# Slides.ppt by wangnuanzg

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Traditional names given to each month's full moon from the
“Old Farmer’s Almanac”

January     Wolf Moon
February    Snow Moon
March       Worm Moon
April       Pink Moon
May         Flower Moon
June        Strawberry Moon
July        Buck Moon
August      Sturgeon Moon
September   Harvest Moon
October     Hunter's Moon
November    Beaver Moon
December    Cold Moon

Rabbit       St. George Slaying Dragon
How High Is It?
How High Is It?
How High Is It?
An Educator’s Guide with Activities
Focused on Scale Models of Distances

National Mathematics Standards:
MEASUREMENT – NUMBER OPERATIONS Grades 6-8
National Technology Standards:

National Science Education Standards
UNIFYING CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES –
EARTH & SPACE SCIENCE – SCIENCE & TECHNOGY
How High Is It?

Rationale

Many students have difficulty conceptualizing
distances on Earth and a more difficult time
conceptualizing distances above Earth. In addition,
many students may not be able to connect previous
knowledge they have acquired in science to chart, for
example, where aircraft travel in comparison to
weather balloons, sounding rockets, or spacecraft.
How High Is It?
How High Is It?

• Why are vertical distances more difficult to
visualize than linear distances?
• How high is the highest mountain?
• Where do jets fly above Earth? Weather
balloons? Sounding rockets? The Space
Shuttle?
• Where above Earth are the auroras and
streaking meteors?
• How far does the atmosphere extend above
Earth– or where does space begin?
How High Is It?

HOW HIGH IS IT? Activity
Page 22

Make a model of Earth’s atmospheric layers on a six
Page-high chart and place small pictures of NASA
vehicles at the appropriate altitudes

Materials: How High Is It? Workshop, Scissors and Tape
Lunar Phases

New
Waxing Crescent
First Quarter
Waxing Gibbous
Full
Waning Gibbous
Last Quarter
Waning Crescent
How Much Would You Weigh On The
Moon?

On the Moon, a 100 lb student would weigh how much?

The Moon has a gravitational field that is 1/6 of Earth’s
1 / 6 = 0.16 X 100     16

16 lbs
How much would a space suit
weigh on the moon if the suit weighs
375 lbs on Earth?
1 / 6 = 0.16 X 375 60

60 lbs!
How much would bar-bells
weigh on the moon if they weigh
200 lbs on Earth?

1 / 6 = 0.16 X 200

32 lbs
Stages to the Moon
President John F. Kennedy gave the nation the
goal of landing men on the Moon before the
end of the 1960’s.

"...I believe that this nation should
commit itself to achieving the goal,
before this decade is out, of landing
a man on the moon and returning
him safely to the earth. “
Apollo Moon Landings

1969-1972
Stages to the Moon

LIVE
From the Moon
CBS NEWS
Earth Moon Distance
MODEL THE DISTANCE TO THE MOON
Divide distance to Moon by Earth’s Circumference

Mean 384,400 km / 40,000 Km

9.61
Bye, Bye, Moon
Gravitational interaction (tides on the Earth caused
by the Moon) transfers kinetic energy from Earth to
the Moon, slowing Earth's rotation and raising the
Moon's orbit, currently at a rate of 3.8 centimeters
per year.

3.8 centimeters per year
2011 – 1969 = 42          159.6 centimeters
Crater Formations and Noticeable
Features Lunar Features and Tid-
Bits
Barringer Crater, Arizona         Wolf Creek, Western Australia

Moon Crater
Impact Craters, Venus

Elysium Planitia, Mars
Mercury
Crater Types
Observation

Ejecta
Crater Wall
Rays
Floor
Craters, Craters, Craters Everywhere
Lunar and Meteorite Briefing

Giant Impact Theory
Moon Creation Theory
Giant Impact Theory
Phobos - Mars      Ganymede - Jupiter         Callisto - Jupiter

Janus - Saturn          Umbriel - Uranus      Proteus - Neptune

140+ moons in the solar system
Research Questions

• The Moon In Ancient History
• The Moon In Modern History
• The Moon In Religion
• Moon Legends and Tales
• The Moon In the Arts
• Does erosion occur on the Moon?

• Would ocean tides exist without the Moon?

• The Receding Moon
Observing Lunar Rocks
Lunar Rock Samples

Basalt         Anorthosite

Breccia       Orange “soil”
Six samples of lunar
material (three “soils”
and three rocks)
encapsulated in a six-
inch diameter clear lucite
disk

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