chapter 19 section 1 paths to world war ii1 by PW6UO1


									World War II

 Paths to War
 Pg. 591-595
I. The German Path to War
A. Hitler believed that Germany could build a
   great civilization.
  1.   Needed more land
  2.   Wanted to expand east into the Soviet Union
  3.   Use for German settlements
  4.   Slavic people would be slaves
B. Hitler wanted to revise the unfair provisions of
   the Treaty of Versailles
  1. At first, he used peaceful means.
C. March of 1935
  1. created a new air force
  2. began a military draft
 The German Path to War
D. France, Great Britain, and Italy condemned Hitler’s
  1. Great Depression prevented World powers from taking
  2. Hitler convinced Western states would not stop him from
     breaking Treaty of Versailles provisions.
E. March, 1936
  1.   Hitler invaded Rhineland
  2.   France wouldn’t oppose Hitler without British support.
  3.   Great Britain saw no need for military response.
  4.   Beginning of the policy of appeasement
Hitler and Nazi
The German Path to War
 F. Hitler gained new allies
   1. Benito Mussolini, Fascist leader of Italy
      A. 1935, invaded Ethiopia supported by
         German troops
   2. 1936, Italy and Germany sent troops to
      Spain to support Gen. Franco
   3. 1936, Hitler and Mussolini become allies,
      formed the Rome-Berlin Axis
   4. Germany signed the Anti-Comintern Pact
      with Japan forming an alliance against
German & Italian Expansion (1935-1939)
The German Path to War

G. 1937, Germany is now a very powerful
  1. Hitler’s goal in 1938 was Anschluss, or
     union with Austria, his native land.
  2. Austrians forced to put Austrian Nazis in
     charge of government
  3. New government invite German troops into
     Austria to “help” maintain order
  4. Hitler annexed Austria to Germany
The German Path to War
H. 1938, Hitler demanded Sudetenland in
   NW Czechoslovakia be given to Germany
  1. The British, French, Italian, and German
     representatives meet in Munich
  2. Britain, France, and Italy gave in to all of
     Hitler’s demands (appeasement)
  3. German troops allowed into Czechoslovakia
The German Path to War
I.    After Munich Conference, British PM, Neville
      Chamberlain said, “Peace for our time.”
     1. He believed Hitler’s promise of no more demands.
J. Hitler was even more convinced that France
   and Great Britain would not fight.
     1. March 1939, Hitler invaded Western
        Czechoslovakia and took control
     2. In East Czechoslovakia (Slovakia) he made it a
        Nazi puppet state
    The German Path to War
K. France and Great Britain began to react.
  1. Great Britain will protect Poland if Hitler invaded.
  2. France and Britain began negotiation.
     1.   France & Great Britain need Soviet Union to contain the Nazis.
L. Hitler was afraid of France/GB/Soviet Union
  1. August 1939, Germany and Soviet Union signed
     Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact.
     A. Stalin gets E. Poland and Baltic states.
     B. Hitler would eventually break the pact.
     C. Hitler could now invade Poland without fear.
M. Sept. 1 1939, Germany invaded Poland.
N. Sept. 3 1939, Great Britain and France
   declared war on Germany.
II. The Japanese Path to War
A. September 1931
  1. Japanese soldiers seized Manchuria
  2. Japanese said Chinese attacked them.
    A. Japanese faked the attack by disguising
       themselves as Chinese soldiers.
  3. League of Nations investigated and
     condemned the attack
    A. Japan withdrew from the league.
The Japanese Path to War
B. mid-1930s, militants gained control of Japanese
  1. U. S. opposed takeover of Manchuria, but did nothing
     to stop it.
  2. Chiang Kai-shek tried to avoid a war with Japan
     A. Concerned about Chinese Communist threat
     B. Appeased Japan by allowing them to occupy parts of Northern
     C. Japan moved steadily southward
  3. December 1936, Chiang formed a united front against
     the Japanese.
     A. July 1937, the Chinese and Japanese clashed south of Beijing.
     B. Japanese seized the capital of Nanjing.
     C. Chiang Kai-shek refused to surrender and moved the capital.
  The Japanese
   Path to War
C.Japanese military
  leaders established
  New Order in E. Asia.
   1. New Order=Japan,
      Manchuria, and
   2. Japan wanted to
      modernize E. Asia
      and lead it to
  The Japanese Path to War

  3. Planned to seize Soviet Siberia.
  4. Became friends with Nazi Germany.
  5. As friends, could defeat the Soviet Union
     and divide its resources.
D. Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact forced
   the Japanese to rethink their goals.
  The Japanese Path to War

E. Japanese needed natural resources
  1. Looked at Southeast Asia for resources
  2. They risked strong response from European
     colonial powers and the U.S.
F. Japan took the risk
     The Japanese Path to War
G. 1940, Japan demanded right to exploit
   economic resources in French Indochina.
     1. The US imposing economic sanctions (restrictions on trade
        that are intended to enforce international law,) unless Japan withdrew to
        its borders of 1931.
H. Japan badly needed oil and scrap iron from the
   United States.
     1. The economic sanctions were a very real threat.
I.    Japan decided to launch a surprise attack on
      the U.S. and the European colonies in SE

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