Chapter 19 The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530-1770 by pptfiles


									    Chapter 19: The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530-1770
1. Introduction
       a. Choctaw leader Red Shoes
       b. Lessons from the Red Shoe episode
       c. Americas were drawn into global events
       d. Complex colonial societies
2. The Columbian Exchange
       a. Demographic changes
                 i. Disease and population numbers
                ii. Diseases in Spanish America
               iii. How African and American diseases affected Europeans
               iv. Disease in English and French America
       b. Transfer of plants and animals
                 i. Introduction of “Old World” plants to Americas
                ii. “New World” plants offer abundance of plants to “Old World”
               iii. Introduction of European livestock had at dramatic impact on “New World”
                    environment and cultures
               iv. Effect of European livestock on Native Americans: good and bad
3. Spanish America and Brazil
       a. State and Church
                 i. Spain tried to control colonies, but was limited by the challenges of
                ii. Portugal and its colonies in Asia and Africa
               iii. Intrusive colonial bureaucracies
               iv. The Catholic Church and the spread of Christianity
                v. The Catholic Church provided Amerindians some protection and Church beliefs
                    mixed with indigenous beliefs
       b. Colonial economies
                 i. Sources of colonial wealth
                ii. Gold, silver and labor
               iii. Labor systems: encomiendas and the mita
               iv. Sugar plantations and slave labor
                v. The global and colonial economic impact of silver
               vi. The growth of Brazil and the attempts to control trade
       c. Society in Colonial Latin America
                 i. Immigration, nobles, encomiendas and creoles
                ii. Native peoples, native elites and the blurring of lines
               iii. Blacks: free and slave
               iv. Slave resistance
                v. Slave lifestyles
               vi. Brazilian differences and similarities
              vii. Manumission, mestizos and mulattoes
4. English and French colonies in North America
       a. Early English experiments
                 i. Newfoundland
                ii. Roanoke island
               iii. Ireland: a model
       b. The south
                 i. Jamestown
                ii. The development of the Virginia colony and indentured servants
               iii. Colonial government and freedom
               iv. Fur trade and Amerindians
                v. The Carolinas
               vi. Slavery in South Carolina
              vii. Hierarchy in South Carolina
       c. New England
                 i. The pilgrims and Plymouth colony
                ii. The puritans and the Massachusetts bay colony
               iii. The evolution of political institutions in Massachusetts
               iv. The economics of Massachusetts and the southern colonies
       d. The middle Atlantic region
                 i. New York
                ii. Pennsylvania
               iii. Comparison between Pennsylvania and South Carolina
       e. French America
                 i. Early American colonies
                ii. Fur trade and firearms
               iii. French missionary efforts
               iv. The competition between the French and the English, and Native American
5. Colonial Expansion and Conflict
       a. Imperial reform in Spanish America and Brazil
                 i. Philip V reformed Spanish colonies
                ii. Amerindian uprisings and Tupac Amaru II
               iii. Brazilian expansion
       b. Reform and reorganization in British North America
                 i. Charles II and James II put colonies under direct control of the British crown
                ii. Rebellion in the colonies
6. Conclusion
       a. Similarities among the colonies
       b. The effect colonizing countries had on their colonies
       c. The colonies began to develop distinct identities

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