The Renaissance / Sonnets by PW6UO1

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 16

									The Renaissance /
    Sonnets
         “Renaissance”

• French word meaning “rebirth”
• New interest in science, art,
  literature
• Great advances in science and
  education
Protestant Reformation
• 1517
• Martin Luther (German monk)
• Protested sale of indulgences (and
  other practices) by Catholic church
• Nailed 95 Theses to church door
• Reformation led to Protestantism
• Had a huge influence on society,
  politics, and the economy
           Rulers of Note
King Henry VIII

• 17 when
  crowned
• 6 marriages
• 1530—broke
  with the Catholic
  church and
  created Church
  of England (a.k.a.
  Anglican
  Church)
King Henry VIII
                    Elizabeth
                        I




•   ruled 1558-1603
•   great leader
•   supported the arts
•   turned England into a world power
             Sumptuary Laws

• King Henry VIII wanted to be able to tell
  upon first glance what social class
  someone belonged to
• Laws specified the kinds of cloth, colors,
  and accessories that were forbidden to
  people beneath a certain rank
• Breaking sumptuary laws punishable by
  loss of possessions, title, or even life.
        Beauty
•   White skin
•   Fair hair
•   Red lips
•   Wore lots of clothes,
    heavy fabrics, lots of
    jewels

• Elizabeth = epitome
  of beauty
               Exploration

                  God

                 Glory

                  Gold

Pamphlets circulated discussing how great life in
America was; no mention of hardships.
• Astronomer                   Galileo Galilei
• Said the universe was
  heliocentric
   – sun-centered
• Contradicted what
  Catholic Church taught
   – Universe is Earth-
     centered because God is
     most concerned with us
• Excommunicated in
  1633
• Vatican admitted
  mistake in 1992
            Medical Advances
• Lots of interest in
  medicine
• Many medical
  advances
• 1616: discovered that
  the heart pumps
  blood through the
  body via the veins
  and arteries
Sonnets

• From the Italian “sonnetto”
  – a little sound or song
• 14 line poems
• Popularized by Francesco
  Petrarch in 1300s
• Sonnet sequence
  – Series of sonnets about a
    particular theme
Iambic pentameter

  • 5 feet = 10 syllables
  • 1 foot = 1 unstressed syllable,
    1 stressed syllable
  Forms of sonnets
• Italian (Petrarchan)
• Common topic: unrequited love
• First 8 lines = octave
   – Presents problem/question
• Last 6 lines = sestet
   – Offers answer/solution
• Rhyme scheme often
  abba abba cd cd cd
        (or) cde cde
Forms of sonnets

• English (Shakespearean)
• 3 quatrains = 4 lines each
   – Give details of problem
• 1 couplet = 2 lines
   – Gives quick solution
• Rhyme scheme usually
  abab cdcd efef gg

								
To top