UNSCR 1325 & ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN ALBANIA Presented By: Ratela Asllani ATA, Albania Contents • The Mechanism of Implementation • Gender Composition in the Institutions • Perceptions & Tools of Implementation • Successful Examples • Conclusion 1. The Mechanism of Implementation • The main responsible institution/authority for the law implementations & the national programs for gender equality is the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. • National Council on Gender Equality (CMD no 3, date 08.01.2009, Composed by the Minister, 9 D/Minister & 3 representatives of Civil Society) • National Strategy for the Gender Equality & Domestic Violence (for its implementation are appointed civil servants in each ministry) 1. The Mechanism of Implementation • In the Security Areas : Ministry of Interior Ministry of Defense • In the Decision-Making: Parliament Executive (Local & Central Power) Judiciary Institutions 1. The Mechanism of Implementation • MOI Albania: Annual Action Plan for Police Forces aim to support all legislation regarding Gender Equality. • MOD Albania: a coordinating position for Gender Equality Issues & Equal Chances Drafting the “Strategy for the Management of Human Resources”, particularly based on the commitments for non-discrimination and indicates that 15 % of the military personnel of the AF should be women Defense Directive 2012 2. Gender Composition in Institutions Gender Composition of the Albanian Parliament Legislatures No of MP No of Women MP XV 1997 - 2001 155 11 XVI 2001 - 2005 140 8 XVII 2005 - 2009 140 10 XVIII 2009 - to date 140 23 Compiled with data from: the Albanian Parliament, OSCE Needs assessment mission report, April 2009 Gender Composition of the Albanian Judiciary Court Level No. of Sitting Judges No. of Female Judges % of total Constitutional Court 9 1 11.1 High Court 17 6 35.3 Courts of Appeal 57 19 33.3 District Courts 281 112 39.3 TOTAL 364 138 37.9 Source: MOJ; OAJB.2008 Women Participation in AF Grade Women Officers in AF % Female Colonel 1 0.8 Ltc Colonel 42 12.4 Major 54 9 Captain 24 7.1 1st Lieutenant 90 12.3 Sub Lieutenant 116 35.6 Total 335 13.42 Source: MOD,2012 Women in AF and MOD 40 35 30 25 2009 20 2010 15 2011 10 2012 5 0 women in AF civil women personnel in MOD Women Participation in Police Grade Women Officers in State Police Deputy General Director of Police 1 Leader 10 Prime Commissar 48 Commissar 50 Lieutenant Commissar 137 Prime Inspector 109 Inspector 106 Lieutenant Inspector 7 Civil personnel 371 Total 877 or 9.07% Source: General Directorate of the Albanian State Police, 2010 3. Perception & Tools for Implementation Perception for Women in Security Forces /Albania Source: Research Report “Surveying Public Opinion and Attitudes Regarding Women in Police”2010 Source: Research Report “Surveying Public Opinion and Attitudes Regarding Women in Police”2010 Campaign for Women Recruitment in Police Forces 4. Successful Cases Women in Decision-Making Women in Security Forces Women in Security Forces ANILA HOXHA Deputy General SUZANA Director of JAHOLLARI Albanian State Police, 2012 1st Women Colonel, 2009 REZARTA HOXHAJ 1st Women in Police Special Unit, RENEA 2012 5. Conclusion • Strengthening the institutional capacities for UNSCR 1325 implementation • Adoption of National Action Plan, which is a strategic document for fulfilling the obligations, set by this resolution. (In process) • Raising the awareness for involvement of women in decision-making and security forces • Removal of prejudices in society for women capabilities Objectives of MOD, 2012 Recruitment of women in AF up to 15 % of the AF on the basis of the competitive criteria Abandon the traditional positions of women Equal distribution on rank between women and men in AF, particularly, for the major ranks like: Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel and General.
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