           from tenant or user changes, and also from reorganizations by the
manufacturing costs of a building. The follow-up costs receive only       tenant. A high level of adaptability of buildings under the criterion
little consideration. However, current cost savings shall not be made     of sustainability is present, if the alteration can be realized with a
at the expense of the future users and owners. Since the follow-up        small amount of resources.
costs therefore need to receive more consideration, the expected
follow-up costs have to be evaluated. For this, only the building-        J Methodology
specific costs are included.                                              Area efficiency and adaptability of a structure are evaluated with a
                                                                          checklist. The criterion is based on the utilization phase of the struc-
J Methodology                                                             ture. The largest opportunities to influence the direction are during
The lower the life cycle costs – according to the cash-value method       the project development and planning phases. The better a building
(“Barwertmethode”) (in €/m²NFA), the better is the evaluation. Life       can be altered and the less elaborate an alteration is, the better the
cycle costs of a building are all costs that arise during the entire      ability to alterate is rated. Considerable resources savings can be
useful life of a building. The costs beginning with the project deve-     achieved by considering the optimization of area utilization in an
lopment up to construction and handover are defined as production         early planning phase. The following indicators are checked:
costs. The costs from commissioning up to disposal are defined
as follow-up costs. The life cycle costs are divided into three cost      1.   Proof of inspection of the area efficiency
categories: production costs, follow-up costs, and deconstruction         2.   Modularity of the building
and disposal costs. The largest opportunities to make decisions and       3.   Spacial structure of the building
improvements are during the project development and planning              4.   Electrical- and media provision
phases.                                                                   5.   Heating, climate control (HVAC), water supply, and sewage
                                                                               disposal
J Data Basis
Useful life: Guideline for sustainable building by BMVBS
Tool for calculating the LCC: Cost-prediction tools from various
providers




                                                                                                                                                21
German Sustainable Building Certificate




SOCIO-CULTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL QUALITy –
15 CRITERIA
Criterion 18:      Thermal Comfort in the Winter                         Criterion 19:      Thermal Comfort in the Summer


J Goal                                                                   J Goal
The acceptance of the indoor climate is evaluated with focus on          The acceptance of the indoor climate is evaluated with focus on
the factors; thermal comfort, air quality, noise and illumination. The   the factors; thermal comfort, air quality, noise and illumination. The
thermal comfort of a person is closely linked to satisfaction at the     thermal comfort of a person is closely linked to satisfaction at the
work place. On the one hand it is defined by an overall comfort;         work place. On the one hand it is defined by an overall comfort;
on the other hand local uncomforting phenomenon can impact the           on the other hand local uncomforting phenomenon can impact the
thermal comfort. Thus, a person can feel thermal comfort but can         thermal comfort. Thus, a person can feel thermal comfort but can
be adversely affected by local draught on a body part. To assure         be adversely affected by local draught on a body part. To assure
thermal comfort all criteria have to be fulfilled.                       thermal comfort all criteria have to be fulfilled.

J Methodology                                                            J Methodology
For the evaluation of the thermal comfort, the following listed          For the evaluation of the thermal comfort, the following listed
criteria are assessed:                                                   criteria are assessed:


1. Operative temperature (quantitative)                                  1. Operative temperature (quantitative)
2. Draught (qualitative)                                                 2. Draught (qualitative)
3. Asymmetry of radiation temperature and flooring temperature           3. Asymmetry of radiation temperature and flooring temperature
   (qualitative)                                                            (qualitative)
4. Relative humidity (qualitative)                                       4. Relative humidity (qualitative)
5. Vertical thermal gradient                                             5. Vertical thermal gradient


J Data Basis                                                             J Data Basis
Required records include documentation of the heating system             Required records include the certificate according to DIN 4108-2,
design conditions as well as documentation of the air conditioning       the print out of the results from the thermal building simulation and
plant and the characteristics of the air exhausts if applicable.         the characteristics of the air conditioning plant.




22
                                                                         New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 20:      Indoor Hygiene                                          Criterion 21:      Acoustic Comfort


J Goal                                                                     J Goal
The goal is to assure the indoor hygiene and to avoid negative             The aim is to achieve a low level interference and background noise
impacts on the user’s state of health.                                     with speech intelligibility in all rooms to avoid affecting use, health
                                                                           and capability of the users. The lower the level of interference and
J Methodology                                                              background noises is, the less detraction and detriment to health
Through the choice of odourless and low-emission products the              and capability. High speech intelligibility in communication rooms
basis for low emission concentrations of fugitive and smell active         and high absorbability of sound propagation to restrict the mutual
substances can be established for interior spaces in the planning          interfering potential is of advantage.
phase. The successful planning is ascertained by measuring the
TVOC-concentration of the room air at the latest 4 weeks after             J Methodology
completion of the building. The completion time point is defined           For the evaluation of offices different acoustic input parameters are
when all stages that affect the quality of the interior air are termi-     necessary.
nated including building services and commissioning of the sanitary
and ventilation plants but prior to furnishing by the user. With a         1. Average resulting overall noise pressure level LA,F,Ges in dB(A)
checklist the following criteria are evaluated:                               as expression of the level of interferences
                                                                           2. Reverberation period T in s, oriented on the values according to
1. Indoor hygiene – fugitive organic substance (VOC)                          DIN 18041w (T/TDIN 18041)
2. Indoor hygiene – felt air quality, unwanted odours                      3. Absorption of sound propagation in multiple-person offices DA
3. Indoor hygiene – microbiological situation, mould build-up                 in dB/m.


J Data Basis                                                               Sound propagation is ascertained via calculation or measurement.
List of the benchmarks used for the evaluation of indoor air meas-         Furnishing is only allowed to be taken into consideration if it is part
urements in new construction, version 2008.                                of the architecture and building design.




                                                                                                                                                23
German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 22:       Visual Comfort                                        Criterion 23:      User Influences


J Goal                                                                    J Goal
Visual comfort shall be achieved by balanced illumination with-           Goal is the maximization of the user influence capabilities in the
out appreciable interferences such as direct and reflected glare, a       sectors ventilation, sun protection, visor, temperature as well as
sufficient illumination level and the possibility to adjust illumina-     regulation of daylight and artificial light at the workplace.
tion individually to the particular needs. Vitally important for the
workplace contentment is the view that informs about time of day,         J Methodology
location, weather conditions etc. Further criteria are nonglaring,        Within an early and integral planning of measures that convey the
light distribution and spectral colour in the room. The requirements      users influence at the workplace, comfort can be conveyed. Ad-
are valid both for illumination by daylight and artificial light.         vancement of comfort leads to increased satisfaction and achieve-
                                                                          ment of users in office and administration buildings. A checklist
J Methodology                                                             of the possible influence by users is evaluated with the following
By an early and integral daylight and artificial light planning, a high   criteria:
quality of illumination can be created with low energy demands for
illumination and cooling. Furthermore, a high degree of daylight          1. Ventilation
use can enhance workplace capability and health and reduce the            2. Sun protection
operational costs. In a checklist the visual comfort is evaluated:        3. Visor
                                                                          4. Temperatures during the heating period
1.   Daylight availability for the entire building (quantitative)         5. Temperatures outside the heating period
2.   Daylight availability for the permanent workplaces (quantitative)    6. Regulation of daylight and artificial light
3.   Visibility to the exterior (quantitative)
4.   Non-glaring – daylight (quantitative)
5.   Non-glaring – artificial light (quantitative)
6.   Light distribution – artificial light (quantitative)
7.   Colour reproduction and spectral colour (quantitative)




24
                                                                           New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 24: Roof Design                                                    Criterion 25:       Safety and Failure Risks


J Goal                                                                       J Goal
The entire roof area should be designed. The integration of the roof         Danger, accidents and catastrophes shall be avoided; safety shall
in the design of the building and its surroundings shall enhance the         be assured as far as possible if accidents or catastrophes happen.
development of a three-dimensional urban surrounding. Utiliza-               Insecurity and anxiety can constrain the movement of humans. The
tion of this area can reduce the CO2-emissions and can improve               subjective sensation of safety contributes basically to the comfort of
the microclimate. Besides the designed integration of the techni-            humans. Objective safety is present if actual dangers are avoided or
cal superstructures, the roof can improve the general welfare with           for example with accidents if the extent of damage can be reduced
suitable areas. Such areas are greened roofs, solar-active areas,            as far as possible.
socio-cultural utilizations such as roof terraces, historical references
to the direct surroundings such as choice of material and colour of          J Methodology
the roofing in historical city centres.                                      1.   Subjective sensation of safety and assault prevention
                                                                             –    Clearly laid out paths
J Methodology                                                                –    Illumination level
The roof design is proofed with reference to planning documents.             –    Technical safety devices
The areas for technical superstructures have to be reduced to a              –    Safety outside the regular hours of work
minimum and the louvers shall be integrated in the design. Func-
tional surfaces for the general welfare are to be integrated in the          2. Reduction of the extent of loss in the case of damage
roof area.                                                                   For an existing remaining risk, measures have to be taken that
                                                                             reduce the extent of loss as far as possible in the case of damage.
                                                                             – Operation instructions
                                                                             – Risks of fumes
                                                                             – Escape routes




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 26:      Barrier-free Accessibility                             Criterion 27:       Area Efficiency


J Goal                                                                    J Goal
Buildings shall be constructed barrier-free. Barrier-free accessibility   Areas should be handled as economical as possible. Area efficiency
augments value and attractiveness for all population groups and           is an index for the utilization of floor space inside buildings. A report
concerns for all people with motor and sensory restrictions. The          by the German Society of Real Estate Funds (Deutsche Gesellschaft
percentage of these people will increase due to the demographic           für Immobilienfonds) states that 2/3 of the project developers
shift. This has to be mastered with forward-looking and sustainable       consider the factor area efficiency as a superior planning item. With
development.                                                              reference to the augmentation of area efficiency the following goals
                                                                          for improvement can be presented:
J Methodology
The evaluation is carried out qualitatively to the degree of barrier      1. Optimization regarding costs
freedom. The allocation of credits is orientated on the possibility of    Decrease of construction and operational costs, avoidance of
the equal utilization of the building by all people. The basic accessi-   restricted use areas.
bility has to be assured. Without this basic accessibility no certifi-
cation for a new construction can be assigned. The more parts of          2. Environmental Optimization
the building that are adapted to the needs of disabled persons the        Reduction of the property environmental impacts during operation,
better the whole building is rated. Also the external feature areas       by reducing the technical equipment required for heating, ventila-
have an important benefit value and are therefore also included in        tion, and cooling. With increased area efficiency the sealing of
the evaluation. The evaluation is orientated on the actual standardi-     natural soil can be reduced.
zation.
                                                                          3. Contribution to optimization in the social sector
                                                                          Positive interaction in the working environment with well propor-
                                                                          tioned areas and a clearly arranged design.


                                                                          J Methodology
                                                                          The specific value area efficiency corresponds to the proportion
                                                                          between usable floor space to gross floor area (in m²/m²).




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                                                                          New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 28: Conversion Feasibility                                        Criterion 29:       Accessibility


J Goal                                                                      J Goal
The better a building can be converted with as little time and effort       Acceptance and integration of a building inside a district, city and
as possible, the better the attribute “Feasibility of Conversion”           region shall be enhanced by increased accessibility. Public acces-
is evaluated. The globalized and international market demands               sibility enhances social communication. A diversity of use generates
high flexibility and adaptability. This is also reflected in the use of     vitalization of the public space and augments the sense of security
a building. A sustainable designed building can easily be adapted           of the users. At the same time it contributes to the economic sus-
to changing requirements. Change of use can result from tenant/             tainability of the building.
user change as well as from user reorganization. A high degree of
sustainable building conversion feasibility is present if a change can      J Methodology
be realized with low resource consumption.                                  With a checklist the following topics are evaluated:


J Methodology                                                               1. Basic accessibility of a building
With a checklist the conversion feasibility is analyzed on four levels:     2. Opening of the external areas for public
                                                                            3. Opening of building’s facilities to public such as library or
1.   Modularity of the building                                                cafeteria
2.   Spatial structure                                                      4. Possibility of a third party renting building space
3.   Supply of electricity and other media
4.   Heating, supply and disposal of water                                  Goal is the establishment of more than a free rentable unit with
                                                                            different usage preferably on the ground floor. The focus is on
                                                                            the ground floor because it can be best utilized for public usage
                                                                            (accessibility, visibility, urbanistic function). A combination with the
                                                                            adjacent floors is possible. At least one type of public usage should
                                                                            be present in the building or onsite.




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 30: Bicycle Comfort                                             Criterion 31:      Assurance of the Quality of Design and
                                                                                             Urban Development in Competition
J Goal
The percentage of cyclists shall be raised. As the larger number          J Goal
of car journeys is shorter than 5 km, the change to bicycling can         Planning competitions shall take place to attain the best solution
contribute significantly to the development of an ecologically sound      for the architectonical and constructive tasks. With this, the architec-
and energy efficient mobility. Missing building-specific infrastructure   tural diversity in Germany is assured. An expert jury can judge best
for bicycles in praxis often leads to “wild” parking in the public        architectonical solutions and integration into the urban context.
space. Undervalued bicycle comfort often leads to breakdown of the        Planning competitions in Germany are conducted under standard
bicycle infrastructure and cannot be compensated.                         regulations. They allow clients to find the appropriate contractor
                                                                          within a clearly structured and transparent procedure. Competitions
J Methodology                                                             forward creativeness, innovative solutions and are efficient methods
The bicycle comfort is evaluated in a checklist with the following        to optimize quality and profitability. With the reward of planning
topics:                                                                   competitions, alternative solutions are developed that meet the
                                                                          demands concerning design, profitability, functionality, energy
– Art of arrangement of the bicycle storing positions and required        conservation, and environment protection.
  space
– Quorum of storing positions per m² NFA                                  J Methodology
– Are the storing positions located in front of the main entrance?        Extent and quality of the conducted competitions have to be identi-
– Are the storing positions located in a proper distance to the           fied:
  main entrance?
– Do the offered storing positions meet the function of the build-        1. Has a successful competition been conducted according to
  ing                                                                        GRW95, RPW2008 or a similar method including the evaluation
– Are showers and changing rooms with drying facilities for the              of the competition entries by a jury?
  employee’s bicycle clothes present?                                     2. Which competition method was chosen; and does it include the
                                                                             least number of restrictions?
                                                                          3. Does the constructed building match in extent and quality the
                                                                             essence of the award-winning competition entry?




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                                                                          New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 32: Art within Architecture


J Goal
Art within architecture shall be enhanced. It is an element of
architecture that forms quality and expressiveness of the building
and is therefore an integral part of the construction job and the
responsibility of the owner. Art within architecture is a creative task
that establishes a direct relationship between building and public.
It marks a special object and site relationship and shall contribute
to strengthen acceptance and identification of the users with their
building, to attract attention and to add additional profile to the
location.

J Methodology
In a checklist the following topics concerning art within architecture
are evaluated:


1. Is “art within architecture” necessary for the object to be evalu-
   ated and should an art competition be scheduled?
2. How many of the recommendations of the guidelines “art within
   architecture” were considered:
   – Consultation with artists and art critics
   – Early cooperation between architectural office, user, planning
      department and artist
   – Consideration of young rising artists.
2. How was the implementation of the process “art within architec-
   ture” communicated to the public:
   – Presentation on the inauguration and opening events
   – Guidance of the public, exhibitions, publications or announce-
     ments
   – Labelling of the artworks with name of artist and title if ap-
     plicable




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




TEChNICAL QUALITy – 5 CRITERIA


Criterion 33:      Fire Protection                                       J Data Basis
                                                                         The necessary parameters for the calculation can be extracted from
J Goal                                                                   the state building code, the fire protection concept, and the an-
The quality of fire protection measures shall be increased. The main     nouncement documents.
cause of death involving fire in buildings is toxic smoke. Measures
that exceed the fire protection regulations can be rated positively.
However, fire protection measures that exceed the legal regulations      Criterion 34:      Noise Protection
should also consider the total economic impact as well as additional
emissions caused by the addition amounts of raw materials and            J Goal
supplies.                                                                Noise protection shall be improved. Minimum requirements of struc-
                                                                         tural noise protection are defined in DIN 4109. This only addresses
J Methodology                                                            the unacceptable but not automatically all possible noise pollutants.
A checklist evaluates the following issues, as long as they exceed       Additional requirements to noise protection in office buildings are:
the minimum requirements set by the building authorities:                avoiding loss of concentration, protection of privacy and confidenti-
                                                                         ality, and consideration for people with limited hearing.
1. Is the building equipped with an area-wide fire alarm and electro
   acoustic alarm system, so that a prompt response in a hazardous       J Methodology
   situation is possible?                                                Measures that exceed the minimum noise protection requirements
2. Is a sprinkler system present that delays the fire’s expansion, and   lead to a better score. A pointless exceeding of the standards shall
   that enables the fire department to carry out effective fire fight-   be avoided. The quality of noise protection of building parts is deter-
   ing at an early stage?                                                mined from the certificate of noise protection or the quality of the
3. Can the ventilation system be used for smoke extraction in            specified building parts. It is evaluated if the building parts comply
   case of fire, and does the system prevent a re-circulation of         with the regulations of DIN 4109 supplement 2 and where the
   the (smoke-filled) air during the smoke extraction? Do air duct       regulations are exceeded:
   systems have fire dampers to prevent the distribution of smoke
   during a fire?                                                        1. Airborne noise protection against surrounding noise
4. Is the spreading of smoke and fire avoided beyond the required        2. Airborne noise protection against other workplaces and against
   amount by reducing the sizes of the fired compartments?                  the own workplace
5. Is spreading of smoke and fire avoided through structural meas-       3. Impact-sound protection against other workplaces and against
   ures beyond the required amount?                                         the own workplace
                                                                         4. Structure-borne sound protection against other workplaces and
                                                                            against the own workplace




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                                                                      New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 35:       Energetic and Moisture-Proofing                     Criterion 40:     Ease of Cleaning and Maintenance of
                    Quality of the Building’s Shell                                       the Structure


J Goal                                                                  J Goal
The energy demand for the space conditioning shall be minimized,        With targeted cleaning and maintenance, the used materials can be
high thermal comfort shall be assured, and structural damages shall     operated for the maximum useful lifetime. The ease of cleaning and
be avoided. The quality of heat insulation and moisture-proofing of     maintenance of the structure has a high impact on the costs and
the building’s shell shall be optimized.                                the environment of a building during the operating phase. Areas
                                                                        that can be cleaned easily require lower expenditures on cleansers
J Methodology                                                           and cause lower cleaning costs.
Basis of the requirements are the specifications of EnEV 2007, DIN
4108, and DIN EN 12207. A higher quality increases the score.           J Methodology
Individual requirements for the parts of the building’s shell are       For the evaluation, the building is divided into the following three
described. Reference values are determined with the following           categories of building parts:
method:                                                                 Bearing structure
The building’s shell is evaluated with a checklist of the following     External non-bearing structure, incl. windows and doors
criteria:                                                               Interior non-bearing structure
                                                                        The technical implementation of each section is evaluated. By
1.   Average heat transmission coefficient (qualitative)                means of the technical parameters, it shall be identified whether a
2.   Consideration for thermal bridges (qualitative)                    structure, based on its technical planning and construction, enables
3.   Permeability of joints (qualitative)                               efficient cleaning and maintenance. The different sections of the
4.   Formation of condensate (qualitative)                              construction are considered separately. Criteria for maintenance and
5.   Air change rate (quantitative)                                     for cleaning are queried.


J Data Basis                                                            J Data Basis
The parameters necessary for the calculation can be extracted from      The “Guidelines for Sustainable Building” (“Leitfaden Nachhaltiges
EnEV 2007.                                                              Bauen”) provides ranges for the average useful lifetime of build-
                                                                        ing parts and layers of building parts according to Life Cycle Costs
                                                                        (LCC) and Life Cicle Analysis (LCA). The cleaning and maintenance
                                                                        parameters have a significant influence on the useful lifetime of
                                                                        building parts and layers of building parts.




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 42:     Ease of Deconstruction, Recycling,                   J Methodology
                  and Dismantling                                      The building is evaluated with a checklist:


J Goal                                                                 1.   Building services
Goal of increasing the ease of deconstruction, recycling, and          2.   Non-structural (de)construction parts
dismantling is the avoidance of waste, in particular by reducing its   3.   Non-bearing carcass structure
amount and hazard. 50% of the waste in Germany can be assigned         4.   Bearing carcass structure
to the building sector. The amount of accumulated waste is to be
reduced, and is to be led into recycling system. Due to the compara-   For each group, the following topics are considered:
tively long expected useful lifetime, many of the materials that are   Effort of dismantling – divided into 5 dismantling stages
used today will not accumulate as deconstruction material or poten-
tial waste until 50 or 100 years after construction. These materials   – Effort of separation – divided into 5 stages
can serve as important resources for future construction materials.    – Are there hazardous building materials or materials that need to
The ability to recapture homogenous deconstruction materials and         be declared that require special disposal?
extract high-grade recycling materials is very important for the       – Can these materials be easily separated, and is a separated
evaluation of ease of deconstruction and ease of recycling.              disposal possible?
                                                                       – Can a verifiable recycling-/disposal concept be attached to the
                                                                         request for certification?
                                                                       – What is the potential further path of the vast majority (mass) of
                                                                         the construction components?




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                                                                          New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




PROCESS QUALITy – 9 CRITERIA


Criterion 43:      Quality of the Project’s Preparation                     are essential preconditions for realizing sustainable buildings. This
                                                                            necessitates enhanced coordination between all participants. Inte-
J Goal                                                                      gral planning encompasses the entire lifecycle of a building; it starts
The tasks that should be achieved prior of work phase 1 of the Ger-         with the project design and ends with the building’s demolition.
man fee structure for architects and engineers (HOAI = in german:           An interdisciplinary design team, together with the owner, develops
Honorarordnung für Architekten und Ingenieure), should optimally            an integral concept with a comprehensive strategy that is oriented
prepare the project. To be considered are: planning of the needs,           toward sustainability, in order to, via high-quality planning, reduce
discussion to identify the objective, agreement on an objective,            energy consumption and environmental pollution, and at the same
preparation of the architectural contest, and exerting influence            time to improve the level of comfort and be economical.
over the energy input caused by the user and the usage. Especially
the agreed upon objective is an essential element of a high quality         J Methodology
project preparation.                                                        1. An interdisciplinary design team covers the most important
                                                                               disciplines of the project. This generally includes at least the
J Methodology                                                                  categories design, structural, technical building equipment, and
The following aspects will be verified and evaluated using a checklist:        building physics. For contest and the work phases 1 to 5 (HOAI §
                                                                               15), the involvement of interdisciplinary design teams has to be
1. Does quality-oriented planning for the needs exist?                         verified.
2. Was a discussion to identify the objective conducted?                    2. Integral planning process: All targeted certification criteria are to
3. Was an agreement on an objective reached?                                   be integrated into the planning. Their successful integration is to
4. Was an architectural or design contest with special consideration           be presented through a short description of the results for each
   for “Sustainable Building” prepared?                                        work-phase starting from the concept design through the final
5. Was user behaviour and user equipment considered during the                 design and site supervision (HOAI § 15, WPH 2 to 5 and WPH 8).
   simulation, and was goal-oriented influence over the energy              3. Did participation, consultative involvement, and a co-determi-
   needs of the user and the usage exerted during planning and                 nation of the users take place? The inclusion of the future users
   consultations?                                                              into the design normally increases their acceptance and satisfac-
                                                                               tion.
                                                                            4. Was the public involved, were they informed and consulted, and
Criterion 44: Integral Planning                                                could they participate? An increased public participation can
                                                                               be an important contribution to higher acceptance of decisions,
J Goal                                                                         balanced solution, better quality decisions, fewer conflicts, and
The principles of integral planning are to be put into practice. Im-           more identification of the population with its living and social
proving the quality of planning and optimizing the planning process            environment.




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




Criterion 45:      Optimization and Complexity of the                    Criterion 46: Evidence of Sustainability during Bid
                   Approach to Planning                                  Invitation and Awarding


J Goal                                                                   J Goal
The necessary complexity of the approach to a design task shall          The foundation for a high-quality construction execution is laid
be secured by a minimum number and quality of concepts that are          during the bid invitation and awarding phases. During these phases,
to be generated. At the same time, the comparison of alternatives        specific, manageable, and verifiable requirements for products and
shall be performed with a heightened emphasis on economical              technologies for reaching the sustainability targets shall be formu-
and ecological aspects as well as encouraging an external quality        lated. A contribution to the functionality and quality of the building
assurance during planning. Normally, those aspects are dealt with        structure with simultaneous minimization of risks and impacts on
that must be worked on and verified during planning anyhow. By           the environmental and health shall be achieved.
developing a comprehensive concept, the quality and traceability
will be increased. The common and partially required German safety       – The integration of sustainability aspects into the bid invitations
regulations are of a high standard, which should, especially in the        serves to raise the ecological and social quality of the building
international context, be emphasized.                                      by preventing the decisions on product quality from being made
                                                                           exclusively on economical viewpoints.
J Methodology                                                            – The integration of the sustainability aspects during the selection
The availability, extent, and quality of the following concepts and        of companies serves to raise the economical and social quality of
documentation will be verified and evaluated; as also, the type and        the building.
scope of the implemented alternative comparisons will be judged:
                                                                         J Methodology
1. Health and Safety Plan                                                The following aspects will be verified and evaluated using a check-
2. Energy Concept                                                        list:
3. Water Concept
4. Waste Concept                                                         1. Integration of sustainability aspects into the bid invitation: The
5. Measurement Concept                                                      inclusion of sustainability aspects in the bid invitation will be
6. Concept for supporting the abilities of alteration, revitalization,      verified. For this, relevant experts of the announcement are to be
   and recycling                                                            presented.
7. Concept for assurance for ease of cleaning and maintenance            2. Integration of sustainability aspects during the selection of
8. Verification of the design documentation by independent third            companies: It will be verified if the selection of the construction
   party beyond the legal requirements                                      firms was based on sustainability aspects, and which aspects of
9. Comparison of alternatives                                               sustainability were incorporated into the selection during award.




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                                                                         New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




Criterion 47:      Establishing Preconditions for an Op-                   J Methodology
                   timized Use and Operation                               The presence and quality of the following documentation will be
                                                                           verified:
J Goal
1. The issue of a building certificate and property documentation          1. Building documentation / building certification
   should provide more market transparency and a unified basis of          2. Instructions for maintenance, inspections, operation, and care
   information. The property documentation, which accompanies              3. Update of the drawings and calculations with the realized build-
   the building during its entire life time cycle, supports the proc-         ing
   esses of controlling and continuous improvements during the             4. Users’ guide
   utilisation phase.
2. Creating and documenting comprehensive instructions for main-
   tenance, inspection, operation, and care can make an important          Criterion 48:      Construction Site / Construction
   contribution to an efficient operation of the building, and thus                           Process
   reduce its life-cycle costs. The documentation should ensure that
   all preconditions are met to guarantee high-quality functionality       J Goal
   and a long life expectancy.                                             The effects on the environment are to be minimized while simulta-
3. Detailed design documentation and calculations of the building          neously protecting the health of all participants. The evaluation of
   that match the actual building conditions are an important basis        the construction site and construction process includes following
   for the management and later maintenance, refurbishment, or             criteria:
   renovation works of the building. These are vital for the long-
   term smooth and lasting operation of the building.                      1. The low-waste construction site: When buildings are constructed,
4. Creating a user’s guide provides specific and relevant informa-            altered, or demolished, rubbish, excavated soil, leftover materi-
   tion to a range of users in the areas work-, utilization, and              als, packing materials, old wood, etc. accumulate. This waste is
   responsibility. The purpose of a user’s guide is, among other              to be avoided or salvaged. Waste that is neither avoidable nor
   things, to explain the interrelationships of the various technical         salvageable should be ecologically disposed.
   building systems, as well as explain the special characteristics of     2. Low-noise construction site: Permanent exposure to noise can
   individual building parts and components.                                  lead to overstimulation of the nervous-system and, thereby, to
                                                                              health problems. In densely built areas, construction noise, after
                                                                              traffic noise, is the most significant noise source. Therefore, it is
                                                                              to be demonstrated that the construction noise does not exceed
                                                                              the general noise level, or that adequate measures are used to
                                                                              reduce it.




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




3. Low-dust construction site: Dust is normally generated while         Criterion 49:      Quality of the Executing Contractors/
   handling construction materials during numerous and varied                              Pre-Qualification
   work activities. An important contribution to the protection of
   persons is achieved by minimizing dust. Furthermore, the envi-       J Goal
   ronment is to be protected from damages caused by materials.         Competence and quality of the executing contractors shall be
4. Environmental protection at the construction site: The soil and      described and valued. An appropriate instrument for the verification
   groundwater shall be protected from hazardous materials depos-       of these qualities is the pre-qualification of the performing contrac-
   its and other forbidden influences during the construction phase.    tors. In practice, additional in-house quality controls and evaluations
   Chemical impacts can occur through products and operating            are applied. By being registered in the pre-qualification list, the
     procedures by which gaseous-, liquid, or solid materials can end   contractors document their reliability, technical qualification, and
     up in the ground. Further effects – e.g., excessive compacting –   capability with a kind of quality certificate to the awarding author-
     shall be avoided.                                                  ity. Pre-qualification (PQ-Procedure) is a preceding, assignment-
                                                                        independent verification of suitability. The pre-qualification covers
J Methodology                                                           the complete performance chain up to the implementation of the
Announcement and bidding documents, documentations, or meas-            subcontractors. Companies can avoid the disqualification of their
urement records show the execution of the measures and adher-           proposals for formal reasons due to incomplete or outdated suit-
ence to the limit values for the topics:                                ability verification, and they optimize their chances of participating
                                                                        in limited announcements and negotiations. By awarding the con-
1.   Low-waste construction site                                        tract to a PQ-certified contractor, the contracting agency can reduce
2.   Low-noise construction site                                        the potential risks, like insolvency of a participating contractor.
3.   Low-dust construction site
4.   Environmental protection at the construction site                  J Methodology
                                                                        Verify to which extend the pre-qualification (according to § 8
                                                                        VOB/A, the German construction contract procedures) was consid-
                                                                        ered during contract award.


                                                                        J Data basis
                                                                        Guideline of the German Federal Ministry of Transportation,
                                                                        Construction, and Urban Development for the execution of a pre-
                                                                        qualification process – DQB German Association for Qualification
                                                                        and Evaluation mbH (http://www.dqb.info).




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Criterion 50:      Quality Assurance of Construction                        Criterion 51:      Systematic Commissioning
                   Execution
J Goal                                                                      J Goal
The quality reached in the process of the construction execution            A systematic commissioning is a major contributing factor for a
shall be described, verified, and certified – on the one hand to            long-lasting and efficiently operating building automation. After
eliminate risks and deficiencies, and on the other hand to demon-           the final inspection, the individual components of the building’s
strate the achieved quality to third parties. The following aspects are     technical equipment will be calibrated and adjusted. After an initial
dealt with:                                                                 operating phase of about 10 to 14 months, the buildings systems
                                                                            can be re-adjusted. The systematic commissioning requires a con-
1. The goal of documenting the used and built-in materials, addi-           cept for adjustment and readjustment. Since this is not a standard
   tives, and the systematic collection of the safety data sheets is to     part of the service, it needs to be contractually implemented. The
   create documentation on important building data for a building’s         procedures are to be performed and documented by a specialist.
   user’s guide. A detailed documentation contributes toward facili-        The documentation needs to include, next to the initial calibration,
   tating rising upcoming processes during the building’s life cycle.       the basic pre-settings of the technical equipment, in order to undo
2. Measurements and analyses (incl. measurements for determina-             any potential incorrect alteration by the user.
   tion of the air-tightness of the building’s shell and of the quality
   of the noise protection) shall verify and document the reaching          J Methodology
   of the aimed-for qualities and target values.                            1. Verification of the performance of a systematic commissioning
                                                                               according to the instructions.
J Methodology                                                               2. The evaluation is done by verifying the existing documentations.
1. Documentation of the used materials, additives, and safety data
   sheets; verification of the existing documentation.                      J Data basis
2. Measurements for quality control. Based on the large variety of          Specifications on the start of operation (Commissioning Manage-
   measurement and test methods, only two groups of quality as-             ment)
   surance methods are included exemplarily here:                           Necessary documents: Contract documents with an appropriate
   a) Procedures to measure the energy quality of a building (e.g.,         specialist for the execution of a systematic commissioning.
      Blower Door or thermal imaging)
   b) Procedures to measure the acoustical qualities of a building
      (e.g., checking the footfall sound insulation).




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German Sustainable Building Certificate




QUALITy OF ThE LOCATION – 6 CRITERIA


Criterion 56: Risks at the Microlocation                                  2. Risks caused by weather and nature
The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.        a) Earthquake: threat grading according to CEDIM Risk Explorer
                                                                             b) Avalanches: checking of the current regional danger of ava-
J Goal                                                                          lanches
Technical risks and terror threats as well as nature caused risks            c) Storm: storm loss liability index according to CEDIM Risk
shall be described for a location study. Concurrently it should be              Explorer
analysed if and to what extent the technical solutions of the build-
ing structure will react to the available risks at the site. Following    J Data basis
will be covered:                                                          Liability index of CEDIM Risk Explorers Germany, University of Karls-
                                                                          ruhe, avalanche chart of cities and local authorities (as far relevant)
1. Man-Made-Hazards (accidents) and terrorist attacks. These are
   human induced catastrophes (large damages). This includes hu-
   man, technical and organisational collapse.                            Criterion 57: Circumstances at the Microlocation
2. Risks caused by weather and nature (earthquake, avalanches,            The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.
   storm, flood), they depend on the geographical circumstances of
   the sites; they are generally not predictable and difficult to envi-   J Goal
   sion. The probability of occurrence and the possible gravity of the    The circumstances at the microlocations will be characterized in or-
   impact will be taken into consideration.                               der that they can be applied in a location study. Included are: ambi-
                                                                          ent air quality, ambient noise level, building ground circumstances,
J Methodology                                                             ground pollution, electromagnetic fields, appearance of radon, city
The lower the risk resulted of Man-Made-Hazards, terrorism,               and landscape / visual context.
weather and nature, the higher the quality of location.
                                                                          J Methodology
1. Risk from Man-Made-Hazards and terrorism                               1. The lower the impact will be, the higher the quality of location.
   The risks will be judged by allocation of the sites to regions            A higher quality rating of the landscape characteristic raises the
   at risks. The hazard areas are in a range of traffic disasters on         site quality. Following will be included and evaluated:
   railroads, streets and air traffic up to industrial accidents with     2. Ambient air quality based on evaluation of the size and structure
   potential of contaminant release / explosions, as well as ac-             of the site using data from published released measured data
   cidents of nuclear power plants.                                       3. Ambient noise level from existing public accessible noise charts,
                                                                             as far as are available.




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                                                                         New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




4. Building ground circumstances and ground pollution with refer-          J Methodology
   ence to geological survey and soil investigation                        1. Image: evaluation in respect of compliance of image and type of
5. Contamination by electromagnetic fields with reference to sur-             use
   veys of electromagnetic fields                                          2. Crime rate: evaluation based on regional statistics, enquiry at
6. Quality of the characteristic landscape based on estimation                police stations and municipal public offices
7. Occurrence of radon with reference to public accessible radon           3. Condition of the local building development: evaluation based
   charts                                                                     on visual impression



Criterion 58:      Image and Condition of the Location                     Criterion 59: Connection to Transportation
                   and Neighbourhood                                       The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.
The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.
                                                                           J Goal
J Goal                                                                     Traffic flow caused by building use is to be reduced by adequate site
The goal is to characterize image and condition of the neighbour-          selection. These will be influenced by the user behaviour as well by
hood / site in order to make this information available for a location     the quality of the transport connections.
study. In Germany criminality is considered part of the sustainability     The traffic connection with various means of transportation belongs
indicator. Users are increasingly favouring sites that radiate the         to the mandatory criterion of a good site. To the aspired qualities
feeling of comfort and safeness. Especially for the social quality         beside a limited development of the transportation system, is the
it is important that sites should not only comply with functional          integration of railroad, busses, streetcars and individual transporta-
requirements, but also are providing a positive disposition, at least      tion to be considered. This also includes a connection of the lines at
not to present a negative image. Sites that perform better under the       the transition points with coordinated time schedules. The evalua-
following criteria, command a stabile economical potential, due to         tion of the transport connection follows various questions. On the
the promising successful commercialization.                                one hand the connection for personnel/inhabitants/visitors to the
                                                                           surroundings e.g. to the macro site is expressed. For sustainability
1. A positive image and the attractiveness of a site support building      only convenient traffic systems, like the local public transportation
   sustainability.                                                         and connection to bicycle tracks will be evaluated.
2. Criminality in an area can diminish site quality.
3. A site that is tended and clean contributes remarkable to the site
   quality.




                                                                                                                                               39
German Sustainable Building Certificate




J Methodology                                                                J Methodology
Necessary distances and transportation schedules as well as avail-           Density and extent of the respective user specific facilities and the
ability via various means of transportation shall be evaluated. De-          distances to them shall be evaluated. The facilities are to be local-
scription and rating of the factual transporting distances (not linear       ized from cartographical material; the distance to the location shall
distance!) in average walking and driving minutes will occur.                be estimated for walking (not linear distance!).
Following aspects will be described and evaluated:                           Following facilities shall be gathered:


1. Accessibility of the nearest main railroad station (train)                1.   Catering
2. Accessibility of the nearest station of local public transport (bus,      2.   Local suppliers
   street car, underground, etc.)                                            3.   Parkways and free spaces
3. Availability of bicycle tracks                                            4.   Education
                                                                             5.   Public administration
                                                                             6.   Medical care
Criterion 60: Vicinity to usage-specific Facilities                          7.   Sport facilities
The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.        8.   Recreation


J Goal
The choice of the site shall contribute to the users and their visi-         Criterion 61:      Adjoining Media, Infrastructure
tor’s quality of life. The rating of the relevant user specific facilities                      Development
follows in two classes: Class I for an office complementary require-         The evaluation of this criterion is not part of the cumulative grade.
ment: catering, local supply, free spaces.
Class II for an office complementary desirable: culture, public ad-          J Goal
ministration, medical care, sport, recreation.                               Alternatives for supply and sanitation shall serve as ecological
The users of an office building do not remain self-sustaining; they          goals, and financially release the cities and communities. Alternate
purchase the potentials of their environment in the normal course            energy concepts shall be suggested to the property owners and
of life to satisfy their needs for recuperation, supply, education, etc.     the handling of sewer water will be his responsibility. Another goal
Short distances are preferred for an efficient use of the available          is the flood prevention. To achieve property sustainability, certain
spare time.                                                                  technical requirements must be met at the site. The owner has only




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                                                                       New Construction of Office and Administration Buildings, Version 2008




a limited influence on their existence. Therefore the site should have
been previously checked if conditions are suitable. Typically the local
authorities appoint the infrastructure of land-use areas in the course of
area developments and point out alternatives. Additionally, provision of
services through RADSL is possible.


J Methodology
The following aspects are described and evaluated:


1. Connect ability of pipeline-bound energy (district heating, local
   heat, natural gas)
2. Solar radiance supply (Shading, urban land-use planning)
3. Provision of broadband connection (RADSL)
4. Possibilities of storm water seepage on the property (soil conditions,
   urban land-use planning)




                                                                                                                                         41
German Sustainable Building Certificate




ChAIRMANShIP AND CEO OF ThE DGNB
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Sobek, University of Stuttgart, Chairman of the DGNB
Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Alexander Rudolphi, GföB
Dipl. Ing. Johannes Kreißig, PE INTERNATIONAL
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerd Hauser, Technical University of Munich
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Sedlbauer, University of Stuttgart
Dr. Eva Schmincke, Five Winds International
Dipl.-Ing. Martin Haas, Behnisch Architekten
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernhard Bürklin, Hochtief AG
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Horst Bossenmayer
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Friedrich Sick, FHTW Berlin


Dipl.-Ing. Christian Donath, CEO of the DGNB




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                                                    DGNB
                                                    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen e.V.
                                                    German Sustainable Building Council
                                                    Wankelstraße 14 | 70563 Stuttgart | Germany
                                                    Telefon +49 (0)711 72 23 22 0 | Telefax +49 (0)711 72 23 22 99
Deutsche Gesellschaft für nachhaltiges Bauen e.V.
German Sustainable Building Council                 E-Mail info@dgnb.de | Internet www.dgnb.de

				
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