William Weld
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                      William Weld

               68th Governor of Massachusetts

                           In office
                January 3, 1991 – July 29, 1997

  Lieutenant        Paul Cellucci

  Preceded by       Michael Dukakis

  Succeeded by      Paul Cellucci

                       Personal details

  Born              William Floyd Weld
                    July 31, 1945 (age 67)
                    Smithtown, New York

  Political party   Republican

                    Susan Roosevelt Weld (1975–2002)
                    Leslie Marshall

                    Harvard College
  Alma mater        University College, Oxford
                    Harvard Law School

  Profession        Attorney

  Religion          Episcopalian

William Floyd Weld (born July 31, 1945) is an American Republican politician and the former Governor of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He served as that state's 68th governor from 1991 to 1997. He resigned when
President Bill Clinton nominated him to be United States Ambassador to Mexico, however the nomination
ultimately failed and he never took up the office.[1] Prior to serving as Governor, Weld was a federal prosecutor
in the United States Justice Department from 1981 to 1988. In November 2006, he rejoined the international
law firm of McDermott Will & Emery as a partner in its New York office.[2]


        1 Weld family
        2 Education
        3 Early career
        4 Political career
             o 4.1 Weld's record as U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts
             o 4.2 Promotion to Justice Department
             o 4.3 Weld's record as Governor of Massachusetts
                      4.3.1 Cabinet and administration
        5 Later career
        6 Candidacy for Governor of New York
        7 2008 Presidential Election
        8 Connections
        10 Books authored
        11 Electoral history
        12 References
        13 External links
[edit] Weld family
Main article: Weld family

William Weld's ancestor Edmund Weld was among the earliest students (Class of 1650) at Harvard College. He
would be followed by eighteen more Welds at Harvard, where two buildings are named for the family. General
Stephen Minot Weld Jr. fought with distinction in many major battles of the Civil War.

William Weld has a sense of humor about his background; when Massachusetts Senate president Billy Bulger
publicly teased him about his all-American[citation needed] heritage and wealth, pointing out that his ancestors had
come over on the Mayflower, Weld rose on the dais with a correction: "Actually, they weren't on the Mayflower.
They sent the servants over first to get the cottage ready."[3]

Weld's father David (1911–1972) was an investment banker; his mother, Mary Nichols Weld (1913–1986), was
a descendant of William Floyd, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. His siblings are Dr.
Francis "Tim" Weld, David Weld (d. 2005) and Anne (m. Collins).

[edit] Education
Weld was educated at Middlesex School. He graduated with an A.B. summa cum laude from Harvard College
in 1966, studied economics at University College, Oxford and graduated with a J.D. cum laude from Harvard
Law School in 1970.

[edit] Early career
Weld began his legal career as a counsel with the House Judiciary Committee during the Watergate
impeachment inquiry.

He served for five years as United States Attorney in Massachusetts. In the early 1980s, Weld engaged in a
highly publicized investigation into the administration of Kevin White, then mayor of Boston.

[edit] Political career
[edit] Weld's record as U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts

In 1981, William Weld was recommended to President Reagan by Rudolph W. Giuliani, then Associate U.S.
Attorney General, for appointment as the U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts. During Weld’s tenure, the Attorney
General’s office prosecuted some of New England’s largest banks in cases involving money laundering and
other white-collar crimes. In 1985, the Boston Globe said Weld “has been by far the most visible figure in the
prosecution of financial institutions.”

Weld gained national recognition in fighting public corruption: he won 109 convictions out of 111 cases.

In 1983, the Boston Globe stated: "The U.S. Attorney's office has not lost a single political corruption case since
Weld took over, an achievement believed to be unparalleled in the various federal jurisdictions."

[edit] Promotion to Justice Department
In 1986, President Reagan promoted Weld to head of the Criminal Division of the Justice Department in
Washington, where Weld oversaw 700 employees. Weld was responsible for supervising all federal
prosecutions, including those investigated by the FBI and the Drug Enforcement Administration, as well as the
work of the 93 U.S. Attorneys (who by then included Rudy Giuliani in Manhattan). During this time, Weld
worked on some of the Reagan administration’s most significant prosecutions and investigations, including the
capture of Panama’s Manuel Noriega on drug trafficking charges.

[edit] Weld's record as Governor of Massachusetts

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In 1990, Weld won the Republican nomination for governor of Massachusetts. His Democratic opponent was
John Silber, the president of Boston University. Although initially an underdog, Weld's socially liberal views
appealed to many Democrats and left-leaning independents and he narrowly defeated Silber to become the first
Republican Governor of Massachusetts since Francis W. Sargent left office in 1975. He was elected during a
tumultuous time when the state's bond rating was near junk status, unemployment was nearly 10% and the state
had continuously borrowed money to close large operating deficits.

During his governorship, Weld ended the state's borrowing, controlled Medicaid spending, reduced property
taxes and balanced seven budgets in a row (in a state where a balanced budget is constitutionally mandated but
haphazardly enforced) while passing 19 tax cuts and never raising taxes. The business community reacted
strongly to Weld's leadership. In a 1994 survey of chief executives conducted by the Massachusetts High
Technology Council, 83% of those polled rated the state's business climate as good or excellent—up from only
33% at the beginning of his term. Proponents might claim that Weld's leadership changed the minds of 50% of
the CEO's surveyed while others would note the national economic trends or other factors might play a part.
Weld also reaped the benefits of the 1990s prosperity, as the state's unemployment rate fell by more than 3
percentage points during his first term, from 9.6% in 1991 to 6.4% in 1994.

Other accomplishments touted by Weld's supporters include:

      Reforming Medicaid to control its annual rate of growth from an average of 17.4% per year between
       1987 and 1991, to 3.8% between 1991 and 1997.
      Overhauling the antiquated workers' compensation system and significantly reduced the size of state
       government. When Weld left office in 1997, it took 15,000 fewer state employees to run the
       government's operations than it had in 1988.

In 1994, Weld won reelection with an impressive 71% of the vote—the most one-sided gubernatorial contest in
Massachusetts history. Weld's 71–28 win over Democratic state representative Mark Roosevelt beat Michael
Dukakis's 69–31 trouncing of Republican George Kariotis in 1986 and broke the previous record, set in 1872,
when Republican incumbent William Washburn beat Democrat Francis Bird 69–30. Weld carried all but five
towns in the whole state, even carrying Boston.

In 1996, Weld supported the appointment of William Bulger as president of the University of Massachusetts.
That same year Weld ran for the United States Senate against Democratic incumbent John Kerry. He was the
first reasonably well-funded Republican Senate candidate in Massachusetts since Edward Brooke was unseated
in 1978. The race was covered nationwide as one of the most closely watched Senate races that year. Kerry and
Weld held several debates and negotiated a campaign spending cap of $6.9 million at Kerry's Beacon Hill
mansion. In the end, Senator Kerry won re-election with 53 percent to Weld's 45 percent—the last seriously
contested Senate race in Massachusetts until the special election for Ted Kennedy's seat in 2010.
[edit] Cabinet and administration

                                 The Weld Cabinet
OFFICE                                         NAME                   TERM
Governor                                       William Weld           1991 – 1997
Lt. Governor                                   Paul Cellucci          1991 – 1997
                                             Richard L. Taylor        1991 – 1992
Secretary of Transportation and Construction
                                             James Kerasiotes         1992 – 1997
                                             Steven Pierce            1991 – 1991
Secretary of Housing & Community Development
                                             Mary L. Padula           1991 – 1996
                                             Susan Tierney            1991 – 1993
Secretary of Environmental Affairs
                                             Trudy Coxe               1993 – 1997
                                             Gloria Cordes Larson     1991 – 1993
Secretary of Consumer Affairs                Priscilla Douglas        1993 – 1996
                                             Nancy Merrick            1996 – 1997
                                             David P. Forsberg        1991 – 1992
                                             Charles D. Baker, Jr.    1992 – 1994
Secretary of Health and Human Services       Gerald Whitburn          1995 – 1996
                                             Joseph V. Gallant        1996 – 1997
                                             William D. O'Leary       1997 – 1997
Secretary of Elder Affairs                   Franklin P. Ollivierre   1991 – 1997
Secretary of Labor                           Christine Morris         1991 – 1996
                                             Peter Nessen             1991 – 1993
Secretary of Administration & Finance        Mark E. Robinson         1993 – 1994
                                             Charles D. Baker, Jr.    1994 – 1997
                                             James B. Roche           1991 – 1992
Secretary of Public Safety                   Thomas C. Rapone         1992 – 1994
                                             Kathleen O'Toole         1994 – 1997
                                             Stephen Tocco            1991 – 1993
Director of Economic Affairs
                                             Gloria Cordes Larson     1993 – 1996

[edit] Later career
Weld resigned the governorship after being nominated United States Ambassador to Mexico by President Bill
Clinton. He was never confirmed by the United States Senate, however and hence never served as Ambassador.
This was due mainly to opposition from Senate Foreign Relations committee chairman Jesse Helms, who
refused to hold a hearing on the nomination, effectively blocking it. Though both were Republicans and though
that party held the majority in the chamber, Helms objected to Weld's moderate stance on several social issues.
This refusal to hold hearings was also rumored to be at the request of former attorney general and friend of
Helms, Ed Meese. Meese had a long standing grudge against Weld stemming from Weld's investigation of
Meese during the Iran-Contra affair.

Until recently, Weld ran the Manhattan office of Chicago based international law firm McDermott Will &
Emery. He has also worked for the New York Private Equity firm Leeds, Weld & Co. until his exit in 2005,
when the company's name was changed to Leeds Equity Partners.

Weld has also flirted with the arts. He writes thriller novels for the mass market and has done a little acting.

During the re-election campaign of President George W. Bush, who was running against Weld's old foe John
Kerry, Weld helped Bush to prepare for the debates.
William Weld was seen taking the New York State Bar examination at the Jacob Javits Convention Center on
February 27 and 28, 2007. His name appeared on the pass list for the February 2007 New York State Bar
Examination. Weld was admitted to practice law in the State of New York in 2008.

[edit] Candidacy for Governor of New York
Despite having served as Governor of Massachusetts, Weld has lived in New York since 2000. On April 24,
2005, it was reported that he was in talks with the New York Republicans to run for Governor of New York in
2006, against likely Democratic nominee Eliot Spitzer. Incumbent GOP Governor George Pataki announced on
July 27 that he would not seek a fourth term. On August 19, 2005, Weld officially announced his candidacy for
Governor of New York, seeking to become the second person after Sam Houston to serve as Governor of two
different U.S. states. His main opponent in the GOP race was former Assembly Minority Leader John Faso.
Early in the campaign, former New York Secretary of State Randy Daniels and Assemblyman Patrick Manning
also waged campaigns for the governorship.

In December 2005, Weld received the backing of the Republican county chairs of New York State during a
county chairs meeting. Several chairs of large counties abstained from voting or did not attend the meeting,
which led to talk that Weld was not as popular as thought. During his early campaign, Weld was publicly
endorsed by Republican State Chairman Stephen J. Minarik and was rumored to be backed by Pataki. Despite
reports of a possible public endorsement by Pataki, no endorsement was made.

On April 29, 2006, Weld received the Libertarian Party's nomination.[4]

On May 31, 2006, Weld started the Republican State Convention by announcing his choice of New York
Secretary of State Christopher Jacobs of Buffalo as his running mate for lieutenant governor. In the following
days, Weld received some criticism for his choice of Secretary Jacobs, because Jacobs had donated $250 to the
gubernatorial campaign of Attorney General Eliot Spitzer in 2004. Weld said he choose Jacobs, a member of
the Buffalo Board of Education, because of Jacobs' work on education reform and upstate economic
development issues. Secretary Jacobs has been an advocate of charter schools and for the revitalization of the
upstate economy. Weld also said he choose Secretary Jacobs because he was an "Albany outsider" and could
bring this perspective to state government. When he was selected by Weld, Jacobs had only served for six
weeks as secretary of state in Pataki's Cabinet.

On June 1, 2006, the Republican State Convention voted 61% to 39% to endorse Faso. On June 5, Stephen J.
Minarik, the chairman of the state Republican Party, who had been Weld's most prominent backer, called on
Weld to withdraw in the interest of party unity.[5] Weld formally announced his withdrawal from the race the
following day and returned to private life.

Spitzer would go on to defeat Faso by the largest margin in New York gubernatorial history, winning 70–28.[6]

[edit] 2008 Presidential Election
Weld publicly endorsed Mitt Romney for the presidency on January 8, 2007. Weld served as the co-chairman
for Romney's campaign in New York State.[7] On the same day that Weld endorsed Romney, Gov. and Mrs.
Weld also raised $50,000 for Romney's exploratory committee. Weld personally made a donation of $2,100
dollars, the maximum allowed per person per election at the time. He later donated another $200 dollars (the
new maximum allowed was $2,300).

Weld was also active in campaigning for Governor Romney in New Hampshire where both Governors have
been known to travel together. Weld went on to endorse Barack Obama over John McCain for the presidency of
the United States.[8]
[edit] Connections
Weld's first wife, Susan Roosevelt Weld, formerly a professor at Harvard University specializing in ancient
Chinese civilization and law and then General Counsel to the Congressional-Executive Commission on China,
is a great granddaughter of Theodore Roosevelt. They married in 1976, had five children (David, Ethel, Mary,
Quentin and Frances) and divorced in 2002. His second and present wife, the writer and novelist Leslie
Marshall, is a former daughter-in-law of Ben Bradlee of The Washington Post.

Weld was a principal at Leeds, Weld & Co., which describes itself as the United States's largest private equity
fund focused on investing in the education and training industry.

Weld co-chaired the Independent Task Force on North America under the Council on Foreign Relations, which
studied the integration of the USA, Canada and Mexico.

[edit] Quotes

          This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)

        This section is a candidate to be copied to Wikiquote using the Transwiki process.

      "I happen to think that individual freedom should extend to a woman's right to choose. I want the
       government out of your pocket book and your bedroom."[9]

      "There’s no one so brave and wise as the politician who’s not running for office and who’s not going to

      "I suggest to you that increasing the size of America's economic pie—which can be achieved only if
       everybody has a seat at the table—is the most important challenge facing our country today."

      "The best social program is a good job."

      "Government has a role as well in what is referred to as redistributive justice. "

      "Government is never so noble as when it is addressing wrongs. "

      "I dare say that a majority of the American people think that having a fair hearing on an issue of
       importance in our relations with Mexico is extremely important to our national interest, as well as

      "I don't understand the Democrats' approach to Social Security in this country and I'm not alone."

      "My slogan when I ran was that there is no such thing as government money, there is only taxpayers'

      "Opposing the free flow of goods or people is a bad idea."

      "There's an alliance in the environmental area and an appropriate one, between the government and the
       little guy."
       "I think coercive taxation is theft and government has a moral duty to keep it to a minimum."

       "We absolutely have to restrain concentrations of wealth in industry from spoiling the situation for

       "The system that had grown up in most states is that wealthy districts with an affluent population can
        afford to spend a lot more on their public school systems than the poorer districts."

       "Natural resources are so vast that no single individual or business is going to protect them; they don't
        have an incentive to."

       "In health care, education and to some extent transportation—but less so, I think—government
        monopolies have proved to be a disaster. "

       "Much is forgiven anyone who relieves the desperate boredom of the working press."

       "Now isn't that just me?" he said as he poured a bottle of ale into a champagne glass. "Beer taste on a
        champagne budget."

       "I believe the government should stay out of your wallet and out of your bedroom" which drew a mix of
        applause and boos at the 1992 Republican National Convention.

[edit] Books authored
Weld has written three novels for the mass market:

   1. Stillwater ISBN 0-15-602723-2
   2. Mackerel By Moonlight ISBN 0-671-03874-5
   3. Big Ugly ISBN 0-7434-1037-8

[edit] Electoral history
       Massachusetts U.S. Senate election, 1996
          o John Kerry (D) (inc.), 52%
          o William Weld (R), 45%

       Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 1994
          o William Weld (R) (inc.), 71%
          o Mark Roosevelt (D), 28%

       Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 1990
          o William Weld (R), 50%
          o John Silber (D), 47%

[edit] References
   1.          ^1
   2.          ^ McDermott – Biographies – William F. Weld
   3.          ^ While there was no Weld among the names of the 26 male Mayflower passengers currently known to
        have descendants, genealogists such as Gary Boyd Roberts of New England Historic Genealogical Society have
        pointed out that tens of millions of Americans (approximately one in seven) has at least one ancestor who was
        among this group of early settlers.[citation needed] William Weld, whose family has been in Massachusetts since the
        17th century, has several Mayflower ancestors from whom he is descended through multiple lines (making Billy
        Bulger's statement very accurate).
  4.             ^ Hammer of Truth
  5.             ^ PATRICK HEALY (June 5, 2006). "G.O.P. Chief in N.Y. Urges Weld to Quit Governor's Race". New
        York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/05/nyregion/05cnd-
        gov.html?hp&ex=1149566400&en=0743a7fd44898ee5&ei=5094&partner=homepage. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  6.             ^ "Spitzer elected New York governor". USA Today. November 8, 2006.
  7.             ^ Weld backs Romney for Oval Office - The Boston Globe
  8.             ^ Rhee, Foon (October 24, 2008). "Weld backs Obama". The Boston Globe.
  9.             ^ BBC Documentary – The Power of Nightmares – Part 2 – The Phantom Victory – 00:36:25
  10.            ^ [1] citing Council on Foreign Relations event entitled, "New York State And The Global Financial
        Crisis" on February 2, 2009

[edit] External links
       USA Today interview July, 2000
       Clinton Impeachment testimony
       NACDL Notes on the Kevin White investigation
       Official Commonwealth of Massachusetts Governor Biography

                                                     Political offices

                                                                                                  Succeeded by
          Preceded by                         Governor of Massachusetts                           Paul Cellucci
        Michael Dukakis                      January 3, 1991 – July 29, 1997              as Acting Governor, 1997-1999
                                                                                              as Governor, 1999-2001

                                                       Legal offices

                                      United States Attorney for the District of
       Preceded by                                                                              Succeeded by
 Edward Francis Harrington                                                                  Robert Mueller (Acting)

                                                  Party political offices

                                           Massachusetts Republican Party
          Preceded by                                                                             Succeeded by
                                              gubernatorial candidate
         George Kariotis                                                                          Paul Cellucci
                                                    1990, 1994

                                        Republican nominee for United States
           Preceded by                      Senator from Massachusetts                           No 2002 nominee
         Jim Rappaport                                (Class 2)                                  Title next held by
                                                                                                    Jeff Beatty

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