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Chapter 1 Vocabulary - PowerPoint by 1MwuM7d

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									Chapter 1 Vocabulary
   Understanding Yourself
                Heredity
 The sum of all traits passed on through
 genes from parents to children.
             Environment
 Made up of everything that surrounds you.
          Cultural heritage
 Made up of learned behaviors, beliefs, and
 languages that are passed from
 generation to generation.
             Ethnic group
 A group of people who share common
 racial and/or cultural characteristics such
 as national origin, language, religion, and
 traditions.
               Personality
 The total of all the behavioral qualities and
  traits that make up an individual; the way
  you feel, the way you think, the way you
  speak, the way you dress, and the way
  you relate to others.
               Character
 Inner traits such as conscience, moral
 strength, and social attitudes; the inner
 you – that force that guides your conduct
 and behavior toward acceptable standards
 of right and wrong.
               Empathy
 Caring people understand how others feel
 even when their own personal feelings
 may differ.
                 Fairness
 The ability to be honest and impartial – to
 act in an objective, unbiased way.
                Respect
 To hold in high regard. Acting with
 consideration and even admiration toward
 people, laws, and property describes a
 respectful person.
           Trustworthiness
 You can be relied upon; important in
 building strong relationships; relied on to
 keep promises; trusted to do their jobs to
 the best of their ability.
            Responsibility
 Being accountable for your actions and
 obligations; you accept the consequences
 for what you do, good or bad.
                Citizenship
 (as a character trait) refers to the quality of
  a person’s response to membership in a
  community; usually conferred upon you at
  birth; loyalty to country and community is
  expected of its citizens; if services or
  facilities are not as you would like, you
  have a duty to make them better.
              Self-concept
 Your view of yourself; largely influenced by
 people around you and the way you
 interpreted their behaviors toward you.
     Improving your self-concept
 Be realistic about your expectations of
    yourself
   Develop your talents and abilities
   Look for positive relationships with others
   Spend time doing activities you enjoy
   Spend time doing for others
   Develop a sense of humor
              Self-esteem
 The sense of worth you attach to yourself
 – it’s a word used to describe a positive
 self-concept; a personal statement you
 make to yourself and your
 accomplishments.
Thumbprint Activity
(due end of class)
               Maturity
 Growth and development can be
 summarized in one word during the teen
 years – change; the change that occurs
 between childhood and adulthood.
       Developmental tasks
 Challenges to meet your personal needs
 and handle new expectations placed on
 you by society; tasks or skills society has
 come to expect of people at various ages.
                   Needs
 Basic items that are required for living.
        Robert Havighurst
 A human development researcher
 Theory: Developmental Tasks
 All humans have development tasks that
 they must master. Each task mastered
 results in a sense of personal achievement
 and the desire to learn a new task.
   Developmental Tasks for
           Teens
1. Accept your physique and use your body
   effectively.
2. Establish emotional independence from
   your parents and other adults.
3. Achieve new and more mature relations
   with age mates.
4. Adopt socially approved
   masculine/feminine adult roles.
5. Select and prepare for an occupation

6. Develop a personal attitude toward
  marriage and family living

7. Adopt personal behavior standards.

8. Accept and adopt socially responsible
  behavior.
          Abraham Maslow
 Another human development researcher
  with a different theory.
 Pyramid shaped icon to explain that the
  most basic needs are the base of human
  development. As those needs are met, a
  person can progress to the next level of
  development.
 People can move up and down the
  pyramid.
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            Self-actualization
 The need to develop to your full potential.
   Know what is important to you
   Have set goals for yourself and have reached many
    of them
   May strive for goals outside of yourself, such as a
    quest for beauty, truth, or justice
   Seeks self-fulfillment by expressing your true selves
   Accepting of your own weaknesses and those of
    others
   Are in tune with reality
 The top of the pyramid! All of your needs
are met. You are able to independently
operate as an adult in society. Also you are
able to “give back” to society.
                  Wants
 Items people desire, but don’t need to
 survive.
             Personal priorities
 The beliefs, feelings, and experiences you
  consider to be important and desirable
     Honesty
     Friendship
     Freedom
     Happiness
     Popularity
     Health
     Education
     Beauty or
     Status
                  Goals
 The aims people consciously try to reach;
 attaining something you wanted and
 considered important.
          Short-term goals
 You can reach these goals in an hour, a
 day, or even a week.
          Long-term goals
 You may need several months or even
 several year to reach these goals.
            Visionary goals
 Goals that you don’t really expect to
 achieve and though you know you
 probably won’t reach these goals, they are
 worthwhile; they can inspire you to do
 more than you thought you were capable
 of doing; they can also add some
 interesting experiences to your life.
   Steps in setting and achieving
   goals
 Make a list of what you want out of life
 Consider your personal priorities-what’s
  most important
 List ways you could achieve your goals
 Make some definite plans
 Establish deadlines and rewards;
  deadlines, or time goals, help you direct
  your efforts.
                Standards
 Accepted levels of achievement
   Appearance
   How well you do certain skills
   Quality of your possessions
                Quality of life
 A phrase use to describe many factors
 that work together to foster personal well-
 being.
     Good health
     Environmental factors
     Emotional closeness
     Social ties
     Education opportunities
     Satisfying work
            Management
 Wisely using means to achieve goals.
                Decisions
 A conscious or unconscious response to a
 problem or an issue.
   Impulsive decisions
   Habits
   Emulation (do what other people around you
    are doing)
   Creativity
   Default (the act of not making a decision)
      Decision-making process
1.   Define the problem or the decision to be made.
2.   Establish your goals
3.   Prioritize your goals
4.   Look for resources
5.   Identify alternatives
6.   Make a decision
7.   Carry out the decision
8.   Evaluate the results of your decision
     Chronological Growth
 Everyone ages, we all have birthdays.

               Questions
1. What was your favorite age?
2. Why?
            Physical Growth
 We all grow physically until we reach our
     mature adult body.
    Girls (9 y.o.) mature faster than boys (11
     y.o.)
                  Questions
1.   How does the different rate of maturity
     affect teens?
2.   Can your growth be influenced?
3.   How do hormones affect growth?
        Emotional Growth
 Maturing is emotional growth.
 During adolescence you will experience
  mood swings. This is due to hormones.
 “No man is an island!”
 Think of the Tom Hanks movie
  “Castaway!” He developed a relationship
  with a volleyball he named Wilson!
 The way people express their feelings.
                 Questions
1. I like to be with my friends when it
       comes to . . ?
2.   I like to be different from my friends when
     it comes to . . .?
3.   I like it when my friends . . . ?
4.   Teens worry about . . . ?
5.   Growing up is hard because. . . ?
6.   Teens are sensitive about . . . ?
        Intellectual Growth
 People continue to learn and grow
  intellectually all throughout their life.
 People develop the ability to reason and
  think complex thoughts.
 A stimulating environment promotes
  intellectual growth.
           Social Growth
 As you mature you also grow socially.
 People learn to take turns and share with
  others.
 Allows people to have good times with
  other people and to enjoy life.




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