Philosophical Foundations of Education by LpQT6w

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									      Philosophical Foundations
            of Education



EDUC 501
    Philosophy is:

        A search for meaning and truth
        the general beliefs and attitudes of an
           individual or group
        the body of principles underlying a branch
           of learning or major discipline


EDUC 501
    Original Definition
     “Love of Wisdom”
     Definition was developed by Socrates




EDUC 501
    Of What Value is the
    Study of Philosophy
     Provide clarification for what is or has been
      done by others
     Provides a framework for life and our
      action
     Can be useful in solving educational
      problems
     A good mental activity
EDUC 501
    Three Major Areas of Philosophy
     Metaphysics - the nature of reality
     Axiology - the nature of values
     Epistemology - the nature of knowledge




EDUC 501
    Metaphysics
     Concerned with theories of the nature of
           reality.
             Why does the earth exist?
             How did it come into being?
             Is mankind free?
             Is there a God?
             What is real?


EDUC 501
    Metaphysics
     Common terms used in metaphysics are:
        theology
        creationism
        evolution
        spirit
        free will
        atheism
     Metaphysics is the area many people think
      of when they hear the term philosophy.
EDUC 501
    Axiology
     concerned with theories of value
     Two major divisions of axiology
            ethics
                What is right and wrong?
                What is evil and good?
            aesthetics
                What is beautiful and ugly?
     Some common terms used that relate to axiology
           are pessimism, optimism, hedonism, egoism, and
           altruism.
EDUC 501
    Epistemology
     Concerned with theories of
      the nature of knowledge
     Epistemological questions:
        How do people learn?
        What knowledge is of utmost value?
        What are the different types of knowledge?



EDUC 501
    Philosophical
    Schools of Thought
     Idealism
     Realism
     Pragmatism
     Existentialism
     Reconstructionism



EDUC 501
    Socrates
     Regarded as the father of philosophy
     Believed we learned through questioning
      (the Socratic method)
     Wrote nothing, what we know of his views
      were written by his followers,
      most notably Plato



EDUC 501

								
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