Parts of Gumamela
and its Functions
Anthers, the flower's male part, are connected
to the top of the stamen and support pollen
sacs. The gumamela has dozens of stamens
whereas most flowers have only five.
The anthers are attached to
filaments that join together and form
the stamen tube, also known as the
stamina column. This is unique to
The style, or flower's ovary, is housed in
the stamen column. The style branches
out into five arms outside the stamina
column. Each arm supports one of the
Male pollen grains are deposited
onto the stigma. The stigma
contains the flower's ovules that
will start to turn into seeds after
they are pollinated.
The gumamela's petals, also known
as the corolla, have shallow lobes.
The flower has only five petals.
Gumamela breeders develop flowers
with many "petals"---stamens that
are bred to look like petals---to make
a larger, fuller-looking flower.
The sepals are modified leaves
surrounding the gumamela's petals,
serving to protect the flower,
especially when it's still a bud.
Gumamela is a shrub that grows from one
meter up to 4 meters high. Gumamela is
also known as: Hibiscus, China Rose and
Shoeflower. In the Philippines, gumamela is
cultivated as an ornamental plant. The
gumamela flower comes in many colors:
red, yellow, orange, white, purple, pink and
other color combinations.
Gumamela as Herbal Medicine
As herbal medicine, gumamela flower,
leaves and roots are used. Gumamela has
the following medicinal characteristics:
expectorant, diuretic, emollient, anti-
infectious, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic,
anodyne and refrigerant.
Preparation & Use of Gumamela
There are two ways to utilize gumamela as
herbal medicine. One is dried and the other
is fresh. For Dried gumamela, collect the
flower, leaves and/or roots. Wash, then cut
into small pieces and sun dry. To use as
decoction, boil the dried gumamela parts
(1/4 cup dried gumamela in 1 glass of
Use Gumamela as Poultice
Poultice is the use or fresh or dried herbs
that is mashed, crushed or pounded - often
heated (boiled in water to soften and heat
the herb) and applied directly to the skin. A
clean cloth or gauze can be used to help
the poultice stay in place.
Gumamela is used for the treatment
• Bronchitis - as an expectorant
• Coughs, sore throat
• Fever - as refrigerant drink
• Treats dysentery
• Urinary tract infection, bladder infections
• High blood pressure
• Prevention of constipation
• Boils, swelling & abscesses, mumps