The life of a Sri Lankan Tamil Bishop (and others) in danger
MA(Cantab), MBBChir(Cantab), MD(Lond), FRCP(Lond), FRACP
This is an urgent appeal to prevent the possible assassination/ ‘disappearance’ of the
outspoken Roman Catholic Bishop of Mannar, his fellow Catholic priests in the North
and East, and others, who call themselves ‘Civil Society’, who are the only voices of
the Tamil people in that part of Sri Lanka.
Today, 6 April 2012, is Good Friday, when Christians remember the murder
(crucifixion) of Jesus Christ 2,000 years ago, when Palestine was under the absolute
rule of Herod Antipas – one of the sons of Herod the Great. It is hoped that the
followers of Christ, such as Bishop Rayappu Joseph, his fellow priests (and others),
are not murdered by someone who is the absolute ruler of Sri Lanka, and much more
violent and murderous than Herod ever was.
I write, not as a concerned Christian, but as a concerned human being, to apprise the
international community, including the Pope, of what might happen in the Democratic
Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, as it likes to call itself.
The threat to life is not only of Bishop Joseph and his Tamil priests and members of
civil society, but of Sinhalese human rights activists and media people. It is not
confined to ethnic groups but to all (Tamils, Sinhalese or Muslims) in all walks of life.
No dissent is tolerated by the Rajapaksa junta.
Anyone who is even minimally aware of what is going on behind the closed and
censored door of President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s Totalitarian State, will know, that
murder is rampant, and accountability non-existent. Murder or ‘disappearance’ is the
Government’s answer to any problem, and the only method of silencing the
If such a fate befalls Bishop Joseph (and his fellow priests), it will be a disaster for
the Tamil people in the North and East. They, in particular Bishop Joseph, are the
only voices that these people have, since their parliamentarians have gone ‘quiet’ –
as so often happens when a democracy is closing down. Bishop Joseph, his fellow
Roman Catholic clergy, and ‘civil society’, have done more to high-light the terrible
plight of a voiceless people than all their parliamentarians put together. In that blood-
drenched country where so many thousands of Tamils have been butchered by the
Rajapaksa junta, and some 300,000 Tamil civilians made ‘non-people’, Bishop
Joseph, his clergy, and members of ‘civil society’, are the biggest threat. This is not
an opinion to be debated, but a fact to be faced and addressed before it is too late.
Bump them off
Already ten Christian priests, mainly Roman Catholics, have been murdered
abducted or have simply gone missing – “disappeared”. In the Sinhalese South, it is
the dreaded ‘white van’ with no number plates that arrives. The victim is bundled in
and that is that.
In the Tamil North and East, these niceties are not considered necessary. Just a
straightforward abduction by ‘unknown men’ (read - President Rajapaksa’s gang of
thugs, some in army or police uniform, others in civilian clothes). They arrive, the
victim goes with them (there being no option), and that is the last that is seen of
him/her. A cassock is no protection.
It is brazen – plain simple murder, done with the assurance that the Government, the
overwhelmingly Sinhalese (99%) Sri Lankan Armed Forces (now running the North
and East), the Police (95% Sinhalese), and the crumbling legal system under the
heel of the Executive President with sweeping powers, will do nothing to bring the
perpetrators to book. Many of these crimes are, in fact, directed by members of the
There is no investigation, not even the pretence of one. The GoSL does not think it is
called for. If there are calls, those who do so are ‘enemies of Sri Lanka’, ‘traitors’,
‘terrorists’ or even ‘Tamil Tiger Terrorists’. In Sri Lanka, any Tamil is a ‘terrorist’
unless he stands close to the blood-drenched Sri Lankan flag. So are others (like the
writer of this paper, who is a Sinhalese). Ethnicity no longer matters. To be critical or
even to question what the ruling junta does, is, by definition, ‘terrorism’ or treason,
and treated as such. George Bush’s “You are with us or with the terrorists” is applied
absolutely in Rajapaksa’s autocratic Sri Lanka.
Mannar and Bishop Rayappu Joseph
Mannar district is one of 25 administrative districts in Sri Lanka, located in the North
West, with a population of about 130,000, mainly Tamils (and some Muslims). It is
linked to Mannar Island by a causeway. Mannar Island is a dry and barren area of
about 50 square kilometres. Fishing is economically vital for survival. Deliberate
destruction of this (as the GoSL has done) will result in starvation.
The Mannar Diocese has some 86,700 Catholics, 69 priests, and 21 religious priests.
Rt Rev Dr Rayappu Joseph is the Bishop of Mannar.
The Madhu Church, on the mainland in the Mannar district, is one of the ancient
Churches of Asia. It is the holiest Roman Catholic shrine in Sri Lanka, home to Sri
Lanka’s most famous Catholic statue, the centuries old, priceless statue of the
Blessed Virgin Mary – the ‘Our Lady of Madhu’ (in Tamil “Matha Matha” – mother). In
1920, Bishop Brault (the then Bishop of Jaffna) obtained the Pope's sanction for the
Coronation of the Statue.
In August, thousands of Catholics from all over Sri Lanka go to Madhu for the annual
‘Madhu festival’. On 18 August 2010, there were more than 450,000 people.
In November 1999, the Sri Lankan Armed Forces (99% Sinhalese) thought nothing of
shelling this Church, doing extensive damage.
The Pesalai Catholic Church, one of the largest churches in Sri Lanka, is in Mannar
Island. The Sri Lankan Navy thought nothing of tossing hand grenades into the
Church, having asked the civilians to take shelter in ‘places of worship’ – which I
hope a Church is.
The murder of Tamil Christian priests in Mannar is nothing new. Let me back-track to
ensure that history does not repeat itself.
Fr Mary Bastian was a Catholic priest in Vankalai in the Mannar district. He was
abducted on January 5th, 1985, by the Armed Forces, tortured and murdered. The
body was clandestinely burnt. Several witnesses saw the Priest being taken away by
the soldiers. Pope John Paul had a special prayer for the departed soul of Fr Bastian.
It did no good since a few days later, a Tamil Methodist Priest, George
Jeyarajasingham, was ambushed and killed by the Sri Lankan Army.
Lalith Athulathmudali, the then President J.R. Jayawardene’s Minister of National
Security (or rather, Insecurity), in typical Goebellian style, completely denied that the
murder had occurred, adding insult to injury by tarnishing the dead priest’s
reputation. He claimed that Fr Bastian had run away to India and was very much
alive in Tamil Nadu.
Many Sinhalese Catholic priests in the South collaborated in this cover up. The most
serious collaborator was Rt Rev Oswald Gomis, later appointed the Head of the
Roman Catholic Church in Sri Lanka. Rev Gomis, the government propagandist, with
the tacit consent of the then Archbishop of Colombo, Nicholas Marcus Fernando,
wrote to the Vatican that Fr Bastian was alive and well in India.
The Pope retracted his earlier statement – something that is unknown. The Vatican
issued a press release that the Pope had erred in praying for Fr Bastian’s departed
soul and that “joyfully” he was alive.
Despite overwhelming evidence that the priest was dead, Catholics did not want to
push the issue, since it would have eroded the Pope’s credibility even further. With
the Pope’s infallibility already dented, the faithful decided to let it pass. The Pope’s
infallibility was undermined by Roman Catholic priests in the Sinhalese South,
cooperating with the Government.
Let us make sure that the Pope is well aware of the dangers facing Bishop Rayappu
Joseph and his fellow priests in the North and East - not that he has not been
apprised of this before (as we will see).
Bishop Rayappu Joseph
Born in Delft (an island off the Jaffna Peninsula) in 1940, ordained in 1967, he was
appointed Bishop of Mannar in July 1992.
It is impossible to even list out, let alone present, what this outstanding Catholic
Bishop has done for the people of Mannar, and the wider community in the Tamil
North and East. As someone who is neither a Tamil nor a Roman Catholic, all I can
say is that this extraordinary man and his lone voice of protest in a very dangerous
country, has been an inspiration to all of us who have an interest in human rights in
general, the brutalised Tamil ‘minority’ in particular.
What has Bishop Rayappu Joseph done?
What ‘hanging offences’ has the Bishop done to ‘warrant’ assassination or
‘disappearance’? In a sentence – he has looked after his flock – not just Catholic
Christians, but Christians of all denominations, non-Christians, and non-believers.
The Bible says that they are all God’s children – which Bishop Joseph has applied
absolutely. He is not only the leader of the Catholic Church in Mannar, but a
humanitarian, which is why his ‘elimination’ will affect everyone.
Let me take you through some of Bishop Joseph’s ‘hanging offences’, seen as such
by the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL).
It will simply take too long to deal with what Bishop Joseph has done for his people in
Mannar, traumatised and brutalised by the war in Sri Lanka. I will deal only with some
of the more recent events.
The bombing of Mannar
When the Sri Lankan Air Force and Navy decided to bomb and shell Mannar in 1999,
Bishop Joseph urged that civilians be spared. They were not. As scores of civilians,
men, women and children, were slaughtered or injured, Bishop Joseph lodged a
strong protest with the Armed Forces, went to care for the wounded, and to wipe the
tears of those who survived. That was unacceptable to the GoSL. Anyone who did
any humanitarian work to help the suffering (Tamils) was, according to the GoSL, a
‘terrorist’ and, if Tamil, a “Tamil Tiger Terrorist” – a label attached to Bishop Joseph.
The bombing of the Madhu Church in Mannar.
With the bombing getting closer to the Madhu Church (with its invaluable Lady of
Madhu statue), some people (I am told they were Tamil Tigers – some of whom were
Roman Catholics) – rescued this treasure. They returned it to the Church when this
outrage was over. Had it not been for them this holy of holy statues would have been
On 28 November 1999, the Madhu Church was bombed. The Church was
extensively damaged, some 40 civilians killed and another 60 injured. Jesus Christ
lost an arm (I mean the statue), as I have documented in one of the dozen dvds I
have recorded. Bishop Rayappu Joseph raised a voice of protest at this outrage.
These protests are completely unacceptable to the GoSL. Churches and Hindu
shrines (kovils), are there to be destroyed and replaced by Buddhist Statues, dome-
shaped Stupas (‘Dagobas’), and Buddhist Temples – despite the fact that there are
no (or very few) Buddhists in the area. This is ‘necessary’ to make multiethnic,
multireligious, multicultural, multilingual Sri Lanka into a Sinhala-Buddhist country –
the undisguised intention of the GoSL, whatever the rhetoric.
End of the war
Then came the end of the war, 19 May 2009.
Bishop Joseph, and many others in the North and East, waited for the return to
normalcy and at least some accounting and reconciliation. With nothing but a
seriously flawed “Lesson Learnt Reconciliation Commission” (LLRC) appointed by
the Rajapaksa government, he and two of his fellow priests made a detailed
This was despite Amnesty International (AI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), and
International Crisis Group (ICG) when invited to appear before the Commission,
refusing to do so. Kenneth Ross, Executive Director, Human Rights Watch wrote to
the Commission that: “There is little point in appearing before a fundamentally
flawed commission. The Commission is nothing more than a cynical attempt by Sri
Lanka to avoid serious inquiry that would bring genuine accountability”1. AI was
scathing. In a 60 page detailed analysis, “When will they get Justice? Failures of Sri
Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission’, AI decimated the
Commission2, stating that it was “fundamentally flawed”.
Despite this, Bishop Joseph and his fellow clergy decided to appear before the
Commission to clearly set out the problems facing the Tamil people – which is more
than what their elected members of Parliament did.
LLRC: Submission by the Catholic Diocese of Mannar
Rt. Rev. Dr. Rayappu Joseph, Rev.Fr. Victor Sosai, Rev. Fr. Xavier Croos3
This is a crucially important Submission which deals with what the people in the
North and East are going through behind the closed and censored doors of Sri
Lanka. It is important to point out that despite the end of the war, internationally
credible human rights organisations such as AI, HRW, and ICG, are not allowed into
the North and East, nor are independent observers.
As such, we have to rely on people on the ground, like Bishop Joseph, his clergy,
and ‘civil society’ to tell us what is happening to ordinary civilians.
Although the stated aim of the Submission was to deal with the situation in the
Diocese of Mannar, what was presented applies to the entire Tamil area. It is so
important that I have reproduced it in full in the Appendix. It is a ‘must read’
This is the only document ever published that gives the actual number of people who
are unaccounted for (a staggering 146,679):
“Based on information from the Kacheris4 of Mullativu and Killinochi about the
population in Vanni in early October 2008 and the number of people who came to
government controlled areas after that, 146,679 people seem to be unaccounted for.
According to the Kacheri, the population in Vanni was 429,059 in early part of
October 2008 (Refer Annex 4 and 5). According to UN OCHA update as of 10th July
2009, the total number of people who came out of the Vanni to government
controlled areas after this, is estimated to be 282,380 (Refer Annex 6)”.
The Submission opens with:
“At the outset, we must express our disappointment that previous Commissions of
Inquiry have failed to establish the truth into human rights violations and extrajudicial
killings they were inquiring and bring justice and relief to victims and their families.”
Driving the point home, it goes on:
“In order to achieve genuine and lasting reconciliation, we believe it is crucial to
address roots of the conflict and war, primarily issues affecting Tamils such as
recognition of their political reality, language, land, education and political power
Rt Rev Dr Rayappu Joseph, the Catholic Bishop of Mannar, Very Rev Fr Victor Sosai, the Vicar
General of the Mannar Diocese, and Rev Fr Xavier Croos, the Representative of the Priest’s Form of
Government administrative centres)
This invaluable document says much more. I have set it out as an Appendix so that
those who cannot cope with a long article which this article unapologetically is, do not
need to read the Appendix although I urge that they do.
The US Envoys come to Sri Lanka
In February 2012, the US State Department, sent two officials to Sri Lanka to tell the
Rajapaksa government that the US intended to submit a Resolution on Sri Lanka at
the upcoming 19th Session of the UN Human Rights Council (27 February – 23
19 Tamils, non-politicians, (“Civil Society”), including Bishop Rayappu Joseph,
immediately sent a letter to them (10 February 2012). It is the most concise and
precise letter I have seen, written by people with genuine concern about the Tamil
people, and the expectations (and responsibilities) of the UN Human Rights Council
10 February 2012
Ambassador Maria Otero, Under Secretary of State
Ambassador Robert Blake, Asst Secretary of State,
US State Department.
Tamils of Sri Lanka and the Forthcoming Sessions of the UN Human Rights
In the context of the forthcoming sessions of the UN Human Rights Council in
Geneva, we, members of the Tamil civil society in Sri Lanka, write this letter seeking
to bring to your notice our expectations of the Geneva sessions.
1. With deep regret we take note of the fact that the report of the Presidential
Commission of Inquiry on Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation (LLRC) has
become the point of reference in the discussions on Sri Lanka in Geneva. We
wish to emphasise that it is important to give preeminent status and
importance to the UN Secretary General’s Expert Panel Report on Sri Lanka
in the discussions and particularly to highlight the unbridgeable gaps between
the LLRC report and the UNSG’s Expert Panel’s report.
2. It is no secret that the appointment of the LLRC was an attempt on the part of
the Government to buy time from the International Community - to postpone
the setting up of an international mechanism to investigate into the grave
atrocities committed against the Tamil people. The contents of the LLRC
report should be viewed from this perspective – the purpose that it seeks to
serve in furthering the short and long term goals of the Government of Sri
3. It is not disputed that the LLRC report has failed in reasonably addressing the
question of accountability. On the other hand the recommendations relating to
scaling down militarization, disarming paramilitaries et al have been
deliberately included so that any reasonable reader cannot out rightly reject
the LLRC. This means that the international community is in a way forced to
welcome these ‘positive features’ of the LLRC report, pressurize for
implementation of those recommendations and postpone any move towards
setting up an international mechanism to look into the question of
accountability. This is exactly what the Government of Sri Lanka wanted with
4. Though many are surprised that a Government appointed commission could
come up with such ‘positive recommendations’, we on the contrary are not.
We were right from the beginning aware that the appointment of the LLRC
would be a time buying exercise and the report that has been released has its
objective of further buying time for the GOSL. In fact none of the
commissioners reflected the kind of views that are now considered to be
‘positive’ in the LLRC report. The Chairman of the LLRC in his questions to
Dr. Jayantha Dhanapala, a former Under Secretary General of the United
Nations, who appeared before the LLRC in a public hearing in Colombo, was
of the opinion after visiting the North that the Tamil people were not seeking
constitutional reforms but only job opportunities1. Hence it is not abnormal to
be surprised that this very commission had chosen to go against the thinking
of its Chairman and acknowledge that the Tamils have true political
grievances, which require a political solution. But this only reiterates the point
that we make, that the commission has made these positive
recommendations which even some of its commissioners including its
Chairman don’t believe in, to achieve the political purpose of its appointers.
Furthermore a careful reading of these so-called ‘positive recommendations’
will only reveal that they do not accomplish much. For example the
substantive recommendations on a political solution parrot the Government’s
stated position on a political solution: empower Local Governments and
establish a second chamber. (Paragraphs 9.231 and 9.232 of the report). On
the question of paramilitaries the report conveniently ignores the
well-acknowledged fact that the paramilitaries of the EPDP and TMVP are in
fact controlled by Sri Lankan Army Intelligence. (Paragraphs 5.77 and 5.78 of
the report). It is also no secret that the leadership of these two para military
groups enjoy ministerial portfolios and that their cadre received monthly
stipends for many years from the country’s defense budgets. It is also glaring
that the commission does not call for the repeal of the PTA (Paragraph 9.57
of the report). The recommendations relating to for example detainees are
welcome. However such recommendations fall short of reflecting the overall
complexity of the issues and have been included to cover up the report’s
otherwise glaring failures. The report thus quite cleverly accomplishes its
founding objective of giving the feel good while not straying too far and
conceding too much from the current Government’s positions on many of
these vital questions.
5. We have no faith whatsoever that these so called ‘positive recommendations’
of the LLRC report will be implemented. We state this not only from our past
experience with presidential commission reports in Sri Lanka but also
because we have completely lost faith in the governance framework of this
country. We also have no trust in the negotiations taking place between the
GOSL and the Tamil National Alliance, which we perceive, again, as a
convenient time buying exercise by the Government of Sri Lanka.
We urge that it is imperative that the International Community that meets in Geneva
this March for the UN Human Rights Council sessions takes a firm stance on
accountability. As expressed by our elected representatives (the Tamil National
Alliance) in their initial response to the LLRC on the 19th of December 2011 we urge
the ‘international community to acknowledge the consistent failure of domestic
accountability mechanisms in Sri Lanka and take steps to establish an international
mechanism for accountability’. Any resolution coming out of the Human Rights
Council, which gives more time to the Government of Sri Lanka, will have a
devastating impact on the Tamil community. The Government’s current activities in
the North and East are challenging the very existence of the Tamil people and more
time to the GOSL to implement the LLRC’s recommendations will only mean further
time for the Government to play havoc in the North and East and subjugate the
interests and aspirations of the Tamil people. If the International Community does not
act now, like they did not act in May 2009, the Tamils will cease to exist as a ‘people’
in this country.”
[Signed by 19 civil society representatives]
People who write such letters, uncomfortably near the truth, have no place in
Rajapaksa’s “Democracy” and must be ‘eliminated’. It was published in the ‘tamilnet’
website, which alone is a ‘hanging offence’ in the eyes of the GoSL.
On 1st March 2012, 31 Christian clergy in North Sri Lanka headed by Bishop
Rayappu Joseph, made a Submission to the UN Human Rights Council 19th Session
that had started on 27 February.
“Bishop's House, Pattim, Mannar, Sri Lanka
1st March 2012
To: The President and all members of the United Nations Human Rights Council
UN Human Rights Council sessions and resolution on Sri Lanka
We are writing to you as a group of concerned Christian clergy in North Sri Lanka
who have been directly affected by war and have been working to ensure rights of
people in our region before, during and after the war, while being concerned and
committed to broader issues of human rights, democratization and rule of law in Sri
Lanka. We have also been trying to monitor domestic and international developments
in this regard and contribute constructively to such processes.
Although we are not privy to the official positions and documents of members of the
Council in relation to actions contemplated related to Sri Lanka, we welcome that the
UNHRC members appear to be taking some action towards protection of human
rights in Sri Lanka, even though this comes a bit too late, after massive loss of life
and sufferings. At least now, we urge the Council to act decisively in relation to Sri
Lanka, to enable Sri Lankans to move towards genuine reconciliation.
Given the consistent denial of the Sri Lankan government about scale and nature of
war time abuses as well as pre-war and post-war concerns, refusal to address these,
and given also the seriousness of the allegations levelled against it as one of the
parties to such abuses, we believe it is an independent international body that could
best address concerns of truth seeking, accountability and reparations for victims in a
way that victims, survivors and their families will have confidence. It is only by
addressing these that we believe we can move towards genuine reconciliation.
The LLRC has quite rightly identified abuses by the LTTE and also come up with
some positive recommendations that has potential for reconciliation. But it has failed
to address critical issues of truth seeking and accountability, despite strong evidence
and testimony before it. The record of various domestic bodies whose
recommendations successive governments have ignored, including the LLRC’s own
interim recommendations issued more than a year ago and threats and intimidation
of witnesses who gave testimony to the LLRC including a Christian Priest had made
us lose confidence that our concerns will be addressed through LLRC. In fact, the
post LLRC track record of abducting human rights defenders in Jaffna,
obstructing human rights day event in Jaffna, obstructing peaceful campaigns
in the North, killing of a protesting fisherman in Chilaw, vicious hate
campaigns against journalists and organizations critical of the government,
singing of the national anthem in Sinhalese only and a host of such activities
indicates the absolute disregard for the LLRC report by the Government of Sri
Thus, we believe it is imperative that the UNHRC calls on the Government to:
1. Implement LLRC recommendations,
2. Present a time bound, detailed and specific action plan in this regard to the 20th
session of the UNHRC,
3. Report back on progress made on implementation to the 22nd session of the
4. Accept the appointment of and fully cooperate with an international independent
and effective mechanism to monitor above and address accountability issues not
dealt with by the LLRC.
1. Most Rev. Rayappu Joseph, Bishop of Mannar, Pattim, Mannar, Sri Lanka.
2. Rev. Fr. Kirubaharan, SFXS, Columbuthurai
(the list goes on to 31)
Conspicuous by their absence were the names of Cardinal Malcolm Rangith, the
Head of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, and the Roman Catholic Bishops of Jaffna,
Bishop Thomas Savundranyagam, and of Trincomalee-Batticaloa, Bishop Kingsley
They clearly feel that there is no problem, and that all is well with their flock. If so,
they are either out of touch with reality, or have a shameless agenda of their own.
UNHRC – Response of Civil Society
I heard the address of the Head of the Sri Lankan delegation, Minister Mahinda
Samarasinghe, to the UNHRC on 27 February, 2012. I heard his downright lies, or,
as an epistemologist would put it delicately, “the speaker’s propositions did not
correspond to the facts”, I am sure Bishop Joseph and co-workers did so in Sri
Lanka. I had an advantage in that I was at home and not in Bishop’s house, and
could shout “Liar! Liar!” as the egregious political whoppers were regularly emitted.
However, there were anatomical limitations – how many times could you shout “Liar!
Liar!” without becoming hoarse?
There are many things about politicians, especially in Sri Lanka, which I do not
understand. I wonder how conscious they are of the errors in reasoning they
regularly loft in our direction. Errors in reasoning such as, “If what the GoSL has done
to the Tamils is so fantastic, why exclude AI, HRW and ICG from visiting the area so
that see these wonders?” Given that so many politicians appear to have no qualms
about throwing outright lies at us, I believe they do know that they are lying.
When I heard Samarasinghe’s string of lies, I breathed a sigh and went to bed.
Those in the Tamil North did not. They responded immediately, “Response by Civil
Society” (29 February, 2012):-
“This document is a response to the statement made by Minister Samarasinghe at
the High Level Segment of the 19th Session of the United Nations Human Rights
Council (UNHRC). At the outset it is noted that the responses by the Government
including setting up the Lesson’s Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) and
the pledges made in the speech referenced here are as a result of increased
international scrutiny and a counter to the growing call for a resolution to
discuss Sri Lanka at the UNHRC. As civil society who work on human rights and rule
of law issues in Sri Lanka, the pledges made are yet another indicator of the delaying
tactics used by the Government to halt any genuine progress in Sri Lanka.
………., this document highlights areas of contention and counters some of the
statements made by him. The table below contains two columns-one with highlights
from the statements made by the Minister and the opposing column directly rebutting
the specific claim and at times containing questions that should be posed by different
actors to the Government of Sri Lanka.
This document is drafted by civil society based on its own reports and
documentation, public interest litigation, news reports and other documentation. It is
also drafted at a time when civil society and others who are critical of the
Government have come under intense threats, resulting in no names being
mentioned of those who drafted this document. The shrinking space for any action in
Sri Lanka demonstrates the urgent and immediate need for action at the 19th
Sessions of the UNHRC.”
The ‘Table’ referred to is a point by point response to the absolute untruths of the Sri
Lankan government. I know of no better response to the downright lies of the GoSL.
What is of concern is the decision of those who wrote this not to mention their names
because they “have come under intense threats” – which is what this paper by me
addresses. I know who they are, and what might happen to them, especially to
Bishop Joseph – hence this article.
The opposition to Bishop Joseph
The political party of the Buddhist monks (JHU)
The opposition to Bishop Joseph comes, as would be expected, from the rabidly anti-
Tamil political party of the Buddhist Monks, the JHU (Jathika Hela Urumaya (National
Freedom Front). They include frank threats (see below).
Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith
Surprisingly, opposition, or rather a lack of support, comes from the Head of the
Roman Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Cardinal Malcolm Rangith (a Sinhalese).
On 6 March, 2012, the media spokesperson of the Catholic Church, Rev Benedict
Joseph, when questioned about the letter sent by 31 Catholic clergy headed by
Bishop Rayappu Joseph, said that “the statement made by Bishop of Mannar
Rev.Rayappu Joseph regarding the requirement of an international investigation into
alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, is not the stance of the Catholic community”.
He added that “ His Eminence Arch Bishop Malcolm Cardinal Ranjith had already
established that the Catholic community believes that Sri Lanka should understand
and implement the recommendations made by the LLRC report”.
Professor Sir Hudson McLean (Scotland)
I have no idea who he is, and cannot get any information on “Google” – something
McLean revels in – “I am flattered that so many persons have searched me on
Google,”5 To this I might respond “Some of us merely want to know your background
and why you stand where you do”. I presume he exists, and that ‘he’ is not a
supporter of the ruling junta in Sri Lanka trying to be a non-existent character. Even if
this is the case, a response is necessary to deal with the arrant nonsense that has
McLean has written dozens of articles supportive of the GoSL for some 12 years,
most of them published in the “LankaWeb”.
His “Paradise lost MUST be regained”, throws some light on the elusive gentleman
whom “so many people” are searching for on Google. In it he says:
“Ceylon or Sri Lanka was home to my family for two generations. My father, a planter
(tea), brought up our family to love this beautiful Island….”.
Then came the skeleton in the cupboard, “Recently, I spent a memorable fortnight in
your beautiful Island of Sri Lanka, visiting Kandy, Nuwara Eliya (where I enjoyed a
game of early morning golf), Hikkaduwa (an expensive coastal Resort)…..
I note that this self-professed ‘concerned Catholic’ did not think it necessary to visit
the North and East where thousands of Catholics have been slaughtered and many
thousand more are struggling to survive. Nor did President Rajapaks’s wife whom I
am told is a Roman Catholic. The ‘problem’ facing McLean was that had he gone to
the arid North, he would not have been able to play golf as he did, in the salubrious
climate of Nuwara Eliya. Why would you want to go to an arid area when the
alternative is the breezy resort of Hikkaduwa? The other side of the coin is that had
he gone and seen what is going on, his writings might have been a little more
credible. I only hope that the struggling Sri Lankan taxpayer did not have to subsidise
this “memorable fortnight”.
I do not know whether I need to spend time dealing with this man who might be
singing for his supper. However, I do need to quote his outrageous comments about
the Tamil people – “Most of the Tamils were brought in by the British to work on the
tea estates”,(which shows his depth of knowledge of Sri Lanka), and his claim, “The
Island as a whole belongs to the original inhabitants, the Sinhalese.”6
He goes on in language unbecoming of his title and position. “US military presence in
India would tell the likes of China or Pakistan to fuck off”.
“Never Mind the Quality, Feel the Width” published by him on 20 February 2012
“Paradise lost MUST be regained” by Professor Sir Hudson McLean, Scotland.
I wondered why the GoSL had not sent this gentleman to fly the Sri Lankan flag at
the 19th UNHRC meeting in Geneva. I guess it was the fear that if he told China and
Pakistan “to fuck off”, it might have created ‘difficulties’ for Sri Lanka.
I take strong exception to McLean’s reference to Bishop Rayappu Joseph in the
“Open Letter” he wrote to the Head of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Cardinal
Ranjith, on the “Role of Leaders of the Catholic Faith in a Sovereign State”. Some of
it is frankly defamatory.
He says, “As a Catholic, with a deep respect and a feeling of patriotism towards Sri
Lanka, I respectfully address the issue, with regret, on the behaviour of Bishop of
Mannar Dr. Rayappu Joseph, acting as a racist and openly supporting anti-Sri
Lankan sentiments, supporting Division & Terrorism”.
He goes on, with what could be defamation. “Currently as an independent observer,
my personal reaction towards Bishop Rayappu Joseph, is that he is trying to recreate
a new generation of Tamil Terrorists within Sri Lanka. Bishop Rayappu Joseph is not
preaching the doctrine of reconciliation……
Would your conscience, as the Leader of the Sri Lankan Catholics, accept that, due
to the racist activity of Bishop Rayappu Joseph, if some of the Sinhala were to
respond equally against the Tamil population in the South, and create unrest and
By maintaining a silence, without responding to Bishop Rayappu Joseph, Your
Eminence, you are displaying lack of leadership, and even stooping to the level of
supporting racism and terrorism!
As the Leader of the Catholics in Sri Lanka, perhaps you might consider sending
strict orders to Bishop Rayappu Joseph either to “Shut-up & Put-up” or a choice of
De-robing or Relocating to Tamil Nadu”7.
Yours in Blessings of Christ
Prof. Hudson McLean
Hudson then goes on to attack the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Navanethem Pillay, in what could well be defamation:
“I have been following the learned Hon. Ms. Navanethem Pillai. Hon. Ms. Pillai as an
illustrious international legal personality, should give serious consideration to her
current status, either she acts as an independent Commissioner…… , or resigns
from this prestigious International position, to maintain its credibility, and decides to
act as an independent, dedicated legal representative of the Tamil Diaspora.
As to remuneration, at her mature age, with the available funds of Tamil Diaspora
and certainly her personal acquired wealth, plus potential incomes from other future
engagements, Hon. Ms Pillai should not find difficulties in sustaining her comfortable
standard of living.”
Why this confused man should want to send someone born in Sri Lanka to Tamil Nadu is unclear.
Perhaps he thinks that Tamil Nadu is part of Sri Lanka.
Threats to Bishop Joseph, his clergy and ‘Civil Society’
The threats have come from ‘unspecified sources’ – which most of us who are
familiar with Sri Lanka would prefer to call “the Rajapaksa regime”. These have been
freely aired by Media such as the Sunday Divaina website.
An open threat came from the party of the Buddhist monks – JHU, Jathika Hela
Urumaya (National Heritage Party), a Government coalition partner, that accuses
Bishop Joseph of aspiring to become the Cardinal of Tamil Eelam (Independent
Tamil State) and that he should be arrested and prosecuted. The JHU told the BBC
that the Government should prosecute Bishop Joseph.
In a press release, JHU said8 that “Rev Rayappu Joseph, the Bishop of Mannar, who
requests the United Nations Organization that an investigation should be launched
regarding the supposed war crimes allegations against Sri Lanka, should be
immediately produced before court, as it is a violation of the constitution of this
JHU also said that, “Since Rev. Rayappu Joseph has appeared on behalf of the
separatism of the L.T.T.E terrorism for last 30 years, it is no surprise that he is
issuing such statements supporting the L.T.T.E, as he has appeared on behalf of a
political ideology which did not acknowledge the unity of this country”.
The J.H.U. further stated that, since the Bishop’s Association has issued a statement
requesting not to put pressure on Sri Lanka, Archbishop Rev Malcolm Ranjith should
tell the country, whether the contradictory statement made by the Bishop of Mannar
is the standpoint of the Bishop’s Association
These politically-active Buddhist monks can be, and are, very violent. It was one of
them who assassinated Prime Minister S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike in 1958. Those who
believe that as followers of Buddhism, monks cannot be violent, might like to know
that Pol Pot was a Buddhist monk.
In February 2007, President Rajapaks’s Minister for Environment and National
Resources, Champika Ranawaka, from the JHU, advocated extrajudicial methods to
deal with human rights groups, journalists and others who criticize the State’s
militaristic aims. “Those bastards are traitors. We can’t do anything because of wild
donkey freedom in this country”, he told the Ravaya newspaper on 18 February
2007. “If those can’t be handled with existing laws, we know how to do it. If we can’t
suppress those bastards with the law, we need to use other ways and means, yes”.
No one in President Rajapaksa’s government has condemned the Minister’s threat to
move outside the law.
A more serious threat of physical violence came from Minister Mervyn Silva,
President Rajapaksa’s Minister of Public Relations and Public Affairs who is a thug
and a very violent man. He is not only threatens but carries out his threats. As such,
his threat cannot be taken lightly.
On 23 March 2012, Minister Mervyn Silva, addressing a public meeting in
Kiribathgoda (near Colombo), said that he will “break the bones” of Sri Lankans who
supported the UNHRC Resolution in Geneva, adding that he would do this himself. I
will deal with this threat from this Minister in the Rajapaksa government with a
documented track record of ‘breaking bones’ and physically savaging people, later in
Threats in Sri Lanka from the ruling junta, be it Mervin Silva or of Gotabaya
Rajapaksa, the President’s very violent brother and Defence Secretary (in reality the
de facto President of Sri Lanka – Mahinda Rajapaksa being only the de jure
President), are threats that cannot be ignored.
They are not just empty threats in Sri Lanka, as Lasantha Wickrematunga, the
Sinhalese owner/editor of the Sunday Leader (the only newspaper in Sri Lanka to be
critical of the Government) found out. He was assassinated in broad daylight by four
masked men when he was on his way to work in a suburb of Colombo. Many others
critical of the government, or even those who dare to question what the Government
is doing, have gone the same way, or have been bundled into a “white van”, never to
be seen again.
In its presentation on 13 March 2012 to the 19th Session of UNHRC, AI stated that
“Gross and systematic violations continue to take place in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan
organisations have documented 32 cases of involuntary and enforced
disappearances and related extra-judicial executions since October 20119 i.e. in just
five months. This is almost certainly an underestimate because many families are too
afraid to report such ‘disappearances’ to the Police or the Armed Forces who run the
North and the East. When they have, they have ‘disappeared’ too.
The same applies to rape, as I will set out in a paper I am about to publish – “An
epidemic of Rape of Tamil women and girls in the North and East of Sri Lanka by the
Sri Lankan Armed Forces”.
Concern and support for Bishop Rayappu Joseph
Forum Asia at the UNHRC Oral and written statements
Forum Asia for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) is a regional human
rights group with 49 member organisations in 17 countries across Asia. It made an
oral and written statement to the 19th Session of the UNHRC on 13 March 2012. The
written statement is at (A/HRC/19/NGO/64).
I will refer only to the oral presentation, in particular, the reference to ‘Civil Society’.
The first part confirmed what Bishop Joseph and ‘Civil Society’ had detailed in their
Submission, and then went on to deal with the concerns for their safety. Here is part
of what they said.
It referred “to the emerging trends of land grabbing and development-induced
displacement in post-war Sri Lanka. Contrary to Minister Mahinda Samarasinghe’s
portrayal during the High-level Segment - about the progress in the “removal of
military from facilitation of civil administration in the north making land previously
used for security purposes available for resettlement/return”, the forcible acquisition
of these lands by the Ministry of Defense and Rural Development for the purposes of
military camps, Special Economic Zones, tourist resorts or infrastructure
development has increased the militarization of the former conflict areas in addition
to displacing thousands of vulnerable communities, particularly farmers and
fisherfolk, as further elaborated in.”
It then went on to deal with intimidation by the GoSL:
“Madam President10, the systematic intimidation by the government and state media
against those Sri Lankan civil society organizations engaging with the UN human
rights mechanisms does not amount to genuine and constructive cooperation of the
government with this Council… ..
The Submission continued:
“Madam President, in response to the reservations put forward by some States on
the added value of the Council’s action at the current session concerning the
accountability and reconciliation issues in Sri Lanka, FORUM-ASIA highlights the
followings: 1) The Council has a responsibility to complement and fill the gaps in the
domestic accountability process as it endorsed the joint communiqué between the
UN Secretary-General and the President of Sri Lanka three years ago in 2009;……
The support of the international community as well as the Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and Special Procedures through the
action by this Council will enhance the space for those embattled Sri Lankan human
rights defenders and victims to raise their legitimate concerns on justice.
The Isolation of Bishop Rayappu Joseph
Opposition to Bishop Joseph by the Rajapaksa junta and the Sinhalese Buddhist
extremists in the Sinhalese South is understandable. That is what ‘patriotism’ has
come to mean in Sri Lanka – standing close to the Sri Lankan flag, however blood-
drenched it is.
What is deeply disturbing is the isolation of Bishop Joseph by Roman Catholic
Bishops (and clergy) in the Tamil North and even by Anglican Bishops and clergy in
this area. I refer specifically to the Roman Catholic Bishop Thomas
Savundranayagam (Jaffna) and Bishop Kingsley Swarmpillai
(Trincomalee/Batticaloa) – both of whom are Tamils, not that this matters.
The result is that Bishop Joseph is seen as a heretic and by the Sri Lankan
government as a ‘terrorist’. This is just ridiculous.
The clergy in the Tamil North and East are there to look after their flock (and other
civilians). Their failure to support Bishop Joseph in his entirely justifiable concerns
about the plight of people in this area, implies that they feel that the civilians have no
This is simply not acceptable. The Tamil National Alliance (TNA), the elected and
nominated MPs who are there to look after the interests of these people, published a
detailed report ‘Situation Report: North and East Sri Lanka’ on 21 October 2011, and
tabled it in the Sri Lankan Parliament. It is on the net.11 It is a chilling report of the
ground situation in the Tamil North and East.
Laura Dupuy Lasserre, a career diplomat from Uruguay, President UNHRC for the current session.
This was followed by a detailed 41 page Report by the Brussels-based International
Crisis Group, Sri Lanka: Women’s Insecurity in the North and East12. It is impossible
to believe that the clergy (and others) in the North and East, and for that matter in the
rest of Sri Lanka, are unaware of what the civilians in this area are going through.
I am aware that most of the members of “Civil Society” (I have referred to), come
from Jaffna. To claim that the Bishop of Jaffna was not aware of them and was
unable to contact them to listen to their concerns, is taking credibility to absurdity.
If those in authority in the North and East, including and especially the Bishops, do
not agree with the serious concerns that have been expressed by people on the
ground in Sri Lanka and credible international organisations, then they must submit a
dissenting report, if they are to retain an iota of credibility. They must then get the
GoSL to allow internationally credible organisations such as AI, HRW and ICG to visit
this area and check out the humanitarian situation. If, as the GoSL claims, and, by
their silence, the clergy and others support, there are happy smiling Tamil faces in
the North and East, what rationale can there be to refuse to allow internationally
credible human rights organisations to visit this area and see for themselves the
‘wondrous things’ the GoSL has done for the Tamil people? This is a straightforward,
but crucially important, point that was unfortunately not made, even by AI, at the
recent 19th UNHRC meeting.
The failure of the Bishops in the Tamil area to strongly support Bishop Rayappu
Joseph is disgraceful. If I am treading on people’s toes, it is entirely intentional. Lord
Reith, the founder of the BBC rightly said, “There are some whom it is our duty to
offend”. This is precisely what I am doing. My only hope is that the civilian population
in this area will work this out sooner or later, and get behind the outstanding and
outspoken Bishop Rayappu Joseph, his fellow clergy and ‘Civil Society’.
Sinhalese clergy and civilians
In striking contrast to the Tamil Bishops in the North and East, and the (Sinhalese)
Head of the Roman Catholic Church on Sri Lanka. Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith, who are
unable to support an outstanding Tamil Bishop in the North West, support for him has
commendably come from my community, the Sinhalese, in the South.
Headed by the fine upstanding Sinhalese Bishop, Kumara Illangasinghe, (Anglican)
Bishop Emeritus of Kurunegala, Christian clergy and laity from the South wrote to
UNHRC in support of the letter by Northern clergy:
“12th March 2012
To: The President and all members of the United Nations Human Rights
We the undersigned, endorse the concerns and calls made in the letter of 1st March
2012 to the President and Members of the UN Human Rights Council by 31 Catholic
clergy from Northern Sri Lanka, including the Bishop of Mannar.
We also express our grave concerns about intimidation and discrediting of the
signatories of the initial letter and in particular the Bishop of Mannar, by media such
Asia Report No 217 -20 December 2011
as the Sunday Divaina, websites and even government’s coalition partners such as
the Jathika Hela Urumaya and National Freedom Front by accusing the Bishop of
aspiring to become Cardinal of Tamil Eelam and that he should be arrested and
1. Bishop Kumara Illangasinghe
2. Rev. Fr. M. Sathivel (and others)
63 people signed it – 25 priests, 7 nuns, and 31 civilians.
As a Sinhalese, I am proud of members of my ethnic group who have come forward,
not just to support Bishop Joseph, but to rescue the name of the Sinhalese. The
former President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga, in a recent
public speech in Colombo said that after watching the shocking (UK) Channel 4
video, Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields, her son had called her from London, sobbing, “I am
ashamed to be called a Sinhalese”. She can be seen in the just-released second
Channel 4 documentary “Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields: War Crimes Unpunished”.
A predecessor of Bishop Illangasinghe in the Anglican Church in Kurunagala was the
irreplaceable (Sinhalese) Bishop Lakshman Wickremasinghe, whose name is
synonymous with integrity, decency and humanity. He was the only one I know of
who has publicly apologised to the Tamils (after the 1983 massacre of Tamils in
Colombo), for what had been done to them. His third (and final) Pastoral Letter is well
worth reading. He is what all clergy should aspire to be. I know exactly where he
would have stood in the current dreadful situation facing the Tamils in the North and
Asian Center for the Progress of Peoples (ACPP) Hong Kong
ACCP is a regional non-government organization inspired by Pope Paul VI’s
Populorum Progressio and serving justice and peace efforts in Asia through
advocacy, education and training, and networking for solidarity.
“Urgent - request for solidarity with Northern Priests and Bishop of Mannar for
taking a stand on Geneva UN HRC sessions
Greetings from ACPP, Hongkong.
As some of you may already be aware, the Bishop of Mannar in Northern Sri Lanka,
together with 30 priests, has written to the UN Human Rights Council urging them to
call on the Government of Sri Lanka to implement the positive recommendations of
the LLRC (Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Committee, the body of inquiry it set up
to look back at the Sri Lankan Civil War and provide recommendations for moving
forward to an era of healing and peace building), among other things.
The Bishops and the priests have since been attacked through intimidation and
discredit by media and government-friendly groups.
Concerned civil society groups in Sri Lanka and abroad are rallying around Bishop
Rayappu Joseph and the priests for their principled and courageous position in the
light of UN’s belated interest in the human rights situation in Sri Lanka. As the UN is
discussing a US-led resolution on Sri Lanka this week, letters of support for the
bishop’s letter have been solicited and directed sent to the UN HRC.
However, the on-goings at the Human Rights Council in Geneva is anyone’s guess,
and already there are those who are questioning the US resolution, which even if
passed, are predicted to be much watered down. This means it would not have any
meaningful effect on the human rights situation and national reconciliation efforts in
Given this scenario, the pressure is thrown back to those opposing the government
of President Mahinda Rajapaksa, and civil society actors like Bp. Joseph and his
priests. It is imperative thus, that they be affirmed and supported in their action, now
more than ever.”
The ACCP appealed to people “to send your notes and messages of solidarity to
Bishop Rayappu Joseph and the 30 priests to affirm their courageous act of
writing to the UN, to encourage them to be steadfast in their public stand and
prophetic witness, and to give them support in the continuing and expected increased
backlash on their action.
You may address your messages of solidarity to:
Fax No.: 0094-23-2232709
Thank you very much and hope that you will send your letters as soon as possible to
support these men of God who have taken upon themselves to be the voice of the
voiceless in Sri Lanka.
May God bless all our efforts for Justice and Peace,
Asian Center for the Progress of Peoples
Protests (or their lack) by the Churches in Sri Lanka at the threats against
What about the Christian Church in Sri Lanka? The Church in the Sinhalese South is
more Sinhalese than Christian. The Head of the Catholic Church, Cardinal Malcolm
Ranjith, behaves as if he is an honorary member of the Rajapaksa government. His
predecessor, Archbishop Ostwald Gomis, was the same. Gomis was holding the
bloodstained hands of President Rajapaksa, singing Christmas carols while his flock,
yes, the Tamils in the North and East are also his flock, were being decimated and
their homes reduced to rubble by the Armed Forces of the man who he was singing
carols with, who is not only the Executive President with sweeping powers, but also
the Minister of Defence and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith (a Sinhalese) said that the Report by the UN Secretary
General’s Panel of Experts to look into accountability issues in the closing stages of
the war, was part of “an international conspiracy” against the country. This is, of
course, what the GoSL claims. The Cardinal might consider quitting his position and
accepting a Cabinet post in Rajapaksa’s government. He can then fly the flag for the
GoSL, rather than do so from the position he holds. He cannot do both.
As for the Bishops in the Tamil North and East (other than Bishop Joseph), I have
already dealt with them. Bishop Thomas Savundranayagam, Bishop of Jaffna, has
not expressed any concern at the threats against a fellow Bishop in the North, or of
the suffering Tamil people. Presumably he thinks that all is well. If so, the man must
be on a different planet (already).
Bishop Kingsley Swarmpillai, Bishop of Trincomalee-Batticaloa, is only marginally
better. I have not heard any concerns from him either.
I have had contact with this Bishop some time ago. A friend of mine, Joseph
Pararajasingham, MP, was gunned down on Christmas Day, 25 December 2005, in
the Batticaloa Church soon after he received communion from the Bishop. The MPs
wife was also shot, seriously injuring her. The assailants coolly took off and went to
the nearby Army camp, an indication of where they came from.
I telephoned the Bishop from Australia, to find out what he had done about the
assassination of the elected Member of Parliament, a crime committed before his
very eyes. I was told that the Bishop was in bed with a back-ache and could not
speak on the phone. As a doctor, I have spoken with many patients in bed with a
back-ache. I let it ride.
In such a setting, Bishop Rayappu Joseph was a gift from God.
Other human rights activists threatened
It is not only Bishop Rayappu Joseph, his Tamil clergy and ‘Civil Society’ who have
been threatened. Sinhalese activists of standing (Sunila Abeysekera, recipient of the
UN Human Rights Award in 1999 and described by Human Rights Watch as one of
the best known activists in Sri Lanka, Nimalka Fernando, a lawyer, women’s rights
activist, a member of the Democratic People’s Movement in Sri Lanka and the
President of the International Movement Against All forms of Discrimination against
Women (IMADR), Sunanda Deshapriya the former Head of the Free Media
Movement before going into exile in 2009, and Dr Paikiasoothy Saravanamuttu,
Executive Director of the Centre for Policy Alternatives, a much respected
organization in Colombo, have also been threatened.
Three of them decided to issue a Joint Statement on 23rd March 2012 in Colombo:
“As the three Sri Lankan human rights defenders who have come most under attack
by the state media in Sri Lanka in the past week, because of our active involvement
with the on-going session of the UN Human rights Council in Geneva, we feel
compelled to issue this statement of clarification.
We do not deny that we are critical of the conduct of the government of Sri Lanka,
and the institutions and agencies under its control, whenever disregard for the human
rights obligations imposed on the government by virtue of its being signatory to
almost all international human rights conventions comes to our attention. As the
President of Sri Lanka, and his Special Envoy on Human Rights well know, the three
of us have offered our services to this government to ensure human rights
accountability in the past. For example, all of us served on the National Advisory
Council appointed by Minister Mahinda Samarasinghe, when he held the portfolio for
Nor do we deny that we work with a range of human rights organizations, nationally,
regionally and internationally, to draw attention to human rights violations in Sri
Lanka as well as to the culture of impunity and the lack of accountability for violations
of the past and of the present. This is our right, as human rights defenders, and we
have exercised that right for many years, under various governments, in spite of a
barrage of attacks and intimidation from various quarters, including state and non-
It is indeed regrettable that at a time in the history of our country when we have the
opportunity to transform our society, to move from a post-war to a post-conflict
phase, and to enjoy the support of the international community to rebuild a just,
humane and prosperous Sri Lanka in which all its citizens can live together with
peace and dignity, the government and its media have seen it necessary to launch
into an unprecedented and utterly personalized attack against the three of us. There
is no attempt to challenge us substantively on any point. None of the comments
attributed to us, were actually ever made by any one of us; there are many who were
present at the side events where we have spoken who can testify to that.
This attack is totally counter-productive in terms of the government’s campaign to
resist the Resolution on Sri Lanka, which has been tabled at the Council. In fact, in
Geneva today, there is more focus on the attacks and acts of intimidation of Sri
Lankan human rights defenders than there is on the negotiations around the
Resolution. Those who accuse us of bringing the country into disrepute would do well
to examine both their own motives and the consequences of their actions. Instead of
carrying on with advocacy for defeating the Resolution, Sri Lanka’s ambassador to
the Council, Ms. Tamara Kunanayagam has had to spend hours of her valuable time
talking to delegations, to the President of the Council and to officials of the Office of
the High Commissioner on Human Rights about the campaign of intimidation and
attack against Sri Lankan human rights defenders at the Council and in Sri Lanka.
As human rights defenders working to defeat impunity in Sri Lanka and to build a
strong system of justice and accountability for human rights violations, whether
committed in the past or in the present, we remain committed to our ideals and to our
goals. For us, whether there is a Resolution on Sri Lanka at the UN Human rights
Council or not, our work to defend human rights in Sri Lanka must, and will, go on.
Sunila Abeysekera Nimalka Fernando Dr Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu
On 5 February 2012, Sunanda Deshapriya, Media and Communications, Peace and
Conflict, Politics and Governance, Colombo, wrote an Open Letter to Minister
Keheliya Rambukwella, Minister of Mass Media and Information,
Mr Minister, my name is Sunanda Deshapriya. I am not a Terrorist.13
All of them, except Saravanamuttu, are Sinhalese, although in the eyes of the Sri
Lankan government and the likes of Minister Mervyn Silva, they are ‘Terrorists’ or
even “Tamil Tiger Terrorists”. Ethnicity no longer matters, it is where one stands that
matters. Hence the ‘need’ for Deshapriya to state his position. This label is also
attached to Bishop Rayappu Joseph, his fellow priests and members of ‘Civil
The High Commissioner for Human Rights warns Sri Lanka
On 23 March 2012, at the close of the 19th Session of the UN Human Rights Council,
the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navanethem Pillay, warned that there
must be no reprisals against Sri Lankan human rights defenders in the aftermath of
yesterday's adoption by the Human Rights Council of a resolution on Sri Lanka.
Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Rupert Colville,
quoting Mrs Pillay said that during this Human Rights Council session, there has
been an unprecedented and totally unacceptable level of threats, harassment and
intimidation directed at Sri Lankan activists who had travelled to Geneva to engage in
the debate, including by members of the 71-member official Sri Lankan government
delegation. Intimidation and harassment of Sri Lankan civil society activists have also
been reported in other locations around Geneva.
On the other hand, the Sri Lankan ambassador in Geneva received an anonymous
threatening letter which is being followed up by the police and UN security.
At the same time in Sri Lanka itself, newspapers, news websites and TV and radio
stations have since January been running a continuous campaign of vilification,
including naming and in many cases picturing activists, describing them as an “NGO
gang” and repeatedly accusing them of treason, mercenary activities and association
with terrorism. Some of these reports have contained barely veiled incitement and
threats of retaliation. At least two comments posted by readers of articles of this type
have called for burning down of the houses of the civil society activists named in the
articles, and at least one such comment called openly for them to be killed.
The High Commissioner noted that some of the attacks on human rights defenders
were carried in Sri Lankan state media and Government websites or were filed by
journalists who had been officially accredited to the Human Rights Council session
by the Sri Lankan permanent mission. She called on the Government to ensure the
protection of human rights defenders, to publicly disassociate itself from such
statements, and to clearly uphold the right of Sri Lankan citizens to freely engage in
international debate of this kind.
The High Commissioner has also noted that Sri Lanka's own Lessons Learned and
Reconciliation Commission, in its report published in December (2011), made
extensive and positive references to the role civil society can play in reconciliation
and rehabilitation efforts, and stressed this would require greater tolerance towards
differing views within Sri Lankan civil society and the protection of Sri Lankan human
What is clear is that once totalitarian regimes start on this slippery slope of
intimidation, murder and ‘disappearances’, the target expands. Today it is Bishop
Joseph and his 30 Tamil priests who are in the line of fire, tomorrow it will be human
rights activists, two of whom are renowned Sinhalese activists who have already
How serious are these threats?
Given the track record of the GoSL, its undisciplined Armed Forces and the
breakdown of law and order with hooligans and thugs doing as they please, often
with the blessings of the Government and the regime in power which has a very
violent man, Merwyn Silva, as a Minister in the Rajapaksa government (see below), it
would be of the utmost stupidity to treat these threats lightly.
This is precisely what happened to Fr Jim Brown (mentioned in one of Bishop
Rev. Fr. Tiruchelvam Nihal Jim Brown, a young Roman Catholic priest, had been
sent as the parish priest to the Philip Neri Church, Allaipiddy village, on Keyts Island,
off the Jaffna Peninsula. He had replaced a priest who said he was too afraid to
return because of threats from the Sri Lankan Navy.
Hundreds of Tamil Christians and Moslems had taken refuge in the Church during
the fighting between the Sri Lankan Navy and the Tamil Tigers. On 13 August 2006,
the Church was shelled, killing dozens of people and injuring many more.
Fr Brown was known to have helped many civilians to move from Allaipiddy to the
town of Kayts. He, like his predecessor, continued to receive threats from the Navy.
He received a number of death threats from the Commanding Officer of the
Allaipiddy Naval camp. How real were these threats?
We found out on 20 August 2006. Fr Brown and another man, Wenceslaus
Vimalthas, left Allaipiddy to visit the nearby village of Mandaithivu. The Sri Lankan
Navy refused to allow them to enter the village. On the way back to Allaipiddy they
were stopped at a Navy check-point. They have not been seen again.
Amnesty International launched two appeals (on 29 August 2006, and again on 12
September 2006) “Fear for Safety: Possible Disappearance”. So did Human Rights
Watch. His body has recently been found in a bag weighted down with stones, at the
bottom of the sea near the Sri Lankan Naval position. Rear-Admiral Upali
Ranaweera, the Commander of the Sri Lankan Navy in the Northern region should
know all about this. (I do not know where he is today. Perhaps in a Sri Lankan
diplomatic position outside Sri Lanka, where many with a case to answer have now
On 17 April 2007, the Roman Catholic clergy sent a letter to Pope Benedict XVI14 on
the situation in Sri Lanka – “Members of the clergy have been among those targeted.
We are particularly troubled by the case of Reverend Fr Thiruchelvan Nihal Jim
Brown who ‘disappeared’ after he stopped at a Naval check-point on Kayts Island
near Jaffna on August 20, 2006. He had been receiving death treats from senior
Just to show that appeals to the Pope, or anyone else, for that matter, meant nothing,
Fr M.X.Karunaratnam, Head of North East Secretariat of Human Rights (NESoHR),
was slaughtered. Fr Karunaratnam regularly travelled on the road in the North
administering Holy Communion to groups of villagers on the road. He had been
regularly threatened by the Army, but he did what was expected of him as a priest.
On 20 April 2008, the Sri Lankan Army’s “Deep Penetration Unit” unleashed a
claymore mine, killing him instantaneously. The GoSL could not care less, nor could
the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Colombo who had direct access to the President.
So, threats by the Sri Lankan government and its Armed Forces are real threats that
are carried out. That is why they cannot be ignored.
Minister Mervyn Silva
As I have said, Mervyn Silva, President Rajapaksa’s Minister of Public Relations and
Public Affairs, is a very violent person, operating with his ‘private army’ of goons.
I do not want to spend time on this man who should have been behind bars, but he is
a dangerous player in that he can unleash violence, not only on those struggling to
restore human rights in Sri Lanka, but is making a mockery of the rule of law and
dismantling democracy in that country.
Minister Silva has a long history of violence, which includes several episodes of
serious assault of individuals and even of television studios. He operates with a band
of underworld characters, drug dealers, goons and criminals.
On 27 December 2007, accompanied by his hoodlums, he stormed State-run
television station, Rupavahini, and assaulted the news Director,
T,M,G.Chandrasekera, because a speech by Silva the previous day had not been
fully reported. The staff of the station gave Silva the hiding he richly deserved. He
was, with a black eye, crouching petrified, till the Police rescued him.
On 1 June 2009, Poddala Jayantha, Secretary of Sri Lanka Working Journalists, was
abducted on his way to work in Colombo, severely assaulted, his legs broken, and
dumped by the roadside. He needed Intensive Care. Minister Silva publicly said on
23 March 2012, that he was responsible for this.
On 3 August 2010, Silva had a government official tied to a tree for not attending a
meeting organised by him (the official could not attend because his child was ill).
Minister Silva invited the Media to come and witness this crime (the video in on
Minister Silva does what he likes to whomever he likes, functioning well outside the
law – beyond even the law of the jungle. How he gets away with it is a separate
issue, but he does. President Rajapaksa should come clean on why this man with a
long history of criminality has been given Ministry after Ministry, once even in charge
of the Media, despite the fact that he personally destroyed a Media outlet in
Colombo. He boasted that as long as President Rajapaksa and the Rajapaksa family
is in power, “no one can touch me”.
A leading newspaper in Sri Lanka, the Sunday Leader, set out the criminal record of
this man, “Meet the Real Mervyn Silva”.15
I have referred to the public meeting on 23 March 2012, in a suburb of Colombo,
when he said the he will “break the bones” of those who supported the US
Memorandum on Sri Lanka.
He said, “I am a good Sinhala Buddhist. I will not allow anybody to auction my
Sinhala Buddhist traits”.
My mother was a devout Buddhist, and I am familiar with Buddha’s teaching. Could
Minister Silva tell us which Buddhist stanza sets out what this “good Sinhala
Buddhist” is doing, and has done (repeatedly)? It is time for the Buddhists in Sri
Lanka to take this man to task for defaming a great religion.
Minister Silva said that past kings would execute those acting against the country,
and that “The time has come now to do what the kings did then”.
What was passed at the 19th Session of the UNHRC
Although expatriate Tamils all over the world are ‘celebrating’ the US-sponsored
Resolution passed at the UNHRC meeting, as a ‘win’ for the Tamils, careful appraisal
of its contents shows that it is a sell-out of the Tamil people in the North and East of
Sri Lanka, and has given the GoSL permission to do what it wants for another year
(till March 2013).
Here is what was passed:
“United States of America: the verbally revised resolution adopted on 22 March
2012 at the 19th session of the UNHCR
Promoting reconciliation and accountability in Sri Lanka
The Human Rights Council,
Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant instruments,
Recalling Council resolutions 5/1 and 5/2 on institution building of the Human Rights
Reaffirming that States must ensure that any measure taken to combat terrorism
complies with their obligations under international law, in particular international
human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, as applicable,
Taking note of the report of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission of Sri
Lanka and its findings and recommendations, and acknowledging its possible
contribution to the process of national reconciliation in Sri Lanka,
Welcoming the constructive recommendations contained in the Commission’s report,
including the need to credibly investigate widespread allegations of extra-judicial
killings and enforced disappearances, demilitarize the north of Sri Lanka, implement
impartial land dispute resolution mechanisms, re-evaluate detention policies,
strengthen formerly independent civil institutions, reach a political settlement on the
devolution of power to the provinces, promote and protect the right of freedom of
expression for all and enact rule of law reforms,
Noting with concern that the report does not adequately address serious allegations
of violations of international law,
1. Calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka to implement the constructive
recommendations made in the report of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation
Commission and to take all necessary additional steps to fulfil its relevant legal
obligations and commitment to initiate credible and independent actions to ensure
justice, equity, accountability and reconciliation for all Sri Lankans;
2. Requests the Government of Sri Lanka to present, as expeditiously as possible, a
comprehensive action plan detailing the steps that the Government has taken and
will take to implement the recommendations made in the Commission’s report, and
also to address alleged violations of international law;
3. Encourages the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
and relevant special procedures mandate holders to provide, in consultation with,
and with the concurrence of, and the Government of Sri Lanka to accept,, advice and
technical assistance on implementing the above-mentioned steps;, and requests the
Office of the High Commissioner to present a report on the provision of such
assistance to the Human Rights Council at its twenty-second session”.
That was it. The introductory clap-trap excluded, it merely calls on the GoSL to
implement the LLRC and to present an action plan, and encourages the UNHRC to
‘advise’ the GoSL and report back to the UNHRC at its 22nd Session – March 2013!
It is worth repeating what the 19 Tamils in Civil Society, including Bishop Rayappu
Joseph, pointed out to the US Envoys who visited Sri Lanka in February 2012. Their
concluding paragraph is so important that it is worth repeating:
“…..we urge the ‘international community to acknowledge the consistent failure of
domestic accountability mechanisms in Sri Lanka and take steps to establish an
international mechanism for accountability’. Any resolution coming out of the Human
Rights Council, which gives more time to the Government of Sri Lanka, will have a
devastating impact on the Tamil community. The Government’s current activities in
the North and East are challenging the very existence of the Tamil people and more
time to the GOSL to implement the LLRC’s recommendations will only mean further
time for the Government to play havoc in the North and East and subjugate the
interests and aspirations of the Tamil people. If the International Community does not
act now, like they did not act in May 2009, the Tamils will cease to exist as a ‘people’
in this country.”
To establish “an international mechanism for accountability” was not done. What was
done was to give more time to the Government of Sri Lanka, which, as Civil Society
rightly pointed out, “will have a devastating impact on the Tamil community”. It will
“only mean further time for the Government to play havoc in the North and East and
subjugate the interests and aspirations of the Tamil people”.
The concluding sentence is critical and is what will undoubtedly happen. “If the
International Community does not act now…… the Tamils will cease to exist as a
‘people’ in this country.”
What the US-Resolution did was to enable the Sri Lankan government to make sure
that the Tamils cease to exist as a ‘peoples’ in Sri Lanka. I completely agree with
what ‘Civil Society’ has written.
In the event of the GoSL refusing to accept the Resolution (which has just been done
– see below), there were no penalties.
Moreover, what was urgently needed is the immediate admission of internationally
credible Human Rights organisations (AI, HRW, ICG), and international humanitarian
organisations into the North and East to check on what was happening to the Tamil
people, their land and their survival. That was most certainly not done.
As such, the UNHRC Resolution made a bad situation (for the Tamil people in the
North and East) even worse. I will deal with what can be done about this in a
This is not the first time that the UNHRC has failed to take meaningful action against
the GoSL. The last time it was worse. It actually praised the Sri Lankan government
for what it did to the Tamil civilians.
On 25th May 2009, a week after the end of the slaughter of Tamils, the UNHRC had
an Emergency Session. Sri Lanka put up a self-congratulatory motion “Assistance to
Sri Lanka in the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights”. The proposed text was
co-signed by 12 countries, China, Saudi Arabia, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia,
Philippines, Cuba, Egypt, Nicaragua, and Bolivia.
It was sponsored by, of all countries, Switzerland, and co-sponsored by 25 other
countries. It was one of the most unprincipled and shameless Resolutions ever
passed by the UNHRC. Paragraph 12 was unbelievable:
“12. The Council stresses the importance of combating impunity and calls on the
government of Sri Lanka to investigate all allegations and bring to justice, in
accordance with international humanitarian law, including hostage taking, torture,
enforced disappearances and extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, and to
increase its efforts to further prevent such violations”.
It was calling on Sri Lanka to investigate and prosecute itself for war crimes and
crimes against humanity! 25 other countries Co-Sponsored this outrageous Swiss
Geoffrey Robertson QC, a world authority on Human Rights, dealt with some of this
in an interview with the BBC in London on 2 July 2009. I have recorded this in my
dvd, Sri Lanka: Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, Violation of International Law.
Here is part of what he said:-
BBC: What is the answer? The Human Rights Council is the body that’s meant to
Robertson: (interrupting) The Human Rights Council is a highly politicised body. It is
made up, not of experts on human rights, but of paltering diplomats. Europe is
allocated only seven of the forty seven seats. We have countries like Russia and
China obviously concerned to keep their own internal problems down and away from
oversight. We have Egypt, we even have Cuba. So the decision is not really
surprising (to praise Sri Lanka for committing mass murder).
It is not surprising that this “highly politicised” body made up of “paltering diplomats”
passed a meaningless Resolution at the 19th UNHRC Sessions in February – March
2012 that gave the Sri Lankan government another year to do what it wants to the
Tamils, and report back in March 2013. Those who expect justice for the Tamil
people from the UNHRC are not in the real world.
What was on display in the UNHRC in Geneva in the February-March 2012 Sessions
was Sri Lanka’s international rowdyism. It is what goes on in the Sri Lankan
Parliament so often, and is now one of Sri Lanka’s main exports, which the writer of
this article has been subjected to many times, even in a recent address in a Christian
Church in Brisbane to a mainly Australian (non-Sri Lankan) congregation. The
meeting was ‘invaded’ by Sinhalese hooligans who violated the rights of the rest of
the people who had come to be apprised of the humanitarian situation in Sri Lanka.
Two new events
This paper was ready for publication when there were two events of significance, one
of which I have just alluded to.
1. The UNHRC Resolution will not change what Sri Lanka will do.
On 26 March 2012, in the first announcement following the UNHRC Resolution,
Foreign Minister G.L.Peiris said that Sri Lanka will not alter what is being done, no
matter the consequences.
1. Sri Lanka does not agree with the Resolution, and “we have no reason to fear
2. There will not be a change in the future course of action and “will not do
In other words, passing the Resolution was a waste of time. What has gone on will
continue. The serious problem was that the UNHRC Resolution did not spell out what
the consequence of non-compliance will be.
Economic sanctions would have been one possibility, but as Peiris rightly pointed
out, “because of the resolutions in Geneva there aren’t going to be economic
sanctions. These two things are not inter-related…….This will not take place that
How effective economic sanctions are has been demonstrated in Burma. It was
economic sanctions that forced the ruling Burmese military to hold elections after
decades of military rule. That some 25% of the seats in parliament will still be
reserved for the military is not the issue orS whether any meaningful change will
occur in that military dictatorship. What is important is that elections were held.
Sri Lankans are not stupid. It is the UNHRC members who are stupid (or acting
stupidly) for geopolitical and economic gains. Sri Lanka know full well how ‘to play
them’, and does it to perfection. That was how the war was ‘won’ by the GoSL.
2. Physical threats by a Government Minister
I have already referred to the open threat by Mervyn Silva, President Rajapaksa’s
Minister of Public Relations and Public Affairs, on 23 March 2012, when he said that
he would “break the bones” of (named) Sri Lankans who supported the UNHRC
Motion in Geneva, adding that he would do this himself.
Silva named his intended victims – human rights activists, Dr Packiasothy
Saravanamuttu, and lawyer Ms Nimalka Fernando, and journalists Sunanda
Deshapriya and Poddala Jayantha (who has not even gone to Geneva or sent a
communication). Mr Jayantha has already been savaged by the Minister and his
goons, and has had his legs broken. Three of the people in the Minister’s sights are
Whether Bishop Rayappu Joseph, his clergy and members of ‘Civil Society’ in the
North are within the reach of Minister Mervyn Silva and his goons, I do not know.
Most certainly, the human rights activists and anyone even mildly critical of what
President Rajapaksa and his junta, are at considerable risk.
The UN High Commissioner, Navanethem Pillay’s ‘warning’ to Sri Lanka that there
must be no reprisals against human rights defenders after the adoption of the
Resolution at the 19th UNHRC, will have absolutely no effect on Minister Silva who
operates an even more violent group within an already violent regime of the ruling
junta in Sri Lanka.
The Amnesty International strategy
My personal contact with Peter Benenson, the founder of AI before does have
relevance to the current situation in Sri Lanka. I met him in 1957, four years before AI
was launched. Our meeting was, interestingly, to do with Ceylon – the Plantation
Tamils. A group of British lawyers had formed, or was going to form, a group called
“Justice” in the late 1950s to look into what the British Parliament had done or was
responsible for, in its territories and colonies.
I do not need to go into the details but I was a medical student in Cambridge when I
was invited to address this group on the plight of the Plantation Tamils who had been
brought to Ceylon (as it then was), virtually as slaves to work on the tea plantations. I
addressed this group in 1957 and met Peter Benenson, with whom I kept in touch.
When I came to London to finish my medical training. Benenson’s modest chambers
in Mitre Court were only a few minutes by the tube train, and I met up with him from
time to time.
Towards the end of 1960, he had read a short news clip that two Portuguese
students had been jailed for seven years for raising their glasses to toast to free
Portugal from the ruthless dictator Antonio Salazar. I asked him what he intended to
do. He said that we should write a letter. I thought the idea was absurd. “Do you think
that a few letters arriving on his table would do anything other than end in his
dustbin?” He agreed “Yes, 10 or even 100 might end in the dustbin but 100,000
might be different. They might still end in the dustbin. Well, let us fill his dustbin”.
Amnesty was launched a year later in 1961. I was there in that magnificent Church,
St Martins-in-the-Fields in Trafalgar Square on December 10 (Human Rights Day),
when the now famous candle was lit. It was based in an old Chinese saying that it is
better to light a candle than to curse the darkness. Some years later Beneson said,
“The candle burns not for us but for all those whom we failed to rescue friom prison,
who were shot on the way to prison, who were tortured, who were kidnapped, who
“disappeared”. That’s what the candle burns for.”
What Peter Benenson suggested in 1960 and which Amnesty International has done
over the years is to write letters (to ‘fill the dustbin’) of tyrants, dictators and others
who commit violations of human rights.
AI has two key strategies – to publicise information and mobilise public opinion. The
essential components have been, 1) the publication of accurate and impartial reports,
and 2) to get citizens on board by letter writing, media and publicity work, and public
demonstrations. These influence countries and governments. The striking success of
this strategy is why AI won the Nobel Prize for Human Rights in 1978.
What can be done?
To give the Bishop, his clergy and members of ‘civil society’, and now even human
rights activists in the Sinhalese South, physical protection is impossible. The Sri
Lankan regime can do whatever they want to whom ever they want with complete
impunity. They have and they will. So will the likes of Minister Mervyn Silva and his
The only possible ‘protection’ that can be given is the force of public opinion, in
particular, international opinion. This might well be insufficient but is all that can be
done, other than the physical removal of the vulnerable people from the country. That
is neither possible nor desirable since what is being removed is the only voice of a
voiceless people – the Tamil people in the North and East, and the voice of reason in
the South. To remove them is not only impossible but irresponsible. It is as
irresponsible as what the UN and Humanitarian organisations did in 2008 – remove
themselves from the conflict zone (on the orders of the Government’s, enabling the
Government Armed Forces to commit the most serious atrocities on the civilians in
the North and East.
What can be done (if anything) is to apprise the world of what might happen to
Bishop Joseph, his fellow clergy and others, and to let the regime in Sri Lanka know
that the world is watching.
Harold Pinter, the 2005 Nobel Prize winner in Literature, titled his Nobel Lecture –
Art, Truth and Politics. I will quote from this outstanding lecture since that is what is
happening in Sri Lanka.
“The majority of politicians…...are not interested in truth but in power and the
maintenance of that power. To maintain that power it is essential that people (in Sri
Lanka and abroad) remain in ignorance of the truth. What surrounds us is a vast
tapestry of lies, upon which we (in the outside world and those in Sri Lanka) feed. It
never happened. Nothing ever happened. Even while it is happening, it wasn’t
happening. It didn’t matter. It is of no interest”.
President Rajapaksa, on the first anniversary of the slaughter, said, “Not a single
civilian was killed by our soldiers. It was all done by the Tamil Tigers”. To his
‘tapestry of lies’ he added, “Our soldiers went to war with a gun in one hand and the
human rights convention in the other”. This, mind you, was to hundreds of people,
several from the diplomatic community invited for the tamasha in Colombo.
In Sri Lanka today, the Rajapaksa regime is without doubt the greatest show on the
road. Brutal, ruthless, scornful and indifferent it might be, but also very clever. As a
salesman, President Rajapaksa is in a class of his own, and his most saleable
commodity is himself. That is why it was ‘necessary’ to jail General Sarath Fonseka,
the former Army Commander, on a trumped up charge and hand-picked Judges.
The Rajapaksa junta no longer bothers about the truth. They see no point in being
reticent or even devious. They put their cards on the table without fear or favour.
They simply do not give a damn about the United Nations, International Law or
critical dissent, which they regard as impotent, irrelevant and a joke. They might well
The problem is how one can protect outspoken people such as Bishop Rayappu
Joseph from such a regime. I do not think it is possible – except to let the junta know
that the world is watching. It is for this reason that this paper is being published.
I suggest that you send a letter to the President to express your concerns:
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
150 Galle Rd
Colombo 3, Sri Lanka.
Brian Senewiratne Brisbane, Australia. 6 April 2012
LLRC: Submission by the Catholic Diocese of Mannar 16
by Rt. Rev. Dr. Rayappu Joseph , Rev. Fr. Victor Sosai, Rev. Fr. Xavier Croos
This is a presentation on behalf of the people of Mannar district by the Roman
Catholic Bishop and Priests of the Diocese of Mannar to the Lessons Learnt and
Reconciliation Commission (LLRC).
At the outset, we must express our disappointment that previous Commissions of
Inquiry have failed to establish the truth into human rights violations and extrajudicial
killings they were inquiring and bring justice and relief to victims and their families.
For example, the attack on the Pesalai Catholic Church while civilians were taking
refuge and the disappearance of Fr. Jim Brown, both in 2006, were amongst the 16
cases that the Presidential Commission of Inquiry to Investigate and Inquire into
Alleged Serious Violations of Human Rights was mandated to look into, but we have
not heard of any progress. It is also disturbing that reports of these Commissions
have not been made available to those who came before the Commission, victims,
their families and general public.
However, we believe the appointment of the LLRC by His Excellency Mahinda
Rajapakse is an opportunity for all Sri Lankans to move towards reconciliation. We
recognize the importance of learning lessons from our history, in order to move
forward as well as prevent further conflict and violence. Thus, our willingness to
come before the LLRC and assist the LLRC by working with the Kacheri and Grama
Sewekas17 to make it better known amongst our people.
We appreciate the positive response of the LLRC to our request to visit Mannar
district and meet people here who have been seriously affected by the war,
especially the last phase of war from 2006-2009. However, Mannar being a district
that tens of thousands of people have been affected by war for 3 decades, we are
disappointed that the time allocated to listen to our people is very small. We request
that special period of time be allocated for further submissions by the public even
after the formal sessions of the LLRC are completed.
We also believe that it is crucial for any serious effort towards reconciliation to go
back into our history beyond February 2002, as roots of the conflict and reasons for
the war that caused so much pain, destruction and polarization dates much further.
Infact, the LTTE, other armed Tamil groups and the war are not the cause, but only
results of the conflict. Although LTTE and other Tamil armed groups have caused
much suffering, their actions were prompted by the failure of successive
governments to respond favourably to Tamil’s efforts to resolve their problems
through peaceful and political means. While acknowledging the part played by LTTE
and other armed groups in the suffering of the people, we wish to point out that the
state military and their secret agents are feared more by the people and are held
responsible for much of their woes.
In order to achieve genuine and lasting reconciliation, we believe it is crucial to
address roots of the conflict and war, primarily issues affecting Tamils such as
Local village leaders
recognition of their political reality, language, land, education and political power
B. Importance of truth:
We are convinced that recognizing in public the objective truth of the events of
destruction that has taken place during the decades of war and violence is
indispensable for any attempts at reconciliation. Although establishing the truth is not
explicitly mentioned in your mandate, we believe you will share our conviction that
there can be no genuine and lasting reconciliation without truth. In particular, the truth
about violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, such as
enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, arbitrary detention, torture, bombing
and shelling of civilian’s spaces including hospitals and religious institutions etc. must
be publicly acknowledged bearing also in mind the principle of “Command
Responsibility”. We note that except in one case (rape and murder Krishanthy
Kumarasami) no perpetrators have been convicted for numerous crimes such as
extrajudicial killings, disappearances, torture, arbitrary detention, rape and sexual
abuse. It is our belief that this culture of impunity over the years, led to more and
more crimes against Tamil civilians during the course of the conflict. Measures such
as forgiveness, amnesty are only possible when there is genuine acceptance and
repentance of wrongs done and the truth is acknowledged.
It is our earnest appeal that the LLRC will give high priority to establish in public the
truth of what has happened in the course of conflict and war.
C. Importance of political solution:
It should be recognized that Tamil people along with other inhabitants are part of one
Sri Lanka, while having their own identity, culture, language, religion and traditional
habitation. This reality in Sri Lanka has to be duly recognized by the government,
considering also international law and practices in resolving conflict through political
processes. Basic principle of power sharing and rights of minorities must be legally
entrenched in the Constitution. The constitution and legal system must not favor and
should not leave any room to be even perceived as favoring majority or any one
community or religion.
We believe that this process should be done with full participation of all communities,
with the assistance of Sri Lankan experts as well as drawing on relevant international
We acknowledge that this will be a long process. We note that several such
processes initiated in the past had been abandoned, including the All Party
Representative Committee appointed by the present President. Political solution
could be carved out taking into consideration previous attempts at a political solution
and relevant amendments made to the constitution.
We believe it is crucial to take initial steps immediately, with a clear time frame for
completion of the process and implementation of the final political solution.
D. Immediate issues to be addressed
While a political solution to the conflict is essential, we would like to highlight several
immediate issues that need to be addressed to ensure that we move forward on the
path to reconciliation. Without addressing these needs, people affected by the war
will not be able to move towards reconciliation and neither will they have any
confidence or hope in any reconciliation process initiated at macro level.
Below are some such concerns with some practical suggestions:
1. Enforced disappearances:
We are submitting herewith a list of 100 persons that have disappeared as reported
by their loved ones. (Annex 1 – parts I and II) The actual numbers would be much
more. Existing mechanisms such as the Police, National Human Rights Commission
and previous Presidential Commissions that many family members had complained
to, have been unable to assist the families of the disappeared people. We are
particularly worried that there is no news about two Tamil priests from the North who
disappeared in this period, namely Rev. Fr. Jim Brown and Rev. Fr. Francis Joseph,
although not from the Mannar diocese. Fr. Jim Brown’s case was even part of the
mandate of the previous Presidential Commission of Inquiry in 2006.
1.1 Establishment of a special fast track mechanism that is independent of state
institutions and will be perceived as independent by affected families.
1.2 In cases where it is clearly established that the person cannot be found,
processes for death certificates and compensation should be expedited.
1.3 Procedures for applying for same should be simple, time bound and should be
2. Remanded LTTE suspects:
We are submitting a list of 274 persons who have been reported to us as being
remanded. We are again aware that the actual number of persons in detention is
much more than we present. There are thousands of LTTE suspects detained in
prisons all over the country, such as in Welikeda in Colombo, Bogambara in Kandy,
Jaffna, Batticaloa, Vavuniya, Anuradhapura etc. Almost all are Tamils. Most are
detained purely on suspicion of links to the LTTE, with no charges brought for years.
Others have been charged, but their trials are going on for years. Some of those,
such as those detained in Omanthai under the Terrorist Investigation Department
(TID), have been denied access to lawyers, ICRC and National Human Rights
Commission and right to participate in religious services. Their relatives face a lot of
problems visiting them and are often compelled to talk in inhumane manner through
wire mesh, with more than 10 at a time in congested small room. There is no
centralized list of detainees in each detention centre that relatives could refer to.
It is very important also to identify and pay special attention to vulnerable groups with
special needs, such as those with young children and physically disabled.
2.1 A centralized, comprehensive list of detainees should be made public – with
names, places of detention as well as record of transfers, so families are made
aware of the whereabouts of their family members. The list should also provide the
reasons for detention and under which legal provision they are being detained.
2.2 Unhindered access to detainees, by their families, religious leaders, lawyers,
ICRC and other statutory bodies and individuals.
2.3 Release all those who are not charged or detained in accordance with the legal
framework and expedite the cases of those who have been charged.
2.4 A proper screening process should be in place to identify special cases, such as
those with young children and with physical disability and provide special assistance
3. Extrajudicial killings:
We present herewith a list of 166 people who had been reported to us as killed
during the last phase of the war, from Mannar district. (Annex 3) This number is not
complete. Thousands of persons have been reported killed during the three decade
old war from the North and East, most of them, since 2007 and particularly in the last
five months of war in 2009. This includes a large number from the district of Mannar.
Rev. Fr. Pakiaranjith, a priest of our diocese was also killed on 26th September 2007
in Vellankulam Road near Thunnukai, while he was taking assistance to displaced
people. Hundreds of civilians from the Mannar district have also been deliberately
killed by the military at the beginning of the war in early 1980s, such as the mass
massacre at 11th mile post on the Mannar – Medawachiya Road on 4th December
Based on eyewitness testimonies, we believe thousands of people would have been
killed in the last five months of war between January – May 2009 and we believe a
large number of these people are also from the Mannar district.
Based on information from the Kacheris of Mullativu and Killinochi about the
population in Vanni in early October 2008 and number of people who came to
government controlled areas after that, 146,679 people seem to be unaccounted for.
According to the Kacheri, the population in Vanni was 429,059 in early part of
October 2008 (Refer Annex 4 and 5). According to UN OCHA update as of 10th July
2009, the total number of people who came out of the Vanni to government
controlled areas after this is estimated to be 282,380 (Refer Annex 6).
3.1 All killings should be formally acknowledged
3.2 The number of civilians killed during the last phase of the war should be made
3.3 Due clarification should be made regarding what happened to 146,679 people,
which is the discrepancy between the number of people who came to government
controlled areas between October 2008 – May 2009 and the population reported to
be in Vanni in early October 2008.
3.4 Processes for death certificates and compensation should be expedited.
3.5 Procedures for applying for same should be simple, time bound and should be
4. Rehabilitation of civilians affected by war
Thousands of civilians have also been injured, some seriously during the course of
the war, especially in the last few months of war in the North in 2009. Many suffer
permanent physical disability and are unable to get about their daily lives, including
education and livelihoods without special assistance. There are also many who are
traumatized due to being eyewitness to the war and having family members killed
and made to disappear after being detained by the military, being admitted to
4.1 All civilians physically affected should be offered needed special care and
4.2 All those who are in need of trauma counselling should be offered opportunities
to receive trauma counselling and psychosocial support.
4.3 Government should facilitate and assist religious groups and NGOs to collect
correct data in order to provide these services, including financial assistance where
5. Rehabilitation of ex-LTTE cadres
We welcome the release in batches of ex-LTTE cadres. But there is no clear official
number for those being detained and rehabilitated. There is no transparent
classifications and distinctions between those alleged as ex-combatants and others
who were not in the frontlines (e.g. cooks, medics, admin staff etc.). There is also no
clear indication about how many ex-combatants would be charged, and under what
laws, with different Government MPs saying different numbers at different times.
We have also been told by several ex-LTTE cadres who had been released that they
had not received any serious rehabilitation, such as counseling and livelihood skills.
Those who have been released after rehabilitation have reported that their freedom
of movement has been restricted and several have been reported as threatened and
even abducted after release.
5.1 Ensure freedom of movement and security of those released after rehabilitation
5.2 A comprehensive programme to address the psychological needs of ex-LTTE
cadres and those rehabilitated and reintegrated should be implemented by the
Government in partnership with agencies who have expertise in the area.
5.3 There should be an independent authority/body to monitor the rehabilitation and
reintegration of detainees, so as to ensure that proper rehabilitation is conducted,
and if the reintegration process is taking place effectively. (e.g. facilitate family units
to re-start their lives etc.,)
6. Permanent housing, Livelihoods, Healthcare, Education and Transport:
We appreciate the fact that most people displaced during the war have been allowed
to go back to their villages. We particularly appreciate the efforts made to demine
these areas. However, although many people have returned to their villages, they are
not able to live in dignity.
Almost 20 months after the end of the war, most of displaced people still have no
housing and live under tarpaulin sheets. Others live in makeshift and temporary
houses, mainly cadjan18 and tin sheets. There is no comprehensive housing scheme
in place. We are also disturbed that a limit of Rs. 325,000 has been placed as the
amount that should be spent for one permanent house for houses being built by The
North East Housing Reconstruction Program (NEHRP). Based on present
construction costs, it would be difficult to complete a good quality permanent house
within Rs. 325,000. Further, we are also concerned that only few agencies are
involved in building permanent houses, which we understand is due to undue
restrictions and formalities of the government.
In this context, we were relieved and happy to hear about the offer of the Indian
government to build 50,000 houses. We believe it is essential that the Government of
Sri Lanka cooperates fully with the Indian government to ensure that people without
housing can benefit in full from this generous offer.
Newly resettled people also lack assistance to restart livelihood (fishing / farming /
shops etc.). The large number of shops runs by the military and businesses started
by people from other parts of the country are negatively affecting the ability of local
people who are trying to restart their lives through small shops and restaurants.
People also lack water supply, nutritious food – including milk foods for children and
education facilities, health care and transport facilities are inadequate.
Although we are allowed to extend our services to affected people at the moment, we
have faced restrictions in earlier in our (Catholic Church) attempts to provide some
such services and facilities and have received reports from NGOs who are ready to
provide such services about restrictions presently in effect by multiple government
bodies such as the Presidential Task Force and Ministry of Defense.
6.1 Government should assume primary responsibility to provide decent permanent
housing to displaced people who have now returned to their own villages.
6.2 Government should ensure that religious groups and NGOs who are willing to
provide assistance and services are able to do these without long and complicated
6.3 The Indian government should be given the opportunity to build the 50,000
houses they have committed themselves to build, without leaving space for any local
politicians, government officials and middlemen to engage in any corrupt practices.
6.4 High priority should be given to provision of quality healthcare, education and
transport facilities to newly resettled areas such as Manthai West, Madhu and Musali
6.5 Due compensation should be paid to properties damaged, and a simplified, fast
and transparent procedure must be put in place for this process.
6.6 No limitation should be placed on the amount to be spent on building permanent
Woven palm leaves
7. Creating a positive environment for displaced Muslims to return:
The forced evacuation of the Muslims in 1990 by the LTTE is a sad event in the
conflict and we are happy that good number of them is able to return back to their
places of original habitat. All the displaced Muslims of the Mannar district must be
allowed to return freely and must be assisted by relevant authorities to be
reintegrated into the communities in Mannar. We are relieved that Muslim people
were not subjected to extrajudicial killings, disappearances, arbitrary arrests that
most others who stayed in Mannar have been subjected to.
7.1 A favourable environment should be created to ensure the return of Muslims who
want to come back and they should be provided all facilities that returning people are
7.2 Dialogue between Tamil and Muslim communities as well as community and
religious leaders is important to ensure both communities can live in harmony.
7.3 Government must ensure that resettling Tamil and Muslim communities get equal
level of assistance and support, and avoid creating situations where one community
is seen as the favoured community, as this will only cause further tensions.
8. Demographic changes and land colonization:
While we welcome efforts to resettle and assist displaced people to return and
resettle, we are alarmed at reports that there are plans to handover land to large
number of people from outside the district. We have also received reports that
several individuals and groups from outside the district are already occupying lands
(e.g. in Musali division) and these seems to be done with blessings of a Government
There is suspicion amongst historical inhabitants in the district that these are part of a
government plan to bring about demographic changes in terms of ethnic and
religious composition of the districts and the Northern Province as a whole. Such
efforts in the past have been a key factor that led to the conflict, war and violence
and as we try to move towards reconciliation, it is crucial to learn lessons from the
mistakes made in the past and not repeat such mistakes.
9. Occupation of land by military:
We appreciate the fact that the Government and the military had handed back some
of the Church land that had been occupied by the military. However, we are disturbed
that civilians in some areas are unable to go back to live in their own lands due to
occupation of their houses and land by the military, such as in Sannar and
Mullikulam. Land owned and administered by us (Catholic Church) in Mullikulam
have also been taken over by the Navy without prior information or consultation with
us (Catholic Church) and the people about alternative arrangements. There are no
alternative arrangements offered as of now to those evacuated.
9.1 Priority should be given to allow people to live in their own lands
9.2 Occupation of land by the military should be a last resort only, and in this case,
provision of alternative land and in consultation with those affected and due
compensation is also essential
10. Militarization and politicization of the civil administration:
Almost 20 months after the end of the war and after more than a year since the
resettlement process started, we are disturbed that there is a heavy military presence
in Mannar district particularly in recently resettled areas of Manthai West, Madhu and
Musali divisions. This is something most Tamil civilians fear and not happy about,
due to the many negative experiences they have had in the past. Many activities and
decisions that should be attended to by civil authorities are still being handled by the
We have also seen an alarming level of interference in the civil administration of the
Mannar district by politicians of the ruling party. Appointments and transfers to
important positions in the civil administration including crucial areas such as
healthcare and education etc. are controlled and monopolized by politicians,
completely by passing the official procedures.
The culture of political patronage seems to have engulfed the Mannar district as it is
in rest of the country. This has also caused a fear and tension amongst the majority
Tamil community, who feel they are being marginalized in favour of those known to
influential politicians of the government.
In this post war era, it is worrying that Governors to both the North and the East are
former military commanders, as it is natural that senior military officers would operate
based on military perspective rather than civilian perspectives.
10.1 Military presence should be minimized and should be to the extent required.
10.2 Military should remain in barracks and camps and not in public places unless it’s
required for security purposes.
10.3 Government Ministers and the Governor should not exceed powers vested in
their office by law and in particular should not interfere in matters that are under the
purview of the civil administration.
10.4 Transfers and appointments in the civil service should follow the established
procedures devoid of any influence and interference of politicians.
10.4 Civilian administration should be strengthened and administrative, development
and rehabilitation functions should be handed over to civil authorities with relevant
expertise and experience.
11. Freedom of Religion, Expression, Association and Movement:
Almost 20th months after the end of the war, it is disturbing that restrictions on
expression, association and movement that are not in force in other parts of the
country and communities are being imposed on recently resettled Tamil people. On
several occasions, the military had cancelled religious services to remember and
pray for civilians killed or missing and even some of our priests have been threatened
and intimidated for their attempts to commemorate those who were killed during the
While celebrations for the war victory had been held under government patronage,
no efforts have been made by the government to express solidarity with families of
those killed, missing and injured in the war, by observing a National Day of Mourning.
Attempts to protest peacefully about land occupation and lack of basic facilities had
also drawn threats and intimidations.
Church organizations and NGOs have been instructed in writing and verbally by the
Government Agent of Vavuniya and the Army in Mannar that no events should be
organized without inviting the military.
Restrictions on travel still remain and even last month, some overseas visitors were
prevented from visiting people in Manthai West division.
Such restrictions make Tamil people in these areas feel that they are living under
military rule and cannot enjoy the rights and liberties that people in other parts of Sri
Lanka enjoy. Restrictive measures for peaceful and humanitarian activities also
create further tensions and distance between the Government and Tamil people, and
should be avoided in order to move towards reconciliation. Travel restrictions on
foreign nationals who are interested to help resettled people deny these people
opportunities to get further assistance.
11.1 People, community leaders and religious leaders should be free to organize
peaceful events and meetings without restrictions.
11.2 The government should declare a national day of mourning, to remember
civilians who have been killed in the war.
11.2 Visitors from outside the district and from overseas should be allowed to freely
visit their friends and relatives in recently resettled areas without having to obtain
prior permission from the Ministry of Defense.
12. Fears of Sinhalese – Buddhist cultural domination:
We are deeply disturbed that some signboards in villages in Manthai West are only in
Sinhalese and that some roads names have been given Sinhalese names. These are
seen as indicators of “Sinhalization” of traditional Tamil areas and these are things
that should be avoided if we are to move towards reconciliation.
Building a Buddhist place of worship (Pansala) in Murunkan Town where there was a
Hindu Kovil is something that has caused a lot of concern, particularly as there is no
Buddhist population in this area. Erections of Buddhist statues in prominent public
places in many new locations in the North have also made our people fearful of
Buddhist domination of majority Hindu, Christian and Islamic areas.
While being deeply respectful of Buddhism and believing in religious freedom for all
religious communities all over the country, we believe the erection of Buddhist
statues and places of worship in public places in the North, will not help in
reconciliation efforts and in fact, may lead to further tensions and polarization
amongst different religious communities.
We hope due notice will be taken of concerns we had raised and practical
suggestions made. We reiterate that key three elements towards reconciliation are:
1. Acknowledging the objective and total truth of events that had happened
throughout the conflict and war, particularly in the closing stages of the war
2. A political solution to the ethnic conflict, that will also ensure good governance and
rule of law, drawn up in a participatory manner within a specified time frame
3. Addressing of immediate concerns (such as of people who had been affected and
suffered doe to the war.
We stand ready to further assist and collaborate with the LLRC and the Government
of Sri Lanka towards achieving these goals and offer our prayers and blessings
towards the success of such efforts.
 The Diocese of Mannar comprises the administrative districts of Mannar and
Vavuniya. For the purpose of this submission, only the Mannar district is covered
 For example, in an interview with the Sunday Observer of 1st August 2010,
Minister D. E. W. Gunasekera was quoted as saying there 7000 ex combatants in
custody out of an initial number of 12,000 at the end of the war. However, the
Minister was quoted in the Divaina of 15th Sept. 2010 as saying 4000 out of 12,000
had been rehabilitated and released implying a number of 8000 that remained
detained. On 10th August, Government MP Rajiva Wijesinghe was quoted by IRIN as
saying 6900 continue to be detained out of an initial number of 11,000 LTTE fighters
that were detained.
 Minister Gunasekera pointed out in his interview to Sunday Observer of 1st
August that about 1100 were “hardcore tigers”. However, the Divaina of 15th
September reported the Minister as saying only about 700 could be charged. MP
Rajiva Wijesinghe however quoted a different figure of 600 that will face charges and
long term rehabilitation in IRIN news of 10th August.