CLIPS REPORT - UM InfoPoint - University of Missouri System

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CLIPS REPORT - UM InfoPoint - University of Missouri System Powered By Docstoc
					                              CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri
 and higher education, compiled by UM System University Communications as a service for UM System
 officials. The report may include articles dealing with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher
 education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

 The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or
 representation of campuses, University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from
 Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not an effort to measure the University’s
 public information efforts.

                                             October 19, 2007

Editorials: UM curators resolution, 1
UM System losing funds, teachers, 5
UMHC and MONA, 8
Letter: Intellectual diversity promotes racism, 10
MU sends 233 acceptance letters by mistake, 12
Businessman endows education chair at MU, 14
MU researchers receive grant to improve fertility in female cancer survivors, 15
MU TA arrested on suspicion of theft, 17
MU professor active in revitalizing Missouri’s downtowns, 18
MU residential life welcomes its first visually impaired staff member, 20
MU General Classroom building to be renamed, 23
MU student honored for Tribune article, 24
MU’s Butterfield arrested, suspended from basketball team, 25
MU police arrest robbery suspect from University Hospital incident, 27
MU professor on abuse in teen relationships, 29
MU homecoming this week, 30
Ward Connerly UMKC appearance challenged by silent protestors, 33
UMKC broadens culinary horizons in cafeteria, 34
UMSL employees get raises despite lawsuit, 36
UMR holds practice mine-rescue competition, 37
UMR holds haunted mine, 39
MSU looks ahead to third phase of agricultural center renovation, 41
Nietzel pledges support for minority access at MSU, 43
MSSU continues search for new president, 45
SIUE president and plagiarism, 48
Editorial: remedial education in college, 50
More teachers pursuing higher education, 51
Stem-cell ballot language, 61
Sallie Mae backs away from using freedom-of-information requests to seek students’ addresses, 71
Lenders repay $17.6M in federal subsidies collected through servicing company’s error, 73
Wealthy colleges questioned about costs, 74
Panel says government must ease security restrictions on university research, 76
After accidents, laboratory safety is questioned, 79
Older adults confront barriers to pursuing a higher education, 82
Enrollment of first-year medical students reaches a new high, 83
The Columbia Daily Tribune
Blog: Blunt comments on curator resolution
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Earlier this month, the UM System Board of Curators passed a resolution to “support for academic
freedom and research,” a measure that dovetailed with an earlier statement from UM System Interim
President Gordon Lamb condemning a movement to ban somatic cell nuclear transfer.

Although the resolution passed 6-1, two curators appointed by Gov. Matt Blunt — David Wasinger
and John Carnahan — abstained. Another curator — Doug Russell — voted against the resolution.
Several other curators appointed by Blunt — including Warren Erdman, Bo Frasier and Judy Haggard
— supported the move.

Blunt — a supporter of Amendment 2 and an opponent to a ballot initiative process to ban SCNT —
was asked yesterday for his opinion about how three of his appointed curators didn’t vote for the
research resolution.

“I think I’ve appointed good curators, I think all the members are people that care about the
university,” Blunt said. “I think all of them believe in academic freedom. I think some might have had
concern about how this affects future funding requests from the General Assembly. My objective is to
keep increasing funding for colleges and universities, continuing to increase money for student
scholarships. And that’s going to remain my principled higher education focus.”

When asked whether he was dismayed that his appointees were not supporting a resolution affirming
research that the governor supports, Blunt said he would want to examine the exact wording of the

"Again, I think their concern is just driven by how it might impact the University of Missouri system
within the General Assembly," Blunt said. "And they, like the other curators, have the best interests of
the university at heart."

Blunt, a Republican, raised eyebrows earlier this week when his campaign finance report showed a
$250,000 donation from an organization in favor of embryonic stem cell research.

Supporters of Health Research & Treatment gave the donation to Blunt's campaign before a Missouri
Supreme Court ruling threw out a provision allowing for unlimited campaign contributions. The group
also provided large donations in the past to Attorney General Jay Nixon and Secretary of State Robin
Carnahan, both Democrats.

Columbia Missourian
Editorial: Blunt’s curators working against UM’s best interest
Saturday, October 13, 2007

When you piece together the reports from that Board of Curators meeting Oct. 5, you get a troubling
picture of political division at the very top of our university. You see conflict where there should be
unanimity, partisanship where there should be support.

The issue, which shouldn’t have been an issue, was a resolution written by Interim President Gordon
Lamb at the suggestion of Curator Bo Fraser of Columbia. The Columbia Daily Tribune reported that

it calls for “academic freedom in teaching and research” and concludes, “The Board of Curators
reaffirms its unwavering commitment to the principles of academic freedom and intellectual inquiry.”

The Missourian’s headline asserted “Curators support Lamb’s position on stem cell work.” Well, not
exactly. Instead, according to reports in the two dailies and the campus newspaper, The Maneater, the
university’s policymakers squabbled over not only the language and intent of the resolution but even
the manner of its introduction. The Maneater quoted Curator David Wasinger as being angry that it
was introduced as a surprise: “What disturbs me is that you guys are too embarrassed to put this on the
agenda,” he said.

My guess is that the tactic didn’t result from embarrassment but from calculation of the forces now at
work in the Blunt-dominated board. President Lamb and his supporters no doubt understand that
Blunt appointees Wasinger, John Carnahan and Doug Russell didn’t like Lamb’s courageous statement
supporting university researchers’ right to pursue stem cell research. They must have suspected that
prior notice would have provided the opportunity for behind-the-scenes maneuvering to weaken or
thwart the resolution. In the end, Curator Russell, acting more like the chairman of the state
Republican Party, which he is, than the university advocate he should be, voted against the resolution.
Curators Wasinger and Carnahan abstained.

Look at the language of the resolution, which never mentions any specific form of research or
intellectual inquiry, and ask yourself how anyone qualified to be a curator could refuse to support it.
Now ask whether there could possibly be any connection to Chancellor Brady Deaton’s report at that
same meeting that some “major institution” is trying to raid some of our most productive researchers.
Big money is being offered, he said.

The flagship campus is cannibalizing itself to the tune of $7 million in hopes of matching monetary
inducements. But Faculty Council Chairman Frank Schmidt noted in a Maneater report that “Compete
Missouri” has its own costs, in the form of fewer faculty. Prof. Schmidt also said what administrators
whose jobs aren’t protected by tenure may be reluctant to say, “Political interference is political

Missourians have come to expect political interference in education from our legislators. Coming from
within the board of curators, though, it’s more worrisome.

Call me an idealist, but I’ll argue that for most faculty members big money is really less important than
that “unwavering commitment to the principles of academic freedom and intellectual inquiry.”

When the commitment wavers, we’re at risk of losing more than just a few scientists. The real risk is to
the core values of the university.

George Kennedy is a former managing editor at the Missourian and professor emeritus at the Missouri School of

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: Curators’ resolution
Not about stem cells?
Saturday, October 13, 2007

What was the purpose of last week’s resolution by University of Missouri curators affirming support
for academic and research freedom but avowedly "not about stem cells?"

By the time politically compromised members got through crafting their buttermilk statement, they
had done nothing of substance to support freedom and everything to show the world their fear of
political retribution from the so-called right-to-life movement. If anyone needed evidence its influence
has corroded current Missouri politics, this reaction by the curators should do the trick. Say what they
want, their resolution was all about stem cells. Above all else, not mentioning stem cells became their

The debate showed the neoconservative leaning of the first three members named by Gov. Matt Blunt.
Doug Russell voted against the milquetoast statement in behalf of academic freedom, believing even it
was too much for the right-to-life attitude held by him and others. John Carnahan and David Wasinger
refused to vote, apparently not wanting to be on either side of the issue.

Wasinger promised - threatened? - that attitudes on stem cell research could become a "litmus test" in
the state Senate for future curator nominees if the dreaded words were contained, or even implied, in
the curators’ statement. Clearly, the three regard themselves more as ideologues than representatives of
higher education in the state.

No, maybe I’m wrong. Maybe they think it is in the best interests of the university for its leaders to
bend before religious political conservatives regardless of how such pandering erodes everything the
institution should stand for.

The rending controversy drove those with the right instincts into the woodwork, leading acting
President Gordon Lamb, curator Bo Fraser and others to say firmly the resolution was definitely not
about whether stem cell research should be allowed. Curator Marian Cairns said it was "just a
resolution that we are … a research institution and giving our support to the good people who are
doing this work."

To such good people, including top researchers who might consider setting up shop at the University
of Missouri, this official stance surely will not give comfort. Instead it proves right-to-life politics have
infected the curators as well as the legislature.

Sorry, folks. This was a moment when the esteemed UM Board of Curators should have gracefully and
respectfully, but forcefully, stuck it in the eye of the anti-intellectual crowd trampling freedom of
inquiry in this state. That the university’s governing board is not able to display the right-headed
philosophy necessary for the university to perform its proper mission is sad, indeed. If that group will
not take an unequivocal stance in support of academic freedom, who will?

Russell, Wasinger and Carnahan are serving multiyear terms. Let us hope that sooner or later Missouri
Right to Life loses its stranglehold on the General Assembly and the three embryonic terrorists at least
are marginalized while they finish their tenures. Forget about their ever becoming believers in what the
university is all about.

That Gov. Matt Blunt put these three subversives on the board will be to his eternal discredit.

St. Louis Business Journal
Editorial: Don’t dumb down Missouri
Friday, October 12, 2007

The curators of the University of Missouri system are to be applauded for backing their interim
chancellor and speaking up for the importance of scientific research throughout the state and its public

Cures without Cloning, an organization that opposes stem cell research, has announced its intention to
overturn the 2006 statewide initiative that supported stem cell research. Cures without Cloning favors
an amendment that reads, "No taxpayer dollars should be used to research or experiment using a
human organism derived from cloning or attempting to clone a human being."

Such action would be disastrous for academic research.

That was what prompted Interim Chancellor Gordon Lamb to forcibly speak out. UM-St. Louis
Chancellor Tom George also spoke out strongly against the proposed amendment in his State of the
University address.

These two men are leaders of the schools that educate our work force. They understand that without
all the tools and technology available across the country -- and, indeed, across the world -- we will not
be preparing our children for a viable economic future. The curators wrestled with the issue and voted
6-1, with two abstentions, to support a resolution by Curator Judith Haggard that encouraged the
board to protect the University's rights to further scientific research in the field of somatic stem cells.

Not coincidentally, two of the three distinguished geneticists who were awarded this year's Nobel Prize
in Medicine are at state universities: Mario R. Capecchi of the University of Utah and Oliver Smithies
of the University of North Carolina. In layman's terms, they used laboratory mice to target genes
responsible for specific diseases and disorders. This is the type of research that ultimately could lead to
a cure for Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease, just to mention two afflictions.

What would it say if these two men and the type of work they do were unwelcome in Missouri? What
would it say if they declined to conduct their research in our state, and thus, our future researchers
could not gain from their expertise?

We could be facing a day when the country is divided, not by red states or blue states, but by smart
states and dumb states. The curators understand it is against the mission of the state university to
systematically (pun intended) dumb down Missouri.

We should follow their lead.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
UM system is losing funds, teachers and – some say – morale
Monday, October 15, 2007

Whoever is tapped to lead the four-campus University of Missouri system may need to come with a pep
talk for disheartened faculty and some persuasive talk for state legislators.

Faculty morale has plummeted to the lowest in recent memory, some professors say. Uncertainty over who
will be the next university system president, stagnant salaries, looming program cuts, low state support and
research restrictions are fueling the discontent. It’s an issue a new president immediately will face.

While top administrators insist there is no morale crisis, nearly a dozen professors, including several who
have recently left the system, say otherwise.

Gary Ebersole, a University of Missouri-Kansas City professor who leads the UM system Intercampus
Faculty Council, says one indication of poor morale is that “dedicated faculty have thrown up their arms
and are leaving” for better opportunities outside the state.

Faculty turnover data are not conclusive. Figures from the University of Missouri-Kansas City and the
University of Missouri-Columbia, for example, show turnover has remained about the same for the last four
years. What is clear is that full professors who leave are being replaced by less-experienced faculty.

For a variety of reasons, some top administrators also have left the university system this year, including
former President Elson Floyd, now president at Washington State University. Floyd told The Kansas City Star
earlier this year that among his reasons for leaving Missouri was the state’s political climate — having to
fight for financial support and research freedom. The search for his replacement has gone on for nine

“No one likes instability on the job,” said Jim Coleman, who resigned this year as vice chancellor for
research at MU to take a position at Rice University.

Coleman, who said he loved working at MU, repeatedly had turned down offers from other universities. He
changed his mind this year after a state agency prohibited early stem cell research in certain newly
constructed state facilities and $31.2 million for an MU cancer center was scratched from Gov. Matt Blunt’s
campus construction plan.

“Things came to a head that made me susceptible when these people came calling me,” Coleman said.

Salary increases would help

Faculty come and go all the time for various reasons, said MU Provost Brian Foster.

“The question isn’t whether we replace faculty if they leave … The issue is who is leaving and who we
replace them with,” he said, adding that the university is “a bit more vulnerable than we used to be because
our pay is not as good and our other support issues (library collections for research, lab equipment,
technicians in science labs, and technology in classrooms) are not as good.”

He cited oversized classes and lack of money to maintain aging buildings as other problems dampening
faculty morale. But he said the situation is not a crisis.

“If we can manage to raise salaries, that will have a big impact on morale,” Foster said.

According to 2006 data from the American Association of University Professors, average MU salaries rank
eighth among the Big 12 institutions. University of Kansas salaries rank sixth, and Kansas State University is
at the bottom. However, average MU salaries are at the bottom of the Association of American
Universities’ list of the 33 research institutions that the Columbia campus competes with for faculty.

University of Missouri system faculty salaries were frozen in 2002. In subsequent years, professors received
what Ebersole called “unfunded curator-mandated” raises in the 2 percent range.

“These unfunded raises have never kept up with the cost-of-living increases, and some years did not even
cover increased health insurance costs that faculty and staff bore,” Ebersole said. “Every year we have had
to cut academic budgets and support budgets in order to get the money for the 2 percent pool. This has
been a continuous act of robbing Peter to pay Paul, or incremental cannibalism.”

This year, to help find money to increase salaries, curators approved a three-year plan that calls for cutting
millions on the four campuses by eliminating some programs and holding some jobs open.

At UMKC, a team of faculty, led by Ebersole, has been charged with reviewing academic centers and
institutes and deciding which ones stay and which will be cut. The UMKC Center for Labor Studies is the
first program axed in this belt-tightening effort.

Shrinking state support

Paying for the three-year plan also relies heavily on the Missouri General Assembly approving millions
more for university operations each year. But faculty leaders have little faith in adequate state money being

Missouri higher education appropriations have lagged behind other states during the past few years.

A 2006 study by the Center for the Study of Education Policy at Illinois State University ranks Missouri
45th among the 50 states in appropriations for higher education on a per capita basis. Kansas ranks eighth.

“It’s the state of Missouri not supporting its universities that is frustrating,” said Jana Hawley, an award-
winning professor who left MU this year to lead the apparel, textiles and interior design department at K-
State. “It makes you feel unappreciated.”

And as the state share of support for higher education continues shrinking in Missouri, the UM system
makes cuts that eventually could whittle away at academic programs.

“It is a formula for disaster,” said Martin Snyder, a spokesman for the American Association of University

“When there isn’t that public support, the quality of education is just going to deteriorate,” Snyder said.
“The University of Missouri has been a wonderful place, but shortsightedness on the part of the legislature
is going to cost them that resource. Unfortunately, in education like in anything else, you get what you pay

State support for higher education in Missouri reached a high-water mark in 2002, when lawmakers
appropriated $976 million. Because of revenue shortfalls, however, funds were slashed the following year by
more than 10 percent. A 4.2 percent cut came the next year. The result is that even with recent increases,
state support this year — $936.5 million — is lower than it was in 2001. At $430.9 million, funds for the
University of Missouri system stand nearly 6 percent lower this year than in 2002.

Sen. Delbert Scott, a Lowry City Republican who has been in the legislature since 1985, said lawmakers
realized that higher education suffered significant budget cuts during the state budget crunch of 2002-04.

He said lawmakers have tried to dig out of that hole by boosting funding the last two years, including a 6.5
percent increase this year. Higher education has not received the attention or the increased funds that K-12
schools have received, partly because universities have other options, including increasing tuition, he said.

But average annual tuition at four-year public institutions is higher in Missouri than in any other Big 12
state, and MU’s tuition is the highest of any public school in the state, according to the state auditor’s office.

A new law this year caps tuition increases to the level of inflation.

Sen. Chuck Graham, a Columbia Democrat whose district includes the state’s flagship university, said
lawmakers tend to be ambivalent toward higher education.

“People think you’re being elitist when you try to get money for the University of Missouri,” Graham said.
“But MU doesn’t compete with Missouri Southern. They have to understand that MU is a research
university that competes for the top talent with 62 other research universities in the United States and
dozens more around the world.”

Research threatened

If the state does not improve its support of higher education, then not only will its universities be losing
their best and brightest, but faculty members the state tries to recruit “will wonder whether Missouri is the
best place for them to come to work,” Coleman said.

And that is crucial as MU aims to attract top scientists in an effort to boost its bioscience research profile.

MU Chancellor Brady Deaton said researchers would go where they felt they could best further their work.
While he and UMKC Chancellor Guy Bailey say morale remains high on their campuses, Bailey said,
“People worry quite a bit about research restrictions.”

Both chancellors said limits on research coupled with low salaries could affect efforts to attract top

Deaton, nonetheless, cited efforts to reduce spending and redirect the savings toward boosting salaries, plus
record fundraising and research dollars as indications that the institution is doing well.
He said he is making every effort to bring faculty together with legislators who visit the Columbia campus.

Getting more state support is key to improving morale, Ebersole said.

“As long as we continue to talk about the cost of education rather than as an investment, we are sending
our children’s future in education down the river,” he said. “And after you cut and cut, you are cutting into
bone. That’s the point we are at now; cutting into the infrastructure of the university. A university is
nothing but people.”

The Columbia Daily Tribune
UM Health pans beef by nurses
Hospital exec contends staffing ‘same or better’ than elsewhere.
Sunday, October 14, 2007

A letter mailed by an executive to all nurses in the University of Missouri Health Care system says
nursing levels there are sufficient and implies complaints by the Missouri Nurses Association represent
the beliefs of a small minority of nurses in the system.

The letter dated Oct. 5 was in response to a Tribune article last month where nurses on MONA’s
"negotiating team" expressed frustration about problems renegotiating a labor agreement for the first
time in more than 20 years. The labor group cited poor staffing ratios, low pay and the lack of
"professional rights" as issues that should be addressed in a new contract.

But the university letter paints a different picture. Since 1978, the year MONA won the right to
represent most registered nurses in the UM system, the letter says that the number of nurses working
at University Hospital increased from 260 to 926. Meanwhile, nurse-to-patient ratios have remained
"the same or better" than in most other states, Chief Nurse Executive Anita Larsen said in an e-mail to
the Tribune. The most recent evaluation showed a ratio of one nurse to every four medical/surgical
inpatients by day and one to five or six by night.

These ratios are a hot topic nationally. A study earlier this year by the U.S. Department of Health and
Senior Services found a strong link between poor nurse staffing levels and adverse patient outcomes,
including mortality. Many of the hospitals surveyed had nurse-to-patient ratios two times worse than
those at University Hospital.

Until this year, MONA has been absent from labor discussions, according to Larsen, who was author
of the letter to nurses.

"From 1986 until 2007, more than 20 years, the union has not requested to participate in annual Meet
and Confer sessions. … When the health system was experiencing financial hard times, MONA was
inactive in terms of representing nurses and advocating for higher pay," the letter said.

"Our nursing leadership and nursing staff have developed a career ladder for nursing advancement and
a shared governance model with no input from MONA."

The letter cites statistics that indicate only 12 of the 926 nurses at University Hospital pay union dues
to MONA through the paycheck deduction option. This represents just more than 1 percent.

MONA CEO Jill Kliethermes said yesterday in an e-mail to the Tribune, "We want our registered
nurses in Missouri to have a voice." She also criticized the university for not meeting with MONA to
negotiate annual wage increases and cited what she called "a trend" toward unionism among

Earlier this month, MONA expressed pessimism at reaching an agreement with the university before

"The University representatives are very slow, and the renewal times in the past have traditionally been
May of each year. I am concerned that at this pace we may be still negotiating when the cycle arrives to
start the 2008 sessions," Stella Lindsey, a labor relations specialist with MONA, wrote in an e-mail to
the Tribune.

In a September strategy session in Columbia, MONA members complained about low pay for nurses
without citing specifics. But according to UM Health, pay has kept pace with the region. Nurse
graduates in the system start at $17 per hour, and RNs who received annual merit raises have seen their
pay rise by 22.4 percent in the past five years.

"We regularly review our nursing pay rates. Our goal is to keep our compensation levels at competitive
market rates for Central Missouri," Larsen said.

MONA officials have complained about the university’s practice of hiring travelers - nurses hired
temporarily through a staffing company. UM Health said it employs 85 travelers as full-time
employees, a number that has increased in the past two years.

The root problem of the dispute might not be going away. Across the country, a nursing shortage
affects nearly all hospitals. A federal study predicts nursing vacancies will reach 800,000, or 29 percent
of the professional nursing work force, by 2020. During that period, demand will grow by 40 percent,
but the number of nurses will grow by 6 percent, the study predicts.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: ‘Intellectual diversity’ promotes racism
Sunday, October 14, 2007

On Oct. 5, the Tribune reported the University of Missouri had approved a statement about
"intellectual pluralism" for inclusion on course syllabi. Does this mean MU is going to make professors
put David Horowitz’s term "intellectual diversity" or "intellectual pluralism" on their course syllabi?

I personally oppose Horowitz’s well-documented racism and sexism and must strongly object to this
plan. As the author of "Hating Whitey," David Horowitz essentially argues there is a race war against
white people in the United States - led by academics. He writes, "The new radicalism is the old
Weatherman race war brought up to date." The Weathermen were supporters of the Black Panthers in
the 1960s. Horowitz intentionally co-opts the language of the civil rights movement and turns it on its
head, arguing white people must be rescued from the teachings of "Afro-centric racists" - i.e. black
American scholars such as Cornel West, whom Horowitz referred to as a "black airhead."

In "Hating Whitey," Horowitz claims the "ideological hatred of whites is now an expanding industry
not only in the African American community, but among white ‘liberals’ in elite educational
institutions as well."

This sounds scarily similar to neo-Nazi ideas about white victimization, doesn’t it? Not surprisingly,
the "intellectual diversity" campaign is commonly used to target black professors. Horowitz’s list of
"dangerous" professors has been called a veritable who’s who of prominent black academics around
the country. The university should be ashamed to promote this kind of racism by adopting Horowitz’s
ideas in any shape or form.

I would never penalize my students for speaking their minds in class - that is what universities are for -
but I will not mandate racist ideas, either. The university needs to look up the history of the term
"intellectual diversity" before mandating its use. For a start, "The Third Wave of McCarthyism: Co-
opting the Language of Inclusivity," by Oneida J. Meranto, explains how this term was put into use on
another college campus. In this essay, Professor Meranto explains how Horowitz’s campaign led to her
harassment, as a woman of color, ultimately ending in "hate emails and death threats generated
through Horowitz’s e-magazine and on conservative radio talk shows" - as well as two student
grievances. Oneida is a Navajo who advocates for minority and women’s rights. She concluded, "My
case, therefore, demonstrates how progressives and particularly women of color are the first to be
targeted by conservative students and political operatives who, while calling for ideological diversity,
not only demonstrate they despise ideological and cultural diversity but are largely bent on destroying
it. It also demonstrates how administrators continue to fail in their responsibility to eradicate
discrimination and more often than not create the conditions for it to flourish." Is this truly the path
this university wants to take in adopting Horowitz’s campaign?

I, for one, will refuse to put the language of "intellectual plurality" - a term used as a racist code word -
on my syllabi. On the other hand, I am happy to put a statement on my syllabi that says students
should feel completely free to express their opinions and will never be penalized for having different
opinions than mine. I already say this at the beginning of every course. But I am saddened that MU is
setting the stage for a well-oiled Republican machine prepared to attack and harass people of color on
campus, as has already been demonstrated elsewhere. Because I teach about black authors and
therefore discuss racism in the classroom, I could easily be the next person accused of "racism" against
whites, as Oneida Meranto was. That accusation will then, apparently, have to be investigated
according to this new grievance process - just as it was in her case.

Am I supposed to pretend, to stay "safe" in my job, that racism against people of color no longer
exists? David Horowitz said about Oneida Meranto, "We’re just trying to get the woman to have
decent manners." It seems that, according to him, the "polite" thing to do is never mention racism
unless you believe it only exists against white people. Do the legislators, or the university curators,
really think this is going to help our national reputation?

Karen Piper is an associate professor in the English Department in the College of Arts & Sciences at the University of

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Blog: U. of Missouri retracts 233 acceptance letters that were e-mailed by mistake
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

In the ever-diverting game of “who’s got egg on their face now?” that accompanies the annual
admissions cycle, the University of Missouri at Columbia is the latest contestant. The university
recently had to contact 233 applicants to 15 of its graduate programs to inform them that the e-mailed
letter of acceptance that they received in late September was — oops, sorry — a “technical glitch,” the
Columbia Tribune reported.

Apparently the initial acceptances that were e-mailed out on September 27 were a tad premature, as a
retraction message the next day revealed to hundreds of crestfallen would-be graduate students.

“It was an erroneous communication and was immediately corrected,” Terrence Grus, director of
graduate admissions and records, told the Tribune. Applications to the graduate programs are still
under review, he said, and the admissions office has since added “several layers of protection” to
prevent another such blunder.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Grad school glitch leaves 233 hanging
MU sends acceptance letters by mistake.
Monday, October 15, 2007

Hirotsugu Mizuno of Japan worked five years to save $90,000 so he could study journalism in the
United States. He quit his job at a top television news station and moved to Missouri to take additional
language courses and prepare his application.

Late last month, Mizuno got word in an e-mail that he had been accepted as a graduate student at the
University of Missouri-Columbia. After celebrating with MU friends, he made phone calls and sent e-
mails to friends and former co-workers into the early morning to relay the good news.

Amid the responses he received from well-wishers when he awoke, however, was an e-mail from MU
saying that his initial acceptance was an error. Mizuno, 34, was one of 233 applicants in 15 graduate
programs at MU who received premature acceptance e-mails on Sept. 27 and were told the next day
that their acceptance had been withdrawn because academic programs were still reviewing applications.

"We apologize for this error and for any inconvenience this may have caused," Terrence Grus, director
of graduate admissions and records, told the students in his follow-up e-mail on Sept. 28.

Grus, in an e-mail to the Tribune, described the error as a "technical glitch" in which applicants
received an e-mail intended to be sent out after acceptance. The Graduate Admission Office has since
added "several layers of protection" to verify that e-mails go only to the intended applicants.

"It was an erroneous communication and was immediately corrected," Grus told the Tribune in an e-

That’s little consolation for Mizuno, who believes that if the error had occurred in Japan,
accommodations would be made to accept all of the students.

"Once a university makes a decision, they should not cancel it easily, like if you buy a stock or a house
or a car," he said. "The university should take some responsibility to the student or compensate them
in some way."

Martha Pickens, executive staff assistant at the journalism school, said the admissions process will go
forward as usual with no exceptions for students who received the erroneous e-mail. The committee
reviewing applications won’t even know which students were affected, she said.

"I can say to my knowledge this has not ever happened before," Pickens said.

Several applicants have contacted the journalism school, Pickens said, but "we didn’t have a lot of
discussion with them because the problem with them was generated by the graduate school."

Mizuno met with representatives from the graduate school office and was offered admission to MU as
a non-degree-seeking student, but he declined because it wouldn’t allow him to take classes in
journalism. He expects to find out this week whether he’ll be accepted into the program.

It’s not a slam-dunk. Although Mizuno won accolades during 10 years at Chukyo Television
Broadcasting in Nagoya, Japan, where he covered major sporting events such as the Olympic Games in
Athens, he is below the MU journalism school’s minimum scores for grade-point average and English
language proficiency. He’s already been denied admission to the University of Oklahoma, one of six
schools where he applied.

Still, he’s resting his hopes on MU. "If accepted, I will forget everything," he said. "It’s my dream to
study here."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Businessman endows education chair at MU
Monday, October 15, 2007

The University of Missouri-Columbia College of Education announced a new $1.2 million endowed
faculty chair in mathematics. The donor, Richard Miller, has funded endowed chairs in literature and
writing, cognitive neuroscience and business.

Miller, of Columbia and Pittsburg, Kan., made the donation to help tackle the nationwide shortage of
math teachers. Miller is president and CEO of Miller’s Professional Imaging, which has offices in both
cities. He graduated from MU with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics in 1970 and received an
honorary doctorate of letters in 2000.

"Without effective math teachers, we are unlikely to see successful math students," MU Provost Brian
Foster said in a statement. The position also will provide opportunities for the faculty member to
conduct research, travel and conduct scholarly collaboration with peers.

Columbia Missourian
MU researchers receive grant to improve fertility in female cancer survivors
Friday, October 12, 2007

COLUMBIA — Before Michelle Baetiong began chemotherapy for abdominal cancer in 2006, she
decided to have eggs from her ovary frozen, knowing there was only a 6 percent chance that the two
harvested eggs would ever result in a successful pregnancy.

The 24-year-old New York resident underwent the egg freezing procedure with just 15 percent of an
ovary. In 2005, her right ovary and most of the left had been removed when she was treated for
ovarian cancer, a disease she had been misdiagnosed with.

By the time she received a correct diagnosis for peritoneal mesothelioma, an abdominal cancer caused
by asbestos exposure, egg freezing was her last fertility option.

Although her fertility specialist told her to prepare for the worst when she was ready to use the eggs,
she wanted to preserve any chance she had to become pregnant.

“I pretty much did it for the hell of it, with high hopes that even if I have a 6 percent chance, later on
in the future it could be 15 (percent),” she said. “The future is about advanced technology.”

Researchers at MU are working towards this future.

This month, a team of scientists at the university received a $1.25 million grant from the National
Institutes of Health to research methods for improving fertility in female cancer survivors, according
to John Critser, Gilbreath-McLorn professor of comparative medicine and director of the Comparative
Medicine Center, who will be leading the project.

He said the problem of infertility in female survivors “has been a difficult one for anybody to solve for
many, many years.”

Steven Mullen, who will be participating in the project, said women who have survived cancer often
have difficulty becoming pregnant due to the treatment they receive.

“Very commonly the therapy necessary to cure the patients destroys the ovarian follicles, rendering the
patients sterile,” he said.

To help women have their own biological children after cancer treatment, the team will focus on
improving preservation techniques of ovarian tissue, follicles and oocytes (eggs), which are damaged
after cancer treatment.

The tissues are preserved prior to treatment, using cryopreservation, a process that maintains the
biological function of the tissue until the patient is ready and able to become pregnant.

The current methods for cryopreservation are unsatisfactory, according to Mullen, who says the
process may not be the most desirable for human tissue.
The American Cancer Society Web site considers the technique “experimental,” and estimates that
only about 150 children have been born as a result of egg freezing, and that only one or two successful
pregnancies have occurred as a result of grafting ovarian tissue into a woman’s body.

In an attempt to achieve higher success rates, Mullen said the team will investigate several factors,
including the effects of various cooling rates, as well as the use of different cryoprotectants, which are

used to stabilize the structure of frozen inter-cellular structures, and can reduce or inhibit ice formation
in the cells.

The NIH-funded research will allow the lab to perform experiments on specimens from non-human
primates, which Mullen said are a good model for humans.

Mullen said the team is honored to have been included in the experiment. The lab is one of about a
dozen in the world that focuses on cryobiology, according to Critser. He thinks the group is critical for
inclusion in the grant.

“There are not many labs who do what we do. We are fairly unique,” he said.

Columbia Missourian
TA arrested on suspicion of theft and outstanding warrant
Saturday, October 13, 2007

COLUMBIA — With the help of a pawn shop, MU police arrested a teaching assistant Wednesday in
connection with the theft of 14 laptop computers from the German and Russian studies department.

Marina D. Somers, 27, of Columbia, was arrested on suspicion of stealing in connection with the theft. The
laptops were discovered missing Wednesday morning from a computer lab in MU’s General Classroom
Building, where the department is located.

Somers, who was enrolled as a master’s student in German studies, was also arrested on an outstanding
warrant for failure to follow a judge’s order. MU police said they will not share any additional information
until Monday.

According to a probable cause statement filed in the 13th Circuit Court, MU police arrested Somers just
before the class she was teaching, elementary German, ended. After further questioning, police said Somers
admitted to stealing 10 of the 14 computers.

Somers’ Facebook page indicates she attended Rock Bridge High School and completed a degree in
international studies from Stephens College.

Court documents also state that three of the computers had been pawned at Family Pawn on Paris Road.

Brian Mayse, manager of the pawn shop, said Somers pawned the three computers over the course of three
days. The computers, he said, were the same models with MU insignia and identical logon information.

“I was a little bit suspicious about these computers in the first place,” Mayse said.

Mayse said the make, model and serial number from every item pawned at his store is entered into a
database. The pawn shop also records the customer’s driver’s license information.

Mayse contacted the police, and they verified that the computers were stolen and identified Somers as a

Mayse said his store is out $525 and he has given the computers to MU police.

Mayse said even though he didn’t receive compensation for his help in the investigation, if he had to, he
would do it again.

Carsten Strathausen, chairman of the German department, said Somers is no longer employed as a TA.

“The department, in agreement with the college, has already terminated her,” Strathausen said.

Somers made an initial court appearance Friday via teleconference from the Boone County Jail, where she is
being held on a $4,500 bond.

Because of the theft, Strathausen said the department has changed its policy about who has access to the
department’s laptops. Now they are kept in a locked office, and they must be signed out and only a faculty
member or a secretary can release them.

Somers’ next court appearance is scheduled for Oct. 19.

Columbia Missourian
MU professor active in revitalizing Missouri’s downtowns
Sunday, October 14, 2007

COLUMBIA — Arthur Mehrhoff wants people walking through downtown Columbia to start
directing their gaze in an upward direction.

“I don’t know if it’s tunnel vision, but people aren’t looking up,” Mehrhoff said. “These places are
really built for pedestrians and for an overall visual experience.”

Mehrhoff, an adjunct professor in the department of architectural studies at MU, looks at downtown
architecture as a vital aspect of a city’s identity. He spent this past spring working with the Downtown
Revitalization and Economic Assistance for Missouri Initiative, which educates small towns on
restoring and maintaining urban downtowns.

DREAM has held workshops in Joplin, Cape Girardeau, St. Charles, Rolla, Kirksville, Warrensburg,
Liberty and Boonville.

“It was a form of leadership training,” Mehrhoff said. “We try to give (civic) leaders information so
that they have the skills and knowledge to go back to their communities and lead a downtown
visioning process there.”

Usually, when he starts working in a community, he gets some coffee first.

“We always found the local coffee shop — the hub — and sort of worked out from there,” Mehrhoff
said. “Those can be the best indicators of where the downtown is. Most of these areas have an
interesting old place that someone has fixed up and that everyone goes for coffee. Those are good

Bringing new businesses into older downtown buildings not only attracts more people and maintains a
downtown’s historical vitality but also saves the city money. By keeping these structures, cities bypass
the costly process of demolition and rebuilding, Mehrhoff said.

“In a sense, downtowns represent existing energy, creativity,” Mehrhoff said. “The streets are there,
the infrastructure is there — the more we use it, the more value it has.”

In addition to harnessing the historical aesthetic of downtown architecture, Mehrhoff stresses tailoring
business options to the city’s needs.

“A lot of cities spend time trying to recruit business from outside the community, but I think one of
the best things they can do is talk to existing business owners and people and see what they’re
interested in,” Mehrhoff said. “Are they interested in expanding, in hiring new people, in selling
products that people downtown could be buying instead of buying from outside of the community?”

Mehrhoff said Columbia is moving in the right direction by taking downtown design and historic
preservation more seriously. But trying to promote pedestrian traffic in a time of minivans and sport
utility vehicles poses its own problem in many downtown areas, he noted.

“They (downtowns) weren’t designed for automobiles,” Mehrhoff said. “If you look at a downtown,
buildings are packed close together. They have density, which makes it interesting. Because if everyone
is driving downtown, it becomes a matter of ‘where are you going to put your horse today?’”

Mehrhoff suggested that urban downtowns still represent a gathering point and can be a powerful
connector for the public.

“It’s one of the key places in a region where everyone seems to have a place,” Mehrhoff said. “Other
areas we might spread ourselves out by age, race, lifestyle ... but downtown, everybody seems to stick
together. For example, during our New Year’s Eve celebrations or on the Fourth of July.”

Mehrhoff said he is encouraged by the work he sees going into downtown Columbia, but that it will
take more than city planning to give the area vitality.

“Essentially, downtown, if you do it right, can become a stage,” Mehrhoff said. “But you still have to
put on a play.”

Columbia Missourian
MU residential life welcomes its first visually impaired staff member
Monday, October 15, 2007

COLUMBIA — As Jim Pelfrey and his Seeing Eye dog, Opal, walked down the hall, Opal’s eyes
danced back and forth between her owner and their destination. Every few seconds Pelfrey would tell
Opal, “Home,” and she led him closer to his door. When Opal stopped, Pelfrey touched the handle
and then patted her on the head.

“Good girl,” he said.

Pelfrey and Opal were home.

Pelfrey, who was born blind, now calls MU’s Hudson Hall home after taking over as residence hall
coordinator Sept. 24. As the first blind person hired by MU’s department of residential life, he’s
looking to use his experience to make an impact.

“The reality is I am going to stand out more,” Pelfrey said, “and I am going to embrace that.”

Fan of sports, music

Growing up, Pelfrey never let his disability get in the way of being a kid. He has always been a sports
fan, and when he was in junior high school, he was a member of the wrestling team.

Pelfrey, who looked up to athletes like Pete Rose, was even at the game when Rose reached 3,000 hits.

“It was wonderful because the crowd was so into it. I didn’t feel like I needed to see it to appreciate it,”
Pelfrey said. “I think as a blind person I revered him because he did not have a lot of ability, but he
persevered. So he really was a hero growing up.”

Pelfrey was also a self-proclaimed “audio geek.” He got his first stereo system when he was 9, and
when he was 17, he got his first really “killer” system. To this day, Pelfrey still takes pride in his music
and sound system. He enjoys blues and jazz.

Pelfrey was not the only one in his family that was born blind. His older sister, Linda, was born with
virtually the same eye condition. Separated by only two years, they went through many of the same
experiences. Pelfrey said oftentimes they have to remind others that they are still very different.

“Just because we are brother and sister and blind it does not mean that we are the same. We have
learned to appreciate that about each other,” Pelfrey said. “She will come to me about things and I will
go to her about others. I think our differences help each other out.”

Throughout his life, Pelfrey has tried to live by the “golden rule.” Growing up blind, he quickly learned
to treat others the way he wanted to be treated.

“The biggest thing I learned initially is that life is not fair and that it’s OK,” Pelfrey said. “Not
everything is going to be the way you think it should or ought to be. Yes, you’re not going to be
treated right because of your blindness, but you try to find ways to overcome it.”

Making a difference

After his original career plan in broadcast radio didn’t work out, Pelfrey went back to college and
received a master’s degree in judicial affairs at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale.

When he was trying to decide what to do with his degree, helping students continually came to his

“I thought I was going to be the morning drive guy,” Pelfrey said. “When I realized that it was not
going to happen, I thought what else can I do and I realized that I missed being on a university

Before moving to Hudson Hall, Pelfrey had worked as coordinator of judicial affairs at Southeast
Missouri State University and as a hall coordinator at the University of Miami (Ohio). This year wasn’t
the first time he applied for a job at MU, though.

About six years ago, Pelfrey applied for a position as an area coordinator. But at the time, he didn’t
have enough experience, Frankie Minor, residential life director, said.

When Pelfrey interviewed for his current position, Minor thought that it would be a good fit because
of his background in working with college students. Minor also saw other strengths in Pelfrey.

“Jim is a good role model for other students with different types of disabilities,” Minor said. “It would
show them that they can overcome these things.”

This marks the first time residential life has had a visually impaired person on staff. Residential life will
continue to monitor how well Palfrey handles emergency situations, but Minor said he thinks it will be
a good experience for both Pelfrey and MU.

“Our process should be open to anyone regardless of their mobility. We had a good candidate who
was highly motivated, and it was a good opportunity to make sure our system was fully accessible,”
Minor said.

Fitting into a new home

Opal and Pelfrey have been a team for almost six years, and Palfrey said he knew Opal was a special
dog from the first time they met at The Seeing Eye in New Jersey.

“We were walking around and it was a little bit icy. I slipped and she looked back at me. I have had
other dogs before and they don’t usually do that. I knew this dog really liked me,” he said.

Opal, a Labrador-retriever mix, is Pelfrey’s fourth Seeing Eye dog, and Pelfrey hopes to continue
working with Opal for at least two more years, making her his longest tenured dog.

“She is funny out of harness, kind of a nut and very playful,” Palfrey said. “When the harness is on,
though, it’s like flipping a switch, time to go to work now.”

So far, Pelfrey and Opal have been working on adjusting to their new environment. Pelfrey is
confident his experience as a hall coordinator will help him to make the transition.

“We’re learning,” he said. “That is always the challenge of knowing every nook and cranny. Opal is
really a good worker, and we are picking up a lot, but it’s not going to happen overnight.”

Pelfrey has already taken the time to establish a rapport with his student staff members. They have had
group meetings, and Pelfrey has hosted a “spaghetti night” in his apartment.

Miles Gaudet, a staff member at Hudson, said he doesn’t think Pelfrey will have any problem with his
new position.

“I think Jim is definitely capable of doing everything,” Gaudet said. “It’s going to take some time for
people to drop preconceived notions of people with disabilities and respect who he is as a person.”

Whether students are looking for him or just want to see Opal, Pelfrey is hoping students will come by
and want to talk.

“I always have firmly believed that this is where I am supposed to be in a university setting,” Pelfrey
said. “This job gives me the opportunity to do things for students that I feel I did not get as a college

Columbia Missourian
MU’s first African-American professor has seen a lot during 38 years at school
Thursday, October 19, 2007

COLUMBIA — In the almost forty years since he first began teaching at MU, Professor Emeritus
Arvarh Strickland has seen the university transform itself both physically and institutionally.

“Someone who came with me in 1969 probably wouldn’t know their way around,” Strickland said.

“It is a much better-looking place than it was 37 years ago.”

Strickland is most recognized for being MU’s first black professor, joining the university in 1969 to
teach African-American history. Today, he will join Oliver M. Stewart, former MU Physics
Department Chair, and Paul Schweitzer, MU’s first full-time chemistry professor, as faculty who will
have an academic building at MU named after them. The General Classroom Building, located at the
corner of Missouri Avenue and Rollins Road, will be dedicated at 10 a.m. as the Arvarh E. Strickland

The idea to name the General Classroom Building after Strickland was first proposed by the Legion of
Black Collegians (LBC) several years ago. Strickland recalled that, when he heard the news, he just
laughed and wished the LBC luck. When it was approved, Strickland said he was both surprised and
overwhelmed by the honor. Strickland’s name is also on a meeting room in Memorial Union.

Strickland said his most important contribution to MU has been passing his knowledge on to future
African-American historians. “One of the reasons I was so happy to get an appointment in the history
department at MU was that I wanted to be part of training other African-American historians,” he said.
“When I came out of grad school, there were mighty few African-American professional historians in
higher education. I am very proud of the African-American historians that I helped to train and
prepare for academic life.”

While Strickland sees more African-Americans becoming part of the university community, he also
perceives a lack of diversity in black academic leadership positions at MU. He says black students need
more mentors and would benefit from seeing more black faculty standing in front of their classrooms.

“We are still not where we should be in the appointment of African-Americans to the faculty,” he said.
“Just the presence of African-Americans on the faculty makes African-American students feel like this
is more of a place that they belong.”

He also sees certain pressures facing the MU community in the future, in particular “attacks on
academic freedom” in the classroom.

MU has played a very important role in the Strickland family beyond its patriarch. Strickland described
his proudest moments at MU as watching his son, Bruce, and granddaughter, Janae, graduate from the
university. His son received his bachelor’s degree from MU in the 1980s. In 2005, nine years after he
retired from teaching, Strickland was able to hand Janae her diploma for earning a bachelor’s degree in

“The Strickland family has been part of MU in some very intimate ways,” he said.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU student honored for Tribune article
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Gavin Off, a master’s degree student in journalism at the University of Missouri-Columbia, has won
the Student Environmental Journalism Award from the Missouri Coalition for the Environment for an
article published in the Tribune.

Off was honored for his article "Lessons in Leniency," published May 6 in the Tribune’s Perspectives
section. The story recounted the Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ history of reducing
penalties filed against large farms for pollution violations.

"It took a lot of initiative to get that story," said Kat Logan Smith, the coalition’s executive director. "If
Gavin Off is representative of the kind of reporting that we can expect from the new generation of
journalists, environmental journalism is in good hands."

The honor was announced Sunday at the group’s annual awards dinner in St. Louis.

Columbia Missourian
MU’s Butterfield arrested, suspended from basketball team
Thursday, October 18, 2007

The MU men’s basketball program suspended forward Darryl Butterfield indefinitely following his
Wednesday night arrest on suspicion of third-degree domestic assault.

On Thursday, coach Mike Anderson suspended Butterfield, a 22-year-old junior-college transfer from
Miami. Athletics Department spokesman Dave Reiter said Butterfield’s suspension includes team
practices but declined to comment further, citing Butterfield’s arrest as an open criminal investigation.

At about 9:30 p.m. Wednesday, Columbia police were called to a 20-year-old woman’s Campus View
apartment at 301 Campusview Drive shortly after Butterfield left. An ex-girlfriend of Butterfield, told
police that he came to her apartment to collect some belongings.

“An argument ensued that turned heated,” said Columbia police Capt. Mike Martin. “Mr. Butterfield
struck her in the mouth area.”

Butterfield was no longer at the residence when police arrived. They contacted him by phone and
agreed to meet the 6-foot-7-inch forward at a coffee shop at the intersection of Hitt and Locust

“He told us his version of what had occurred,” Martin said. “He indicated that any contact that
happened between he and the victim was accidental.”

Butterfield later posted a $1,650 bond at the Boone County Jail.

Butterfield also had two outstanding warrants — one for driving with a suspended license and another
for failing to obey a police officer — from Iron County, about 200 miles southeast of Columbia.

Martin said Butterfield has had no recent run-ins with Columbia police and was cooperative with
officers Wednesday.

Butterfield began his athletic career as a quarterback for Miami Carol City Senior High School in
Miami. After suffering injuries, Butterfield began playing basketball and was named the most valuable
player of his high school team.

He later played for State Fair Community College in Sedalia and Mineral Area College in Park Hills
before transferring to MU last year.

Last season, Butterfield recorded 21 steals and took Marshall Brown’s starting spot in an early
February game against Nebraska.

Anderson and the MU Department of Athletics said they will investigate Butterfield’s arrest, which
follows the July dismissal of starting forward Kalen Grimes, the team’s leading rebounder. This
summer, Grimes, then 21, was charged with second-degree felony assault after he was accused of
hitting another person in the face with the butt of a shotgun in the parking lot of a Dairy Queen on
July 7 in Florissant, outside of St. Louis.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Butterfield arrested after domestic dispute
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Missouri basketball player Darryl Butterfield was suspended from competition today after he was
arrested last night for allegedly punching his ex-girlfriend during a domestic dispute.

The 22-year-old Butterfield, a reserve forward entering his senior season with the Tigers, was arrested
on suspicion of third-degree domestic assault and two outstanding misdemeanor warrants from Iron
County. He remained in custody today at the Boone County Jail pending a $1,650 bond.

Coach Mike Anderson and the athletic department will continue to gather information about the
incident and offered no further comment, according to a statement released to the Tribune by the MU
athletic department.

At about 9:30 p.m., Columbia police were called to an apartment at Campus View Apartments, 301
Campusview Drive, where a 20-year-old woman reported that Butterfield had hit her in the face after a
heated argument, Columbia police Capt. Mike Martin said.

Butterfield, a Miami native, had arrived at the woman’s apartment about 15 minutes earlier to retrieve
some personal items, Martin said. The argument began when the two began discussing their recently-
ended relationship.

Butterfield then allegedly struck the woman with his fist near her mouth, Martin said. He had left the
scene when officers arrived, but they reached him on his cell phone, and he agreed to meet them at a
coffee shop near Hitt and Locust streets, Martin said. Butterfield acknowledged the confrontation but
told police any contact was accidental.

The woman had injuries to her face that were consistent with her statement, Martin said. Based on the
information, Butterfield was arrested on suspicion of third-degree domestic assault.
Martin added that Butterfield cooperated fully with police.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Police arrest suspect in holdup at hospital
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

University of Missouri-Columbia police yesterday afternoon arrested a Jefferson City man who
allegedly stole cash from a woman early Monday inside a University Hospital waiting room.

Michael S. Weider, 25, was arrested on suspicion of second-degree robbery. He remained today at the
Boone County Jail. No bond was set, pending a court appearance.

MU police said they were notified at about 2:45 a.m. Monday that a 41-year-old woman from the St.
Louis area was robbed of an undisclosed amount of money by someone as she was preparing to go to
sleep in a waiting area near an intensive care unit at the hospital. The woman had been visiting
someone in the ICU.

MU police Capt. Brian Weimer said he did not know why Weider was in the hospital at the time of the
incident. He declined to disclose any additional information.

MU police on Monday asked for help from the public by releasing surveillance photos from the

Weider is serving two years’ unsupervised probation since pleading guilty in April to passing bad
checks in Cole County, where he received a suspended 10-day jail sentence, according to electronic
court records.

In 2005, he twice pleaded guilty to possessing 35 grams or less of marijuana in Cole County and
completed 40 days of home detention, according to court records. He also pleaded guilty to driving
while intoxicated that year and paid a fine.

Columbia Missourian
Woman robbed inside University Hospital
She was visiting a patient in the ICU.
Monday, October 15, 2007

COLUMBIA — The MU Police Department is asking for help in identifying a strong-armed robbery

A 41-year-old St. Louis woman was attacked at approximately 2:45 a.m. Monday inside University
Hospital. The victim was resting in a waiting room after visiting a patient in the intensive care unit
when the suspect attacked her and stole an unspecified amount of money. The victim refused medical
attention, MU Police Captain Brian Weimer said.

Hospital security responded immediately to the incident, and an image of the suspect was captured on
the hospital’s surveillance system.

The suspect is described as a white male in his late twenties to early thirties with short blond hair and
blue eyes. At the time, he was wearing a red and black checkered flannel over-shirt with a white T-
shirt, blue jeans and a black baseball cap.

The MU police are asking that anyone with information on the incident call CrimeStoppers at (573)
875-8477. The call is anonymous, and callers may be eligible for a reward up to $1000 if the tip leads to
an arrest.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU police arrest robbery suspect
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

University of Missouri-Columbia police have arrested a man who allegedly stole cash from a woman
early Monday inside University Hospital.

Michael S. Weider, 25, was arrested on suspicion of second-degree robbery.

MU police were called Monday at about 2:45 a.m. to a waiting area near an intensive care unit in the
hospital. A 41-year-old woman from the St. Louis area told police she was preparing to go to sleep
after visiting someone in the intensive care unit when a man took an undisclosed amount of money
from her.

MU Police released Monday surveillance photos from the hospital and asked for the public’s help in
identifying the suspect.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Task force targets abuse in teen relationships
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

It’s an epidemic that takes place behind closed doors.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, teens ages 16 to 19 suffer more injuries every
year from dating violence than any other age group. About one in 11 adolescents is a victim.

But the majority of abusive relationships go unreported, observers say, because shame and confusion
conspire to keep victims hidden.

A combined effort by the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Social Work and The Shelter, a
facility for victims of domestic violence or sexual assault, aims to change that. The groups have organized
the Columbia Youth Dating and Relationship Task Force to discuss the problem and possible solutions.

The task force has its third meeting tomorrow at Ellis Fischel Cancer Center. The meeting is not open to
the public, but task force members say opportunities for public input will come soon.

"Early relationships set the pattern for relationships that come later. If we can come up with some good
intervention strategies and create healthier relationships, we create healthier families later on," said Kelley
Lucero, a Shelter coordinator.

Lucero and Fran Danis of the School of Social Work are gathering representatives from education, law
enforcement and social work to determine where service gaps exist, how to intervene early and what needs
to be done in education to reduce some of the shame.

Lucero pointed to the murders in 2000 of two Columbia women. Nettie Hisle, 19, and Angela Brown, 20,
were each killed by abusive boyfriends after years of warning signs went unnoticed.

"I hate to think we have to wait for somebody to die to take action," she said. "When we look at CDC stats,
while some other crimes are going down, sexual assault and domestic assault are actually on the rise. So this
is something that costs us all."

Lucero said her knowledge of the subject was hard-earned. At age 18, she married a man she had dated for
two years. All the warning signs were there. He was controlling, jealous and isolated her from friends, but it
wasn’t until after the wedding that he became physically violent.

She said she got out in time but today is dismayed to see a culture of permissiveness toward abuse that has
not changed. "When you’re that young you see jealousy as, ‘they love you and that’s the way they’re
expressing that,’ " she said. "It starts when you can’t really go out with friends anymore and other issues
about isolation and control. I had no idea at that age these were warning signs of an abusive relationship."

Danis, who teaches an MU class on domestic violence, said she has seen it among her students. Not long
ago, she saw a young woman being walked to class by her boyfriend, who was "towering over her" and
brandishing his fist in the hallways. Danis called the girl into her office, and the student admitted the
relationship was abusive. None of her classmates, it seems, saw the problem.

"It’s one of those things that happens behind closed doors, but people see it every day and don’t know
what they’re seeing," she said.

Columbia Missourian
Fifty years of music
Thursday, October 18, 2007

J. Bruce Anderson was born to perform.

A self-proclaimed “show-off,” Anderson, 68, is a musician and actor who, along with his wife Reva,
works with about seven different theater programs around Missouri. Anderson estimates he has
performed in about 70 different musicals over the course of his theater career.

“You name the musical, I’ve probably been in it,” J.B. Anderson said. “I’m used to being in front of
people. I don’t get nervous; I just get excited. That’s a good thing when you’re in front of 70,000

Anderson’s true passion is Marching Mizzou. This weekend at Mizzou Homecoming 2007, he will
celebrate the 50th anniversary of his first homecoming performance with MU’s marching band. He
will also, for the 27th consecutive year, lead the MU Alumni Band’s traditional pre-game performance.

“He’s happiest when he’s out there representing the university, the music and the longevity of the
band,” Reva Anderson said. “He’s really dedicated to getting people to come back to enjoy the
camaraderie that they had back when they were in band.”

Anderson, whose friends call him J.B., joined Marching Mizzou as a piccolo player in 1957, when he
was a freshman. In 1961, he began his interlude as drum major, which lasted for two years.

Described by his long-time friend John Patterson, another former drum major from Marching Mizzou,
as agile and enthusiastic, Anderson’s most famous field stunt was learning to ride the unicycle and
cycling out on to the field at the beginning of a show.

“They loved it,” said Patterson, director the Columbia Community Band. “He was a real hit in those
days. He’s always strived for the unusual.”

In 1980, when Alex Pickard, a retired professor from the School of Music, helped form the Alumni
Band, Anderson was ready to jump back in for a refrain.

“He’s made it to every Alumni Band performance,” said Pickard, who still helps organize the Alumni
Band. “He never misses. He’s a boss type; he likes to tell people what to do. And that’s what a drum
major is supposed to do.”

The Alumni Band only performs once a year, at homecoming. About 120 former band members and
MU alumni rehearse for three hours before the big game, then march to the national anthem as part of
their pregame show.

Some years, other former drum majors have come back to help Anderson direct the ensemble. But
Anderson is the only one who has never missed a game.

Reva Anderson says homecoming has always been one of her husband’s favorite events, and “one of
the first weekends he marks off on the calendar.”

However, to the long-time drum major, one note in this year’s performance is just a bit out of tune.
The price of admission to the game for Alumni Band members has risen to $30. Anderson says he is

concerned about the effect the higher fee will have on some of the members of his band, especially
those coming in from out of town who have to pay for food and accommodations in addition to game
tickets for members of their families.

“We’re playing because the big band is just getting through with the parade,” J.B. Anderson said. “So
we take the pressure off them. But if they price us out, we won’t be able to play anymore.”

Nonetheless, Anderson sounds upbeat about this weekend’s performance. And he has no plans of
cutting his band career off any time soon.

“I don’t think he ever will,” Pickard said. “I don’t know what I’d do if he weren’t there. We’ll try to do
it together for the rest of our lives, I guess.”

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Homecoming in the wings for MU, city
Traffic islands force new parade route.
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

The Homecoming tradition that began at the University of Missouri-Columbia in 1911 continues this
weekend with activities for families and a Spirit Rally on Friday in Greek Town as well as a parade of
more than 100 floats through campus and downtown on Saturday morning.

"The University of Missouri has the oldest and largest Homecoming in the country," said Ryan
Murdock, student Homecoming tri-director this year. "We have alumni that come from all over the

Roger Wehrli, MU Class of 1970 and an inductee in August to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, is this
year’s grand marshal. Wehrli, known as "Rodger the Dodger," lettered at MU in 1966, ’67 and ’68. He
played 14 seasons with the NFL St. Louis Cardinals.

"I know that he is really excited about coming back," Murdock said. "He’ll get alumni, students and
fans excited for Homecoming."

In addition to the parade, Wehrli will oversee dedication of the Mizzou Legacy Walk at 2 p.m. Friday
in front of Reynolds Alumni Center.

"He is such a great representative of Mizzou alumni, and he has stayed well-connected with the
university," said Laura Bondy, coordinator for Homecoming and young alumni activities.

The Legacy Walk in front of the Reynolds Alumni Center is a walkway of inscribed bricks from
Mizzou Alumni Association members. The ceremony dedicates the first set of 609 bricks that raised
$245,000 for the student scholarship endowment.

"This will give participants the chance to roam up and down the walkway looking for their brick," said
David Roloff, director of membership and marketing, referring to alumni who had bricks inscribed for
the Legacy Walk. Roloff said kettle corn, apple cider and cookies will be served after the ceremony,
which is open to the public.

This year’s Homecoming Parade will follow a new route that passes down Ninth Street instead of the
traditional route on Hitt Street, past Memorial Union, where the university has recently added traffic
islands that would be obstacles to parade floats.

"We see it as an opportunity to extend our parade through downtown and the city of Columbia more,"
said Murdock, who also said the new parade route gives fans better access and closer parking. He said
it also could reduce parade congestion as well as speed up the floats. Judging for the floats takes place
on Sixth Street, between Conley Avenue and Elm Street.

Families and children are encouraged to attend the Friday evening activities from 6 to 10 p.m. in Greek
Town, which include skits at 13 fraternity and sorority houses along Rollins Street. This year’s theme
of "video games" will be featured in the campus decorations and skits.

A Spirit Rally scheduled at 8 p.m. will feature Wehrli, the Mini Mizzou Marching Band and the Spirit
Squad, which is made up of the MU Cheerleaders, Golden Girls and Truman the Tiger.

The Kansas City Star
Ward Connerly UMKC appearance challenged by silent protesters
Thursday, October 18, 2007

About 60 people silently protested the appearance of affirmative action opponent Ward Connerly at
the University of Missouri-Kansas City on Thursday night.

Connerly, who spoke to about 75 people, is promoting the Missouri Civil Rights Initiative, which will
be on the November 2008 ballot. His talk was sponsored by the law school’s Federalist Society.

The measure seeks to prohibit preferential treatment to individuals on the basis of race, sex, color,
ethnicity or national origin. Connerly, who has led efforts to pass similar initiatives in other states, said
such special treatment should be based on socioeconomic factors. Affirmative action is an ineffective
system that “will certainly bite the dust,” he said. “Black people haven’t benefited from it,” while
lower-income people need more help.

Protesters sat in the audience in silent protest. Some asked questions challenging Connerly’s views.
Protest organizer LaDonna McCullough called the proposition’s language misleading.

The Kansas City Star
College cafeterias broaden their culinary horizons
Friday, October 19, 2007

UMKC students fixed their eyes Monday on Chef Juan Carlos Barzola of Lima, Peru, as he prepared a
Peruvian beef tenderloin dish during the lunch hour. It was the first “Meet the Global Chef”event for
students in the university’s cafeteria.

The longest line Monday in the University of Missouri-Kansas City cafeteria wasn’t for pizza, burgers
or fried chicken, as it usually is.

Instead, students filed in at lunchtime hoping to treat their palates to something different — Peruvian
cuisine prepared by campus cooks under the direction of visiting chef Juan Carlos Barzola from Peru.

Barzola was on campus for the day as part of the Sodexho Global Chef Program, which brings
executive chefs from around the world to cook at universities and teach campus chefs to prepare foods
from other countries.

Sodexho USA runs the UMKC food service program.

“Most of our customers are kids who live in the residence halls. They eat here every day, two and three
times a day,” said Jesse Pisors, UMKC’s dining services general manager. “When you eat in the same
place time and time again, you really need to have something different. That’s where the Global Chef
Program comes in.”

Barzola, who also will cook for students at Rockhurst University and Emporia State University, will
visit 10 U.S. universities this month.

On each campus, Barzola will watch university chefs put into practice techniques that he taught them
earlier this year in training sessions in New Orleans.

Barzola said Peruvian food is a fusion of Asian, Japanese, Arabic, French and African flavors.
He said that bringing his country’s food to the United States is “about more than just food, it is about
sharing culture.”

More importantly, it is what UMKC students want, said Pisors, who meets regularly with members of
the Student Government Association.

“One thing I hear a lot is, ‘We want to see food from other countries,’ ” he said.

College cafeterias have changed over the last few decades. Dining halls no longer serve just meat and
fish patties, mystery casseroles, over-steamed vegetables, potatoes — mashed and fried — and
anything smothered with brown gravy or red sauce.

These days, college cafeterias resemble mall food courts.

But as college campus populations become more diverse, food service operations face a challenge to
“stay ahead of student interests and to avoid boredom before it starts,” Pisors said.

Some palates are more finicky then others.

Rachel Hampton, a UMKC freshman from Lee’s Summit, turned up her nose after tasting the
Peruvian passion fruit dessert, which she said tasted “like Herbal Essence shampoo.” She opted for
pizza instead.

Aleshia Patterson could hardly wait to get to the serving area where campus cooks were flipping and
shuffling a colorful assortment of vegetables, pasta and beef tenderloin sizzling in woks.

Patterson, a freshman from St. Louis, said she eats in the cafeteria at least twice a day and getting a
chance to experience flavors she has never tried before is “really a treat.”

From the two main Peruvian courses on Monday’s menu, Patterson chose the Saltado Creole Taypa, a
colorful assortment of sautéed spicy vegetables served over a mound of pasta. Cooks prepared the
food right before her eyes. With her tray in hand, Patterson rushed to find an empty table in the
crowded cafeteria and dug into the dish.

“I love the color. I love the texture. It’s really good,” she said. “They should do this again.”

Campus cooks promised to incorporate the Peruvian cooking style into the cafeteria menu. Pisors said
that throughout the year the cafeteria will feature other kinds of food, including soul food and a Mardi
Gras night.

KWMU Newsroom
UMSL employees get raises despite lawsuit
Thursday, October 18, 2007

ST. LOUIS, MO. (2007-10-18) A ruling against University of Missouri-St. Louis and two of its
employees last year cost the school more than a million dollars.

Now those employees have received new titles and raises.

Baseball coach James Brady alleged age discrimination against the school and two of his bosses and

A court last year forced the university to pay $750,000 in punitive damages.

Brady's superiors, Reinhard Schuster and Patricia Nolan, also were held liable for another $300,000,
which the university paid as well.

Now Schuster and Nolan have gotten new titles and 2-3% raises.

University spokesman Bob Samples says the lawsuit and position changes were not related. He says the
salary increases were up to their superiors.

"The individuals that they report directly to in this instance apparently made a decision on their pay
increase based on their performance and gave it to them," Samples said.

Schuster now earns $169,000 and Dolan earns more $93,000.

Springfield News-Leader
Recent collapses lend urgency to mine drill
Practice mine-rescue competition provides lessons students hope never to need.
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Rolla — The scenario in the underground mine was grim: an unconscious victim beneath a roof near
collapse, encased by rising levels of carbon monoxide and other deadly gases.

As teams of rescue workers from across the country prepared to enter the mine, they knew that the
"victim" was only an actor, the scenario just a practice drill.

It was an exercise they hoped never to repeat — but realized the nature of their work made that hope

"The whole point of the competition is to prepare for the real thing," said Zach Hershey of Vulcan
Materials Co., which harvests limestone from a quarry near Naperville, Ill.

Teams from Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico and Missouri joined the Vulcan squad at a recent mine
rescue competition at the University of Missouri-Rolla, which has hosted the annual event for 25 years.

Increased safety training is a key component of the 2006 federal MINER Act, the first major overhaul
to mine safety in more than three decades. The law was prompted by the January 2006 deaths of 12
miners in the Sago Mine explosion in West Virginia.

While most of the attention to mining reform has focused on the nation's 653 underground coal
mines, the teams competing in Rolla came from metal and nonmetal mines, which produce goods such
as iron ore, lead, limestone and gravel.

The risk of explosion or fires in the roughly 240 such mines in this country is less than in coal mines,
but the dangers are still significant.

This year alone, 25 metal and nonmetal miners have died on the job, most in accidents involving heavy

As one of the few simulated rescue sites located underground, the Rolla mines offer a measure of
realism not found in other venues. Other competitions take place on football fields, inside gymnasiums
and at other contrived locations.

"It's a lot more realistic than in a cattle arena," said Ivan Howard, a University of Missouri-Rolla
engineering student who captains one of the school's two rescue teams.

For Howard and his classmates, the rescue operation provides a learning experience classroom lectures
can't duplicate.

"Granted, we're not responding to real disasters," he said. "But we are the mine managers of
tomorrow. This exposes us to what goes wrong."

Even at a practice rescue, plenty can go wrong. One team was penalized by contest judges from the
federal Mine Safety and Health Administration for using a lasso to pull out an unconscious victim,
unaware whether the fallen miner had any internal or spinal cord injuries.

Another team failed to alert their teammates outside the rescue mine that they had left behind a victim.

For coal mine rescuers, the new law proposes that mine operators have two certified rescue teams,
with each team member participating in at least two rescue contests annually.

The minimum amount of annual training for coal mine rescuers increases from 40 hours to 64 hours.
MSHA is currently soliciting public comments on the changes.

The proposed rules regarding enhanced equipment apply to all mines, not just coal. Mines will have to
stock additional safety gear to increase rescuers' oxygen supplies and improve their ability to detect
carbon monoxide and other deadly gases.

Many of the teams at the Rolla event had not yet participated in an actual rescue. For Hershey, whose
team was only recently formed as Vulcan Materials enters the underground mining business, the
simulation is as close as he hopes to get.

In the meantime, the rescue teams continue to practice, preparing for the hazards all miners know they
can face at any time.

"It's insurance," said Fred Gatewood, a MSHA regional supervisor. "Being prepared if something does

The Rolla Daily News
Miner’s haunt relives
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Rolla-area residents should be prepared to be scared as the University of Missouri-Rolla’s Haunted
Mine opens tonight.

Mining engineering students at UMR have turned the Experimental Mine into a fright-fest not for the
faint of heart again this year, and students, faculty, community members and anyone interested in
getting into the Halloween spirit are invited to take the scary tour from 6 p.m. to midnight today.

The Haunted Mine also will be giving visitors the chills from 6 p.m. to midnight Saturday, and again
from Oct. 26 to 27. Finally, the mine will be open from 5 to 10 p.m. on Halloween, Oct. 31.

This year’s Haunted Mine promises to be a scream, with the longest tour of the mine to date. Students
in the Mining Engineering Department have been preparing the Haunted Mine since the Mine Rescue
Contest ended Sept. 28 and on Thursday, students Brian Sandhaus and David Lloyd were at the mine
working on finishing touches.

“People should expect to be scared,” said Sandhaus, 22, who is in charge of set-up. “We try to make it
unique every year. This year, we’ve added quite a few new things.”

Lloyd, 22, who is the head of the Haunted Mine Committee, agreed.

“Once again, we’ve done a good job putting new rooms in the Haunted Mine,” he said. “We’ve been
good at coming up with new ideas. We’ve come up with a much more convoluted route this year.”

Sandhaus and Lloyd said it takes about 30 to 40 students to get the Haunted Mine ready and to work it
on nights when tours are given. It also takes help from the UMR faculty.

This is the third year Sandhaus has worked the mine, and the fourth year Lloyd has been involved.
They said the Haunted Mine not only is fun for visitors, but also for the students who wait inside for
their chance at a good scare.

“I have a great time,” Sandhaus said. “I really enjoy it. I’ve always liked being a chainsaw-guy because
you can really scare people with that.”

Lloyd said the “greatest scare” he’s ever given a group while working in the Haunted Mine was while
hanging upside down. Lloyd said a group of girls came by him and decided to throw a rock at him to
see if he was a real person or a prop.

The rock hit his hard hat, leading the girls to believe Lloyd was just a scary decoration. When the girls
went to pass him, he screamed and starting twisting around.

The girls were so frightened they refused to move on in the mine, and Lloyd had to break character
just to get them to pass him by.

“I really love to be in there, scaring the living daylights out of people,” Lloyd said.

And of course, students working the mine always are given a heads up when a favorite (or least
favorite) professor is about to take the tour.

“We usually give them an extra scare,” Sandhaus said.

Not only is the Haunted Mine a good time for all involved, it also helps raise funds for four of the
Mining Engineer Department’s student organizations: The Society of Mining, Metallurgy and
Exploration; The International Society of Explosives Engineering; Women in Mining; and the
National Stone, Sand and Gravel Association.

Last year, the Haunted Mine raised nearly $11,000 for these organizations, and thousands of people
took the tour.

“We’ve had over 1,000 people come through in one night,” Lloyd said. “The second weekend is
usually massive.”

“It’s a whole new experience from other haunted houses, because its underground, it’s pitch-black, and
there’s rock over your head,” he added. “It’s got its own scary appeal to it because it’s an actual mine.”

Sandhaus agreed.

“It’s the real deal,” he said. “Everyone who comes usually enjoys it.”

Tickets to tour the Haunted mine are $6 for adults and $4 for children age 4 and younger. Visitors who
bring two cans of non-perishable food items will receive a $1 discount. Food collected this year will be
donated to the Russell House.

The Haunted Mine tour takes about 10 minutes per group. The mine is located about 1.5 miles from
the UMR campus off of Bridge School Road in Rolla.

Springfield News-Leader
MSU looks ahead to third phase of agricultural center renovation
Final improvements will include learning center, greenhouse.
Friday, October 19, 2007

A three-phase facelift of Missouri State University's William H. Darr Agricultural Center is almost complete.

The university held a ceremony Oct. 12 marking the end of the Phase II renovations and announcing a $1
million pledge toward Phase III.

Final improvements include the construction of a multi-purpose Learning Center Building, small animal
laboratory, greenhouse and a mechanization shop.

Anson Elliott, head of the agriculture department at MSU, said Phase III will begin as early as summer 2008
and finish sometime in 2009.

William "Bill" Darr, the center's namesake, and his wife, Virginia, pledged $1 million toward these projects,
half the total cost of the final phase.

"It's an exciting time," Elliott said. "Agriculture is an economic driver for Missouri. We are placing students
in this huge business."

Other future projects include making the center more accessible from Kansas Expressway by increasing
visibility on the north side and constructing a deceleration lane.

The 90-acre facility is a classroom and laboratory for livestock management, horticulture, agronomy, animal
science, wildlife conservation and equine studies.

"The Darr Center is a bridge of knowledge ...(from) the urban area of Springfield to the countryside,"
Elliott said.

Elliott said programs at the agricultural center help people in urban areas to understand agriculture in a state
where the business is booming. High school and elementary students visit the cattle and horse events at the
center. Elliott said that he hopes the new meeting rooms of the Learning Center Building will bring in
additional public groups.

The finished improvements to the center total about $2 million, Elliott said.

Phase I, which began in 2005, included updating the entrance and fence and building a multi-purpose barn.

Phase II began in 2006 and added arena seating, equine and bovine-handling facilities and a research
laboratory to the main Pinegar Arena.

Other major donors to the project are Rosalie Wooten of Journagan Construction and the T. Edward
Pinegar family.

Finding donors for the center has been a career-long effort for Elliott.

"It's a friendship-building operation," he said. "You earn trust and you show needs and let people decide
where they want to give."

Originally known as the SMSU Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center, the center began its
transformation as early as 1989, when a metal arena for a horse program was built, according to the Web

It became the William H. Darr Agricultural Center in 2000 when Darr began the renovation process
through a major donation.

Springfield News-Leader
MSU agriculture head to receive achievement award
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Anson Elliott, agriculture department head at Missouri State University, will receive the first Greg Onstot
Outstanding Achievement Award.

The award, which includes a plaque and $1,200, will be presented to Elliott during ceremonies at the
Missouri State Homecoming dinner Oct. 26 at the University Plaza Hotel.

Named for Greg Onstot, who served MSU for 25 years and retired in 2007 as vice president for university
advancement, the annual award allows MSU to recognize a faculty or staff member who has made
significant contributions to its development and alumni relations programs.

Elliott, who came to MSU from the University of Minnesota in 1978, became the agriculture department
head in 1980.

The Anson Elliott Scholarship for Agricultural Leadership, rewarding students at Missouri State University
for their academic achievements and their demonstrated potential to become future leaders in agriculture,
was started last fall.

The ultimate goal is to establish a permanent endowment of at least $100,000 that will fund annual
scholarships totaling approximately $7,000.

The Homecoming dinner and awards ceremony begins at 6 p.m. and is open to the public. Reservations are
required and tickets are $25.

Springfield News-Leader
Couple gives $1 million to agricultural center
Monday, October 15, 2007

Bill and Virginia Darr announced Friday night they will donate $1 million toward completion of the third
phases of improvements at the Darr Agricultural Center.

The 90-acre site in southwest Missouri celebrated the completion of Phase II Friday, with Missouri Gov.
Matt Blunt as main speaker and remarks by Missouri State University President Michael T. Nietzel and
MSU Agriculture Department Head Anson Elliott.

According to a news release from MSU, the Darrs' million-dollar pledge will help pay for a learning/service
building at the center, with class/meeting rooms, offices, a small animal laboratory, a greenhouse and a
shop. The total cost for Phase III improvements is expected to be about $2 million.

The center serves as MSU's laboratory and field classroom for the study of livestock management, equine
studies, horticulture, agronomy, animal science, and wildlife conservation and management.

Springfield News-Leader
Nietzel pledges support for minority access at MSU
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Missouri State University President Michael Nietzel received some "amens" Wednesday night while he
spoke about the university's efforts to attract more minority students.

Nietzel spoke to about 300 people with the Missouri Missionary Baptist Convention, meeting in
Springfield this week for the convention's 119th annual meeting.

Nietzel said the school is working to make an education at MSU more accessible and affordable to
students. One way the school is doing that, he said, is through a new scholarship program introduced
this year. Missouri State Promise allows needy students to attend MSU by paying the difference
between the federal scholarship and total tuition, as well as providing $800 for books. The scholarship
is available for four years and has no limit to the number of students who can receive one, Nietzel said.

"Poverty won't be a reason people won't come to Missouri State," the university president told the
group. He also invited the organization, which represents about 340 primarily African-American
churches throughout the state, to support the scholarship.

The convention announced several scholarships to Missouri State students and is working with the
university to establish a matching scholarship for member students. During the meeting this week, the
convention has been working with the university to establish ties that will attract more member
students to the school.

The Rev. Jimmy Brown, president of the convention, said the convention will also be working with
other state universities on recruitment efforts.

Nietzel said that the university must continue to recruit minority students in order to prepare the
students for the future. The United States' population is about one-third minorities, he said.

"We are nowhere near that at Missouri State," he said. "If we don't rub elbows now at the university,
they will clash when they are out in the world."

Since 2002, the school has increased recruitment efforts in the two largest cities in Missouri, St. Louis
and Kansas City. With a record enrollment of 21,000 this year, the number of minority students has
increased by 28 percent, Nietzel said. Minorities and international students now represent 10 percent
of the student body, he said.

"This is not a quota system," Nietzel said. "And it's not a relaxation of standards. If a student is here,
we will push them, but we will also pull them to the finish line."

Charlotte Hardin, assistant vice president for multicultural programs and student diversity at MSU, told
the audience, which included many parents, that the work the university is doing in recruitment will

"We want you to know that we want to have students sent here to us who are a compatible fit at
Missouri State University," she said. "It's been a pleasure working with this group."

The Rev. Everet Ballard of St. Louis was impressed with Nietzel's comments.

"He is the first person I have heard speak of bringing people of all backgrounds together in this way,
and he spoke with sincerity," Ballard said. "This man is really sincere about helping students."

Ballard said he plans to take Nietzel's words back to the Hazelwood Public School District where his
granddaughter is a senior in high school. "I think they will be interested in hearing this," he said.

The Joplin Globe
Challenges await next MSSU president
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Add more graduate programs.

Enhance the campus experience for students.

Keep tuition low while doing it.

That’s a summary of what some students, faculty members and alumni want from the next president of
Missouri Southern State University.

The university’s Board of Governors will begin taking a look Friday at some of the issues facing the
university as it searches for a replacement for Julio Leon, who stepped down as president in August.

“We can’t plan for the future if we don’t understand our challenges,” said Dwight Douglas, chairman of the

Board members will outline a list of challenges during their meeting at 1 p.m. Friday in Billingsly Student
Center. They also will hear a presentation from the faculty senate, then determine what the university’s top
goals should be.

Some students and alumni said they hope the university’s tuition remains among the lowest in Missouri.

“Rising tuition won’t affect just me,” said freshman Kaylee Washburn, of Carthage. “Kindergartners now
will pay twice as much as I am. That’s an issue the university will have to fix.”

Students this week outlined other goals for the new president: constructing more parking, installing stoves
in dorm rooms and improving laundry rooms.

Campus life
But the issue raised by many dealt with campus life — or rather, the lack of it.

“This campus closes down at 2 in the afternoon,” said freshman Holly Gibbons, of Los Angeles. “It’s

Of MSSU’s 5,593 students, only about 650 live on campus. The fall enrollment decreased 1.4 percent from
last year’s figure, but enrollment in online classes increased by 15 percent.

“There’s too much of a focus on distance learning,” said senior Darrell Sour, of Joplin. “Students get more
from taking classes on campus, and they cost less.”

The fact that many people commute to the campus, electronically or otherwise, makes planning activities
difficult, said Tori Christiansen, director of student activities.

“We are a commuter campus,” Christiansen said. “It’s hard to get those students to come back to campus
for activities.”

The Campus Activities Board, which Christiansen leads, has made it a mission to increase school pride this

Sour said an increased presence of fraternities and sororities would improve the feeling of life on campus.

“We have zoning for Greek houses, but the university doesn’t allow it,” he said. “If we had Greek housing,
it would do more for campus life than any other organization, hands down.”

The biggest thing a president could do, Christiansen said, would be to show up.

“This has nothing to do with the former president,” Christiansen said. “It has a lot to do with students
wanting an environment they don’t have. If that environment comes from the top, it will spread through
the university.”

Bryan Vowels, a 1992 graduate and a branch manager for A.G. Edwards, said the emphasis on student life
also matters to alumni. He is an alumni representative on the presidential search committee.

“We need to figure out how to enhance the student experience,” Vowels said. “Whether it’s ballgames or
other activities, the experience makes for more active alumni later in life.”

LeAnn Bogart, a 1986 graduate in education, also said student life is an important matter for the new
president to address.

“The new president ... should develop ways to get the students more involved in campus life activities,” she
said in an e-mail.

Other alumni also want the new president to enhance the university’s relationship with the community,
keep tuition low and maintain the university’s international mission.

Several alumni said they wish they could go back to school — in a graduate program.

“One of the things limiting MSSU is that there are not enough graduate programs,” said Angie Slater, a
2000 graduate who is a fifth-grade teacher in Carl Junction. “As a teacher, I’d like to continue my education,
but I have to go to Missouri State or Pittsburg State to do that.”

The emphasis on graduate programs can grow through partnerships with nearby schools, said state Sen.
Gary Nodler, a 1972 graduate who has been chairman of the Senate Education Committee.

“The new president needs to demonstrate the ability to work collaboratively with other institutions,”
Nodler said. “That is the key for full realization of university status.”

English professor David Ackiss said the new president should work on reducing the workload of full-time

“I feel the full-time faculty is stretched thin,” he said. “In many departments, professors are teaching

Beverly Block, department head of marketing, said she would like to see a continued emphasis on

“We need to make sure we are offering classes that students need for them to get a good degree,” she said.
“That should be our prime concern.”

Other business
The Missouri Southern Board of Governors will address other items during its Friday meeting, including a
change in the student member of the presidential search committee and a parking lot agreement with
College Heights Christian Church.

The Joplin Globe
MSSU panel continues search for new president
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

The number of applicants to be Missouri Southern State University’s next president has increased to 24, but
two members of a presidential search committee wonder why the university has not hired a headhunter firm
to find more.

The committee met Monday night to discuss its search for a successor to former President Julio Leon, who
stepped down in August.

Dwight Douglas, chairman of MSSU’s Board of Governors and the search committee, said the university
contacted two firms about the possibility of conducting background searches. The firms were listed in a
publication obtained from the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, of which
MSSU is a member.

Douglas said the firms may be able to check the backgrounds of a pool of eight to 10 semifinalists.
“They would look at their experience, financial status and criminal history,” he said. “They would make sure
that all an applicant was telling us was true.”

Committee member Bryan Vowels asked whether, for a small extra fee, one of those firms could provide
four or five other candidates for the position.

“There are a lot of great CEOs out there who will never apply for a spot like this because they enjoy where
they are now,” Vowels said. “Maybe one of those firms can connect with someone like that and say that
this job would be perfect.”

Douglas said such a procedure might contradict what the university has announced about the position.

“We are published as saying people should submit applications by Nov. 1,” Douglas said. “If we start over,
we’ll lose credibility with the applicants we have now.”

Committee member Jim Hicklin said he agreed with hiring a headhunting firm.

“I think we may miss out on some good people with the method we are using,” Hicklin said.

No decision on the matter has been made. The decision on hiring a firm to either find candidates or
conduct background checks would be made by the Board of Governors during a future meeting, Douglas

The board might publish a request for bids from firms to perform the background checks.

In other business, the committee heard an update on a list of challenges the university faces. Those
challenges, and which applicant could best address them, will be considered as part of the search.

Douglas said the faculty senate would make a presentation to the Board of Governors during the board’s
meeting Friday. The board then would determine a list of the most important challenges to address.

Next meeting
The committee’s next meeting will be at 5:30 p.m. Monday, Oct. 22, at Billingsly Student Center.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Anger over Poshard stirs talk of slit-up
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Edwardsville — A couple of dozen professors at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville are so
disgusted over the handling of plagiarism charges against President Glenn Poshard that they are calling
for the school to cut ties with the Carbondale campus.

A petition asking as much has garnered about 20 faculty signatures and is expected to be discussed
today at a meeting of the SIUE Faculty Senate.

Joel Hardman, an SIUE English professor and former president of the Faculty Senate, said he first
proposed the idea of separating from the university system as a half-hearted joke last week on the
faculty e-mail. That online discussion group has been hopping in recent weeks with outraged
professors as the plagiarism controversy has unfolded.

"Rather than get too embarrassed on how this reflects on us as a university, I suggested that maybe it
doesn't if we consider ourselves as separate," Hardman said. "If we begin pushing ourselves as
separate, we can salvage some of our identity, some of our ideals about who we are and who we want
to be."

SIUE Chancellor Vaughn Vandegrift said he does not support a split. Neither does the president's

While it may be a long shot, Hardman said, the petition is a statement of frustration and anger.

"It is about expressing more of an emotion that we do not want to be associated with Carbondale and
the administration and the Board of Trustees, because they do not seem to represent how we think of
ourselves as a campus," he said.

A faculty committee at the Carbondale campus issued a report last week saying that Poshard had
"inadvertently" plagiarized parts of his 1984 doctoral dissertation at SIUC. The committee
recommended that he correct the attribution errors and make a public statement about the mistakes,
but suggested no further action.

The Board of Trustees unanimously approved the recommendations.

Many at SIUE didn't take the internal review seriously, said Hardman. Some critics wanted an external

"The continued presence of Poshard as president is damaging the university and damaging the image
of the university," Hardman said.

Rep. Jay Hoffman, D-Collinsville, proposed a bill in 2003 that would have split the two campuses. He
and other Metro East legislators argued that the Edwardsville campus was overshadowed by the larger
Carbondale campus. The bill stalled.

SIU also has campuses in East St. Louis, Springfield and Alton. The president's office and the Board of
Trustees oversees the whole system.

Dave Gross, an SIU spokesman, said that since Hoffman's bill was proposed, more representatives

from the SIUE area have been added to the Board of Trustees. Area legislators have been working
more closely with Poshard to pursue SIUE's goals at the state level. Gross pointed to recent successes,
such as receiving more than $8 million for SIUE's ethanol research center and funding for SIUE's new
pharmacy school.

There are also academic and financial advantages from having an SIU system, Gross added.

In his report to the university Wednesday, Vandegrift said SIUE is strongly committed to academic
integrity. He said he would work with the provost and the Faculty Senate to have a clearly defined
plagiarism policy that holds students, faculty and administrators accountable.

After his speech, Vandegrift said it was important for him to let professors know that the university
will support them in punishing students for plagiarizing.

Kay Covington, president of the SIUE Faculty Senate, said she was "appalled" by the SIUC faculty
committee's report on Poshard. She said she is not aware of a distinction in the university's policies
between intentional and unintentional plagiarism when it comes to students.

"Plagiarism needs to be equally applied," she said.

As for the petition to cut ties, Covington said she would like to investigate more what such a
separation would mean.

"I don't want to do something on an emotional basis," she said.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: Poor preparation
Remedial education in college
Monday, October 15, 2007

Growing numbers of freshmen entering Missouri public universities and colleges need remedial course
work compared with a decade ago.

A similar situation a number of years ago led to a substantial effort from University of Missouri leaders
to inform public school districts about what their students should know when applying for college.
UM President George Russell went around the state sending the most powerful message one can
imagine for stimulating an increase in outcomes quality for high school graduates.

But even 10 years ago 26 percent of entering Missouri students needed special help on basic skills, and
now the number is 36 percent. The largest increase is in remedial math.

Educators at all levels are in a political bind on this issue.

One can imagine a sensible higher education admissions policy that simply would refuse to allow
unqualified students to matriculate, but such a strict standard would offend too many parents who
believe if their child graduates from high school he or she should be able to get into a public institution
of higher education. If refused, many tend to blame the college, not the high school where the teachers
were local friends and neighbors and their child got good grades.

So higher education admissions standards are constantly challenged and remedial courses are here to
stay, accommodating students of marginal quality and relieving pressure on K-12 educators, who have
an abiding political problem of their own. If colleges and universities get into trouble for not being
permissive enough with admissions standards, imagine what K-12 officials get into if they fail to
graduate almost everyone who will attend class and do their best to complete class work.

Many marginal high school grads do not try to go farther, but today’s culture puts so much emphasis
on receiving a college degree that the larger pool of applicants surely includes a growing proportion of
those less able. Expanding access has merit but obvious consequences, as well.

Officials from both higher and lower education say a better match must occur between what high
school graduates learn and what colleges require. Well said, but essentially an empty statement unless
we know what it means. Shall high school graduation standards be raised or college admissions
standards lowered? Sadly, the way to close the gap with the least public griping is simply to lower
college standards, thus eroding the quality of both higher and lower education.

Pray the colleges will not go soft even though they continually face pressure to do so, but recent
remedial education statistics indicate they might be weakening.

Alas, colleges and universities will continue to provide education that should have been gotten in high
school. It’s easier to criticize the trend than to do anything about it. Society pushes inexorably toward
mediocrity in public education.

Southeast Missourian
More teachers pursuing higher education
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Elementary school principals Rhonda Dunham, Sydney Herbst and Ruth Ann Orr all lived together
for a month this summer. They rented a three-bedroom condo not far from campus in Columbia, Mo.,
while they attended classes at the University of Missouri. They were finishing up coursework to earn
their doctoral degrees.

The three found out they each passed their written competencies about two weeks ago. At the end of
the month, they will complete an oral competency exam, and then begin writing their dissertation.
Once it is approved, they will have their doctorate.

"It was pretty intense. Any time you are trying to go to school and hold down a job it's not so easy,"
Herbst said.

There are multiple reasons teachers or administrators cite for going back to school: more pay, to stay
abreast of education trends, to change jobs within the field or get support from other educators.

At Clippard Elementary this year, six teachers are participating in the same program to earn a master's
degree. Amber Horrell, a teacher at Franklin Elementary, joined the group also.

Horrell said she was told the class is the biggest it's ever been; there are about 40 people involved this
year while in the past its been closer to eight.

District wide, 45.4 percent of Cape Girardeau public teachers had a master's degree or higher in 2006.
In comparison, the number was 42.2 percent in 2003. Statewide, the numbers are 50 percent for 2006
and 45.7 percent for 2003.

"With online courses, it's getting so much faster and easier to earn a master's," said De-Rhonda
Gosche, who works in personnel for the school district.

Teachers pursuing a degree in administration are required to log 110 hours of field experience.

Horrell has ridden the school bus to help monitor students, attended community meetings and been
put in charge when the principal is out.

This has proved to be a challenge for Herbst, who must spread responsibilities among six people.
Tasks assigned include supervising fire drills, leading book studies and conducting a survey of the staff.

Teachers are often surprised to learn all that goes into being a principal, she said.

"I think a lot of it is the day-to-day not knowing what is going to happen or where you are going to be.
You have to be ready to handle anything," she said.

Last week Herbst was called out to the playground when a snake appeared. Armed with a net, she and
a teacher picked it up by its tail and put it in the woods.

"It's not part of the job description, but someone has to take care of it," she said.

The Cape Girardeau pay scale hits a plateau after five years if a teacher hasn't taken graduate level
coursework, Alma Schrader gym teacher Carolyn Behnen said.

That's why she decided to go back to school to get a degree in educational leadership. She's taking out
loans to attend classes in Sikeston, Mo., through Southeast Missouri State University, but said the
degree will pay for itself.

Billy Keys, a music teacher at Central Junior High, recognizes that many people take the classes simply
to earn more.

"A lot of them aren't really serious about becoming a building principal, but I am," he said. He is
taking an accelerated course that lasts 18 months.

With three children at home, Lori Huey, a kindergarten teacher at Franklin Elementary, is taking
classes a little slower, one a semester.

She started courses in the spring of 2003 and is about halfway to earning a master's degree in
elementary education.

"I am with educators that have already taught, so we can bounce ideas off each other. They can help
me through a problem or help me differentiate instruction. It's more meaningful," she said.

The Rolla Daily News
Gov. Blunt still strongly behind his MOHELA funding plan
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

The University of Missouri-Rolla earlier this week was scheduled to get a MOHELA funds dispersal from
the state for construction work on Toomey Hall, the mechanical engineering complex on campus.

The MOHELA (Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority) funding is part of Gov. Matt Blunt’s Lewis
and Clark Discovery Initiative to benefit Missouri students and classrooms.

This week’s dispersal of $39,411,523 is the first of $335 million that Blunt secured for higher education.
Some $15 million of the total is earmarked for UMR, soon to become Missouri S & T, to complete Toomey

The MOHELA funding has been controversial, but Gov. Blunt said earlier this week that “recent audit
findings have only strengthened my position that MOHELA can be and must be a more robust supporter
of our students. This funding will help ensure Missouri’s role as a leader in higher education and provide
our students with state-of-the-art learning centers so they can effectively compete in the global economy.

The governor’s landmark Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative is a partnership between MOHELA and the
state that was authorized through legislation and supported by lawmakers. It reinvests a state asset to
generate the $335 million for Missouri colleges and universities.

The Department of Higher Education and the Office of Administration are processing the special funding
with individual colleges and universities.

Funding that was handed out this week went to seven other schools in addition to UMR.

DROUGHT ASSISTANCE: U.S. Rep. Jo Ann Emerson, our representative in Congress, has stepped up to
help support Gov. Blunt’s recent drought-relief request that will impact several area counties.

Rep. Emerson said 22 counties in her southern Missouri district need the federal assistance.

In writing the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Emerson said, “The current drought has severely impacted
row crop yields as well as livestock operations. Harvest is well under way and farmers are reporting
anywhere from a 25 percent loss to a 90 percent loss on different crops as a result of the drought
conditions. Many livestock producers are being forced to use fall and winter feed now due to a shortage of
hay. Meanwhile, other producers are simply selling off their herds because of the ongoing lack of rainfall.”

JOINS ELGIN TEAM: According to the Elgin Surveying & Engineering, Inc., newsletter, Kent Mace, a
licensed professional engineer and surveyor, has joined the Elgin engineering staff.

Mace, a 1989 graduate of the University of Missouri-Rolla with family ties to Phelps County, has moved
here from Kansas City where he has worked since earning his degree from UMR.

St. Joseph News-Press
Editorial: A shocker from the auditor
Lawmakers need to fix the final surprise in MOHELA’s surprising report
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

State Auditor Susan Montee's report on Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority's books is overflowing
with shocking revelations.

Ms. Montee launched the MOHELA audit in January after voicing concerns over the severance package
that former Chief Executive Officer Michael Cummins received before the MOHELA board fired him
more than a year ago. Mr. Cummins will continue to draw a $13,461 paycheck every two weeks through this
month. He directed MOHELA for less than two years.

It apparently wasn't an isolated case. The audit found that MOHELA has paid or will pay nearly $2.3
million in severance benefits to four outgoing executives in recent years.

There is more. MOHELA paid nearly $1.5 million in annual performance bonuses between July 2000 and
June 2004, according to the audit. Auditors also found a lack of competitive bid processes in place for an
$11 million construction contract for a new MOHELA headquarters.

MOHELA spent more than $46,000 on board retreats, according to the audit. Two of the retreats took
place at a luxury resort near Branson, Mo., with guest room charges ranging from $319 to $409 a night.
MOHELA footed a more than $1,500 tab for alcoholic beverages in November 2004. A 2006 retreat in St.
Louis included $1,200 in alcoholic beverages and $5,875 in meal and entertainment expenses at a local
dinner theater.

Also in the findings, Ms. Montee points to elaborate holiday parties for MOHELA employees in addition to
more than $688,000 in holiday gift cards and bonuses. Oh, and a December 2004 party included a $500
charge for a magic show. That's entertainment.

The most shocking news is yet to come. Ms. Montee's dramatic report is the fruit of the first public audit
since MOHELA went into business more than 25 years ago.

The good news is that new MOHELA board members already have promised to adopt the audit's
recommendations. That is important. But it is equally important for the General Assembly to establish new
standards that will make the board's business more transparent and public audits become part of the

Springfield News-Leader
Initiative generates millions for state colleges
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Matt Blunt’s plan for Missouri colleges and universities today provided nearly
$40 million to benefit students around the state and help secure Missouri’s role as a higher-education leader.

The $39,411,523 distribution is the first of the $335 million total secured for Missouri students and
classrooms through the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative.

“The Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative will benefit Missouri students and families for generations,”
Blunt said. “Recent audit findings have only strengthened my position that MOHELA can be and must be a
more robust supporter of our students. This funding will help ensure Missouri’s role as a leader in higher
education and provide our students with state-of-the-art learning centers so they can more effectively
compete in the global economy.”

The governor’s Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative is a partnership between the Missouri Higher
Education Loan Authority and the state. The partnership, authorized through legislation and supported by
lawmakers, reinvests a state asset to generate $335 million to strengthen Missouri’s colleges and universities
for students. The Department of Higher Education and the Office of Administration are working with
universities and colleges to process the funding.

The following entities received funding today:

- Missouri State University, $22,273
- University of Missouri-Rolla Engineering Building, $3,304,673
- Harris Stowe State University Children and Parent Education Center, $26,972
- Northwest Missouri State University Plant Biologics Center, $6,998,855
- Southeast Missouri State University River Campus, $16,540,000
- Truman State University Pershing Building, $6,250
- St. Charles and East Central Community Colleges, $4,000,000
- Department of Economic Development Missouri Technology Corporation, $8,512,000

Payment amounts reimburse four-year colleges and universities for actual expenditures and are determined
by information provided by the institutions each month. Community college payment amounts are set at $2
million and distributed by request. Under the governor’s plan, the $335 million will be distributed over the
next five years to maximize the benefit to students and to ensure as many projects may be completed as
quickly as possible.

Blunt says the historic initiative is an enormous stride forward for higher education in Missouri and
provides much-needed funding for state-of-the-art learning and research centers. The new learning centers
will prepare students to compete in today’s global economy where higher quality learning in areas such as
math and science are crucial elements for students’ future success, Blunt said.

St. Joseph News-Press
Universities get funding boost
Some MOHELA money disbursed
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

The first round of payments in a controversial funding initiative went out to Missouri colleges Monday.

Northwest Missouri State University received nearly $7 million.

Despite a lawsuit by the Missouri attorney general seeking to derail the initiative and following a scathing
audit of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority (MOHELA), funds gained through the partial sale
of MOHELA were distributed Monday to eight schools through the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative.

The initiative will generate $335 million that will be disbursed over the next five years. Monday's
disbursement was the first.

Northwest's Center for Excellence in Plant Biologics received $7 million Monday. Northwest is scheduled
to receive a total of $24.4 million to complete the center's construction.

The shell of the center, located on the north side of campus, is completed. Ray Courter, vice president for
finance at Northwest, said they're moving on to a second phase of the project to design the interior.
Bidding will begin in January or February, he said.

Missouri Western State University will receive $30 million for the renovation of Agenstein Hall, the math
and science building. Ron Olinger, vice president for finance and administration, said Western hasn't
submitted a request for the funds yet but will most likely submit for the next round of disbursements.

Disbursements are scheduled to go out routinely on the 15th of each month, said Jessica Robinson, Gov.
Matt Blunt's press secretary.

Mr. Blunt said in a news release Monday that recent audit findings "strengthen" his position that

"MOHELA can be a robust supporter of our students."

However, State Auditor Susan Montee's recent audit drew criticism to MOHELA for lavish spending on
board retreats, severance packages and other "imprudent" spending.

A complete list of projects funded by the sale of loan authority assets is available at

Southeast Missourian
First MOHELA money sent to colleges
Associated Press
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. -- The state distributed $39.4 million Monday as the first installments of Gov.
Matt Blunt's higher education initiative.

A new law championed by Blunt calls for the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority to pay the state
$350 million over several years, the bulk of which is to be spent on dozens of college construction projects
around the state.

The loan agency made its initial $230 million payment to the state last month.

The first portion of that money now has been paid by the state to several projects:

   $16.5 million to the Southeast Missouri State University River Campus.
   $8.5 million to the Missouri Technology Corp., which in turn is to distribute the money to other
    projects linking university research and businesses.
   $7 million to the Northwest Missouri State University Plant Biologics Center.
   $4 million to St. Charles and East Central community colleges.
   $3.3 million to the University of Missouri-Rolla Engineering Building.

A lawsuit by student borrowers had sought to block the transfers by claiming the money should instead be
used to reduce interest rates and forgive student loans. A Cole County judge refused to issue a temporary
restraining order last month but the lawsuit is pending.

Springfield News-Leader
MSU given $22,273 for campus improvements
MOHELA makes first payment of $230 million; will pay state a total of $350 million.
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Jefferson City — Missouri State University, along with the state's other four-year institutions, received its
first check from the state's student loan authority capital improvements program.

The state distributed $39.4 million Monday through a plan that called for the Missouri Higher Education
Loan Authority to pay the state $350 million over several years, the bulk of which is to be spent on dozens
of college construction projects around the state.

The payments to four-year universities are to reimburse them for expenditures already made on projects,
the governor's office said.

MSU received $22,273 toward its $34 million program to remodel and refurbish buildings on its three

The loan agency made its initial $230 million payment to the state last month.

The first portion of that money now has been paid by the state to several projects:

   $16.5 million to the Southeast Missouri State University River Campus.
   $8.5 million to the Missouri Technology Corp., which in turn is to distribute the money to other
    projects linking university research and businesses.
   $7 million to the Northwest Missouri State University Plant Biologics Center.
   $4 million to St. Charles and East Central community colleges.
   $3.3 million to the University of Missouri-Rolla Engineering Building.
   $26,972 to the Harris Stowe State University Children and Parent Education Center.
   $6,250 to the Truman State University Pershing Building.

Community college payment amounts are set at $2 million and distributed by request, Gov. Matt Blunt's
office said.

A lawsuit by student borrowers had sought to block the transfers by claiming the money should instead be
used to reduce interest rates and forgive student loans.

A Cole County judge refused to issue a temporary restraining order last month but the lawsuit is pending.

St. Louis Business Journal
$40M distributed as part of Lewis & Clark Discovery Initiative
Monday, October 15, 2007

Gov. Matt Blunt announced Monday nearly $40 million in payment distributions were made to several
colleges and universities as part of the Lewis & Clark Discovery Initiative to finance college construction

Among those entities receiving funding: Harris Stowe State University Children and Parent Education
Center, $26,972; Southeast Missouri State University River Campus, $16.54 million; St. Charles and East
Central Community Colleges, $4 million; and Department of Economic Development Missouri Technology
Corp., $8,512,500.

Under the plan, $335 million will be distributed over the next five years, according to a release.

The Lewis & Clark Discovery Initiative is a partnership between the Missouri Higher Education Loan
Authority (MOHELA) and the state.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Editorial: Broken trust
Monday, October 15, 2007

An $11 million headquarters building in St. Louis County, built without competitive bidding.

— More than $2 million in severance packages for top executives, the explanatory documents for which a
board of directors still refuses to release.

— Twelve weeks of paid vacation for top executives.

— Hundreds of thousands of dollars in bonuses for executives meeting easy-to-reach goals.

— A radio advertising campaign with a cost of at least $25,000 per response.

These and other financial abuses have come to light thanks to last week's release of a report on the Missouri

Higher Education Loan Authority, better known as MOHELA, by State Auditor Susan Montee.

MOHELA was created more than 25 years ago to help qualified students afford a college education that
otherwise would be financially unattainable. Instead, in recent years it has operated without meaningful
oversight, accumulating tens of millions of dollars in "surpluses" (profits), spending lavishly on insiders and
wasting money that could have been — and, by law, should have been — used to further the educations of
many more hard-working students from low-income and middle-class families.

Responding to the much-anticipated audit, MOHELA's chief executive, Raymond Bayer Jr., maintained that
the problems are in the past and that a new board with new priorities has eliminated wasteful expenditures
and installed financial controls.

Yet there still is no meaningful oversight of how MOHELA uses the surpluses it accumulates. Last year
alone, for example, it generated $25 million in surpluses buying and selling student loans. State legislators
should step in and require any surpluses to be reinvested in students who need assistance, either through
additional loans, interest-rate reductions or loan forgiveness.

That's not likely, however. Missouri lawmakers have been complicit in allowing Gov. Matt Blunt to tap into
MOHELA's assets and drain off $350 million over the next six years. According to Ms. Montee's audit
report, MOHELA already has liquidated $1.5 billion in loans and paid the state $230 million.

The money is to be used for construction projects on state university campuses, the kinds of building
efforts that used to be financed by tax-exempt bond issues approved by the Legislature. Yet none of the
MOHELA-funded projects will make college education more affordable for qualified, deserving students.

Ms. Montee's report is, astoundingly, the first public audit in MOHELA's history. It portrays a state-
chartered corporation-like entity that has lost sight of its mission and has failed to exercise even the most
basic financial controls. Five of eight internal audits ordered by MOHELA's board between 2004 and 2006,
for example, never were finalized because executives failed to respond to draft findings provided by the
accounting firms conducted the audits. MOHELA spent $345,000 for the audits but did not implement all
of their recommendations until earlier this year. Some reports never got to the board at all.

Even the state's new report must be considered unfinished, because MOHELA's board has refused to turn
over records of meetings during which it authorized some of the wasteful spending. Ms. Montee has sued
the MOHELA board to get that information; the legal action is pending.

Among those records are minutes of a meeting in which the board authorized an $853,000 severance
package for former MOHELA executive director Michael Cummins, who was forced out in January 2006
after objecting to the governor's plan to liquidate MOHELA. That package was more lucrative, the auditor
reported, than the one Mr. Cummins originally negotiated; the final deal also included provisions that
prevented him from commenting publicly on the plan.

Citizens — especially students and their parents, who struggle to pay for college educations and then
struggle under sometimes oppressive levels of debt — should be outraged at the wasteful spending and
secrecy of MOHELA and its board. The state Senate should investigate and devise statutes that ensure
MOHELA operates responsibly and with discipline in pursuing its mission: making college affordable for
Missouri's young people.

Springfield News-Leader
Editorial: MOHELA has gone off tracks
Audit reveals an offensive waste of taxpayers’ money.
Monday, October 15, 2007

The jig is up.

That's how Missouri Auditor Susan Montee describes the results of her audit into the lavish spending ways
of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.

When running for auditor last year, Montee, a Democrat, promised that her first audit would be of
MOHELA, the quasi-governmental agency that provided $350 million in funding for university building
projects as part of Gov. Matt Blunt's major legislative initiative. While Montee was opposed to Republican
Blunt's plan, her audit isn't about the politics of whether the spending proposal was a good idea.

Her audit merely delivers the goods on another government operation that had no regard for how it spent
its money.

Among Montee's findings:

   The agency spent more than $2.3 million on severance packages for four former executives who were
    either fired or who resigned. The most recent, Michael Cummins, was paid $853,381 after being given
    his walking papers for expressing his disagreement with Blunt's plan.
   The student loan agency spent more than $46,000 on board retreats at a Branson resort.
   More than $688,000 was spent on Christmas gifts and bonuses for employees.

That's just the highlights.

Forget the politics of Blunt's plan. This has nothing to do with that. It has everything to do with
government officials forgetting who is paying the bills. In this case, it's students going to college.

This is an offensive waste of money that should embarrass anybody who's been involved with MOHELA
and anybody in government who turned a blind eye to such free-spending ways.

Frankly, if the audit does anything, it should add a little weight to Blunt's original plan for MOHELA:
selling all of the agency's assets and getting the state out of the student loan business.

MOHELA executives and board members, including John Greer of Marshfield, say changes have been
made. They say the audit's recommendations have been or will be implemented.

We suggest Montee hold their feet to the fire and schedule another audit of MOHELA for next year.
Meanwhile, lawmakers should take note: The agency they created has gone off the tracks.

Springfield News-Leader
Editorial: Reckless spending by MoHELA
Saturday, October 13, 2007

Missouri’s student loan fund has taken on the look of a wealthy dowager’s estate that’s been plundered.

A just-released audit tells a scandalous story of how staff and directors of the Missouri Higher Education
Loan Authority, known as MoHELA, spent money — meant to help families pay for college — on junkets,
pricey parties and overly generous benefits and executive severance packages.

The reckless spending came to light in part because Gov. Matt Blunt set his sights on some of the
authority’s assets to finance construction on the state’s college campuses. That plan triggered the audit.

While more justifiable than the perks detailed in Missouri Auditor Susan Montee’s report, the construction
program that the legislature approved last session still strays from the mission of the loan agency.

Montee’s findings uncovered a disturbing account of staff misconduct and board neglect at a nonprofit
agency that grew rich holding loans for Missouri college students.

With no policies dictating that surplus funds be used to help students afford college, agency spending went
wild and good business practices were abandoned. The agency apparently even spent $11 million on its new
headquarters in St. Louis County without taking bids.

Also disturbing are the severance packages paid to four executives since 2003. They received a combined
total of more than $2 million.

The blame belongs to both parties. During the period covered by the audit, 2000 to 2006, the agency was
governed by board members appointed by three governors: Democrats Mel Carnahan and Bob Holden,
and Blunt, a Republican.

The good news is that the current board agrees with most of Montee’s recommendations.

It has agreed to limit severance packages, declare a moratorium on holiday bonuses and expand the internal
audit department from one to six employees. The board also is formalizing procurement and competitive
bidding processes.

Montee’s office ought to verify that happens in later audits. She also is casting a net for other boards,
commissions and agencies that may also have escaped scrutiny.

That’s a good move. The MoHELA saga shows what can happen when a cash-rich agency created for a
good cause operates beneath the public radar.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Column: Carnahan fumbles again in Missouri’s cloning battle
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Two years ago, when Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan was drafting a ballot summary for
Amendment Two, she faced a decision.

The amendment's billionaire backers and their allies had sent her a 99-word suggested summary to describe
their nearly 2,000-word initiative. The initiative would create a constitutional right to clone and kill human
embryos for research. But their summary made no mention of embryos, and its only reference to cloning
said the amendment would ban the practice — a blatant contradiction of the fine print that allowed somatic
cell nuclear transfer, or SCNT, the process used to create cloned embryos.

As secretary of state, Carnahan is charged with writing ballot summaries that use fair and plain language to
describe ballot initiatives. Impartiality in the task is crucial, because the ballot summary is the only
information about an initiative that voters see in the voting booth.

Carnahan failed voters on Amendment Two. Rather than rewriting the deceptive language submitted by its
advocates, she adopted it almost verbatim. The summary that appeared on ballots in November 2006 made
no mention of embryos. Nor did it note that the amendment's authors had rejected the common definition
of cloning — the creation of a cloned embryo — and redefined it as the implantation of a cloned embryo in
a uterus.

That redefinition defies logic. As bioethicist Wesley Smith has noted, implanting a cloned embryo is no
more an act of cloning than implanting an IVF embryo is an act of fertilization. But Carnahan's complicity
ensured that voters reading only the ballot summary would be none the wiser to the word games.

Armed with their preferred ballot language, support from Gov. Matt Blunt and former Sen. John Danforth
and a nearly $30 million war chest, the amendment's backers eked out a 51 percent victory. Yet Missourians
remained bitterly divided after an election that many considered an unfair fight.

Last week, Carnahan had an opportunity to give Missourians another shot at an honest debate about
cloning. Instead, she gave voters more of the same.

Presented with an initiative that would close Amendment Two's loophole — by defining cloning as the
creation of a cloned embryo and thus outlawing cloning for both research and reproduction — Carnahan
wrote a ballot summary that bore less resemblance to the initiative it summarized than to the press releases
of its big biotech critics.

She described the new initiative as an effort to "repeal" Missouri's cloning ban and "criminalize" cures, even
though the initiative includes no criminal provisions and strengthens, not weakens, the existing ban.

Carnahan's misleading summary sparked outrage from the initiative's sponsoring coalition, Cures Without
Cloning, and drew renewed attention to her trail of slanted summaries, which includes the loaded phrases
she recently used to describe an anti-affirmative action initiative that also is slated for the 2008 ballot.

Defenders say Carnahan's latest summary is justified because most people understand cloning as the birth
of a cloned baby, not the creation of a cloned embryo. But a poll suggests widespread opposition to cloning
for both research and reproduction.

In a 2006 International Communications Research survey, 81 percent of respondents said scientists should
not be allowed to use cloning to create embryos to be used and destroyed in research, roughly the same
percentage that disapproved of reproductive cloning. Pollsters find less opposition to cloning when it is

called SCNT or when it is described without reference to the human embryos created and destroyed for
research cloning.

That's no secret among Missouri's biotech barons or their powerful political friends. Their continued
attempts to conceal the true nature of the experiments they support are a harsh reminder that, in the Show-
Me state, it always pays to read the fine print.

Colleen Carroll Campbell is an author, television host and St. Louis-based fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center. Her
website is

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Letter: Deception from state officials
Friday, October 19, 2007

In response to Sunday's editorial, "Stem-cell issue ripe for debate."

I and almost 49 percent of the voters last November, agree with your editorial that the stem cell research
issue should not be in our state constitution. However, forced upon us by deception, we have legalized
cloning of human life (somatic cell nuclear transfer) inserted into the constitution. The editorial stated that
the debate belongs in the legislature. If you recall, during the last legislative session, a great deal of effort to
avoid a petition/initiative was made by citizens and legislators, seeking to approve a legislative resolution
opposed to human cloning. This was gallantly lead by Sen. Bartle, but our legislators wimped out and we
have been forced to pursue the constitutional process.

We, the citizens, are again repressed by our secretary of state and other state officials using ballot summary
wording to deceive voters and it is worthless. It doesn't truthfully represent what the petition actually says ...
which is not repeal of Amendment 2 or further stem-cell research, just a true ban on human cloning and the
destruction of human embryos. There is a higher moral ground on which to oppose cloning and to protect
human life, no matter how small.

National Review Online
More Missouri Manipulation
The media spins the story on SCNT.
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Missouri media have a problem reporting the facts when it comes to human cloning and stem-cell research.

The Kansas City Star and reporter Kit Wagar have become notorious for their bias in this area, and now the
editors at the St. Louis Post-Dispatch show that they are not interested in a fair fight.

On Tuesday, they defended the outrageously misleading ballot language drafted by Secretary of State Robin
Carnahan. The measure at issue, offered by a grassroots group called Cures Without Cloning, would ban the
act of creating cloned human embryos for research — conduct which was raised to the level of a
constitutional right by a razor-thin margin in last year's election.

But Carnahan's official summary says that the Cures Without Cloning measure will “repeal the current ban
on human cloning” and “limit Missouri patients' access to stem cell research, therapies and cures.”

This is indefensible, yet the Post-Dispatch editors defend it — but only after a long lecture about the
importance of objectivity.

It all comes down to one's definition of cloning, they say, and explain that supporters of last year's measure

“argue that inducing an egg to begin dividing in a Petri dish is not cloning.”

But, of course, no one defines cloning this way. The editors are setting up a straw man here, not an honest
way to argue. What they refer to in their foreshortened description is the process known as somatic cell
nuclear transfer, sometimes called SCNT (more on that later).

The Post-Dispatch editors continue:
To qualify as “cloning” as most people understand the term, a dividing egg would have to be implanted in a
uterus, allowed to develop into a fetus and eventually be delivered as a human baby. Opponents, including
Cures Without Cloning, say that that first step alone can be labeled as “cloning” and, therefore, should be
The editors side with “most people,” of course, and conclude with this sophomoric aphorism: “The real
question is whether voters are smart enough to distinguish between a baby and microscopic dividing cells in
a petri dish.”

Some objectivity is in order. First, most people understand that creating a cloned human embryo is indeed
cloning, according to an extensive survey of over 4,800 Americans conducted by the Genetics and Public
Policy Center at Johns Hopkins University. (What's more, that survey found that 76-percent of Americans
oppose it.)

Second, the question of whether somatic cell nuclear transfer is or is not cloning has an objective answer
beyond editorial musing about what most people think. The National Institutes of Health says: “Somatic
cell nuclear transfer is the scientific term for cloning.” The American Association for the Advancement of
Science says: “[W]e have chosen to use the term cloned embryo to describe the product of nuclear
transplantation.” Johns Hopkins University's Genetic and Public Policy Center says: “Somatic cell nuclear
transfer (SCNT) is the cloning technique.”

Even embryonic-stem-cell researcher Dr. R. Michael Roberts of the University of Missouri-Columbia, a
supporter of last year's measure, agrees:
Proponents of [2006 Amendment 2] are wrong in denying that somatic cell nuclear transfer is cloning ...
This produces an embryo that is genetically identical to the donor and is what is commonly thought of as a
twin or a clone. ... This process is known to researchers as therapeutic cloning.
The Post-Dispatch editors ought to stop lecturing about objectivity and start practicing it.

— Attorney Cathy Ruse is senior fellow for legal studies at the Family Research Council.

The Kansas City Star
Editorial: Stem-cell ballot language is fine
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan’s ballot wording for a proposed ban on a form of stem cell
research is fair and clear. Protests of the wording are misguided.

A group seeking to restrict research wants to amend the state constitution so that a lab procedure is defined
as human cloning, and outlawed.

As required by law, Carnahan has written a summary that would appear on the ballot in November 2008,
assuming backers of the proposed amendment gather enough signatures.

The summary says the current ban on human cloning would be repealed and the term redefined.

That’s an accurate summary, but it has provoked howls from so-called pro-life groups, who contend their
proposal would not repeal the ban on human cloning.

They are wrong. Missouri voters agreed to a definition of human cloning last November, specifying that the
process would begin in a woman’s uterus.

So to redefine cloning would indeed mean repealing the first definition.

The distinction between the two definitions is crucial. Scientists believe that stem cells obtained from the
copying of cells in a laboratory dish will ultimately lead to treatments for devastating diseases.

It is wrong to equate creating a ball of about 300 cells in a lab dish to the cloning of a human being in a
woman’s uterus. And that false equation would deprive Missouri’s universities and research institutions of a
chance to participate in one of medicine’s most promising fields.

Supporters of the proposed amendment claim voters were tricked last year into legalizing human cloning.
That’s an insult to voters’ intelligence. Missourians clearly understood they were saying no to human
cloning and yes to research.

Two court rulings upheld the accuracy of the language in last year’s amendment.

A pinpoint-size ball of cells in a lab dish is not the equivalent of a human being. Missourians voted in favor
of research and cures, and any attempt to repeal that vote should be accurately described.

Official ballot language

Shall the Missouri Constitution be amended to repeal the current ban on human cloning or attempted
cloning and to limit Missouri patients’ access to stem cell research, therapies and cures approved by voters
in November 2006 by:

   redefining the ban on human cloning or attempted cloning to criminalize and impose civil penalties for
    some currently allowed research, therapies and cures; and
   prohibiting hospitals or other institutions from using public funds to conduct such research?

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: Stem cell ban would only hurt Missourians
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Editor, the Tribune: During my 43 years as a registered nurse, I have witnessed amazing advances that
have improved patient care. It is among the reasons why I urge you to reject the efforts of those seeking to
repeal access to some of the most promising forms of federally approved stem cell research.

Missourians approved Amendment 2 last November. It is time to begin the noble work of finding cures for
ailments affecting our children, parents and grandparents.

Opponents claim to be pro-cures, but their measure would repeal access to cures and throw researchers,
doctors and patients in jail for pursuing one of the most promising forms of stem cell research. They
wrongly claim somatic cell nuclear transfer is human cloning. Somatic cell nuclear transfer is not cloning.
The purpose of this procedure is to replicate stem cells - not to make babies. Amendment 2 makes cloning
or attempting to clone a human a felony.

I believe embryonic stem cell research is medicine’s new frontier. I agreed to serve as an honorary co-
chairwoman of the Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures because I want Missouri patients to have access
to lifesaving cures allowed by our federal government and available to other Americans.

With Amendment 2 in our constitution, Missouri outlaws human cloning and encourages cutting-edge,
ethical research. Embryonic stem cells, including those made by nuclear transfer, represent hope for

My hope is that Missourians can lead the charge to alleviate pain and suffering. Please do not sign the
opponents’ petition.

Kansas City Business Journal
Anti-embryonic stem cell research group criticizes Carnahan
Thursday, October 18, 2007

A coalition opposed to a form of embryonic stem cell research that it calls "cloning" has until Friday to
challenge what it terms "an inaccurate rewrite" of its proposed November 2008 ballot summary.

Curt Mercadante, a spokesman for Cures Without Cloning, charged that Missouri Secretary of State
Robin Carnahan's revision of the summary is such an "egregious abuse of power" that the group also is
considering impeachment proceedings against her.

But due to its limited resources, the group probably won't decide until the last minute whether to challenge
Carnahan's ballot wording in district court or live with it, Mercadante said.

State law requires the secretary of state to write a summary of ballot proposals, not merely edit proposed
summaries that are submitted to her, said Ryan Hobart, a spokesman for Carnahan's office.

"But if we use the ballot language she wrote, we would need to mount a massive public education
campaign," Mercadante said. "We've have to tell voters to basically ignore the ballot summary."

According to Mercadante, the summary gives the impression that Cures Without Cloning and its proposed
ballot initiative favor human cloning. Actually the group is opposed to human cloning as it is defined in the
Missouri Constitution and as they would like to see the constitution more broadly define it, he said.

Toward that end, Cures Without Cloning submitted ballot language in August with the secretary of state's
office aimed at outlawing a form of stem cell research called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).

If placed on the ballot and approved by Missouri voters next year, the initiative would undo part of
Amendment 2, a state constitutional amendment voters passed in November 2006. Amendment 2 protects
all federally approved forms of embryonic stem cell research, including SCNT.

The Cures Without Cloning initiative would ban SCNT by changing the constitution's definition of cloning
to include creation of any "new human organism," including embryos created in a petri dish via SCNT.

"Our office is confident that the summary statement is fair, accurate and reflects how the constitution
would be changed by this initiative if it got on the ballot and was passed," Hobart of the Carnahan's office
said in a statement.

But the summary certified by Carnahan begins by asking voters whether the constitution should be
amended "to repeal the current ban on human cloning or attempted cloning."

The controversy about the wording is important, Mercadante said, because any court challenge it brings and
subsequent appeals would have to be decided before it could begin collecting petition signatures. The group
needs to collect about 200,000 signatures by May to get the issue on the November 2008 ballot, he said.

The fate of that proposed ballot measure is particularly relevant in Kansas City, where the Stowers
Institute for Medical Research has postponed expansion plans based on lingering opposition to
embryonic stem cell research in the state.

The institute, which catalyzed the area's life sciences initiative by opening its current 600,000-square-foot
facility in 2000, had pledged to add an equal amount of research space each decade in perpetuity.

Connie Farrow, a spokeswoman for Missourians For Lifesaving Cures, which supported Amendment 2
and opposed the Cures Without Cloning initiative, said her organization did not have a response to
Carnahan's ballot summary.

However, she said, human cloning as defined by the constitution is supported by a broad majority of the
scientific community and should not be changed.

SCNT, which Farrow described as "therapeutic cloning," is a technique in which the DNA-containing
nucleus of a skin cell is transplanted into an egg cell to create a stem-cell-containing embryo in a petri dish.

The technique, used in the cloning of Dolly the sheep, has not been replicated successfully using human

SCNT advocates hope that it will one day, but they emphasize that the procedure doesn't include
transplantation of the embryo in a uterus, a prerequisite for what they call cloning. Rather, the SCNT
embryos would be destroyed during harvesting of stem cells for medical research.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Editorial: The first casualty
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, former Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan once famously observed, but
not to his own set of facts.

The operative fact in politics today is that objective reality is always the first casualty. Politicians and
political movements express their own opinions, but also create their facts to support them, a talent that
comes in handy in fundraising letters and communicating with bedrock supporters.

But what about communicating with the rest of us? As people who make a living with language, we're well
aware of the potential of words in defining and framing debate. We also recognize that debates based on
differing realities make a mess when it comes to consideration of public policy.

That brings us to the latest skirmish over embryonic stem cell research, which is threatening to become a
perennial campaign issue in Missouri. It starts with conflicting definitions of the word "cloning," which then
lead to different contentions about the effects of proposed changes to the Missouri constitution.

Last year, Missouri voters narrowly enacted, with the support of this page, a constitutional amendment that
protects stem cell research and applications that are legal under federal law. The amendment includes a ban
on human cloning, but opponents of embryonic stem cell research contend that it's not a ban at all.

Organized into a coalition called Cures Without Cloning, those opponents are campaigning for what they
maintain is a "real cloning ban." To do that, the coalition needs to get enough signatures to place on the
ballot a new constitutional amendment that, if approved by voters, would repeal the definition of "cloning"
passed last year and replace it with a new one.

Last week, Secretary of State Robin Carnahan released a 100-word summary of that proposal, as she is
required to do by state law. The summary says that the measure proposes to amend the state constitution

"to repeal the current ban on human cloning or attempted cloning" by "redefining the ban."

The anti-cloning group's spokesman says that the summary is misleading. By stating that the group's
petition would "repeal the current ban," the group argues, the summary suggests that it would loosen
restrictions, rather than tighten them.

But there's no denying that the group wants to repeal the constitution's existing ban and that it wants to
outlaw the kind of stem cell research that the constitution now protects as a consequence of the
amendment voters approved last year. Indeed, the ballot initiative submitted by the group begins by noting
that its cloning ban "may change, repeal or modify" the state constitution.

The summary accurately notes that the proposal, if adopted, would repeal the existing ban. It accurately
notes that the proposal would criminalize some research that last year's amendment protected. It's difficult
to see how these accurate descriptions of what the proposal would achieve can be labeled as "misleading."

The real issue is the definition of cloning. Supporters of embryonic stem cell research argue that inducing
an egg to begin dividing in a petri dish is not cloning. To qualify as "cloning" as most people understand the
term, a dividing egg would have to be implanted in a uterus, allowed to develop into a fetus and eventually
be delivered as a human baby. Opponents, including Cures Without Cloning, say that that first step alone
can be labeled as "cloning" and, therefore, should be outlawed.

The dispute over the language of a ballot summary is a distraction, albeit a distraction with political potency.
The real question is whether voters are smart enough to distinguish between a baby and microscopic
dividing cells in a petri dish.

In fact, that's exactly what voters did last year.

Springfield News-Leader
Editorial: Stem cell issue ripe for debate
Putting amendment into bill form is best hope for action.
Monday, October 15, 2007

Once again, political forces fighting over placing a constitutional amendment about stem cell research on
the Missouri ballot are proving the point we made last year before voters approved Amendment 2.

This is a debate that belongs in the state legislature, not on a constitutional ballot.

As complicated as the stem cell issue is, the hoo-ha over the amendment pro-life forces want to place on
the ballot is easy to understand.

Precedent backfired

Last year's Amendment 2, which banned human cloning but protected a controversial form of research
called somatic cell nuclear transfer, didn't accomplish its purpose. Its backers hoped that by passing a
constitutional amendment protecting stem cell research, the legislative debate on the issue would end and
research dollars would come pouring into the state in millions upon millions of dollars. The opposite has

Pro-life forces were awakened by the closeness of the stem cell vote and indeed they were as powerful as
ever in the most recent legislative session, using the passage of Amendment 2 to actually get in the way of
the building of an important research facility at the University of Missouri-Columbia. Now a pro-life group
is attempting to undo Amendment 2.

But they're upset with Secretary of State Robin Carnahan for approving wording of their ballot initiative
that describes it for what it is. The Cures Without Cloning group doesn't want their proposal presented as a
repeal of Amendment 2, even though that's precisely its intention.

Frankly, we'd like to see Amendment 2 repealed, but we don't want to see it replaced with an amendment
that would be equally bad.

What we'd like to see is the debate returned to the legislative arena, where elected representatives can take
the time to debate the issue, and where various protections such as the filibuster and a governor's veto help
keep power in check. For as much as we've criticized our lawmakers for some of their poor decisions, some
of their brightest moments in the past couple of years have been when they've passionately argued the issue
of stem cell research.

The reality is that before Amendment 2, no matter how painful the yearly debates were, pro-stem-cell-
research forces were winning. That's not necessarily the case today.

Informed debate is best option

That's one thing two Capitol rivals, Republican Matt Bartle and newly minted Democrat Chris Koster,
agreed on recently when they addressed editorial writers at a convention in Kansas City.

Koster and Bartle, who are friends, both agreed that Amendment 2 changed the debate. And the two men
stood before editorial writers like the statesmen that they both can be and argued their cases with fervor,
intelligence and fairness.

Bartle is opposed to the SCNT research because he believes creating an embryo for the purpose of
destroying it is immoral.

Koster believes the intent to not clone, and the fact that the embryo will never be implanted into a uterus
and thus will never advance to a human being, makes the research defensible.

Both men have done painstaking research on the issue and they're better equipped to debate the future of
stem cell research in Missouri than voters who have to deal with spinmeisters trying to pull the wool over
our eyes.

We opposed Amendment 2 because we think it didn't belong in the constitution. We continue to believe
that. Opponents of the amendment should either try a straightforward repeal of the complicated
amendment to return Missouri to its pre-November 2006 status quo, or they should leave well enough

The Kansas City Star
Blog: Kansas City civic leaders ask Blunt to oppose ballot issues
Saturday, October 13, 2007

Some of Kansas City's most influential civic leaders have banded together to ask Gov. Matt Blunt to
oppose a number of initiative petitions, including a challenge to stem-cell research and a possible attack on
Missouri's nonpartisan court plan.

In a letter to Blunt on Tuesday, the board of directors of the Civic Council of Greater Kansas City asked
the governor to oppose initiative petitions that, if enough signatures are gathered, would ask voters to:

   Reverse a ballot measure approved last year allowing in Missouri all stem cell research that is permitted
    by federal law; put more restrictions on the use of eminent domain; lower the drinking age to 18; ban
    affirmative action programs by the state; and require the use of paper ballots in elections.
   There is also talk of an initiative petition to change Missouri's nonpartisan court plan for selecting
   The 22 Civic Council members who signed the letter expressed "strong opposition" to all the
    initiatives, including any effort to undo the court plan, and said Blunt should oppose them as well.

"Each of these certified and anticipated initiatives, if passed, would have significant, negative consequences
for the state of Missouri and for the greater Kansas City metropolitian area," the letter to Blunt said.

"We rely on you as the chief executive officer of the state of Missouri to provide leadership against issues
that will harm the state's future and support efforts that will position Missouri well in the future global

The letter was signed by Terrence Dunn, chairman of the civic council and president and chief executive
officer of J.E. Dunn Construction Group.

Others who signed onto the letter:

William Berkley, president and chief executive officer of Tension Envelope Corp.; David Frantze, a partner
in the Stinson Morrison Hecker law firm;John Bluford III, president and chief executive officer of Truman
Medical Centers;Donald Hall Jr., president and chief executive officer of Hallmark Cards;Tom Bowser,
president and chief executive officer of Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Kansas City;Richard Hastings,
president and chief executive officer of Saint Luke's Health System;Michael Chesser, chairman and chief
executive officer of Great Plains Energy;Michael Haverty, chairman and chief executive officer of Kansas
City Southern;Mark Ernst, chairman and chief executive officer of H&R Block;Mark Jorgenson, president
and cheif executive officer of U.S. Bank;Robert Kipp, chairman of Crown Center;Robert Regnier, president
of Bank of Blue Valley;Thomas McDonnell, president and chief executive officer of DST Systems;Scott
Smith, president of HNTB Corp.;William Nelson, chairman of George K. Baum Asset
Management;Elizabeth Solberg, past chairwoman of the Civic Council;Joerg Ohle, president and general
manager of Bayer HealthCare, animal health division;David Welte, general counsel, Stowers Institute and a
partner in the Bryan Cave law firm;David Oliver, partner in the Berkowitz, Oliver, Williams, Shaw &
Eisenbrandt law firm;William Zollars, chairman, president and chief executive officer of YRC Worldwide;
andKaren Pletz, president and chief executive officer of Kansas City University of Medicine and

Southeast Missourian
Op-ed: Stem cells hold great promise
Saturday, October 13, 2007

Several years ago, Missouri's sick and disabled citizens found themselves in a fight with the Missouri
Legislature which, on several occasions, tried to criminalize certain forms of stem-cell research, including
research with embryonic stem cells made by somatic cell nuclear transfer.

A stem-cell amendment was put before voters so Missourians could decide for themselves if our citizens
should have access to any research and cures allowed under federal law. It was supported by more than 100
leading patient and medical organizations, including the Missouri State Medical Association.

A poll conducted by HCD Research and Muhlenberg College showed that 83 percent of physicians in
America supported the research, along with 80 Nobel Prize-winning scientists who wrote President Bush in
support of it.

Just recently, three prominent scientists including two Americans were awarded the Nobel Prize for
medicine for their research in this potentially lifesaving field.

While their motto was "Know the truth," misguided opponents of this research used misinformation, half-
truths and fear as preferred tools in an attempt to create public hysteria not unlike that used during the
infamous Salem witch trials in order to defeat the amendment for lifesaving cures.

These opponents made extravagant claims of cures from other stem-cell sources. Credible scientists
investigating these claims found them to be "cruelly deceptive." They also made the claim, and still do, that
the wording of the amendment was misleading. Three Missouri courts disagreed, and that disingenuous
tactic has failed opponents in other states as well. In the end, the people prevailed and the stem-cell
amendment passed.

The same anti-patient, anti-cures crowd that opposed this amendment will be asking Missourians to sign
petitions to repeal our access to some of the promising forms of federally approved stem-cell research and

Opponents wrongly claim that somatic cell nuclear transfer is the same as human cloning. In fact, somatic
cell nuclear transfer is not human cloning. The medical purpose of this procedure is to replicate stem cells
in a lab dish, not to make human beings. The stem-cell amendment makes cloning or attempting to clone a
human being a felony punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

In their zeal to repeal our access to cures, these opponents. and presumably the handful of doctors advising
them, ignored basic science and basic law and had to file their petition three times. First, their deceptive
initiative would have excluded Missourians with common chromosomal abnormalities like Down,
Klinefelter and Turner syndromes from the human race. It seems that, while they consider microscopic
cells in a dish to be human, the living, breathing, laughing and crying individuals in our midst do not rate
the same consideration. This reeks of the barbaric attitudes toward people with disabilities abandoned long
ago by civilized peoples.

After they improved their initiative, it was discovered that it would have made the e-mail addresses of those
signing the petition part of the public record, opening them up to spammers and scammers.
For centuries, those seeking new cures have faced attack from the uninformed or the deeply superstitious.
Surgery was once considered sacrilegious and a violation of God's creation. Those attempting the first
smallpox inoculations were accused of interfering with God's will and threatened with death. Doctors who
conducted the first heart transplant were labeled as monsters by those still mired in medieval thinking.

With the stem-cell amendment in our state constitution, Missouri stands with many states and countries,
including the European Union, in outlawing human cloning while encouraging cutting-edge, ethical medical
research. Embryonic stem cells, including those made by nuclear transfer, represent hope for millions of
patients. They are important tools in the search for cures for many diseases, including Parkinson's, diabetes,
ALS and spinal cord injuries.

Finally, by passing the stem-cell amendment, decisions about medical treatments are left to doctors, patients
and families, where they belong, not in the hands of legislators beholding to pressure groups.

My hope is that Missourians, with our strong values, can lead the charge to alleviate pain and suffering.
Please do not let the anti-cures forces repeal our access to medical care. Please do not sign their petitions.

Will Richardson is the director of outreach and education at the SEMO Alliance for Disability Independence in Cape

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Sallie Mae backs away from using freedom-of-information requests to seek students’
Monday, October 15, 2007

Sallie Mae, after taking action in at least three states to force colleges to provide it with contact
information for their students, is backing off.

The company, which is the nation's largest student-loan provider, described the shift in strategy after
an advocacy group revealed last week that the lender had filed a New York Freedom of Information
Law request asking community colleges in the State University of New York system to provide it with
student names, telephone numbers, and mailing and e-mail addresses.

"Sallie Mae is reaching out to colleges to clarify that it was never our intention to require them to
provide us with information they would not willingly share to help students make informed decisions
about their loan options," a company spokesman, Tom Joyce, said in response to an inquiry from The

Sallie Mae had made similar freedom-of-information-law requests of colleges in two other states, said
another company spokesman, Conwey Casillas. He did not identify those two states.

The company filed its demands for the information late last month, around the same time that
President Bush signed legislation enacted by Congress cutting more than $20-billion from the subsidies
provided to lenders participating in the federally guaranteed student-loan program (The Chronicle,
September 10).

Sallie Mae said it wanted the student contact data to help it make more students aware of all of their
low-cost loan options. The company, however, has acknowledged that as a result of the federal subsidy
cuts, it expects its future profitability to depend more heavily on its ability to write unsubsidized
"private" loans that are marketed directly to students.

Sallie Mae, in issuing its quarterly earnings report last week, said it expects growth in private loans in
2008 of up to 20 percent, exceeding projected growth in the "mid- to high teens" in its federally
subsidized loans. Profit on private loans exceeds 5 percent, compared with less than 2 percent for the
federally subsidized loans, the company said.

"This is essential to us," C.E. Andrews, Sallie Mae's chief executive, said of private lending in a meeting
Thursday with investors. "This is our economic engine on the loan side of the business."

More and more students are accepting private loans even when they are eligible to borrow through the
lower-cost federally subsidized program. The Bush administration, in response, told colleges last
month that they can refuse requests for student contact data that are made under federal or state
"freedom of information" laws.

In a letter from Diane Auer Jones, assistant secretary for postsecondary education, the administration
said that a college is required to release students' contact information—such as name, address,
telephone listing, e-mail address, and major field of study—only if the college treats the data as publicly
available "directory information."

Ms. Jones said in the letter that federal law also prohibits a college from releasing information about
students' financial-aid status—such as by releasing a list that contains contact data only for students
who have received financial aid.

Sallie Mae's pursuit of the student data was revealed by the New America Foundation, a Washington-
based policy group. The lender, after being asked about the report, issued a statement saying it was
acting in the best interest of students. The company said it wanted to make students aware of their
ability to obtain federal grant money, and of the maximum amount of federally guaranteed loans,
before they accept higher-cost private loans.

The company sent the freedom-of-information requests "to colleges and universities in states where
we have seen a significant increase in deceptive marketing practices and misinformation about student
loans," it said in the statement.

"If a school decides to willingly share the nonsensitive information, their students will receive
information that reinforces the importance of first exhausting free money and federal loan options
before turning to private education loans," the company said.

Such data requests are nevertheless discouraged under new ethics guidelines that the National
Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators has been promoting in the aftermath of the
student-loan scandals revealed earlier this year.

The association represents both college administrators and lenders, and it agreed in May—under
pressure from New York's attorney general, Andrew M. Cuomo—to sharply limit the financial benefits
that the lenders provide the administrators and their colleges.

As part of its ethics review, the association "came down very heavily in terms of the privacy of
borrower information," said Larry Zaglaniczny, the group's director for Congressional relations. "And
that's why we're suggesting that you can't use it, release it, sell it, transfer it, nor give it."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Lenders repay $17.6-million in federal subsidies collected through servicing company’s error
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Affiliated Computer Services, a loan-servicing company used by many of the largest lenders in the
federal guaranteed-student-loan program, overbilled the U.S. Education Department by $17.6-million
for subsidies on the loans it handles, the department confirmed on Wednesday.

The overpayments, which occurred over a 10-year period, were a result of a software error at Affiliated
Computer Services, or ACS, which collects payments and provides other services for lenders on some
nine million student loans. The company services roughly $121-billion in student loans.

The lenders who received the subsidies have repaid the money to the department, a spokeswoman for
ACS said.

The company discovered the problem in December 2006 during an annual audit and reported it to the
Education Department that month.

It is not clear why the problem was not identified earlier. The servicer said it had a full-time
compliance staff and underwent multiple audits each year, including a review by the Department of

John Dean, special counsel to the Consumer Bankers Association, which represents many of the
nation's largest student-loan companies, said the error was a symptom of a system that has had to
adapt to numerous rules changes.

"The frequency of statutory and regulatory change in the guaranteed-loan program has made the
implementation of program changes progressively more challenging and has increased the opportunity
for systems errors," he said.

A spokeswoman for the Education Department, Samara Yudof, said that the department began
working with ACS to fix the problem and recover the overpayments as soon as the error was noticed.
The department has also asked ACS to conduct an independent audit, she said.

But some critics say the Education Department's own auditors should have caught the problem

"It’s one thing for one billing cycle to have lapsed and something gets discovered. It's another thing
when it's been going on for 10 years," said Barmak Nassirian, an associate executive director of the
American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers. "This incident demonstrates
the way in which the department has the entire loan industry on the honor system."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Wealthy colleges questioned about costs
Sunday, October 14, 2007

Colleges and universities raked in money by the billions last year. But their investing success now has a
price - a movement in Congress to force the wealthiest schools to spend more of their money to keep
down tuition.

In recent weeks, a string of colleges and universities have announced enviable investment results.
Leading the way was Yale, which earned 28 percent over the year ending June 30, increasing the
school's endowment to $22.5 billion overall.

Harvard, the world's wealthiest university with $34.9 billion, beat the market again with a 23 percent
return. There also were good returns for smaller schools such as Bowdoin (24.4 percent) and William
& Mary (19.2 percent).

But while those numbers were coming out, some members of the Senate Finance Committee in
Washington were wondering aloud why the rise in endowments isn't stemming tuition increases. At a
hearing last month, lawmakers batted around the idea of forcing at least some of the wealthier colleges
to spend more savings on reducing costs.

"Senators, what would your constituents say if gasoline cost $9.15 a gallon?" Lynne Munson, an
adjunct fellow at the Center for College Affordability and Productivity in Washington told the
committee. "Or if the price of milk was over $15? That is how much those items would cost if their
price had gone up at the same rate that tuition has since 1980."

In the mid-1990s, a billion-dollar endowment was a mark of the financial elite, a club with just 17
schools in its ranks. By last year, 62 colleges had hit the mark. Within a few years there will likely be

Private foundations are required by law to spend at least 5 percent of their endowments each year on
their missions, but public charities - a category that includes colleges - face no such requirement.
Holding colleges to the same standard is an idea that clearly interests Iowa Republican Sen. Charles
Grassley, the minority leader of the Senate Finance Committee and Capitol Hill's closest scrutinizer of

"It'd be good to see the very elite institutions, with the richest endowments, take the lead and create a
ripple effect throughout higher education to make college more affordable for everyone," he said in a
statement. It's unclear right now, both Republicans and Democrats say, whether the proposal will
make it out of the committee, which is considering several ideas related to taxes and higher education.

In fact, colleges spent on average 4.6 percent from their endowments last year, according to the latest
figures from National Association of College and University Business Officers.

But if the billionaire colleges alone spent the full 5 percent, that would mean an extra $1.5 billion
available annually for financial aid, calculates Michael Dannenberg, director of education policy at the
New America Foundation, a Washington think-tank. He says such a requirement would be fair, given
that colleges are allowed to invest tax-free. That perk has boosted many endowments by billions and
carries an obligation to public service.

Higher education officials were angry they weren't allowed to speak out against the proposal at a
hearing last month, but submitted their own testimony last week, arguing they spend plenty on public
service and that endowments aren't simply savings accounts that can be tapped at any time for any

Many endowment funds come with strings attached by donors on how they can be used.

Colleges also have to budget prudently, taking market swings into account, and they try to avoid big
jumps in spending just because the market did well in a particular year. But by sticking to gradual
adjustments, they can look stingy.

For instance, Yale is slated to get more than third of it's annual budget - $843 million - from its
endowment this year. But because its investments did so well, that's only about 3.7 percent of the

But the underlying issue is that the proposal would represent a major encroachment by Washington
into university affairs. Colleges oppose government involvement in anything from how they teach to
the criteria they use in admissions. They would not take kindly to Congress directing them precisely
how to spend their own money.

"We don't think as a general matter the federal government ought to be telling private philanthropic
organizations, that have been around in some cases since before the federal government, how to spend
their money," said Terry Hartle, senior vice president of the American Council on Education, the main
group representing colleges and universities in Washington.

Still, Hartle acknowledges colleges will have to take seriously the complaints about colleges costs with
which constituents are deluging lawmakers.

"There isn't a college or university president in the country that doesn't recognize that federal policy
makers in both houses of Congress in both parties are very concerned about rapidly rising prices in
higher education," he said.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Government must ease security restrictions on university research, says national academies
Friday, October 19, 2007

Security restrictions imposed since 2001 have unnecessarily constrained university researchers, and
those controls should be loosened in order to enhance the nation's economic and strategic
competitiveness, according to a report issued by the National Research Council of the National
Academies on Thursday.

The report's authors, a committee of high-ranking officials with experience in academe and the defense
agencies, argued against policies that would tighten controls on American researchers and impede
collaborations with foreign scientists. The committee determined that "the closing of our ability to do
research could do more harm than a potential leak" of sensitive materials or technologies, said Alice P.
Gast, who is president of Lehigh University and served as a co-chair of the panel.

The committee's report, "Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World," is based on the results of three
meetings last year that brought together academic leaders with current and past officials from the
defense and security agencies.

During those discussions—held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Georgia State and
Emory Universities, and at Stanford University—the panel heard government officials warn that
universities could be exacerbating threats to the United States, either by allowing in potential terrorists
who posed as students or by providing foreign nationals with access to dangerous pathogens or
technology that could be used to harm the country.

But the members of the panel concluded that "to keep the country secure and to maintain our
freedoms, we must strive to keep U.S. universities open, welcome students and scholars from around
the world, and participate in international research, while limiting access when warranted and placing
appropriate restrictions on narrow and well-defined high-risk areas."

Erosion of Protections for Basic Research

To support its case, the panel pointed to National Security Decision Directive 189, established under
President Ronald Reagan in 1985 in response to cold-war concerns that universities might serve as
conduits that allowed technical information to flow to the Soviet Union.

That directive, known as NSDD-189, stipulates that the government should classify research if it wants
to control information developed in federally financed grants to universities. It adds, however, that "no
restrictions may be placed upon the conduct or reporting of federally funded fundamental research
that has not received national security classification."

The policy essentially was classify it, or keep it unrestricted.

But recent changes have eroded the protections afforded by NSDD-189, said the committee. In
particular, government contracting agents have been putting restrictive clauses into contracts and
grants awarded to universities and to companies, which often subcontract to university researchers.

The clauses preclude foreign nationals from certain countries from participating in the contracted
research at universities and allow government agencies to stop the publication of results of university
research projects. Even though the basic research is unclassified and thereby protected under NSDD-

189, government agencies are increasingly using the hazy term of "sensitive but unclassified" to label
projects and then justify controls on basic research, the committee found.

Many universities do not accept contracts with such restrictive clauses, but other universities do, said
Julie T. Norris, a panel member and the director emeritus of the office of sponsored programs at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Some universities don't understand all of the ramifications of
the clauses," she said.

The more insidious type of "troublesome clause," she said, appears when a company receives a
contract from the government and does not request an exemption for fundamental research in the
contract. "They take these restrictions on publications and foreign nationals and then pass the same
restrictions down to universities that do fundamental, basic research," she said.

In a survey of 20 institutions in 2003 and 2004, the Association of American Universities and the
Council on Governmental Relations documented 138 instances in which the government had
attempted to restrict the participation of foreign nationals and the publication of research results from
university projects. An update to that study is under way, but anecdotal evidence suggests the situation
has not improved, said Ms. Norris.

In response to the concerns voiced about restrictions on research, the panel proposed that federal
agencies should abide by the principles of NSDD-189 and exempt fundamental research at universities
from such restrictions in grants and contracts.

Concerns About Export and Visa Controls

The panel also requested that the departments of Commerce and State review their lists of technology
that is subject to export controls. Those lists are outdated, and many items on them are widely
available overseas, yet the lists still place restrictions on what university researchers can transfer to
colleagues overseas.

Academic scientists are particularly troubled by potential changes in regulations about so-called
deemed exports, which refer to the transfer of information to foreign students working in laboratories
at American universities.

In 2004 the Commerce Department's inspector general proposed amending deemed-export rules in
ways that would impose new restrictions on universities. In particular, the rules would have applied to
common lab tools, including centrifuges, furnaces, electric generators, and gas-leak detectors,
according to the panel. The department later backed away from the proposed new rules and is awaiting
a report from a task force on that issue.

The National Research Council panel also urged the State Department to continue its efforts to
improve the process for granting visas to foreign students and researchers. In the wake of the 2001
attacks, restrictions on visas triggered loud and numerous complaints from academe.

Although the visa situation has improved, the panel said the government must "work to ensure that
whenever possible policies and practices are in place that encourage the free movement of foreign
students and scholars to scholarly/scientific conferences and to meetings in the United States and

New Coordinating Body Recommended

In general, the panel recommended that the government establish a science-and-security commission,
to be jointly led by the national security adviser and the director of the White House Office of Science
and Technology Policy. That commission could review government policies and coordinate work
between universities and federal agencies to improve security provisions affecting academe.

Gerald L. Epstein, a senior fellow for science and security at the Center for Strategic and International
Studies, said the research-council report echoes the conclusion of several previous commissions, which
determined that clamping down too much on university research would end up harming the nation.

But he noted that academics were not the only people calling for openness in the new report.

"When you look at the team putting it together," he said, "there is a set of very impressive national-
security credentials brought to it."

Ms. Gast's co-chair on the committee was Jacques S. Gansler, a former vice president for research at
the University of Maryland at College Park and a former U.S. under secretary of defense for
acquisition, technology, and logistics. Another panel member was John A. Gordon, a former under
secretary of energy and former deputy national security adviser.

"It's not only in the general national interest to have a vibrant research enterprise," said Mr. Epstein.
"It is in the national-security community's interest to have a vibrant research enterprise."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
After accidents, laboratory safety is questioned
Monday, October 15, 2007

In May a laboratory worker at the University of Kentucky was exposed to the bacterium that causes
bubonic plague when an autoclave bag leaked.

Two months later, a researcher at the University of Chicago was stuck with a syringe containing the
bacterium that causes anthrax.

Then, in August, a researcher at Saint Louis University was stuck with a needle containing the monkeypox

The accidents, which are under investigation by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are among
more than 50 incidents involving select agents — federally regulated microbes and toxins — that university
biodefense labs have reported to the agency since 2003. Scientists and biosafety experts suspect that many
more mishaps have gone unreported.

So far, the most serious accidents have occurred abroad, including the deaths of a Russian lab worker
exposed to Ebola and a Chinese lab worker exposed to severe acute respiratory syndrome, known as SARS.
While domestic researchers have been sickened, none have died, and the CDC says that none of the recent
accidents posed a public-health threat.

But the recent spate of accidents here in the United States, including a pair of high-profile incidents
involving Texas A&M University at College Station, is raising questions about the safety of the nation's
biodefense labs, the adequacy of the government's oversight of them, and whether the biodefense building
boom has made the country more — or less — secure.

Attacks Spark Building Spree

The recent proliferation of biodefense labs on American university campuses can be traced to the 2001
anthrax attacks on the U.S. Capitol. Before the attacks, there were only five Biosafety Level 4, or BSL-4,
labs in the country, and only one on a college campus, at Georgia State University. BSL-4 labs study some
of the world's most exotic and deadliest diseases, including anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease and Ebola

The anthrax attacks revealed major gaps in the nation's capacity to respond to a biological attack and
prompted the National Institutes of Health to form a panel to assess the country's biodefense needs. The
panel concluded that more research space was necessary, but it did not recommend a specific number of

Since then Congress has appropriated more than $1-billion for the construction of new labs, and the
number of BSL-4 labs has tripled, to 15. Two such labs are under construction at the University of Texas
Medical Branch, in Galveston, and Boston University.

Biosafety Level 3 labs, which study slightly less dangerous pathogens, have multiplied even more rapidly,
though no one knows exactly how many such labs exist. Published estimates range from the low hundreds
to as many as 1,400.

That uncertainty is due in large part to the fact that no single government agency is charged with overseeing
the nation's biodefense laboratories. Rather, the responsibility is shared among a dozen agencies, including
the NIH and the Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services.

Who's In Charge?

Under federal law, the CDC regulates select agents that pose a threat to human health, while the Agriculture
Department regulates agents that pose a threat to animals or plants. The agencies conduct routine
inspections of labs working with select agents and can shut down research if they find problems at the labs.

The NIH finances the labs and provides guidance on research involving recombinant DNA. While the
guidelines do not carry the force of law, universities risk losing their NIH money if they do not comply.

But the NIH has never cut off funds to an institution for a biodefense violation, and the CDC has
suspended an institution's research on select agents only once, in a case involving Texas A&M. Earlier this
month, the Government Accountability Office released a report that concluded that biodefense labs are
largely overseeing themselves.

"The limited federal oversight that does exist for high-containment labs is fragmented and for the most part
relies on self-policing," Keith Rhodes, chief technologist in GAO's Center for Technology and Engineering,
told members of Congress at a hearing this month. Mr. Rhodes said his office planned to issue a report in
February recommending that a single agency be given oversight over all biodefense labs. He declined to say
which agency would be best suited for the job.

At the hearing, Richard E. Besser, director of the CDC's Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness
and Emergency Response, defended his agency, saying that it had "accomplished much" since Congress
gave it authority over select agents in 2003. Since then, the agency has conducted 607 laboratory inspections
and referred 37 entities to the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Inspector General,
which has, in turn, levied $887,000 in fines. Two of the 11 fines involved higher-education institutions, the
University of California and the University of South Carolina.

But Mr. Besser said the agency did plan to make some improvements in its inspection process, including
expanding the scope of its interviews, more closely examining labs' incident-response plans, and conducting
more site visits to verify that problems have been fixed. The CDC will also commission an external peer
review of its select-agent program, he said.

At the same time, representatives from the NIH told Congress that they planned to establish an interagency
committee to undertake "an intensive analysis of the current biosafety framework and to develop a set of
recommendations for improvement."

Universities Fail to Report

Meanwhile, some biosafety experts are suggesting ways to encourage universities to report laboratory

When accidents involving select agents occur, universities are required to report them to either the CDC or
the Agriculture Department, depending on which agency they registered with.

The Agriculture Department says it has not received any accident reports from universities in the last three
years, but the CDC provided the U.S. House of Representatives with a description of 105 accidents, nearly
half of which occurred in university-affiliated labs. Most of the accidents were the result of human error due
to carelessness, inadequate training, or poor judgment, according to a GAO analysis.

Biosafety experts say the list is probably not complete. As the Texas A&M incidents show, universities don't
always report accidents that occur in their labs, at least not right away. Researchers there did not report that
a laboratory worker had been infected with brucellosis until an arms-control activist uncovered evidence of
the accident through a public-records request. Days later, the university disclosed that it had waited almost a
year to report a second incident in which three laboratory workers were exposed to Q fever.

Gigi Kwik Gronvall, a senior associate at the Center for Biosecurity at the University of Pittsburgh Medical
Center, said universities might shy away from reporting their accidents out of fear that the negative publicity
could harm their institutions or cost them federal funds.

In testimony before Congress, she suggested that the government create a no-fault reporting system for
laboratory accidents similar to the one used by the aviation industry.

The system, which would be anonymous, would allow universities to learn from one another's mistakes
without fear of reprisal, she said.

"You want to encourage reporting, not punish people for reporting," she said.

Calls to Scale Back

The debate over the safety of the nation's biodefense labs comes as the Department of Homeland Security
is preparing to award a contract for another BSL-4 lab, most likely to a coalition including universities.

The lab, which would replace the aging Plum Island facility, off Long Island, N.Y., would conduct research
on zoonotic and other animal diseases.

But the recent accidents at university labs have led to calls for the agency to cancel the project.

Edward Hammond, the activist who uncovered the Texas A&M mishaps, says Congress should impose a
moratorium on new construction and suspend projects that are already under way at Boston University and
the University of Hawaii-Manoa.

"Our system cannot absorb all the new labs coming on line," said Mr. Hammond, who is director of the
Sunshine Project, an arms-control group that monitors bioweapons research.

David Ozonoff, a professor of environmental health at the Boston University School of Public Health,
agrees. He says the labs are draining money and talent away from more pressing public-health problems,
creating novel pathogens that could be stolen by terrorists, and stimulating a global biological arms race.

"We just don't need all these laboratories, and we keep building them with no planning involved," he said.

But other scientists say the biodefense building spree has made the nation safer. They say the risks of the
research have been overstated, and they worry that the media attention generated by what are mostly minor
mishaps could undermine public confidence in the labs.

"There is too much alarm, too much of a mentality of being frantic over a situation like this," said Steven
M. Presley, research coordinator for Texas Tech University's biological countermeasures program.

Mr. Presley disagrees with Mr. Hammond's assessment that the nation has gone overboard with the
biodefense buildup. The 2001 anthrax attacks, he said, showed that we were "short on our ability to do that

"We're still playing catch-up," he said.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Older adults confront barriers to pursuing a higher education, report says
Tuesday, October 16, 2007

More adults age 55 to 79 are bypassing retirement and leisure nowadays to change careers, pursue
advanced degrees, or start new businesses. But, according to a report by the American Council on
Education, many barriers stand in the way of older adults with a strong interest in college-level

The report, "Framing New Terrain: Older Adults and Higher Education," finds that older adults are
"beginning to articulate new postsecondary-education goals," including training for new careers and
fulfilling unrealized dreams. In 2002, 3 percent of all part-time and full-time undergraduate students
were 50 or older, according to the report.

But the report says that many older adults do not pursue higher education because of demographic
barriers, such as the complicated responsibilities people face in their 50s and 60s. Other roadblocks
can be attitudinal, such as some instructors' and older people's negative perception of aging, or
structural, such as a lack of money or transportation.

Older adults from low-income backgrounds, who lack previous postsecondary education, are less likely
to consider higher education a possibility, the report says. Older adults with more education can
navigate the educational system better and are more likely to be able to afford the cost. Financial-aid
programs and fee waivers are available to older adults, but the requirements vary from campus to

Colleges and universities "have yet to catch up with the burgeoning demand for new learning options,
especially programs for career transitions," the report says.

The report, a review of current research on the social and psychological factors that motivate older
adults to pursue a higher education, is the first to be issued by a research project of the council, called
Reinvesting in the Third Age: Older Adults and Higher Education. The project is financed by MetLife

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Enrollment of first-year medical students reaches a new high
Wednesday, October 17, 2007

The number of first-year students enrolled in the nation's medical schools reached an all-time high this year,
according to figures released on Tuesday by the Association of American Medical Colleges.
That's welcome news to medical educators who have been sounding an alarm about the potential for a
serious shortage of physicians over the next decade as baby boomers age and thousands of doctors retire.

First-year enrollments in the nation's 126 accredited medical schools climbed 2.3 percent this year, to
17,759. The number of black and Hispanic male applicants each increased by more than 9 percent. The
number of black males who were accepted and enrolled was up 5.3 percent, while enrollment among
Hispanic men remained about the same as in 2006.

Although applications were up among both black and Hispanic women, their first-year enrollments declined
by 5.6 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively.

"With our nation expected to face a serious shortage of physicians in the future, we are pleased to see
interest in medicine as a career continuing to increase," said Darrell G. Kirch, president of the medical-
colleges' association. "We are especially encouraged by the growing interest among students from groups
historically underrepresented in medicine."

Still, only 6 percent of the nation's practicing physicians are black, Hispanic, or Native American, even
though those groups represented 29 percent of the nation's population in 2006, according to the report.
"We would be the first to admit that we have a long way to go to truly reflect the diversity of our nation,"
Dr. Kirch added.

The association has set up a Web site,, to help recruit minority applicants (The Chronicle,
November 16, 2006).

Two years ago, the association urged medical schools to increase their enrollments by 30 percent by 2015
(The Chronicle, November 7, 2005). Less than a decade before, educators had been worrying about a glut of

This year, 11 medical schools increased their class sizes by at least 10 percent. Those schools, starting with
the one with the highest increase, are affiliated with Michigan State University, Texas A&M University, the
University of Arizona, Florida State University, Emory University, New York University, the University of
California at Davis, Marshall University, Drexel University, Howard University, and the University of

In recent years, several medical schools have added programs or campuses, and at least six new medical
schools are in the pipeline, with many more in the early planning stages (The Chronicle, January 12).

The high cost of medical education remains a barrier to future increases, especially among low-income and
minority students. In 2006 the average medical-school graduate owed more than $130,000 in educational
loans. The average annual tuition at public medical schools is $21,000, and at private schools, it's $38,000.

Schools that expanded their enrollments this year apparently did not have to lower their admissions
standards; the 2007 first-year students had the highest grade-point averages and scores on the Medical
College Admission Test on record. There has also been a steady increase in recent years in the amount of
research and community service medical-school applicants have performed.


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