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					                  AHMEDABAD
                     Janmarg
   BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM PLAN
              PHASE – II
          Volume-I: Summary Report
   PROJECT DPR SUBMITTED TO: MINISTRY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT
                    GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
                       March 2008




                    An Initiative of
AHMEDABAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
          Project Development Technical Team
 CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND TECHNOLOGY
                      Ahmedabad
                      In Association with
       Lea Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
                      Technical Advisors
Institute for Transportation & Development Policy, New York
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                    Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0      Background .................................................................................................................................... 3
2.0      Vision and Strategies..................................................................................................................... 3
3.0      Comprehensive Mobility Plan....................................................................................................... 3
         3.1   Population, Employment and Travel Demand Forecast ..................................................... 4
         3.2   Structuring Landuse and Transport .................................................................................... 5
         3.3   Integrated Public Transit System Plan................................................................................ 7
               3.3.1 Travel Demand....................................................................................................... 8
               3.3.2 Suburban Rail Corridor : ........................................................................................ 8
               3.3.3 Metro Corridor Proposal......................................................................................... 9
               3.3.4 Bus Rapid Transit System Proposal .................................................................... 10
         3.4   Inner-city Transit Development Plan................................................................................. 10
         3.5   Pedestrian and NMV Facilities:......................................................................................... 11
         3.6   Air Quality Management Plan ........................................................................................... 13
         3.7   Developing Terminals ....................................................................................................... 14
               3.7.1 Goods Terminal.................................................................................................... 14
               3.7.2 Regional Passenger Transport Terminals ........................................................... 14
         3.8   Parking Policy ................................................................................................................... 15
4.0      The BRTS Plan ............................................................................................................................. 16
         4.1   BRT System and Corridors ............................................................................................... 16
         4.2   Roadway Design ............................................................................................................... 18
         4.3   Elevated bus way .............................................................................................................. 19
         4.4   Bus Stations ...................................................................................................................... 20
         4.5   Interchange facilities ......................................................................................................... 22
         4.6   Planning of Bridges and Flyovers ..................................................................................... 22
         4.7   Vehicles............................................................................................................................. 22
         4.8   Services ............................................................................................................................ 22
         4.9   Route Structure and Fare Collection................................................................................. 22
         4.10  ITS Applications ................................................................................................................ 22
         4.11  Institutional Framework / Systems Operations ................................................................. 23
         4.12  Project Scope.................................................................................................................... 23
         4.13  Project Financing of Phase-1 BRTS ................................................................................. 24
         4.14  Land Use Restructuring .................................................................................................... 25
         4.15  Economic Evaluation ........................................................................................................ 25
         4.16  Profitability of Bus Operations........................................................................................... 25
5.0      Urban Transport Fund ................................................................................................................. 25
6.0      Way forward.................................................................................................................................. 25




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                                             i
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                                          Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation



LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Summary of population for different zones in preferred Scenario ............................................................................... 4
Table 2: Air Quality in Ahmedabad .......................................................................................................................................... 13
Table 3: Project Scope and Base Costs .................................................................................................................................. 24
Table 4: Project Funding Pattern ............................................................................................................................................. 24
Table 5: Economic Analysis Summary..................................................................................................................................... 25

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Proposed Pedestrian pathways and Cycle tracks on all BRTS corridors ........................................................ 12
Figure 2: RSPM levels.............................................................................................................................................................. 14
Figure 3: Interventions in para-transit ...................................................................................................................................... 14
Figure 4: Typical Cross section for 60 m cross section ........................................................................................................... 18
Figure 5: Typical 40 m RoW cross section............................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 6: Typical 36 m RoW cross section............................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 7: Typical 30 m RoW cross section............................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 8: Typical 24 m RoW cross section............................................................................................................................... 19
Figure 9: View of proposed elevated corridor at Kalupur........................................................................................................ 20
Figure 10: Provision of overtaking lanes in a typical 40 m cross section ............................................................................... 20
Figure 11: Provision of overtaking lanes on inner radial corridors.......................................................................................... 21



LIST OF MAPS

Map 1: Population Distribution by TAZs 2011 & 2035– Preferred Scenario............................................................................. 4
Map 2: Jobs Distribution by TAZs 2011 & 2035 – Preferred Scenario ...................................................................................... 5
Map 3: Proposed Landuse Plan-2011........................................................................................................................................ 5
Map 4: DP Road Network........................................................................................................................................................... 6
Map 5: Proposed Plan for GIFT ................................................................................................................................................. 7
Map 6: Proposed Regional Rail Corridor ................................................................................................................................... 8
Map 7: Proposed Metro Corridor................................................................................................................................................ 9
Map 8: Proposed BRTS Corridor ............................................................................................................................................. 10
Map 9: The Inner city of Ahmedabad and its Landuse ............................................................................................................ 11
Map 10: Proposed Pedestrianisation plan for Bhadra Square................................................................................................. 12
Map 11: Proposed Kankaria Redevelopment Plan .................................................................................................................. 13
Map 12: Proposed Goods Terminals and Volume of Traffic................................................................................................... 14
Map 13: Proposed Regional Bus Terminals ............................................................................................................................ 15
Map 14: Travel demand pattern ............................................................................................................................................... 17
Map 15: Phase 1 and Phase 2 BRT Corridor .......................................................................................................................... 17
Map 16: Proposed terminal and interchange locations............................................................................................................ 21




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                                                                         ii
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


1.0      Background
The city of Ahmedabad, founded in 1411 AD as a walled city on the eastern bank of the river
Sabarmati, is now the seventh largest metropolis in India and the largest in the state. The city at
present is spread over 400 Sq. km of area and accommodates 5.5 million people. The main
agencies governing the area are the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) and the
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA).
The population of the city, from the present 5.5 Million, is likely to rise to 6.5 million and to 11
Million by 2011 and 2035 respectively. This area would incorporate surrounding settlements
including the State Capital Gandhinagar to form Greater Ahmedabad. The area of the city is
likely to increase from the present 400 Sq. Kms to 550 and 1000 sq. kms by 2011 and 2035
respectively. Sustenance of this growth is possible only with development of an efficient and
rapid transit system.
Based on the Integrated Public Transit Plan and BRT plan, phasewise development of BRT
system in Ahmedabad was done. During the first phase, 58 kms of BRT development was
sanctioned under JnNURM and the same is under implementation. This proposal is to seek
sanction for necessary extensions to Phase-1 BRT network.

2.0      Vision and Strategies
The trans-vision of Ahmedabad captioned as ‘Accessible Ahmedabad’ is to redesign the
city structure and transport systems towards greater accessibility, efficient mobility and
lower carbon future.
The vision focuses on:
         Reducing need for travel
         Reducing the length of travel
         Reducing automobile dependence
These are the concepts embedded in the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) of
Government of India. To provide affordable solutions, cross subsidy mechanisms would be
evolved. Transit investments often contribute to increase in land value and hence mechanisms
to capture the value for sustenance of the system operations are required. Private participation
is conceived as an intergral part of system operations.

3.0      Comprehensive Mobility Plan
The city authorities recognise the need to take a long term perspective and look at a regional
scale. They have implemented a series of plans and programmes. As a result the city has an
efficient urban structure and transport network. The city is fairly compact. The network is
complete with 5 rings and 20 radial roads. Trips are fairly distributed both in time and space.
The result of such integrated development is clearly evident. The average trip length of 5.5
kms, when compared to Bangalore (9.5 kms), Hyderabad (8.5 kms), Jaipur (8.5 kms), London
(11.5 kms), Bogota (16 kms) and Singapore (8.5) is one of the shortest. The fatality rates are
also very low (220 in 2007) when compared to over 700 in Bangalore, 260 in London and 267
in Surat. This has been possible due to a comprehensive planning process which integrates the
land use and road network.




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                        3
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


3.1      Population, Employment and Travel Demand Forecast
Based on an assessment of economic development prospects and the demographic trends,
population and employment in Ahmedabad regions is forecasted as below.
               Table 1: Summary of population for different zones in preferred Scenario
                                                                        Population
          Spatial Unit
                                               2000                        2011                       2035
AMC                                          3607174                     4137488                    4400510
AUDA & New AMC Limits                        1591236                     2392564                    4793758
Rest of IPTS                                  731067                      877303                    1730759
Total                                        5931477                     7409366                    10927062
                                                                           JOBS
                                               2000                        2011                       2035
AMC                                          1263535                     1351919                    1439595
AUDA & New AMC Limits                        367093                      690470                     1528900
Rest of IPTS                                 253231                       385080                     721001
Total                                        1885859                     2429480                    3691531



The distribution of these over space were simulated and evaluated with regard to feasibility and
transit development compatibility. The same has been presented below.




               Map 1: Population Distribution by TAZs 2011 & 2035– Preferred Scenario




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                        4
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation




                  Map 2: Jobs Distribution by TAZs 2011 & 2035 – Preferred Scenario

3.2      Structuring Landuse and Transport
Post independence, three statutory Development Plans have been prepared. The highlights of
the plan have been the evolution of a ring-radial structure of road network, mixed landuse,
infrastructure development and especially road development, to precede urban development.
Additional FSI along transit corridors is also proposed.




                                     Map 3: Proposed Landuse Plan-2011


Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                        5
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation




                                              Map 4: DP Road Network




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                        6
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                               Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

GUDA Development Plan and GIFT City proposal
Adjoining the capital city, Gujarat Infrastructure Finance Tech City (GIFT) has been proposed.
Over 2.5 lakh jobs are likely to be created in this area in the next 4-5 years.

                                                                        Total BUA: 80 million sq. ft. in phases
                                                                                         BUILT UP AREA
                                                                                         DISTRIBUTION




                                                                             (32%)
                                                                         (30%)
                                                                                 (1%)
                                                              OPEN AREA (23%)
                                                                                               Green City: More
                                                                                               than 65% reserved
                                                                                               for Open Spaces /
                                                                                (14%)          Green Cover



                                        Map 5: Proposed Plan for GIFT

3.3      Integrated Public Transit System Plan
It is recognized that no single mode would cater to the mobility needs of the city and that the
‘Bus’ forms the most critical segment of the public transport system in the city. Therefore it has
been decided to develop and implement
an integrated public transit system
which will include:
-     A Suburban Rail Transit System to
      connect the city with its industrial
      suburbs such as Kalol, Naroda,
      Mehemdabad etc.,
-     A Metro Rail System to cater to
      major high intensity movement
      between the City and Gandhinagar,
-     A Bus Rapid Transit System to cater
      to major mobility needs of the city,
-     A regular Bus System to support
      BRTS,
-     Decentralised Regional Bus & Rail
      Terminal
-     Inner city transit development
-     Integrate different form of systems, i.e BRT with other regional and urban transport
      systems, with bicycles and Pedestrian Facilities
-     Integration of Land Use -Transport elements (Increased FSI along BRTS Corridor)



Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                          7
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                       Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


3.3.1      Travel Demand
The number of motorised trips will increase from the present 50 lakhs to about 132 lakhs by
2035. About 50% i.e 65 lakh trips are expected to be serviced by mass transit systems. The
bus and rail based systems are expected to share the responsibility in the ratio of 50:50.

3.3.2      Suburban Rail Corridor :
A regional rail corridor has been proposed using additional space available along the existing
rail line. The proposal has been forwarded to the Ministry of Railways.

                            KALOL
                                                                                    GANDHINAGAR




                                                   NA
                                                      RM
                                                         A   DA
                                                                                                        GIFT
                                                                  MA
                                                                       IN
                                                                            CA
                                                                              NA
                                                                                L




                                                                                                                        NARMADA MA




                                             AHMEDABAD




                                                                                       PROPOSED SUBURBAN RAIL

                                    Map 6: Proposed Regional Rail Corridor

Suburban rail
                                    Length        Number of                                       Passenger         Passenger
           Section                                                                                                                   Cost
                                    (kms.)     Passengers (lakhs)                                 Km (lakhs)       km/ km (lakh)
Line 1: Barejadi-Kalupur-Kalol       43.5                               2.47                          34.3             0.79           957
Line 2: Kalupur – Naroda             9.4                                1.65                          13.73            1.46          206.8
            Total                    52.9                               4.12                          48.03            2.25          1163.8




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                                  8
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


3.3.3      Metro Corridor Proposal
A proposal for metro rail has been under consideration since 2003. The DPR proposes a total
of 99.65 kms of metro rail system connecting Ahmedabad with the state capital Gandhinagar in
two phases. The proposal for phase-1 covering a length of 54.75 is under active consideration.




                                                  NA
                                                    RM
                                                         AD
                                                              A
                                                                  MA
                                                                     IN
                                                                          CA
                                                                            NA
                                                                              L




                                                                                                                   NARMADA MA




                                        Map 7: Proposed Metro Corridor

Metro proposal
                                                                                  Number of                   Passenger
                                                Length                                         Passenger
                 Section                                                          Passenger                    km/ km            Cost
                                                (kms.)                                         Km (lakhs)
                                                                                   s (lakhs)                    (lakh)
Line 1: Changodar – Vishala –ITO-                 45.1                              13.27        126.85          2.81           3382.5
Sabarmati-Akshardham
Line 2: Kalupur – ITO- Thaltej                    9.65                               6.28        52.81           5.47           723.75
Line 3: Vishala-RTO                               12.5                               2.25        20.56           1.65            937.5
Line 4: Sarkhej-Indroda circle                    32.4                               8.18        87.61            2.7            2430
                   Total                         99.65                              29.98        287.83          12.63          7473.75




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                              9
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                         Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


3.3.4      Bus Rapid Transit System Proposal
Bus Rapid Transit system was proposed by AMC as a viable transit option for Ahmedabad In
the year 2005. The first phase of the project covering 58 kms is under advanced stage of
implementation. A second proposal is being submitted as part of this report. This proposal
suggests addition to phase-1 corridors to connect more critical sections of the network. This
would enable BRT system to pass through central area, busy commercial areas in the
intermediary circle of the city and to the educational hub, where over 15000 students come to
study every day. Third phase proposal connects the city with the state capital and the emerging
business district of Greater Ahmedabad, GIFT city.


                                                       Gandhinagar




                           NA
                              RM
                                 AD
                                    A
                                        MA
                                          IN
                                               CA
                                                 NA
                                                                     GIFT
                                                   L




                                                                                     NARMADA MA




                                                                                                          PHASE 1 (58 kms.)
                                                                                                          PHASE 2 (30.5 kms.)
                                                                                                          PHASE 3 (38 kms.)




                                                         Map 8: Proposed BRTS Corridor

3.4      Inner-city Transit Development Plan
The Inner city, the historic core of Ahmedabad, is the cultural, economic and administrative
heart of the city. With a spread over 5.8 Sq. Km and population of about 3.7 lakhs, it is
characterized by intense commercial activities, dense population and rich architectural heritage.
It generates greater mobility and accessibility needs. The continuing spread of retail and
wholesale markets, infrastructure inadequacies, excessive ingress of personalized vehicles and
traffic congestion are resulting in the deterioration in physical and living environment. There is a
continuous decline in the residential population of the Inner city. To maintain its quality and
character, measures to improve its accessibility and mobility along with physical improvement
in streets is necessary. In view of this, a plan to enhance inner-city access has been conceived.
The plan includes the following components.
      Transit Corridor Development and Public Transport
      Public Transport Improvements and Traffic
      Management Proposals
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                  10
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

      Pedestrianisation of core area
      NMV facilities in the core area
      Traffic Management
      Development of Integrated Terminal-cum-Parking Facility Development




                            Map 9: The Inner city of Ahmedabad and its Landuse




                                                Images of Inner City

3.5      Pedestrian and NMV Facilities:
Providing walkable streets and bicycle facilities is a priority action on the agenda of AMC.
      Integration of BRT and other major roads:
      Pedestrian facilities on all the BRT corridors and other major roads (88 kms).
      On all roads with width over 36 mts, a separate bicycle lane has been proposed.
      Bicycle parking has been integrated with BRT plan.

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      11
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

     A comprehensive bike plan is underway.
     Designation of Inner city and Kankaria Area as vehicle free zones as they attract a large
     volume of traffic.




 Map 10: Proposed Pedestrianisation plan for Bhadra Square




  FOOT PATH   SERVICE LANE WITH PARKING   ACTIVITY AREA   CYCLE TRACK        MIXED CARRIAGE WAY                            BRT LA




              Figure 1: Proposed Pedestrian pathways and Cycle tracks on all BRTS corridors

Kankaria Lake Area Development
Kankaria lake is an important destination for public recreation. Initially the lake was open to
vehicles. As part of the proposal which is now under implementation stage, an alternate ring
road has been constructed to divert the mixed traffic to make the lakefront a vehicle-free and
pedestrian zone. Cycle tracks, pedestrian walkways, seatings, landscaping, food courts,
hawkers area, etc. have been proposed to enhance the precinct. The BRTS corridor links the
lake precinct with rest of the city network.

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                         12
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                          Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


       From Raipur




 Complete outer
  vehicular ring



                                                                    Khokhra bridge                        Kankaria
                                                                                                          Lake

                                                                    Pedestrian zone




                                   From Maninagar Railway station




                             Map 11: Proposed Kankaria Redevelopment Plan

3.6          Air Quality Management Plan
With a Respiratory Particulate Matter (RSPM) level of 198 microgram /m3, in the year 2001, the
City of Ahmedabad was the 4th most polluted city amongst the 85 cities monitored under
National Air Quality Monitoring Programme. The actions to improve air quality from the
transport sector perspective are:
      To enhance public transport
      Switch to cleaner fuel (CNG)
      o Auto CNG Plan
      o Bus CNG Plan
      o Phase out old auto rikshaws
      Demand Management
      o Limit issue of licenses to Autorikshaws
      o Introduce Parking Policy
In 2005, about 15000 of the 50000 auto rickshaws registered before 1991 were phased out as
most of them were operated on adulterated fuel (diesel and kerosene). In parallel, owners of
these auto rickshaws were encouraged to buy modern CNG auto rickshaws. To augment
supply, 45 CNG stations were set up in Ahmedabad though private sector. Currently over
35,000 autorikshaws run on CNG.
The newly inducted buses to augment public transport are CNG based. Out of the total fleet of
1010, 650 are privately operated CNG buses.
The results are evident in the graph and table.
                                       Table 2: Air Quality in Ahmedabad
              Year           RSPM levels in microgram /m3                            Ranking among 85 cities covered under NAMP
              2001                        198                                                             4
              2002                        166                                                           N.A.
              2003                        136                                                           N.A.
              2004                        138                                                             12
              2005                        134                                                             13
              2006                        96                                                              43
              2007                        82                                                       ~50 (projected)

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                   13
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                    Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


                                                                Modern CNG auto rickshaws




                  Figure 2: RSPM levels                                    Figure 3: Interventions in para-transit

3.7       Developing Terminals
3.7.1          Goods Terminal
Due to absence of organized goods terminal in the city, heavy trucks ply on congested city
roads causing fatal accidents. Based on the origin-destination of goods movement, four
potential locations (one in each direction of major goods entry) were examined and proposed.
                          O U                   O     C

                                                                                        AHMEDABAD- HIMMATNAGAR - 1023
                                                                                        HIMMATNAGAR - AHMEDABAD - 1242
                                                    AHMEDABAD- MEHSANA - 4089
                                                                                                Total traffic 2265
                                                    MEHSANA- AHMEDABAD - 3117
                                                         Total traffic 7206
      Area of
      operation            %age
      within                16.82
      neighboring           40.19
                                                                                                      AHMEDABAD- DEHGAM - 871
                                                                                                      DEHGAM - AHMEDABAD - 716
      all India             42.99                                                                         Total traffic 1638




                  AHMEDABAD-SANAND - 3322
                  SANAND - AHMEDABAD -3359
                                                                                                   AHMEDABAD- KAPADWANJ - 871
                     Total traffic 3724                                                            KAPADWANJ - AHMEDABAD - 716
                                                                                                         Total traffic 1556


                       AHMEDABAD- RAJKOT - 3322
                       MEHSANA- AHMEDABAD -3359
                           Total traffic 6102                                               AHMEDABAD- MAHEMDABAD - 871
                                                                                            MAHEMDABAD - AHMEDABAD - 716
                                                                                                  Total traffic 1587



       Proposed Terminal locations
                                                          AHMEDABAD- BARODA - 4618
                                                          BARODA - AHMEDABAD – 4702
                                                              Total traffic 9138


                  THE TRUCK INFLOW AND OUTFLOW SURVEY COUNTS REFLECT THE HIGHER INTENSITY CORRIDORS, WHICH IS
                                  THEN TO BE OVERLAPPED WITH THE OTHER LAYERS OF THE PROJECT

                               Map 12: Proposed Goods Terminals and Volume of Traffic

3.7.2          Regional Passenger Transport Terminals
The GSRTC regional terminal and the private bus parking places are located in close proximity
to several activity nodes within the city. Due to these, movement of these congestion created is
high. Though in terms of physical location they are in the centre, in terms of time distance it is
not the same. Decentralized terminal are being developed at four locations. These are
integrated with BRTS.

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                     14
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                          Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation




                                               Chandkheda




                                                                                         Naroda
                                       Ranip                                             village
                    Sola RoB
                                                  RTO


                                 AEC                                            Naroda


        Bopal
                                                            Kalupur
                                                            Rly. Stn.
                                                                                           Odhav
                                                                            Soni ni
                                         Geeta                              chaali
                                         Mandir
                                                               Maninagar
                                                               Rly. stn,.




                                                  Narol
                                                                                                              GSRTC terminals

                                                                                                              Phase 1 corridors
                                                                                                              Phase 2 corridors


                                 Map 13: Proposed Regional Bus Terminals

3.8       Parking Policy
The larger objective of the parking policy is to improve access and at the same time promote
use of public transport. The proposals under implementation/ consideration are:
1.        Developing Multi-storied Parking Complexes on a BOT basis: Five locations with heavy
          parking demand have been identified on priority for development.
          i.     Municipal Plot located behind Navarangpura Bus Station
          ii.    Navarangpura Municipal Market open plot.
          iii.   Sarangpur Bus Terminus
          iv.    Kalupur Octroi Office
          v.     Sarangpur Anand market AMC Plot
2.        As part of the 58 km long first phase BRT roads, utility areas on either side have been
          developed and parking will be integrated along with BRT operations.
3.        Reviews in progress:
          a)     A detailed assessment of parking on street is being carried out on 400 kms of
                 identified major roads in Ahmedabad.
          b)     A detailed assessment of parking demand and supply surveys in Multiplexes/
                 Malls is under way.
          c)     The Government of Gujarat has prepared a Draft Parking Policy and is under
                 consideration of the State Government.
The framework for the proposed parking policy is to discourage travel by individual modes to
congested areas through restrictive practices such as;
      Control the amount of on-street parking to improve traffic flow and safety, and minimize
      interference with access and servicing.
      Restrict overnight parking of heavy vehicles on the major roads



Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                      15
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


4.0      The BRTS Plan
The BRTS for Ahmedabad is envisaged as a closed system operating like a trunk and feeder,
with trunk lines operating on exclusive bus lanes and feeder services connecting to trunk lines,
operating in mixed traffic. This kind of system is expected to provide Ahmedabad a fast,
efficient and reliable mode of transport.
In Ahmedabad, the physical infrastructure (road design, buses, terminals, workshops, depots)
is combined together with a sound marketing and business plan and an efficient operations
plan and branding strategy to create a world class public transport system.
As part of phase 1, 58 km of trunk lines were approved in 2006. In phase 2, a further 30 km of
trunk corridors have been identified.
4.1      BRT System and Corridors
The primary objective of identifying and developing phase 2 corridors is to complement the 58
km of phase 1 being built now and to make more areas of Ahmedabad accessible through BRT.
Phase 2 corridors attempt to link more destinations and also access the central areas of the
city. The outlying suburbs which are developing rapidly are also linked with the BRT network.
The guiding principles for identifying phase 2 corridors are:
      They should feed demand into phase 1 corridors and vice versa
      They should link more destinations (residential hubs, commercial hubs, educational
      institutes and transport hubs)
      They should access EWS areas and provide more options for the lower income group
      They should have potential for new development and redevelopment (transit oriented
      development)
      They should be feasible to implement
      They should provide system wide impact and
      They should access critical destinations, yet not pass through congested streets.
System wide impacts include relief from congestion, improved safety, maximization of the rider
ship serving the needs of the poor, provision of opportunities for transit-oriented development
and integration with other modes. The expected impacts have to be citywide and not limited to
small areas.
Keeping the above principles in mind, a further 30 km of trunk corridors has been identified,
which will make the BRT network complete and generate higher demand on the entire corridor.
Thus, at the end of phase 2, a total of 88 km of BRT trunk corridors would be implemented.
After implementation of phase 1 and 2, it is important to note that:
      All major railway stations will be linked by BRT
      All major GSRTC terminals will be linked by BRT
      The major educational hub in Navrangpura will be on the BRT network
      Industrial suburbs of Odhav, Naroda, Narol and Vatva will be on the BRT network
      Upcoming residential suburbs of Chandkheda, Satellite, Bopal will be linked by BRT




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      16
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                   Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


                                 PLOT MATRIX:               MF01: WOD35D
                                              MATRIX    BY O/D PAIRS
                                                                                                           PLOT MATRIX:
                                                                                                           mf01: wod35d
                                                                                                                 LINKS:
                                                                                                           all


                                                                                                             CONSTRAINT:
                                                                                                           mf01:   wod35d
                                                                                                           LOWER:       0
                                                                                                           UPPER:    1000
                                                                                                           EXCLUDE




                                                                                                      ALL TRIPS >1000




                                                                                                           SCALE:       1000
                                                                                                                 2000

                                                                                                                 4000

                                                                                                                 6000

                                                                                                                 8000

                                                                                                                 10000



                                                                                                              WINDOW:
                                                                                                             1541/2058.99
                                                                                                           4277.4/4111.33


                                           Map 14: Travel demand pattern

Most of these routes were identified as phase 2 even during preparation of phase 1 DPR. An
important departure from phase 1 planning has been the introduction of the route from Gujarat
University to Geeta Mandir via CG road, Law garden, Ellis bridge and Astodia. This route has
been considered now because of implementation of the Development Plan RoW by AMC on
the Ellis bridge to Astodia link in 2007.
The selected corridors have been depicted in the map below.


                                           Chandkheda




                                                                                  Naroda
                                                                                  village
                  Sola RoB
                                              RTO
                                                                        Naroda
                               AEC


     Bopal                                             Kalupur
                                                       Rly. Stn.
                                                                                   Odhav
                Shivranjani   Nehrunagar                                Soni ni
                                                                        chaali
                                                           Maninagar
                                                           Rly. stn,.




                                             Narol


                                                                                                 Phase 1 corridors (58 kms.)

                                                                                                 Phase 2 corridors (30.5 kms.)


                                 Map 15: Phase 1 and Phase 2 BRT Corridor

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                     17
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                                                               Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


4.2                  Roadway Design
The selected corridors have varying RoWs, which range from 24m to 60m. The proposed cross
sections as per the available ROW are presented below.




 FOOT PATH   SERVICE LANE WITH PARKING     ACTIVITY AREA       CYCLE TRACK                    MIXED CARRIAGE WAY   BRT LANE    MIXED CARRIAGE WAY            CYCLE TRACK        ACTIVITY AREA         SERVICE LANE WITH PARKING   FOOT PATH




                                                                      Figure 4: Typical Cross section for 60 m cross section




                        PEDESTRIAN       CYCLE TRACK          PARKING            MIXED CARRIAGE WAY                 BRT LANE       MIXED CARRIAGE WAY                      PARKING     CYCLE TRACK      PEDESTRIAN
                        PATH                                                                                                                                                                            PATH




                                                                                        Figure 5: Typical 40 m RoW cross section




                       FOOT PATH         PARKING           CYCLE TRACK                MIXED CARRIAGE WAY           BRT LANE        MIXED CARRIAGE WAY             CYCLE TRACK            PARKING      FOOT PATH




                                                                                        Figure 6: Typical 36 m RoW cross section




                 PEDESTRIAN              PARKING                             MIXED CARRIAGE WAY                    BRT LANE                  MIXED CARRIAGE WAY                  PARKING             PEDESTRIAN
                 PATH                                                                                                                                                                                PATH




                                                                                        Figure 7: Typical 30 m RoW cross section




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                                                                                                                             18
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                          Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation




            FO O T PATH   M I X E D C A R R IA G E W A Y              BR T LANE           M I X E D C A R R IA G E W A Y   FO O T PATH




                                                     Figure 8: Typical 24 m RoW cross section

In all the cross-sections, due importance has been given to pedestrians and cyclists with wide
footpaths and segregated bike tracks wherever possible.
Drainage is a critical issue and has been included as part of the project design and costing.
Similarly other relevant utilities and amenities have been integrated.

4.3      Elevated bus way
The roads accessing the main railway station in Kalupur do not have a wide RoW. The RoW
from Dariapur to Kalupur and onwards to Sarangpur varies from 24m to 36m. This road is the
primary access to the railway station and also has the wholesale fruit and vegetable markets.
The inner city is also accessed through this road. Thus, this road sees very high traffic and
tends to get congested throughout the day. Introduction of an additional facility demanding
dedicated road space (of whatever measure) instantly exposes the inherent inadequacies of the
existing road network.
At present, about 100 AMTS buses run in each direction per hour during the peak period
in front of the railway station.
An elevated corridor functions naturally as an access controlled corridor and is thus, highly
suitable for any facility requiring dedicated carriageway. In the present instance an elevated
corridor for the BRT is a necessity as that would best take care of the travel established travel
desire lines without significantly cutting down on capacity of the existing road network.
A n elevated corridor of 4.5 km is planned to enable connection to the railway station. Bus
stops will be on the elevated corridor and will be connected directly to the railway pedestrian
bridges. This will ensure that passengers connecting directly to Indian Railways do not have to
climb down from the elevated structure. An elevator/ escalator will be provided for passengers
who wish to access the areas at road level. Along with the elevated corridor, at grade
improvements in the form of pedestrian paths, designated parking areas for auto rickshaws and
buses, space for informal sector and redesigned junctions will be done.
With the elevated corridor and 8 bus bays with overtaking lanes provided, a headway of
less than one minute between buses can be easily achieved




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                             19
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation




                         Figure 9: View of proposed elevated corridor at Kalupur

4.4      Bus Stations
There are 75 bus stations planned in phase 2. This is in addition to the 98 bus station planned
in phase 1. The stations are located on the median. Stations will have provision for ticketing,
display, audio systems and other support infrastructure. Off-board ticketing systems are
proposed at all the stations on the corridor. Use of smart card is expected to be extensive.
Provision of Overtaking lanes at Bus stops
Overtaking lanes are provided at certain bus stops to allow for higher capacity of bus
operations. Overtaking lanes allow planning of express routes, which have stops at important
destinations and not on all the bus stops. The provision of overtaking lanes reduces the
chances of choking of bus lanes at peak hour demands and allows uninterrupted and faster bus
operations.
In phase 1, overtaking lanes were not provided. This was because demand on the selected
corridors was not high enough to justify its provision. However, in phase 2, where the radials
accessing the city are proposed to be developed, the demand over the next five years makes it
essential to provide overtaking lanes on certain stretches, wherever the RoW permits it. The
figure below shows the configuration for typical overtaking lanes.
                                   Pedestrian Pathway

                                    ycle
                                   C Track



                                   Carriageway




                                    R
                                   B T Lane




                                                     us
                                                    B Stop


                                   B Lane
                                    RT               RT
                                                    B Lane




                                   Carriageway



                                    ycle
                                   C Track
                                   Pedestrian Pathway




                Figure 10: Provision of overtaking lanes in a typical 40 m cross section




The map below shows the corridors on which overtaking lanes will be provided.
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      20
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                                                        Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation



                                                                   Chandkheda




                                                                                                               Naroda
                                                                                                               village
                                  Sola
                                  RoB                                    RTO

                                                      AEC


              Bopal                                              Delhi
                                               University                        Kalupur
                                                                 darwaja
                                                                                 Rly. Stn.
                                                                                                                 Odhav
                                Shivranjani                                                    Soni ni
                                                 Nehrunagar
                                                                                 Maninagar     chaali
                                                                                 Rly. stn,.


                                                                                                                                            Corridors with
                                                                                                                                            Overtaking lanes
                                                                     Narol                                                                  Corridors without
                                                                                                                                            Overtaking lanes




                         Figure 11: Provision of overtaking lanes on inner radial corridors

Five terminals have been identified in phase 2 in addition to three terminals in phase 1. These
terminals will also act as interchange locations. The map below shows the proposed terminal
locations.
The stations are located on the median. Stations will have provision for ticketing, display, audio
systems and other support infrastructure. Off-board ticketing systems are proposed at all the
stations on the corridor. Use of smart card is expected to be extensive.
                                                                                                                   Proposed Interchange Locations
                                                                                                                   1.    Sola-Bhagwat
                                                                                                                   2.    Wadaj
                                                                                                                   3.    Memco
                                                            Chandkheda
                                                                                                                   4.    Jhansi ki rani
                                                                                                                   5.    Anjali junction
                                                                                                                   6.    Thakkarbapanagar
                                                                                                     Naroda
                                                                                                     village       7.    Odhav
                      Sola                        Ranip                                                            8.    Maninagar
                      Bhagwat
                                                                               Memco     Naroda ST                 9.    Soni ni chaali
                                              Wadaj                                      workshop

                                                                                         Thakkarbapanagar
                                          Gujarat
      Bopal
                                          University
                                                                         Kalupur                                   Proposed Terminals
                                                                         rly. Stn. -
                                                                         Saraspur                        Odhav     1.    Narol
                Iscon                                                                   Soni ni
                          Jhansi ki                                                                                2.    Kalupur railway station - Saraspur
                circle                                                                  chaali
                          rani                                     Kankaria
                                                                                                                   3.    Chandkheda (Terminal + Interchange)
                                                                           Maninagar
                                      Anjali
                                      junction                                                                     4.    Ranip (Terminal + Interchange)
                                                                                                                   5.    Naroda village (Terminal + Interchange)
                                                                                                                   6.    Gujarat University (Terminal + Interchange)
                                                                 Narol
                                                                                                                   7.    Kankaria (Terminal + Interchange)
                                                                                                                   8.    Bopal (Terminal + Interchange)




                                                                                                                         Proposed Terminals
                                                                                                                         Interchange Locations

                                  Map 16: Proposed terminal and interchange locations



Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                                                           21
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


4.5      Interchange facilities
BRTS will have the following types of interchanges (as part of phase 1 and 2):
      BRTS – Rail – AMTS
      BRTS – AMTS
      BRTS – BRTS feeder
      BRTS – GSRTC
All interchange facilities will be designed to be pedestrian friendly and will have ramps,
escalators (near the railway station), and signalized at grade crossing wherever required. In
addition to these, there will be several other locations, where interchange will happen between
AMTS and BRTS buses. The map above shows proposed interchange locations.
4.6      Planning of Bridges and Flyovers
As part of phase 2, one rail over bridge and one rail under bridge has been proposed. Both will
be exclusive for BRT only.
4.7      Vehicles
The proposed system will have low floor CNG buses, which are convenient for people to board
and alight. They will be accessible to the physically challenged. These buses will be standard
buses of 12 m length and with capacity of carrying 90 people. However since demand on inner
corridors is expected to be high, higher capacity buses are considered in phase 2.
4.8      Services
After completion of BRTS, phase 1 and 2, the city will have a range of public transit services.
The highest form of bus service would be the BRT running on dedicated routes. These will be
supported by a feeder service as well as the existing AMTS services. On trunk routes, 25% of
the fleet will be AC,. To begin with, the expected fleet size including phase 1 and 2 is 250 for
trunk lines, 150 for feeder services and 800 buses for AMTS.
4.9      Route Structure and Fare Collection
An exclusive system of operation is suggested, where BRT buses will ply on segregated routes
from head station to head station and be supported by feeder services at terminals and
important nodes en-route.
Ten exclusive BRT trunk routes have been assigned. The expected frequency between buses
on BRT corridor will vary from 75 buses per hour in the central city to 15-30 buses per hour on
the rings. These will be supported by 46 feeder services and 60 AMTS services.
Fare Rate and Collection: Distance based fare is recommended for phase 1 and 2. Off board
ticketing will be considered with smart cards. An upward revision in the existing fare to the
tune of 25% is proposed. Fare would be in the form of actual and technical fare and in the long
run revisions would be done such that both would be balancing out.
4.10     ITS Applications
To improve customer convenience, speed, reliability, safety and to build an image of modern
system, extensive use of ITS applications are proposed.
They cover:
      Automatic Vehicle Location Information
      o On board stop announcements
      o Next Vehicle Displays
      Use of Smart Cards
      Surveillance & Security Systems
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      22
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


4.11     Institutional Framework / Systems Operations
The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation is the lead implementing agency of the project.
Roadway Development: The road way infrastructure development will be undertaken by AMC.
Operation and maintenance of the roadway and other services and utilities will be performed by
the AMC directly or through private contract mode.
Bus Procurement and Operations: Bus procurement will be through private participation.
Workshop space will be provided by AMC, where the private operator is expected to procure all
machinery required to maintain buses.
Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV): ‘Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited’
Board of SPV
         Municipal Commissioner, AMC.
         Hon. Mayor
         Chairman Standing Committee
         Leader of Opposition Party
         Dy. Commissioner BRTS
         Chairman, AMTS
         Additional Commissioner of Police (traffic)
         Chairman/CEO, AUDA
         Director, Urban Transport, MOUD, Government of India
         One Member of Legislative Assembly representing AMC area
         Principal Secretary or his representative, Urban Development Department
         Principal Secretary or his representative, Department of Finance
         Two urban Transport specialists
         Two directors from private sector (With contribution to capital)
The role of SPV will include planning of services, selection of operators, monitoring of service
quality, fare revisions, coordination with relevant departments and future BRTS system
expansion plan.
Private operators will be procuring buses as per the specifications decided by the authorities
and operating services under the overall supervision and regulation of the SPV. It is envisaged
that private operators will selected through competitive bidding will carry out bus operations. A
kilometre scheme is being contemplated for the proposed system.
Monitoring: Professional services for periodic demand assessment, services planning and
service quality monitoring will be obtained from academic institutions.
Establishment of UMTA: In line with the directive of the Government of India, the city is
examining various models to set up UMTA as an apex transport agency.

4.12     Project Scope
A total of Rs. 493 crore has been sanctioned for Ahmedabad BRT phase 1 for a total of 58.3
km. As part of phase-1, all 58.3 km have been tendered out and work on 53 km is underway.
Work on the balance 5.3 km could not be taken up because of major drainage issues. This
stretch is from ST workshop to Kalupur via Memco. In lieu of these 5.3 km, it is proposed to
take up construction on the 3.1 km stretch from Soni ni chali to Odhav and 2.1 km from
Shivranjini to Isk on circle immediately (both proposed in phase 2) to finish the 58.3 km at the
earliest. The stretch from ST workshop to Kalupur will be taken up as part of phase 2.


Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      23
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                                              Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

It is expected that about 18 km will be finished by September 2008 and operations are
expected to begin on these stretches by September 2008.
As part of phase-2, 30 km have been identified. Detailed cost break up is given in the table
below. The cost estimates include development of the entire roadway including roadway
amenities and facilities, drainage and IT & other operating services. Adopting element-wise
rates, the estimates for each of the corridor stretches has been estimated. The estimates of
bridges have been made based on detailed engineering done for some of the identified bridges.
Base cost works out to Rs. 488 crore.
                                        Table 3: Project Scope and Base Costs
Sl.                                                                    Length            ROW (m)/ No of
                            Particulars                                                                                  Cost In Rs
No                                                                    (km)/No               Lane
A       Corridors Development                                           26.0                                               2,105,030,191
 1      RTO -Chandkheda                                                 6.60                                 60              606,862,029
 2      AEC Junction to SG Highway                                      3.10                                 30              204,600,000
 3      Shivranjani-Bopal                                               6.50                              60/40              625,593,438
 4      Nehrunagar-University-Geetamandir                               6.20                           36/30/24              433,894,770
 5      Soni ni chali - Odhav                                           3.60                                 30              234,079,954
B       Flyover/ROB & RuB                                                                                                    340,000,000
 1      Chimanbhai RoB                                                 1 (in nos.)                      2 Lane               210,000,000
 2      RuB at Gandhigram                                              1 (in nos.)                      2 Lane               130,000,000
C       Access to Inner city                                                                                               1,346,250,000
 1      Dariyapur darwaja to Kalupur Raliway Station                    1.45                             2 Lane              309,062,500
 2      Kalupur Station to Sarangpur                                    1.25                           2/4 Lane              429,062,500
 3      Sarangpur to Gomtipur                                           0.75                             2 Lane              179,062,500
 4      Kalupur-Saraspur                                                1.05                             2 Lane              429,062,500
D       Bus stops                                                    75 (in nos.)                  -                         300,000,000
E       Terminals & Depots                                            5 (in nos.)                  -                         175,000,000
F       ITS Application & External ticketing                          lumsum                       -                         450,000,000
        Total                                                                                                              4,716,280,191
        Contingency @ 3%                                                                                                     141,488,406
        Admn. Exp @ 0.5%                                                                                                      23,581,401
                                                                                               Grand Total                 4,881,349,997
Note:     (1)      Roadway costs include roadway construction, footpath, vehicular and bicycle parking, bus stations, passenger amenities such
                   as kiosks, toilets, lighting et c..
          (2)      Buses are through private companies. Hence Depot infrastructure will be built using private participation.

4.13      Project Financing of Phase-1 BRTS
The project has been forwarded to Government of India for support under JNNURM. AMC and
the State governments have earmarked their share of the proposed expenditure. Buses as
stated earlier, are to be procured through PPP mode. The break up of expenditure for the next
three years for different agencies is given in the table below.
                                             Table 4: Project Funding Pattern
   Agency            %age                Year-1                    Year-2                     Year-3                      Amount
 AMC                  50                976,269,999                732,202,500                732,202,500                  2,440,674,998
 GoG                  15                292,881,000                219,660,750                219,660,750                    732,202,500
 GoI-
 JNNURM               35               683,389,000                 512,541,750                512,541,750                  1,708,472,499
 Total                100            1,952,539,998               1,464,404,999              1,464,404,999                  4,881,349,997
 %age                                    40                         30                         30                            100




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                                              24
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation


4.14     Land Use Restructuring
It is observed that bus transit development results into changes in the land use and built form. It
has also been observed that when development concentrates along BRTS corridor, transit
patronage increases. In view of this it is imperative that the potential of land use
transformations be exploited to strengthen BRT project. A policy to encourage rebuilding
activity in the area using higher FSI is being contemplated. It is envisaged that all new
developments in the vicinity of BRT corridor (250 Mts) will have the permission to build up to
FSI 1.8 plus an additional F.S.I of 1. With this the densities on the corridor is likely to increase
by 2.5 times. Through impact charges value capture is expected. This would involve
modification in the proposals of the Development Plan and obtaining the sanction from the
state. Revenues from advertisements and parking are also envisaged.
4.15     Economic Evaluation
Bus Rapid Transit Plan for Ahmedabad is a multifaceted project which integrates land use and
transport, various forms of public transport services as well as other motorized and non-
motorized modes through various physical, operational and policy interventions to achieve the
objective of making Ahmedabad an accessible and competitive city. Given this multi-
dimensional nature of the project, anticipated impacts are numerous and some measurable and
some qualitative.
The rate of return is summarised below:
                                    Table 5: Economic Analysis Summary
Economic Internal Rate of Return without value of time(EIRR)                                    31.5 %
Economic Internal Rate of Return (EIRR) with value of time                                      45.3 %

4.16     Profitability of Bus Operations
As the private operators will be operating the buses on kilometer scheme, the feasibility of the
bus operations was studied in isolation. The bus cost was assumed to be 40 lakh. The revenue
earned per bus depends on various factors such as fare prices, the capacity of the buses, the
vehicle utilization per day as well as the average occupancy of the bus during the day.
Considering the above, first year operations were simulated. From the analysis, it is evident that
with 20% raise in bus fare, the operations through private sector are feasible.

5.0      Urban Transport Fund
A fund is proposed to be created as Urban Transport Fund mainly to sustain transit operations
and for development of transit infrastructure. The sources of fund include:
-   Net revenues from Pay and Park Facilities
-   Advertisement Charges along the BRT roadway
-   Advertisement charges on the buses and bus related facilities
-   Charges on outsourced activities such as Ticketing System, Seasonal Ticket Issue
-   Land Value Capture
-   Grants, if any.
Other sources in terms of cess/charge as a travel demand management measure are under
consideration.



6.0      Way forward
BRTS is a new concept for India. Planning and design of BRT in India has to be evolved with
experience. Phase 1 is now being implemented on site. Based on the experience gained
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      25
Janmarg Ahmedabad Phase 2                                                             Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

through this as well as study visits to Latin American cities by key AMC officials and design
team from CEPT, Lea Associates and ITDP, the project has gained greater clarity in terms of
design and operations. AMC has provided the necessary guidance and support for realising
the vision for Ahmedabad. The government has realised that this system will sustain
Ahmedabad’s needs for the next twenty years and is committed to building a world class BRT
system. The first 18 km will be operationalised by September 2008 with the rest of the
stretches being completed in a phased manner. It is expected that by the June 2010,
Ahmedabad will have a 88 km of BRT network operational.




Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, LEA Associates South Asia Pvt Ltd and ITDP                      26

				
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