CULTURAL LEARNING: NON-VERBALS AND MEANING by 0PNlQ1

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 3

									    CULTURAL LEARNING: NON-VERBALS AND
                 MEANING
                                      Lecture 4a
                Deep Cultural Learning: Review
•   THE SOCIAL ORDER

•   VALUES - DEEPLY HELF BELIEFS ABOUT WHAT’S RIGHT, TRUE, PROPER
•   NORMS - RULES FOR BEHAVIOR IN SITUATIONS - REFLECT LARGER VALUES
•   INCLUDING
     • 1. VALUE CENTERED - WHAT’S RIGHT/WRONG -MORES
     • 2. BEHAVIOR CENTERED - WHAT’S NORMAL
•   FOR EXAMPLE “WHAT’S A NORMAL PROPER CONVERSATION
     • APPROPRIATE QUANTITY
     • RELEVANCE
     • APPROPRIATE MANNER




                Deep Cultural Learning: Review
•   Symbolic expression
     • Means of communication (including language)
•   Every society has a lexicon or list of agreed-upon names for objects,
    id e a s
     • Sound Symbols- arbitrarily attached meanings
•   Denotation
     • The basic, shared meanings or primary meaning of words

•   Connotation
     • Person or group-specific meanings for words. Emotional, subjective, secondary meanings




      Denotation, Connotation and Stereotypes
•   People seem to need to talk about others in terms of their gender identities and
    racial origins so he provides a vocabulary of inoffensive labels.
•   To reduce psychological noise
        • So people will listen
        • Meanings are in people
•   If we use words at a high level of generality which our group accepts but that can
    irritate or even emotionally inflame another group of people….
•   Conflict not shared meaning
•   That’s only half of our deep cultural learning


        CULTURE LEARNING: NON-VERBAL
                              BEHAVIOR
                                   Graphic


             NON-VERBALS AND MEANING
                                    Video


             NON-VERBALS AND MEANING
                                    Video




             NON-VERBALS AS MESSAGES
•   MOST OF MEANING IN FACE-TO-FACE TALK IS IN THE WAY WE
    TALK NOT THE WORDS
•            BETWEEN 65 - 93% OF MEANING


•   NON-VERBALS ALTER VERBAL MESSAGES
•         REPLACE (SUBSTITUTE) - EMBLEMS
•         REINFORCE (ACCENT)   - ILLUSTRATORS
•         COMPLEMENT
•         CONTRADICT
•         REGULATE


•   NON-VERBALS COMMUNICATE EMOTIONS



          NON-VERBALS IN INTERACTION
•   IT’S NOT ABOUT WHAT WE SAY BUT HOW WE
    SAY WHAT WE SAY -CONVERSATIONAL STYLE!
•   BODY RELATED
•   VOICE
•   FACE



           BODY RELATED NON-VERBALS
•   CLOTHING STYLE     Video Example
    • ADORNMENT
•   POSTURE
•   WALK
•   GENDER
•   SPATIAL DISTANCE




                  PERSONAL SPACE
•   INTIMATE - skin contact to 0.5 m
•   PERSONAL - 0.5 m - 1.3 m
•   SOCIAL-1.3m - 3.3 m
•   PUBLIC - 3.3m TO LIMITS OF HEARING/VISION

								
To top