Slides.ppt by wangnuanzg

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									K WL H
Traditional names given to each month's full moon from the
“Old Farmer’s Almanac”


       January     Wolf Moon
       February    Snow Moon
       March       Worm Moon
       April       Pink Moon
       May         Flower Moon
       June        Strawberry Moon
       July        Buck Moon
       August      Sturgeon Moon
       September   Harvest Moon
       October     Hunter's Moon
       November    Beaver Moon
       December    Cold Moon
Man in the Moon    Lady reading Book       Beetle




          Rabbit       St. George Slaying Dragon
How High Is It?
  How High Is It?
              How High Is It?
       An Educator’s Guide with Activities
      Focused on Scale Models of Distances
                  Grades 5-8

       National Mathematics Standards:
MEASUREMENT – NUMBER OPERATIONS Grades 6-8
       National Technology Standards:
     NATURE OF TECHNOLOGY Grades 6-8

     National Science Education Standards
   UNIFYING CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES –
EARTH & SPACE SCIENCE – SCIENCE & TECHNOGY
                  Grades 5-8
            How High Is It?

                    Rationale

    Many students have difficulty conceptualizing
     distances on Earth and a more difficult time
 conceptualizing distances above Earth. In addition,
 many students may not be able to connect previous
knowledge they have acquired in science to chart, for
   example, where aircraft travel in comparison to
 weather balloons, sounding rockets, or spacecraft.
How High Is It?
          How High Is It?

• Why are vertical distances more difficult to
  visualize than linear distances?
• How high is the highest mountain?
• Where do jets fly above Earth? Weather
  balloons? Sounding rockets? The Space
  Shuttle?
• Where above Earth are the auroras and
  streaking meteors?
• How far does the atmosphere extend above
  Earth– or where does space begin?
            How High Is It?

HOW HIGH IS IT? Activity
Page 22

Make a model of Earth’s atmospheric layers on a six
Page-high chart and place small pictures of NASA
vehicles at the appropriate altitudes

Materials: How High Is It? Workshop, Scissors and Tape
Lunar Phases

New
Waxing Crescent
First Quarter
Waxing Gibbous
Full
Waning Gibbous
Last Quarter
Waning Crescent
 How Much Would You Weigh On The
            Moon?

On the Moon, a 100 lb student would weigh how much?

  The Moon has a gravitational field that is 1/6 of Earth’s
  1 / 6 = 0.16 X 100     16


                               16 lbs
  How much would a space suit
weigh on the moon if the suit weighs
         375 lbs on Earth?
     1 / 6 = 0.16 X 375 60




                      60 lbs!
  How much would bar-bells
weigh on the moon if they weigh
       200 lbs on Earth?

   1 / 6 = 0.16 X 200




                        32 lbs
                       Stages to the Moon
          President John F. Kennedy gave the nation the
           goal of landing men on the Moon before the
                              end of the 1960’s.



"...I believe that this nation should
commit itself to achieving the goal,
before this decade is out, of landing
a man on the moon and returning
him safely to the earth. “
Apollo Moon Landings


1969-1972
Stages to the Moon



                  LIVE
              From the Moon
                CBS NEWS
      Earth Moon Distance
    MODEL THE DISTANCE TO THE MOON
Divide distance to Moon by Earth’s Circumference




        Mean 384,400 km / 40,000 Km

                     9.61
       Bye, Bye, Moon
Gravitational interaction (tides on the Earth caused
by the Moon) transfers kinetic energy from Earth to
 the Moon, slowing Earth's rotation and raising the
Moon's orbit, currently at a rate of 3.8 centimeters
                       per year.


           3.8 centimeters per year
   2011 – 1969 = 42          159.6 centimeters
Crater Formations and Noticeable
Features Lunar Features and Tid-
              Bits
Barringer Crater, Arizona         Wolf Creek, Western Australia




     New Quebec, Quebec, Canada
                                               Moon Crater
Impact Craters, Venus




                        Elysium Planitia, Mars
        Mercury
Crater Types
Observation


  Ejecta
Crater Wall
   Rays
  Floor
Craters, Craters, Craters Everywhere
Lunar and Meteorite Briefing

Giant Impact Theory
Moon Creation Theory
   Giant Impact Theory
Phobos - Mars      Ganymede - Jupiter         Callisto - Jupiter




Janus - Saturn          Umbriel - Uranus      Proteus - Neptune

                 140+ moons in the solar system
    Research Questions


• The Moon In Ancient History
• The Moon In Modern History
• The Moon In Religion
• Moon Legends and Tales
• The Moon In the Arts
    • Does erosion occur on the Moon?

• Would ocean tides exist without the Moon?

           • The Receding Moon
Observing Lunar Rocks
  Lunar Rock Samples




Basalt         Anorthosite




 Breccia       Orange “soil”
Six samples of lunar
material (three “soils”
and three rocks)
encapsulated in a six-
inch diameter clear lucite
disk

								
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