Agriculture MC Review
1. The first agriculturalists were:
a. commercial farmers
b. European entrepreneurs
c. also hunter gatherers
d. also ranchers
e. most likely males
2. Slash and burn is:
A. not sustainable
B. practiced in high mountainous regions
C. a relatively new invention
D. typical for tropical forests
E. found in MDC's
3. Which of the following was not a location of independent plant and animal domestication?
4. Ranching is a good example of which type of agricultural system?
A. intensive subsistence cultivation
B. extensive subsistence cultivation
C. labor intensive agriculture
D. controlled agriculture
E. commercial agriculture
5. _________ is/are widespread in semiarid climates throughout the world.
B. tropical plantations
D. slash and burn agriculture
E. rice paddies
6. _________ is a common cause of decreasing farmland in rapidly growing urban areas.
A. topsoil loss
B. urban sprawl
C. loss of material inputs
7. This type of agriculture occurs in LDC's but is generally owned by MDC's:
A. intensive subsistence
B. pastoral nomadism
D. plantation farming
E. Market gardening
8. The man who hypothesized that the earth would eventually fail to produce enough food for her population
B. Von Thunen
9. According to Von Thunen, dairy farming would occur in ring #:
10. According to Von Thunen, ranching would occur in ring #:
11. Homes in the midwestern United States most generally show a _______ spatial pattern:
12. Dwellings built from wattle utilize:
C. woven poles and sticks
13. Which animal was used as a ceremonial animal, a beast of burden, and a weapon of war?
A. Indian Elephant
B. African Hippo
C. Cocker Spanial
14. In which village form do the pasturelands and farms lie just beyond a house and outbuildings, which may be
surrounded by a small garden?
15. Which activity dominates Von Thunen's area adjacent to the city?
A. market gardening and dairying
C. extensive field crops and grains
E. slash and burn agriculture
16. All of the following is used as a classification of economic activity except:
17. When did the practice of farming begin?
A. 5,000 BCE
B. 7,500 BCE
C. 8,000 BCE
D. 10,000 BCE
E. 12,000 BCE
18. Which job would be classified in the tertiary industry?
E. the CEO of a corporation
19. Which of the following is not a product of the secondary industries?
B. war ships
C. a peace treaty
20. Where was Von Thunen from?
21. According to Von Thunen, with which of the following will the land be farmed most extensively?
22. Animal domestication became possible when:
A. agriculture emerged
B. the industrial revolution occured
C. people began to have less children
D. people became sedentary
E. people discovered metalurgy
23. Agriculture is the deliberate tending of _______ in order to produce food and fiber.
C. wild animals
E. both crops and livestock
24. All of the following are primary regions of domestication except:
A. Eastern South America
B. Upper Southeast Asian Mainland
C. Eastern India and Western Burma
E. Southwest Asia
25. The region of the world home to the most large animal domestications is:
A. Sub Saharan Africa
C. The Americas
D. North America
26. The second agricultural revolution was influenced by:
B. domestication of horses
C. the industrial revolution
D. break up of feudalism
E. plant domestication
27. Which of the following is not a primary region of domestication?
A. Andean Highlands
B. Ethiopian and East African Highlands
C. Upper SE Asian mainland
D. Southwest Asia
28. Building with available stone developed as traditional architecture in all of the following except:
A. Central and South India
B. North America
29. In the United States, three types of traditional houses can be identified. They are New England, Southern, and:
A. Middle American
E. Middle Atlantic
30. The grid village pattern is often found:
A. in Subsaharan Africa
B. in a walled village
C. in modern villages
D. in linear villages
E. in hamlets
31. When does a village become a town in the United States?
A. 1,000 people
B. 2,000 people
C. 2,500 people
D. 5,000 people
E. 10,000 people
32. Which of the following is not a village form?
33. Which one of these is a way in which we can observe the functional differentiation in villages?
A. what sports they play
B. the mates they chose
C. food storage
D. where their bathrooms are located
E. what types of apple trees they plant
34. The modernized traditional dwellings are characterized by:
A. modifications in floor plan
B. the use of new building materials
C. advanced technology
D. interior specialization
E. both a and b
35. Which of the following pairs is incorrect?
B. wattle-South America
C. brick-Middle and South America
E. grass and brush-African savannaland
36. In India, farming occupies what % of the population?
37. Von Thunen's model has a ring of forest in which zone?
A. urban area
B. ring 1
C. ring 2
D. ring 3
E. ring 4
38. What is the township and range system?
A. a rectangle land-division scheme to dipserse settlers evenly
B. the distance from the center of town to the border of its township
C. the total distance around a township
D. Von Thunen's model of farming
E. the pattern of settlements in New England
39. Which of the following is a crop of the Upper Southeastern Asian Mainland?
A. citrus fruits
E. all of the above
40. Which of the following is not an example of a primary activity?
41. Which of the following is an example of maladaptive diffusion?
A. a teepee on the prairies of North America
B. a yurt on the Mongolian steppe
C. a ranch house in New Mexico
D. a three decker apartment building in an urban neighborhood in Massachusetts
E. a Phoenix subdivision comprised of Cape Cod style houses
42. The first agricultural methods probably involved the:
A. sowing of seeds
B. transplanting of whole plants
C. planting of roots and cuttings
D. importing of plants from other regions
E. cultivation of popcorn
43. Which of the following plays a big part in shifting cultivation?
A. a nomadic existence
B. very fertile soil
C. high population density
D. control of fire
E. large tracts of land
44. What is the most important type of commercial agriculture in the northeastern United States?
45. Which of the following is a form of commercial agriculture found in Latin America, Africa and Asia?
C. shifting cultivation
E. cattle ranching
46. Pastoral nomadism is a form of:
A. subsistence agriculture
C. plantation farming
D. commercial agriculture
E. intensive subsistence agriculture
47. The growing of fruits, flowers, vegetables and tree crops is referred to as:
A. subsistence agriculture
C. commercial farming
48. Soybeans are the ____ most important crop to the US:
49. In the United States winter wheat is planted in:
50. What is the future of shifting cultivation?
A. rapid growth
B. remain the same
C. declining at a yearly rate of 15%
D. declining at a yearly rate of 1%
E. none of the above
51. What are two main crops of regions of intensive subsistence farming where wet rice is not dominant?
A. wheat and barley
B. beans and peas
C. truck crops
D. rice and olives
E. tobacco and coffee
52. Where is Mediterranean agriculture practiced today?
E. both b and c
53. What option is most likely to be produced at a truck farm?
J. both b and c
54. Which crop is centered in North and South Dakota?
D. sunflower seeds
55. In agriculture, the term intensive implies:
B. great amounts of human labor required
C. little amounts of human labor required
D. greater use of animal labor
E. greater use of machines
56. In agriculture, the term subsistence implies:
A. to produce for export
B. to produce for profit
C. to produce for one's self
D. to produce with animal labor
E. to produce in excess
57. All of the following are characteristic of shifting cultivation except:
A. clearing land through slash and burn
B. leaving soil fallow
C. percentage of land in use is declining
D. 20% of world's land is devoted to this
E. fields appear chaotic
58. Animals are chosen by pastoral nomads due to:
A. large profitability
B. relative prestige
C. the ability to adapt to a particular climate
D. the ability to produce many offspring
E. both b and c
59. Dairy farming is predominant in all of the following except:
C. Northeastern US
D. Southeastern Canada
E. Northwestern Europe
60. With this technique, farmers often harvest two or more crops per year:
A. double cropping
B. slash and burn
C. crop rotation
D. nomadic herding
61. A milkshed extends for ____ miles:
62. Where is shifting cultivation practiced in the world today?
A. desert regions
B. tundra regions
C. humid, low-latitude regions
D. dry, mid-latitude regions
E. polar regions
63. Where is pastoral nomadism practiced in the world?
A. North America
D. Central Asia and North Africa
64. What is the planting, dike, and irrigation system called that rice is grown in?
C. el bano
65. China and India together account for what % of the world's rice production?
E. over 50
66. What is the most common crop used in mixed livestock and crop farming?
67. Which crop would most likely be grown in areas of low summer precipitation in interior India?
68. Which of the following is not a characteristic of shifting cultivation?
A. tropics and low latitudes
B. small villages hold land collectively
C. large populations
D. use of animal labor unlikely
E. produce excess for export
69. Which of the following does not generally pertain to dairy farming?
A. small, rural areas
B. transportation is a factor
C. milk shed
D. labor intensive
E. expensive during winter
70. What % of the US labor force is involved in farming?
71. What is the most common form of commercial agriculture west of the Appalachian Mountains?
A. dairy farming
B. livestock ranching
C. grain farming
D. mixed crop and livestock farming
E. plantation agriculture
72. All of the following may be grown on a plantation except:
73. What is true of every Mediterranean agriculture area?
A. they are in the eastern hemisphere
B. they have very moist summers
C. they border a sea
D. they are large areas of flat land at or below sea level
E. they produce a lot of animal feed
74. Agribusiness refers to:
A. a family farm that has little excess production
B. a family farm that is integrated into a large food production industry
C. a commune
D. farmers that raise only livestock
E. farms located next to railroads to easily transport goods
75. What crop grown in the United States has led to great economic and political influence and strength?
76. What is transhumance?
A. the practice of farming both crops and livestock
B. a component of shifting cultivation
C. the opposite of plantation farming
D. seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures
E. a technique involved in slash and burn agriculture
77. During the first agricultural revolution, in addition to the appearance of numerous significant human cultural
achievements which began the spiral leading toward states and empires, colonial realms and power struggles, another
spiral began. This spiral was:
a. increasing population numbers
b. declining population numbers
c. declining resource use
d. declining life expectancy
78. Seed agriculture is generally believed to have started in:
a. Southeast Asia
b. the Fertile Crescent
c. Northwest Africa
d. Northeast Asia
79. The domestication of plants and animals made possible for the first time in human history:
a. the creating of more time to hunt and gather
b. the stabilization of populations in permanent settlements
c. a highly mobile population
d. a population whose numbers stabilized
80. For the land areas of the Earth as a whole, the human population generally clusters on:
a. high plateaus
b. mountain areas
c. coastal areas, river basins and plains
d. continental interiors
81. According to Carl Sauer, the earliest plant domestication was
a) prompted by scarcity.
b) probably involved planting root crops.
c) associated with seed crops.
d) occurred in tropical middle America.
82. Much traditional agriculture involves the _________ method of clearing fields.
a) use of natural herbicides
b) intensive hoeing
d) use of bulldozers
83. The Second Agricultural Revolution can generally be traced to Europe within what time frame?
a) nineteenth and twentieth century
b) twelfth and thirteenth century
c) fourteenth and fifteenth century
d) seventeenth and eighteenth century
84. By 1992, the most widely grown crop variety on Earth was a product of the Green Revolution called IR36, which was
a variety of
85. The Spanish invaders of Middle America, centuries ago, laid out villages and towns in what form?
86. Poorer countries, producing such cash crops as sugar,
a) set the market price themselves.
b) are at the mercy of the purchasing countries that set the prices.
c) plant less in order to drive up the prices.
d) cooperate with each other to determine global prices and demand.
87. Coffee was domesticated in Ethiopia. Today, 70% of production is in
a) Southeast Asia.
b) South Asia.
c) East Africa.
d) Middle and South America.
88. Rice cultivation in Southeast Asia is largely a ________________ activity.
89. In recent years, many wooded areas in ___________ have been deforested to provide beef for hamburgers for fast-
food chains in the United States.
a) East and South Asia
b) West Africa
c) East Africa
d) Central and South America
90. The concept where physical geographic factors such as soils, climate and resources shape a specific culture group’s
behavior and practices is known as
b] cultural imperialism
c] convergence zones
d] environmental determinism
e] Tobler’s Law
91. As industrialized countries continue to develop economically, agriculture in these First World states tends to have the
a] larger farm size and increasing corporate ownership of farms
b] larger farm size and more government ownership of farms
c] smaller farm size and a diversity of crops on each farm
d] smaller farm size and fewer family-owned farms
e] larger farm size and increasing number of family-owned farms
92. The large-scale mortality in the population of Native Americans during the decades following European settlement
from 1492 onward was vastly the result of
a] warfare with invading European armies
b] changes in global climate which lead to crop failures and sea-level rise
c] slavery and forced labor in European-owned colonial plantations
d] infectious diseases introduced by European explorers and colonists
e] colonial government policies restricting the number of children in native families
93. Which plant was the dominant staple crop for the culture hearths of Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt and the rest of the
94. One option for small family-owned farms to increase the market value of their crops would be
a] eliminate irrigation and rely upon natural rainfall
b] switch to organic farming practices with no pesticides or chemical fertilizers
c] use biofuels such as vegetable-based diesel for their farm equipment
d] switch to growing traditional staple crops such as corn and use fertilizers
e] export their crops to Third-world locations such as Sub-Saharan Africa
95. In the developing world, plantation crops like bananas, coffee and sugar are examples of
a] subsistence agriculture
b] import substitution
c] export-based agriculture
d] specialty agriculture
e] value-added agriculture
96. The following are all factors in the Green Revolution EXCEPT
b] chemical fertilizers
c] low-cost human labor
d] plant hybridization
e] mechanized irrigation
97. What type of survey pattern of farming would be found in the Lousiana or Mississippi Delta region of the US?
a. Township and Range
b. Sipdersed Village
c. metes and bounds
d. long lots
98. Von Thunen’s Model revolves around which of the following fundamental principles?
a. The fertility of the soil decrease as one moves away from the urban area to the market
b. access to transportation improves as one moves closer to the urban area
c. the climate of the area dictates the types of crops grown
d. all of the above
99. Which of the following phrases would best fit the Second AGricutlrual Revoltuion?
a. The Second Agricultural Revolution saw the beginning of seed agriculture
b. The second Agricultural Revolution brought mechanization into farming
c. The Second agricultural Revoltuion prompted farmers to develop new crops
d. The second agricultural Revolution allowed farmers to redesign crops to grow in nonnative climates
e. The second agricultural Revolution meant moreprofits for farmers due to less human capital being needed
100. Farmers in the United States has experienced what pattern?
a. Tragedy of the Commons
b. More work for intertillage practices
c. More sustainable yields
d. debt for nature swaps
e. movment to agricultural industrialization