Double Bubble Map - PowerPoint by mj77HjmH

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									Thinking Maps Training
December 2, 2009
 Double Bubble Map
Used for comparing and contrasting
     any two things or ideas.
             Double Bubble Map

      Difference                            Difference
                           Similarity




Difference         Topic   Similarity   Topic         Difference




                           Similarity
         Difference                             Difference


Thought process:                 COMPARING AND
                                  CONTRASTING
    Double Bubble Map
      Identify the THOUGHT PROCESS


     COMPARING AND CONTRASTING


              KEY WORDS
Compare, Contrast, Similarities, Differences,
    Distinguish between, Differentiate
                KEY INFORMATION

• Helps students compare and contrast any ideas,
 people, cultures, concepts, or things they are
 studying.
• Because of the depth of thought, students may
  need to create two Circle Maps, two Bubble Maps,
  etc. before making the Double Bubble Map.
• Contrasting ideas often requires students to think
  in terms of point and counter point.
• Do not have to have a contrasting bubble for every
  idea.
• Can be used in place of the Venn Diagram, especially
  when focusing on the differences between two things.
                    GUIDING QUESTIONS

Guiding Questions for Constructing a Double Bubble Map:
•What are the similarities and differences between these two things?
•How are these two things alike or different?
•Which similarities do you think are the most important?
•Are there any details that are unique to one thing and not the other?


Guiding Questions for Adding a Frame of Reference:
•How do you know these similarities or differences?
•What source are you using to make these comparisons?
•Is a specific point of view influencing the information you have
included in this Double Bubble Map?
•Why are these similarities and differences so important?
           Differences / Similarities
Between Thinking Maps and Graphic Organizers?
   Pair with someone NOT at your table.
Complete a Double Bubble Map. Try to come
        up with at least 4 similarities.
Differences and Similarities
     The Double Bubble Map
      for the English Learner
 Can be         (picture)                (picture)   (picture)                 (picture)
                                         long tail   short tail
used with      short legs                                                     long neck

                             (picture)                            (picture)
  realia                    long legs                             four legs


   and
providing
 choices


             The earliest uses of the Double Bubble Map should be with
            familiar objects represented in realia or images. The teacher
               provides choices for comparison in the form of words and
            pictures. As the students place the pictures in the appropriate
              spaces, the teacher provides the language of comparison.
       The Double Bubble Map
        for the English Learner
  Can be
                 red circle                                                 red circle
 used with
                        have                                            have
   point/                two                    can roll                four
                       wheels                                          wheels
counterpoint
                                   Bicycles                 Cars




                                                   d
                                                 an
                                               can take
                       go slow                 me places
                                                                      go fast

               green circle
                                                                            green circle

                       Bicycles   have two wheels. Cars have four wheels.
                       Bicycles   go slow. Cars go fast.
                       Bicycles   and cars can roll.
                       Bicycles   and cars can take me places.
     Point / Counterpoint
             Opening: Fred and Fran both have cars.

       3rd                     1st                     3rd
         smooth                                dents
                               red

                                                     4  th
       4th
Both Fred and Fran have cars.
                            2nd
Fred’s car is red. Fran’s car is red.
           shiny                                dull
                  Fred’s    four
Fred’s car has four doorsdoors a Fran’s
                   Car
                            and sunroof.             5th
       5th                          Car
Fran’s car has four doors and a sun-roof.plain
           fancy
           stripe
Fred’s car is smooth. Fran’s car has dents.
                            sun
       car is
Fred’s 6th goodshiny but Fran’s car is dull. worn 6th
                            roof
             has
Fred’s cartires a fancy stripe down the side. tires
Fran’s car is plain.
            good Which car would you like to own?
Fred hasClosing:tires; however, Fran’s tires are worn.
Which car would you like to own?
       The Double Bubble Map
       for the English Learner
Useful for
comparing
   and
enhancing
 meaning
The square
root function   A parabola
 Notice the
color coding.
Build Vocabulary to Support Understanding
And Enable Students to Use English in Culturally
and Socially Appropriate Ways



Please do not walk, mosey, saunter,       saunter           plod
 stroll, toddle, tread, traipse, troop,
  ambulate, prance, dance, tramp,
   skip, lumber, plod, slog, stride,
    trudge, run, scurry, beat feet, …..                                  scamper
  scamper, scoot, crawl, creep, or                  Sequence from
                                                                          crawl
                                                    Slowest to Fastest
           step on the plants.
                                                                          mosey
               Thank you.
                                   .
With a partner or at your table list
three “pairs” of confusing concepts
that your students encounter. Create
a Double Bubble Map with one of the
pairs.
                           Math
 Used to
 organize
for writing
    and
across the                     75                      .75
curriculum



              Once students have completed their Double Maps comparing
              mathematical, or other terms that are often confused, they can
              practice writing across the curriculum. The Map serves as a
              guide for writing and it should be used in a manner that is most
              appropriate for the English proficiency level of the students
              involved (ex. point/counterpoint or likenesses and uniquenesses)
                   Science
   Investigate, compare, and contrast the
different life cycles of different living things.
                          Literature


 Compare and contrast Mrs.
      Jones and Roger.
 Concentrate on discussing
common characteristics that
 you think the author thinks
  are important. Be sure to
      include important
 differences as well. Add a
Frame of Reference and cite
  evidence from the text to
 support your conclusions.
Frame of Reference Application: Big Idea or Summary
statement – What I learned from making this map: The
basic story and its theme is the same. What changes in
the stories has to do with the different cultures.
Social Studies
Social Studies
         The Double Bubble Map
          for the English Learner
 Useful for                  Metaphor: Juan is the rock of his family.
                                             sometimes
  teaching                                      found
                                               outside
metaphorical                   handsome                        smooth
  thinking          smart
                                                                                strong
                   helps                Lifts sometimes              a
                 in times     Juan     weights        jagged                 a
                   Juan
                of trouble                     found               rock
                                                                              found
                                             in groups                     rock
                                                                             outside
                                     likes
                       athletic      pizza                       difficult to
                                                                   break



                                               strong
           Understanding metaphorical thinking begins with the examination
           of the qualities of the two unlike subjects that are being compared
           and then looking for a common characteristic or likeness.
          The Double Bubble Map
          for the English Learner
               POV: mother with young children

                Who could benefit from this information: First Time Voter         wider
                  sells more                         discount
 Useful for       groceries                           prices                      aisles

  Valuing,
Evaluating,        negative
                                                                                   more
                    news
   and             publicity
                                   Walmart
                                   Democratic
                                                   crowded        Target
                                                                  Republican
                                                                                 attractive
                                                                                 displays
 Decision                          Presidential
                                    Candidate
                                                                  Presidential
                                                                   Candidate
  Making          sells more
                                                     good                        sells Nick
                                                   seasonal                      and Nora
                  electronics
                                                     stuff



                The Double Bubble Map should be used for a purpose which
                follows the Bubble Map should be used for a purpose which
               The Double actual Map construction. One such purpose is to
               follows the actual the construction. One such most important.
              determine which ofMap likenesses/differences is purpose is to
                                assist in making important decisions.
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Classroom Applications Using the
       Double Bubble Map
       Used with realia             Used with point/
         and choices                 counterpoint

Used for comparing        Used for Valuing,
  and enhancing           Evaluating, and
     meaning              Decision Making

       Used to organize for writing
        and across the curriculum

                           Metaphorical thinking
                YOUR TURN


• During the next month:
  – Introduce the Double Bubble Map
  – Increase the use of higher order thinking skills
    as they learn the map
  – Collect student samples to share at our next
    meeting

								
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