Walk Like an Egyptian:
Randolph IB Middle School
Agenda: Thursday, September 27th,
OBJ: Students will examine the history and culture
of Ancient Egypt and create a social structure
pyramid that successfully outlines the influence of
status in the Egyptian society.
1. Warm Up
2. Notes- Ancient Egypt
3. Social Hierarchy Pyramid
HW: Review notes on Ms. Hunt’s wiki
Location, Location, Location
Egypt- located in Africa’s
Border by the Mediterranean
Egypt- 3 times the size of New
Deserts in the west and east
Geography kept Egypt
The Nile River
Longest river in the world.
Flows south to north
Each year, the river floods depositing rich black soil
Egypt’s population lives near Nile’s river valley and delta
Cataracts (waterfalls) along the Nile, make it hard to
Think, Pair, Share
Why would the river be considered
Ancient Egypt’s Lifeline? What purpose
does the river serve for the people?
How did the Nile flooding help
farmer’s in ancient Egypt?
How did ancient Egyptians use the
Nile’s water for farming?
Uniting Upper and Lower Egypt
4000 BC- farming villages near the Nile
King Menes of Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and
united the two kingdoms- 3100 BC
Founded the first Egyptian dynasty- series of rulers from one
Rulers title- Pharaohs
Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms
Old Kingdom Middle Kingdom New Kingdom
Strong Central •Egypt conquered •Egypt became the
Government Nubia strongest power in
Construction of •Nubia provided Egypt the world.
pyramids with slaves, soldiers, •Queen Hatshepsut-
and gold. only female pharaoh
•Pharaohs tombs •Ramses II, 66 year
created in desert. reign- Golden Age
After the death of Ramses II, Egypt declined (around 1213 BC).
Fell to foreign invaders, including the Kush
332 BC- Alexander the Great of Macedonia conquered Egypt.
Ptolemy, one of Alexander’s generals, became king of Egypt
Began 300 year lasting dynasty
Final Fail- Marc Anthony and Cleopatra
-Try to take over Egypt, lose and becomes
With your neighbor… List the
civilizations that interacted with ancient
Which do you think had the most
Pharaohs were earthly versions of gods.
Believed afterlife was like life on earth
Preserved body for the next life
Tombs were packed with items for the afterlife
Picture writing – hieroglyphics
Papyrus – paperlike scrolls
Medicine – pulse rate and setting broken bones
Geometry – set land borders and design buildings
The social classes of the ancient Egyptians forms a
2nd- Upper class/ Priests/ Nobles
3rd- Skilled workers and the educated
Government officials, scribes, craftsmen, and
Bottom- Slaves and laborers
Think About It
Which social groups made up the “middle class” in ancient
How did ancient Egyptians contribute to language?
How did the belief in an earthly kind of afterlife affect the
way Egyptians dealt with deaths and burials?
What does the level of priests in social hierarchy tell you
about the role of religion in ancient Egypt?
Why do you think farmers were placed above the slaves and
Create a “Social Hierarchy Pyramid” by creatively illustrating
a pyramid with each of the Egyptian social roles and classes.
Make sure that your pyramid illustrates each of the jobs and
shows the hierarchy of the classes. Remember that the
placement of each class should be based on how populated it
is thus creating a pyramid shape.