PowerPoint: 5 Background Causes of WW1 by bW45PF7c

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									5 Background
   Causes
 of   WW1
           1. Industrialization

• Countries competing to be the biggest
  industrial strength
  – In order to do so, need to do what?
         2. Imperial Rivalries




• Industrialization lead to the desire to Imperialize
• Competition over who gets what, who is most
powerful
3. Aggressive Nationalism
    4. Militarism and Arms Race
• Build up of
  Arms and
  Militaries,
  Just in Case
                   Poison Gas
• New Weapons                                  Flame Throwers


• Creation of
  “Offensive
  Plans” -
  just in case
                                Machine Guns

                 Grenades
                                                      Tanks
Schlieffen Plan - Germany
Plan 17 - France
4. Militarism & Arms Race
Total Defense Expenditures for the Great
 Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.]
            in millions of £s.
 1870   1880       1890   1900    1910   1914

  94     130       154    268     289       398


                    1910-1914 Increase in
                     Defense Expenditures
         France             10%
         Britain            13%
         Russia             39%
        Germany             73%
     5. The Alliance System
     Triple Entente:   Triple Alliance:

Great Britain
                            Germany




  France



                          Austria--Hungary




  Russia                     Italy
   5. Alliance System
Allied Powers:     Central Powers:




                     Ottoman Empire




                        Bulgaria
5. The Major Players: 1914-17
        Allied Powers:                   Central Powers:



Nicholas II
   [Rus]

                                                     Wilhelm II [Ger]
              George V [Br]

                              Victor Emmanuel
                                   II [It]




                                                         Enver Pasha
                                                          [Turkey]

              Pres. Poincare [Fr]          Franz Josef [A-H]
Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914

                       The
                  “Powder Keg”
                    of Europe

								
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