Benefits of using Hydroponics to farm or garden
Growers all over the world are using hydroponic techniques for food and ornamental plant
production. Hydroponic growing is attracting much attention due to the lack of a large water
supplies or fertile farmland. Hobby farmers and home gardeners have used hydroponics on
a smaller scale to grow fresh vegetables year round and to grow plants in smaller spaces,
such as the basement or an apartment or balcony. Many greenhouses and nurseries also
practice hydroponic techniques by growing their plants in a soilless, peat- or bark-based
growing mix and supplying nutrients through the water supply.
Soilless gardening is beneficial to the home gardener or part time farmer. Since a sterile
medium is used in hydroponic systems, there are no weeds to remove, and soil-borne pests
and diseases are minimized, if not eliminated completely. Properly grown and adequately
nourished hydroponic plants are normally healthier and more vigorous because all of the
necessary growth elements and nutrients are made readily available during growth
Hydroponic plants grow and mature faster, yielding an earlier harvest of vegetable, herbal
and flower crops. Hydroponic gardens use less space since the plant roots do not have to
spread out in search of food and water. This small space requirement makes hydroponics
ideal for limited space home gardeners, small scale and commercial farmers also benefit
from better and more productive use of greenhouse space.
The big advantage to hydroponics is the ability to automate the entire system with timers
and remote monitoring equipment. Automation reduces the time it takes to maintain plant
growth requirements and the growing environment. Automation also provides flexibility to
the grower (owner) as one can be away for longer periods of time without having to worry
about watering the plants.
Hydroponic techniques also allow for precise water and nutrient application directly to the
roots of each plant saving on costs. Water is reused in these systems and less is lost
through evaporation or via field run-off.
Hydroponics technologies are effectively used in arid lands, such as deserts, transferring
areas into productive lands while using limited amounts of water. Growing plants
hydroponically is not difficult if one understands the basic principles. As long as plant growth
requirements are met, there are numerous hydroponic systems that can be used.
Books and manuals on Hydroponics, Hobby Farming, Aquaculture, Fish and related subjects
are available in our web store.
Benefits of Hydroponic food production
Hydroponics and Environmental & Health issues
Pesticide free products through biological pest control.
Nutrient solutions may be re-used in other areas such as potted plants and turf
Growing mediums can be re-used and recycled.
Hydroponic systems use little or no growing medium.
More intense cropping technique requires less space.
Non-arable land may easily be facilitated.
Year round crop production in Canada reduces transportation of imports and therefore
associated solution e.g. fossil fuels.
Promotes an overall awareness of our environment.
Closed recirculating systems allow the grower control of the nutrient solution and therefore
exactly what nutrients the plants receive.
Varying nutrient formulas to suit different plants at different stages.
Regular nutrient testing ensures all elements are present in their desired concentrations.
Unwanted build ups of undesirable nutrient concentrations, such as nitrites, can be avoided.
Hydroponic plants are more pest resistant.
Control over environmental factors translates to a nutritionally superior, vegetable product.
Vine ripened produce eliminates consumption of artificial ripening agents and pesticides
used on imported produce.
Vine ripened produce tastes superior and is nutritionally sound.
Hydroponics and Economical and Social issues
Hydroponic business stimulates economy for growers, manufacturers of their supplies, as
well as distribution, wholesale and retail outlets.
Opens up positions for job training and employment.
Satisfies consumer demand.
Being environmentally friendly is now socially and politically demanded!
What is hydroponics?
The word, Hydroponic, comes from Latin and means working water. Simply put, it is the art of growing plants
When most people think of hydroponics, they think of plants grown with their roots suspended directly into water
with no growing medium. This is just one type of hydroponic gardening known as N.F.T. (nutrient film technique).
There are several variations of N.F.T. used around the world and it is a very popular method of growing
hydroponically. What most people don't realize is that there are countless methods and variations of hydroponic
gardening. In this section, we explain the most common, including the pros and cons of each along with an
abundance of great, general information about hydroponics.
To view a topic below, simply click on the title.
What are the basic types of hydroponic systems?
Why does hydroponics work so well?
What is growing medium?
What is the difference between hydroponic, organic, and "regular" fertilizers?
Hydroponic or organic? What's the difference? By Roger H. Thayer
What are micro-nutrients?
How complicated is hydroponic gardening?
Is ph important in hydroponics?
Why does Hydroponics work so well?
That's simple. If you give a plant exactly what it needs, when it needs it, in the amount that it needs, the plant will
be as healthy as is genetically possible. With hydroponics this is an easy task; in soil it is far more difficult.
With hydroponics the plants are grown in an inert growing medium (see below) and a perfectly balanced, pH
adjusted nutrient solution is delivered to the roots in a highly soluble form. This allows the plant to uptake its food
with very little effort as opposed to soil where the roots must search out the nutrients and extract them. This is true
even when using rich, organic soil and top of the line nutrients. The energy expended by the roots in this process is
energy better spent on vegetative growth and fruit and flower production.
If you grow two genetically identical plants using soil for one and hydroponics for the other, you will almost
immediately see the difference this factor makes. Faster, better growth and much greater yields are just some of the
many reasons that hydroponics is being adapted around the world for commercial food production as well as a
growing number of home, hobby gardeners.