Thailand Biofuel Updates 26/2/2007

Document Sample
Thailand Biofuel Updates 26/2/2007 Powered By Docstoc
					Thailand Biofuel Updates
       26/2/2007
MTEC Bioenergy Research Group
                                    Energy Import (source : EPPO)
         1,000,000


          900,000
                        ELECTRICITY                                    Oil shock=8%    77,843

          800,000       COAL                                                           60,253
                        NATURAL GAS                                      62,827
          700,000
                        PETROLEUM PRODUCTS                               55,680
                                                       Oil shock=16%
                        CRUDE OIL
          600,000
                                                          46,053
M.Baht




          500,000                                         41,533



          400,000                             42,635
                                                                                      753,783
                                              30,735
                      30,559      35,073                               644,933
          300,000     28,522      25,817

                                                         486,627
          200,000
                                             346,057
                     284,373     286,953
          100,000


                0
                      2001        2002        2003        2004           2005          2006
                               Agriculture Export VS Fuel&Lub. Import
                                   (Data from The Bank of Thailand)
30,000
         M.USD
                                                                                                                25,043
25,000

                                                                                                     20,828

20,000
                  Agriculture Export
                Fuel and Lubricant Import
15,000
                                                                                           13,150


                                                                                                              10,225
10,000                                                                            8,937
                                                                                          8,070     7,848
                                                       7,559    7,445    7,435
                   6,314
                            5,794
          4,771                               4,766
 5,000                               3,406




    0
         1995     1996     1997     1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003     2004      2005       2006
  Royal Chitralada
     Projects
• 1985 : Ethanol from Molasses
  Unit
• 1995 : Expansion
• 2001 : Dehydration Units
• 2001 : Diesel-Palm (Refined)
• Several RD&D, Product Dev.,
  Information Campaigns.
• Fleet Trials since 1986
• 19.09.2000 : National Ethanol
  Policy
• 2007 : Gasohol 95 / Gasohol 91
  in > 4000 Stations
                    ULG and Gasohol Price Structure at 18/2/07

30.00                                 Total incentives to refiners = 2.49 B/L
                                      Of Gasohol95, = 24.9 B/L blending credit

25.00



        3.4600
20.00              1.5000                3.2600
                                                                  1.5000
                                                                             VAT
                    3.3165
                                                                   3.3165    MARKETING MARGIN
         3.6850
                                          3.6850                             CONSV. FUND
15.00                                                                        OIL FUND (1)
                                                                             M. TAX B./LITRE
                                                                             TAX B./LITRE
                                                                             EX-REFIN. (AVG)
10.00

        14.9838   15.6216                                        15.2188
                                         14.5362

 5.00




 0.00
         ULG 95   GASOHOL95               ULG 91                 GASOHOL91
     Ethanol Program in Thailand
• Revival of National Ethanol Program since 1999-2000.
  Government Policy in Sept. 2000
• Inspiration from development initiatives by HM King
  Bhumipol since 1970s and pilot plant since1985
• Valuable experiences in technical/economic areas
  from Trindade’s study and later from ISAF XIII in 2000
  in Stockholm, hosted ISAFXIV in Phuket Thailand in
  2002.
• International Member of Governor Ethanol Coalitions
• 1st Country in Asia to announce National Policy for
  both Bioethanol(19.09.2000) and Biodiesel
  (10.07.2001)
Target 2012
• E10 : 10% of Ethanol in Gasoline
• B10 : 10% of Biodiesel in Diesel
• NGV : 20% of Transport Fuels
         Source : N.Nattasomboon, Ethanol and Biofuels Asia 2006



Production Capacity




             Projected Demand for Domestic Use
    Ethanol Production Capacity
Sugar cane and Molasses          Cassava
• 4 Existing Plants : 475 KL/d   • 2 Existing Plants : 280 KL/d
• 18 Projects : 2.42 ML/d to     • 29 Projects : 8.3 ML/d to come
  come on line by 2008             on line by 2008




Total Existing Production Capacity : 755 KL/d
Projected Production Capacity in 2008 : 11.6 ML/d
World number 3rd after Brazil and USA ?
Opportunity for Improvement

Current Ethanol Yield: 3,687 L./Ha !


                                                ~32
     20.28
                                            tons/hectare
  tons/hectare
                                               Year 2007…

                   Productivity (tons/hectare, 2004)
                   World          11.0
                 Thailand                20.28
    Year 2004
                        Source : K.Srirod, 4th FEALAC, Bangkok 2006
Source : www.doa.go.th
Thai-yuan Ethanol, cassava plant 130,000L/d, Konkaen Thailand
Thai Agro Energy Co. Ltd.150,000 L/d
Molasses Ethanol, Supanburi, Thailand
HRH Princess Sirindhorn : Openning Biodiesel plant,Chitralada Palace 7.05.2004
                    Diesel and Biodiesel B5 Price Structure at 18/2/07
                                   Total incentives to refiners = 1.13 B/L of B5
            25.00                  Retail Price Diff = 0.5 B/L, Blending credit =22.26 B/L.
                          1.5269
                                                           1.4942
                          1.6802
                                                           1.8655
            20.00
                          1.5000                           0.5500
                                                                        VAT
                          2.3050                           2.1898
                                                                        MARKETING MARGIN
            15.00                                                       CONSV. FUND
Baht/L t.




                                                                        OIL FUND (1)
                                                                        M. TAX
            10.00                                                       TAX
                        16.0274                          16.4550        EX-REFIN.

             5.00



             0.00
                    H-DIESEL(0.035%S)                  Biodiesel (B5)
3 Plants with production capacity 600,000 L/d
400 stations selling B5 by PTT/BCP
BCP Unit, 50,000 L/d
79 communtiy biodiesel units
Palm production (Fresh Fruit Bunch)
 Million tons/year

     5.5



     5.0



     4.5



     4.0

                                                            2006 CPO Production
     3.5                                                    Malaysia : 15.4 M.Tons
                                                            Indoneisa : 15 M.Tons
     3.0                                                    Thailand : 1.2 M.Tons
                                                            Nigeria   : 0.8 M.Tons
     2.5                                                    World Total : 35.5 M.Tons

     2.0

                                                                                 year
           1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005
        Climate and Soil for Palm Oil
2 Yrs Old, Pathumthani, NE of Bangkok, (Surat 1)




        5 Yrs Old Palm in Krabi (Golden Tenera)
Community-Based Biodiesel Production
       To disseminate the Royal Initiatives on
Sufficiency economy Practice and Bioenergy Project




       Project Site (Rangsit Canal #13,Saraburee)
                   Project Activities



                                                            Pilot Plant : MTEC/ TISTR
 Plantation : KU
                         Oil extraction : MTEC                      200 L/ Batch

          SVO for Agriculture                                                     BDF for
               machine                                                         diesel engine
          MTEC/ SKI / DOAE                                                        : MTEC
                                      Cake :solid pellet
                                      to gasifier


                        Engine Performance /
                              Environment ,
                       Materials compatability,
                                                           Value added for by-product (Glycerol )
LCA :NSTDA          Tribology & Wear& Corrosion
                                                                      : MTEC/RCP
27th Month

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:11/6/2012
language:English
pages:26