Erik Erikson � Stages of Psychosocial Development by O44TL82

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									 Erik Erikson – Stages of
Psychosocial Development
         CHAPTER 4
                          Erik Erikson

 A neo-Freudian
   Adheres to some of Freud’s ideas, but focuses more on social
    influences.
   Stage Theorist

   Focus on Crisis Resolution
     At each stage a crisis must be resolved
     If the crisis is not resolved, the individual may lack the positive
      characteristic in the stage.
               TRUST vs. MISTRUST

 Birth – 1yr.
   Needs being met

   Basic trust develops when needs are met (Attachment)

   Loving relationship is formed with caregiver

   Important event: Feeding
 AUTONOMY vs. SHAME AND DOUBT

 1 – 2 years
   Learning to do things for oneself

   Development of physical activities (ex. walking)

   Q Favorite Word?

   Important event: toilet training
                INITIATIVE vs. GUILT

 3 – 5 years
   Preschoolers learn to initiate tasks

   Q Favorite word?

   One becomes more independent
   COMPETENCE/ INDUSTRY vs. INFERIORITY

 6 years – puberty
   Child completes tasks themselves

   Learning on your own

   Important Event: school

   Q What is an inferiority complex?
  IDENTITY vs. ROLE CONFUSION

 Teens – early 20s
   Teens refine sense of self

   Test new roles and incorporate them into an identity

   Q Know anyone that is very different now vs. when they were
    pre teen 10,11 and 12?
   Important events: forming relationships with friends
            INTIMACY vs. ISOLATION

 20s – 40s
   Young adults develop intimate relationships

   Gaining the capacity for intimate love

   Important event: forming love and/or strong relationships
 GENERATIVITY vs. STAGNATION

 40s – 60s
   Middle-aged discover a sense of contribution to this world

   Family and work oftentimes satisfy this desire

   Supporting and satisfying future generation

   Important event: Parenting
              INTEGRITY vs. DESPAIR

 60s +
   Reflection on entire life

   Did I contribute to this world?

   Sense of fulfillment
        Evaluation of Erikson’s Theory

 Theory does attempt to show development
  throughout life span
 Children and adults may overcome problems that
  occur during development
 Stages are more descriptive than explanatory


Erickson's stages of psychosocial development –
 YouTube
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development -
 YouTube

								
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