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中考英语动词时态语态总复习

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中考英语动词时态语态总复习 Powered By Docstoc
					动词复习
• Write the past forms and the
  past participle forms of these
  words.
1.lose     lost lost
                          2.drive   drove driven
 3.eat     ate eaten      4.put     put put

 5.steal   stole stolen   6.meet    met met

 7.have    had had        8.hear    heard heard

 9.hit     hit hit        10.cost   cost cost

11.find    found found 12.swim swam swum
13.pay     paid paid      14.hurt   hurt hurt
15.keep    kept kept      16.know knew known
17.cut     cut cut        18.make made made
19.sing    sang sung      20.tell   told told
                  动 词 时 态                  do
          一 般 式                 进 行 式           完 成 式
现 在 时   do/does               am/is/are doing have/has done
过 去 时   did                   was/were doing had done
        will/shall do
将 来 时   am/is/are going to do
        be about to do             -----         -----
        be to do
过去将来时   would/should do
        was/were going to do       -----         -----

现在完成
        have/has been doing        -----          -----
进行时
        被动 语 态                be
                              do done
            一 般 式                进 行 式             完 成 式

现 在 时                           am/is/are doing   have/has
        am/is/are done
         do/does                 am/is/are        have/has done
                                being done        been done
过 去 时                           was/were doing    had been
         was/were done
         did                     was/were          had done
                                being done        done
将 来 时                                -----           -----
         will/shall do
         will/shall be done
过去将来时
         would/should do
         would/should be done        -----           -----
情态动词
          can do
         can be done                 -----           -----
            非谓语动词

种       类   时   态   主    动    被      动



不   定   式   一   般   to   do   to be done


现在分词
            一   般   doing     being done
动   名   词


过去分词        一   般   -----         done
1   2   3     4     5



6   7   8      9    10




            Let’s play
            up!
                       (1)
 1. This type of TV sets _______ well.
  A.doesn’t sell B. don’t be sold C. aren’t sold D. not sell
 2. The jacket _______ at a high price last winter.
  A. sold   B. was sold    C. has been sold    D. had sold

            1—A     2—B

一些以主动形式表被动的动词: (往往后面跟副词)
keep, read, sell, iron, count, wash, look, clean,
                     (2)
1. They made us to clean the desks.

              to
2. We were made clean the desks(by them).
                 ^
3. I noticed him to run into the house.

                 to
4. He was noticed run into the house(by me).
                  ^
感官动词:see, hear, feel, watch, notice,
使役动词:let, make ,have
主动语态省to , 而被动语态不能省to .
                      (3)
                                    feels
1.Do you like the material? Yes it _______ (feel) very soft.


2.– Do you like the fish?
                          tastes
 -- Yes, very much as it_______( taste) good.




系动词+形容词,不用被动语态
 taste, feel, look, smell, sound,
                  (4)
1. The Anti-Japanese war broke out in 1937.
2. The Anti-Japanese war was broken out in 1937.



不用被动语态的动词:
belong to (属于),break out (爆发),
   happen (发生),         appear (出现),
   last ( 延长),          take place (发生),
   cost(花费),            burst out (迸发),
                           (5)
                                             rains
1. The football match will be put off if it ______ (rain).
                                  are
2. I’ll begin the class when you ______ (be) ready.
                               come
3. I’ll call you as soon as I ______ (come) back to Hangzhou.
                                      finishes
4. He will stay up late till/until he ________ (finish) his homework.




 主句: 一般将来时                 条件(时间)状语从句:一般现在时
                    (6)
1. The question is easy _______.
A. to be answered     B. to answer
C. answering          D. to answering
2.The water is hard to ___________.
A. drink              B. drinking
C. drunk              D. be drunk
      1—B    2--A


放在形容词后的不定式作状语不能用被动语态
                     (7)
           to move
1. He want _____(move) to France and marry the girl.
                     cutting
2. Your hairs wants _____(cut). You’d better have it
   done tomorrow.
3. --What happens to your shoes?
               mending
  --They want ______ (mend).




   人+    want to do sth,
   物+    want doing(表被动)=want to be done
         (8)


You are lucky!
You can get 10 scores.
                      (9)

 •   The football match has begun for ten minutes. (F)
                        has been on
 •   He has joined the Party in 1998.   (F)
         joined
 •   He has left Hangzhou for 7 days.   (F)

      has been away from

现在完成时态中在延续时间做时间状语的肯定句,谓语动词只能
用延续性动词,而不能用短暂性动词.
                          (10)
1. _____, liquids can be changed into gases.
   A. Heating B. To be heated       C. Heated        D. Heat


2. She stood by the window, _____.
  A. thinking     B. think      C. thought      D. thinks


3. _____ from the tallest building, the whole city looks very beautiful.
   A. See   B, Seeing          C. Seen           D. Saw

      1-C , 2-A , 3-C,
选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句的主语.
现在分词--动作是主句的主语发出的
A K D   W   Q   R   U O H
O Z   D   R   A   G   U A H
O Z   D   S   Q   G   U A H
A Z   L   B   C   M U F k
  Homework:

1.Prepare for the dictation please.
2.Finish all the grammar exercises on the paper.

				
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