Mother Teresa by xiaoyounan


									                                         MOTHER TERESA

            (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, was a Catholic
Mother Teresa
nun of Albanian ethnicity and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in
Calcutta, India in 1950. For over 45 years she ministered in her own way to the poor, sick,
orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity's expansion, first throughout
India and then in other countries. Following her death she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and
given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.

In the 1970s, she became well-known internationally for her controversial work considered
humanitarian and apparent advocacy for the rights of the poor and helpless. Malcolm
Muggeridge documented this favorably and wrote a book Something Beautiful for God,
Christopher Hitchens claims Muggeridge was “credulous” and even mistook an innovative
photographic film for a divine miracle. Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity continued to
grow during her life-time, and at the time of her death, they had 610 missions in 123 countries,
including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup
kitchens, children's and family counseling programs, orphanages, and schools. Governments,
charity organizations and prominent individuals have been inspired by her work. She received
numerous awards, including a number from the Indian Government, one of which was the Bharat
Ratna (1980), as well as international awards, such as the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Mother Teresa has not been without criticism, however, including prominent atheist Christopher
Hitchens who believes her reputation is misguided and due to people failing to examine what she
actually did. Other critics are cultural critic Michael Parenti, Indian-English physician Aroup
Chatterjee and the World Hindu Council (Vishva Hindu Parishad). They accuse her of
proselytizing, failing to provide accounts which Hitchins could have audited and which would
have allowed donors to investigate how their money was used, allowing her hospice to be
primitive and run down despite obtaining vast sums of donated money which could be used to
build, for example a new teaching hospital in Calcutta. Mother Teresa is further accused of
strongly opposing contraception and abortion, believing in poverty's spiritual goodness and
alleged "secret baptisms of the dying" though the baptism may not have valid according to
Roman Catholic teachings.[12] In 2010 on the 100th anniversary of her birth, she was honored
around the world, and her work praised by Indian President Pratibha Patil though some people
are unsure if she did more good or more harm.[14]

Mother Teresa inspired a variety of commemorations. She has been memorialized through
museums, been named patroness of various churches, and had various structures and roads
named after her, including Albania's international airport. In 2009 the Mother Teresa Memorial
House was opened in her hometown Skopje, in the Republic of Macedonia.

Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, has been established in 1984 as a
public university by government of Tamil Nadu, India. Mother Theresa Post Graduate and
Research Institute of Health Sciences, Pondicherry has been established in 1999 by Government
of Pondicherry, India. Various tributes have been published in Indian newspapers and magazines
authored by her biographer, Navin Chawla.

Indian Railways will introduce a new train, "Mother Express", named after Mother Teresa, on 26
August 2010 to mark her birth centenary. Tamil Nadu State government organized centenary
celebrations of Mother Teresa on 4 December 2010 in Chennai, headed by Tamil Nadu chief
minister. Mother Teresa of Calcutta - Albanian-bore Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
She was given the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979. The latter died on September 5, 1997.

                                                                          TEELUCK JAYMALA F4M.


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