Ancient Egypt Notes/Foldable

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					                           Ancient Egypt Notes/Foldable

Nile River
    Sand covers most of Egypt
    Yearly floods deposit silt in the river valley
    Egyptians built canals to carry water to dry areas
    Became expert boat builders
    Trade was very profitable
    Mud became pottery & bricks
    Today, the Aswan High Dam provides irrigation to Egypt
    Papyrus-plant/weed that grows around the Nile
           o Made into a paper-like material
           o Today, papyrus is used to help make boats


The Great Builders
    Egyptians built pyramids, temples, and monuments
    Pyramid: Four triangular sides with a rectangular base
    Built for Kings, or pharaohs
    Place for the afterlife
    Built using large blocks of stone
    Tops of pyramids contained gold
    Workers used hieroglyphics to make a supply list
    Difficult & dangerous work
    Threatened today by pollution & other environmental factors

The Pharaohs
    Anubis-funeral god
    Osiris-god of the underworld
    Re-sun god
    Horus-sky god
    Pharaoh-commander in chief and also a religious leader
    Temples were built to honor gods and pharaohs
    Average Egyptians were not buried in pyramids
    Mummification-process of preparing the dead for the afterlife
    Treated bodies using preservatives

*Underlined words are also KIM terms

				
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