ANITA MANHICA

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					ANITA
MANHICA
Meghan Durniam, Ashley Austin Keeney, and Ann Reid

Professor Dennis Bozyk and Professor Ernest Nolan

ENG/HIS 4210 HB: Time and Literature/Global AIDS

June 9, 2008
28 Stories of AIDS in Africa
   By: Stephanie Nolan
  Anita’s Story
 Married  husband Azarias
  Mateusse, gold miner
 Late teens
 Azarias, would return home
  every year or two
   1985, two small
    children
   Wife number two,
    Alba, 12
   1993, wife number
    three, Garcinda,
    23
   1999, Azarias, ill
   Sex with no
    discussion
   Accused Anita
   In 2000, Azarias,
    dead at 42
 Anita moves
  back home
 2004, becomes ill
 Interview
 Few weeks to live
    In the end. . .
 Unable to protect herself
 Increase of risk
 Could not refuse
 Death shortly after interview
      Experience
   28, one for each
    million infected
    with HIV/AIDS
   Author’s
    explanations
   Group’s
    explanations
   Why Anita’s Experience is
         Important
 Urgency             Choices
 Face on the         Reflection
  disease             Strength
 Personal
 Not just a story
 Cultural and
  social practices
    How the government had failed Anita

 Leadership           Medication
 Corruption           United States
 Lack of resources
 Poverty
 Education
              Impact
 AIDS affects every aspect of life
 Consuming
 Unchanging
 Death
    Understanding
   Girls and women, 15-24, 2.5 times
    more likely to be infected with
    HIV/AIDS than males of the same age
Global Campaign for Microbicides

Coalitionof organizations
HIV prevention methods
Controlled by women
         Vaccine
 Prevent
 Not protect
    Prevention
 Condom use enforced
 Common thought, no need in a
  martial relationship
  Microbicides
 1990’s
 Chemical  for women
 Used hours or days before
 Kills HIV
Why not made yet?
   Money
   Development
   Mass produce drug
   Affordability
        Government Involvement
   International Partnership for      Develop drugs and potential
    Microbicides                        microbicides
   Money from government              Low cost
   Charitable foundations             Large quantity
   Money from pharmaceutical          High-risk areas
    companies
   Pharmaceutical research and
    licensing
    Bill Gates
 2006
 International
  AIDS
  Conference
 Millions for
  research
 Microbicides
     What Now?
   Candidates
   Target HIV
   Interrupt life cycle
   Virus and cells
   Attachment
   Vaginal ring
   Unknown to partner
    Until Then. . .
   Drug development/many years
   Testing is 2-3 years
   Clinical trial testing
   Safe and effective prevention
    for women
Readings
   Quote by Zeda Rosenberg
“Maybe we put it on the
  back of Coke trucks
  with a health-care
  provider to go with
  them.”
            Reference
Nolen, S. (2007). 28 stories of AIDS in Africa. New York: Walker Publishing Company, INC.

				
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