Cultural Geography Chp 10 by k4wp82i


									Central America and the Caribbean

        Chapter 10
         Section 2
Cultural Blends

     Central America
         Blend of:
              Native Americans + Spanish
              Spanish Culture =
               Spanish language and religion, Catholicism

              Cleared land in traditional style for farming and
                 This alters the native lifestyle
Cultural Blends

     Caribbean
         Spanish, French, British, Danish and Dutch +
          Africans and Natives
         Today = mix of Europeans and Africans

              Religions:
                  Catholic and Protestant
                  Voodoo (Haiti)
                  Rastafarianism (Jamaica)

              Language:
                  Cuba and DR = Spanish
                  Haiti = French
                  Jamaica = English
    Caribbean
        Sugar plantations made foreigners rich and made
         natives poor = income gap
        Informal Economy – takes place outside official
         channels, activities and services that provide small
             Street Vending, Shoe Shiners, Produce Stands

    Central America
        Commercial farming
        10% of worlds coffee and bananas
        Panama Canal: cuts through land bridge that
         connects Atlantic to Pacific, tax on use helps make
         Panama money
Pop Culture
   Education and jobs are major concerns
       Caribbean music helps deal with social and religious

   Reggae
       Jamaica in 1960s
       Bob Marley

   Calypso
       Began in Trinidad
       Combined:
            Africa
            Spain
            Caribbean
       Uses steel drums and guitars
       Improvised lyrics
Lost Haitian Children Videos
Chapter 10
 Section 1
Modern Mexico
   In 1821, Mexico achieved independence
    from Spain

   In the mid-19th century, Benito Juárez, of
    native descent, led a reform movement and
    became president of Mexico

   A new constitution was adopted in 1917

   In 1929, the Institutional Revolutionary
    Party, or PRI, arose.
       It helped introduce democracy.
       However, fraud and corruption undermined the
        democratic process.

   In 2000, Vincente Fox, the National
    Action Party candidate, was elected
    president of Mexico.
Mexican Economy
   Profits from oil have helped to finance development in
    manufacturing industries.

   Maquiladoras are factories where imported materials are
    assembled into finished goods for export, mostly to the
    United States.
       Manufacturing is the most important part of Mexican economic

   Mexico is a member of NAFTA
       the North American Free Trade Agreement
       This agreement is expected to create jobs for millions of
Mexico City at Night
Largest city in Central
Mexican Life Today
   Mexico’s population is young and growing rapidly. Mexicans
    are moving to cities because they see economic
    opportunities there.

   Many workers leave Mexico for the United States in search
    of work. Often, they return to Mexico with savings to help
    improve living conditions for their families.
       Shortage of jobs = migration to USA
       2,000 mile border with USA

   Without education and training, young workers cannot find
    good jobs. In recent years, attendance of eligible students
    at schools has improved.
       85% of children attend school
Spanish Speaking South America

       Chapter 10
        Section 3
   Literature: strong
    literary heritage

   Music:
       folk music
       Street musicians
       Classical music

   Craftwork:
       Pottery
       Textiles
       Glasswork
       metalwork
   Many people are poor
       Economy based on agriculture
       Income gap between rich and poor

   Economic development:
       Chile trades with Japan!

   Different resources, landforms, climate, and
    vegetation = variety of products
       Oil in Venezuela and Columbia

   Literacy rates are higher
       Helps people get jobs
       Chile 95%
Chapter 10
 Section 4
   Brazil is the most industrialized nations
    in South America.
        Has the 10th largest economy in the world

   Industrial Power:
        Natural resources:
              iron ore, bauxite, tin, manganese, gold, silver, and titanium
             1,000+ rivers provide hydroelectric power
             reserves of oil and natural gas.

   Migration to the city:
        Income gap
        Poverty
             Growing urbanization reflects people’s desires to improve their lives
             In 1960, about 22 percent of the population lived in cities
             by 1996, more than 75 percent lived in cities.
        Slums (called favelas)
             Crime and drug abuse are common.

   Recently, government officials have launched programs to bring in:
        electrical power
        paved streets
        sewers.
     Brasilia:
       Political capital

     Sao Paulo:
       Economic heart,
        largest city

     Rio de Janiero:
       Cultural center
Brazilian Slums

                        Sao Paulo

   Rio de Janiero
   Carnival
       The most colorful feast day in Brazil is. Celebrations take place to the
        music of the samba. (Cultural aspect of Roman Catholicism in SA)

   Samba
       Brazilian dance with African and Caribbean influences

   Capoeira:
       Martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from African origins

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