Management responsibilities in addition to teaching duties Outstanding performance in teaching

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					Table D1.1a
Teachers' salaries in primary education (1999)
Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs
                                    Salary after 15                                   Ratio of salary   Ratio of salary
                                                      Salary at top      Ratio of                                         Ratio of salary                                  Salary after 15
                  Starting salary       years'                                        after 15 years'   after 15 years'                    Years from       Percentage
                                                        of scale      starting salary                                     after 15 years'                                       years'
                    /minimum         experience                                       experience to     experience to                     starting to top    additional
                                                       /minimum        to GDP per                                         experience to                                    experience per
                     training         /minimum                                           GDP per           GDP per                            salary          bonus1
                                                        training          capita                                          starting salary                                   teaching hour
                                       training                                           capita        capita (1994)
OECD countries
Australia                25661              36971           37502              1.04            1.50                 m              1.44                9               8               44
Austria*                 21804              26389           44159              0.88            1.06              1.16              1.21               34               m               39
Belgium (Fl.)*           22901              30801           36594              0.93            1.25              1.28              1.34               27               n               37
Belgium (Fr.)*           22043              29878           35685              0.90            1.22              1.28              1.36               27               n               35
Czech Republic*           6806               9032           12103              0.52            0.69                 m              1.33               32              20               12
Denmark*                 28140              32684           32684              1.07            1.24              1.40              1.16                8              m                51
England*                 19999              33540           33540              0.89            1.50                 m              1.68                9              m                 m
Finland*                 18110              24799           25615              0.79            1.08              1.29              1.37               20              16               38
France                   19761              26599           39271              0.88            1.19              1.26              1.35               34              11               30
Germany*                 29697              36046           38996              1.26            1.53              1.65              1.21               28               n               46
Greece                   19327              23619           28027              1.29            1.58              1.27              1.22               33               m               30
Hungary*                  5763               8252           11105              0.50            0.72                 m              1.43               40               4               14
Iceland                  19939              21891           25377              0.75            0.82                 m              1.10               18              m                34
Ireland*                 21940              35561           40141              0.85            1.38              2.11              1.62               23               n               39
Italy*                   19188              23137           28038              0.87            1.04              1.10              1.21               35               m               31
Korea*                   23759              39411           62281              1.51            2.51                 m              1.66               37               6               60
Mexico*                  10465              13294           22345              1.19            1.52                 m              1.27               11               n               17
Netherlands              25896              30881           37381              1.03            1.23              1.38              1.19               25               n               33
Norway*                  22194              25854           27453              0.78            0.91              1.00              1.16               28               3               36
New Zealand              16678              32573           32573              0.91            1.78              1.27              1.95                8              42               33
Portugal*                18751              27465           50061              1.12            1.65              1.97              1.46               26              31               31
Scotland*                19765              32858           32858              0.88            1.47                 m              1.66               11              m                35
Spain*                   24464              28614           37317              1.33            1.56              1.95              1.17               42              29               36
Sweden*                  18581              24364               m              0.81            1.07              1.05              1.31                m              m                 m
Switzerland*             33209              43627           51813              1.20            1.57              1.65              1.31               25               m               49
Turkey*                   9116              10327           11541              1.21            1.37              1.65              1.13               27               m               14
United States            25707              34705           43094              0.76            1.03              1.22              1.35               30              18               36
Country mean             20358              27597           33752              0.97            1.32              1.42              1.36               25              11               34

WEI participants
Argentina                 9,857             13,327          15,647              0.86            1.16                 m              1.35           21-24               8                2
Brazil                    4,818              7,191          10,877              0.74            1.10                 m              1.49              25               n                9
Chile                    14,459             15,868          19,435              1.68            1.84                 m              1.10              30              32               19
Indonesia                 1,624              2,938           5,598              0.62            1.12                 m              1.81              33              33                1
Jordan                    8,096             10,652          27,347              2.18            2.87                 m              1.32              41               n               14
Malaysia                  7,056             11,803          17,001              0.88            1.46                 m              1.67              29               7               15
Peru                      4,752              4,752           4,752              1.05            1.05                 m              1.00      at least 20             10                8
Philippines              12,620             13,715          14,609              3.52            3.83                 m              1.09              22              21               12
Thailand                  5,781             14,208          27,098              1.00            2.47                 m              2.46              37               n               19
Tunisia                  11,706             12,877          13,449              2.04            2.25                 m              1.10              35               n               22
Uruguay                   9,842             11,675          14,724              1.17            1.39                 m              1.19              32              48               20

1. In most countries, the percentage additional bonus is equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
*See Annex 3 for notes.
Source: OECD.
qual to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
Table D1.1b
Teachers' salaries in lower secondary education (1999)
Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in lower secondary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs
                                      Salary after 15                                   Ratio of salary   Ratio of salary
                                                        Salary at top      Ratio of                                         Ratio of salary                                    Salary after 15
                    Starting salary       years'                                        after 15 years'   after 15 years'                    Years from       Percentage
                                                          of scale      starting salary                                     after 15 years'                                         years'
                      /minimum         experience                                       experience to     experience to                     starting to top    additional
                                                         /minimum        to GDP per                                         experience to                                      experience per
                       training         /minimum                                           GDP per           GDP per                            salary          bonus1
                                                          training          capita                                          starting salary                                     teaching hour
                                         training                                           capita        capita (1994)
OECD countries
Australia                  26658              37138           37577              1.08            1.50                 m              1.39                8               7                 47
Austria*                   22421              27503           46735              0.90            1.10              1.26              1.23               34               m                 42
Belgium (Fl.)*             23428              32819           40017              0.95            1.34              1.37              1.40               27               n                 46
Belgium (Fr.)*             22561              31903           39115              0.92            1.30              1.37              1.41               27               n                 44
Czech Republic*             6806               9032           12103              0.52            0.69                 m              1.33               32              18                 13
Denmark*                   28140              32684           32684              1.07            1.24              1.40              1.16                8              m                  51
England*                   19999              33540           33540              0.89            1.50                 m              1.68                9              m                   m
Finland*                   20394              28225           29530              0.89            1.23              1.41              1.38               20              16                 43
France                     21918              28757           41537              0.98            1.28              1.39              1.31               34              11                 45
Germany*                   33196              38596           43945              1.41            1.63              1.80              1.16               28               n                 53
Greece                     19650              23943           28987              1.31            1.60              1.27              1.22               33               m                 38
Hungary*                    5763               8252           11105              0.50            0.72                 m              1.43               40               4                 15
Iceland                    19939              21891           25377              0.75            0.82                 m              1.10               18              m                  34
Ireland*                   23033              35944           40523              0.89            1.39              2.23              1.56               22               n                 49
Italy*                     20822              25397           31062              0.94            1.15              1.19              1.22               35               m                 41
Korea*                     23613              39265           62135              1.50            2.50                 m              1.66               37               5                 77
Mexico*                    13357              15592           27643              1.52            1.78                 m              1.17               11               n                 19
Netherlands                26874              33056           41066              1.07            1.31              1.49              1.23               24               n                 38
Norway*                    22194              25854           27453              0.78            0.91              1.00              1.16               28               3                 41
New Zealand                16678              32573           32573              0.91            1.78              1.32              1.95                8              38                 35
Portugal*                  18751              27465           50061              1.12            1.65              2.44              1.46               26              31                 41
Scotland*                  19765              32858           32858              0.88            1.47                 m              1.66               11              m                  37
Spain*                     26669              31178           40082              1.45            1.70              1.95              1.17               42              39                 56
Sweden*                    18704              24487               m              0.82            1.07              1.15              1.31                m              m                   m
Switzerland*               39162              52247           60615              1.41            1.88              1.98              1.33               23               m                 61
Turkey*                     8144               9355           10568              1.08            1.24              1.36              1.15                m               m                 16
United States              25155              33418           44397              0.74            0.99              1.18              1.33               30              22                 35
Country mean               21252              28629           35511              1.01            1.36              1.50              1.35               25              11                 41

WEI participants2
Argentina                  15,789             22,266          26,759              1.37            1.93                 m              1.41           21-24                7                 3
Brazil                     11,970             11,180          13,954              1.83            1.71                 m              0.93              25                 n               14
Chile                      14,459             15,868          19,435              1.68            1.84                 m              1.10              30              32                 19
Indonesia                   1,624              2,938           5,598              0.62            1.12                 m              1.81              32              33                  2
Jordan                      8,096             10,652          27,347              2.18            2.87                 m              1.32              41                 n               14
Malaysia                   13,575             21,568          29,822              1.68            2.68                 m              1.59              22                7                28
Peru                        4,701              4,701           4,701              1.04            1.04                 m              1.00      at least 20             10                  8
Philippines                12,620             13,715          14,609              3.52            3.83                 m              1.09              22              21                 12
Thailand                    5,781             14,208          27,098              1.00            2.47                 m              2.46              37                 n               22
Tunisia                    15,062             16,467          17,169              2.63            2.87                 m              1.09              30                 n               36
Uruguay                     9,842             11,675          14,724              1.17            1.39                 m              1.19              32               48                21

1. In most countries, the percentage additional bonus is equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
*See Annex 3 for notes.
Source: OECD.
equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
Table D1.1c
Teachers' salaries in upper secondary general education (1999)
Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in upper secondary education, general programmes , in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs
                      Starting      Salary after   Salary at top     Ratio of         Ratio of      Ratio of                                        Salary after
                                                                                                                Years from     Percentage
                       salary        15 years'       of scale        starting       salary after  salary after                                        15 years'
                                                                                                               starting to top additional
                     /minimum       experience      /minimum         salary to       15 years'     15 years'                           1
                                                                                                                                                     experience
                                                                                                                   salary        bonus
                      training       /minimum        training        GDP per       experience to experience to                                      per teaching
OECD countries                        training                        capita         GDP per        starting                                            hour
Australia                 26658           37138           37577             1.08            1.50            1.39              8               7               48
Austria*                  24027           30376           53443             0.96            1.22            1.26             34               m               49
Belgium (Fl.)*            29075           41977           50461             1.18            1.71            1.44             25               n               62
Belgium (Fr.)*            28151           41079           49581             1.15            1.67            1.46             25               n               61
Czech Republic*            8052           10695           14316             0.62            0.82            1.33             32              22               16
Denmark*                  29986           40019           42672             1.14            1.52            1.33              7               m               80
England*                  19999           33540           33540             0.89            1.50            1.68              9               m               m
Finland*                  21047           29530           31325             0.92            1.29            1.40             20              23               47
France                    21918           28757           41537             0.98            1.28            1.31             34              11               49
Germany*                  35546           41745           49445             1.51            1.77            1.17             28               n               61
Greece                    19650           23943           28987             1.31            1.60            1.22             33               m               38
Hungary*                   6908           10355           13217             0.60            0.90            1.50             40               4               19
Iceland                   20775           25795           30954             0.78            0.97            1.24             18               m               56
Ireland*                  23033           35944           40523             0.89            1.39            1.56             22               n               49
Italy*                    20822           26175           32602             0.94            1.18            1.26             35               m               43
Korea*                    23613           39265           62135             1.50            2.50            1.66             37               5               80
Netherlands               27133           46148           54720             1.08            1.83            1.70             24               n               53
Norway*                   22194           25854           27453             0.78            0.91            1.16             28               3               51
New Zealand               16678           32573           32573             0.91            1.78            1.95              8              34               37
Portugal*                 18751           27465           50061             1.12            1.65            1.46             26              31               46
Scotland*                 19765           32858           32858             0.88            1.47            1.66             11               m               36
Spain*                    29058           33988           43100             1.58            1.85            1.17             39              36               62
Sweden*                   20549           26210               m             0.90            1.15            1.28              m               m               m
Switzerland*              46866           62052           70548             1.69            2.23            1.32             23               m               92
Turkey*                    8144            9355           10568             1.08            1.24            1.15             27               m               19
United States             25405           36219           44394             0.75            1.07            1.43             30              27               38
Country mean              22839           31887           39144             1.05            1.46            1.40             25              12               50

WEI participants2
Argentina                 15,789          22,266          26,759            1.37            1.93            1.41           21-24               7               3
Brazil                    12,598          16,103          18,556            1.93            2.47            1.28              25                n             20
Chile                     14,644          16,214          19,597            1.70            1.88            1.11              30             33               19
Indonesia                  1,689           3,537           5,598            0.64            1.35            2.09              32             33                2
Jordan                     8,096          10,652          27,347            2.18            2.87            1.32              41                n             14
Malaysia                  13,575          21,568          29,822            1.68            2.68            1.59              22               7              28
Peru                       4,701           4,701           4,701            1.04            1.04            1.00      at least 20            10                8
Philippines               12,620          13,715          14,609            3.52            3.83            1.09              22             21               12
Thailand                   5,781          14,208          27,098            1.00            2.47            2.46              37                n             22
Tunisia                   18,235          19,770          20,577            3.18            3.45            1.08              30                n             42
Uruguay                   10,305          12,489          15,585            1.22            1.48            1.21              32              47              22

1. In most countries, the percentage additional bonus is equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
*See Annex 3 for notes.
Source: OECD.
equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
Table D1.1d
Teachers' salaries in upper secondary vocational education (1999)
Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in upper secondary education, vocational programmes , in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs
                    Starting      Salary after   Salary at top     Ratio of          Ratio of      Ratio of                                      Salary after
                                                                                                               Years from     Percentage
                     salary        15 years'       of scale        starting        salary after  salary after                                      15 years'
                                                                                                              starting to top additional
                   /minimum       experience      /minimum         salary to        15 years'     15 years'                           1
                                                                                                                                                  experience
                                                                                                                  salary        bonus
                    training       /minimum        training        GDP per        experience to experience to                                    per teaching
OECD countries                      training                        capita          GDP per        starting                                          hour
Austria*                 22893          28343           48708             0.92            1.14            1.24             34               m               46
Czech Republic*           8028          10662           14263             0.61            0.82            1.33             32              21               16
Denmark*                      a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Finland*                 17131          23331           24799             0.75            1.02            1.36             20              12               m
France                   21918          28757           41537             0.98            1.28            1.31             34              11               44
Germany*                 35096          41096           48395             1.49            1.74            1.17             28               n               59
Greece                   19650          23943           28987             1.31            1.60            1.22             33               m               38
Hungary*                  7080          10653           14175             0.62            0.93            1.50             40               4               19
Iceland                  20775          25795           30954             0.78            0.97            1.24             18               m               56
Ireland                       a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Italy*                   20822          26175           32602             0.94            1.18            1.26             35               m               43
Korea*                   23613          39265           62135             1.50            2.50            1.66             37               7               78
Netherlands              27030          41066           48010             1.07            1.63            1.52             23               n               49
Norway*                  22194          25854           27453             0.78            0.91            1.16             28               3               44
New Zealand                   a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Portugal*                18751          27465           50061             1.12            1.65            1.46             26              31               46
Scotland                      a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Spain*                   27958          32419           41929             1.52            1.76            1.16             42              37               59
Sweden*                  21903          25225               m             0.96            1.10            1.15              m               m               m
Switzerland*             43582          54493           66311             1.57            1.96            1.25             23               m               75
Turkey*                  10414          11625           12838             1.39            1.55            1.12             24               m               12
United States            25405          36219           44394             0.75            1.07            1.43             30              27               38
Country mean             21902          28466           37503             1.06            1.38            1.31             30              17               45

WEI participants
Argentina                     a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Brazil                        a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Chile                    14,644         16,214          19,597             1.7             1.9             1.1             30               33              19
Indonesia                 1,689          3,537           5,598             0.6             1.3             2.1             32               33               2
Jordan                    8,096         10,652          27,347             2.2             2.9             1.3             41                n              15
Malaysia                 13,575         21,568          29,822             1.7             2.7             1.6             22                7              27
Peru                          a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Philippines                   a              a               a                a               a               a              a               a                a
Thailand                  5,781         14,208          27,098             1.0             2.5             2.5             37                n              23
Tunisia                  16,545         18,105          18,886             2.9             3.2             1.1             30                n                n
Uruguay                  10,305         12,489          15,585             1.2             1.5             1.2             32               47              22

1. In most countries, the percentage additional bonus is equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
*See Annex 3 for notes.
Source: OECD.
institutions in upper secondary education, vocational programmes , in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs




s equal to the average of the maximum bonus applicable to starting salary and the maximum bonus applicable to salary at the top of the scale.
Table D1.2                                                                                                  Comparison with a primary teacher's salary
                                                                                             (1996)
Comparison of average primary teachers' salaries with those of other public sector employees 0 Between -10 and +10 per cent of a primary teacher's salary
Average compensation of employees for selected occupations in the public sector (primary teacher =100)More than 10 but less than 30 per cent lower than a primary teacher's salary
                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                             -- More than 30 per cent lower than a primary teacher's salary
                                                                                                             + More than 10 but less than 30 per cent higher than a primary teacher's salary
                                                                                                             ++ More than 30 per cent higher than a primary teacher's salary
                                                                                                          Mathematic                                                           Public
                   Draughtsma Pre-primary        Computer                     Social       Executive      s teacher in   Sanitary      Civil     Executive        Head
                                                                 Nurse                                                                                                         health
                        n       teacher          operator                     worker       official I1     secondary     engineer    engineer    official II1    teacher
                                                                                                                                                                              physician
                                                                                                           education
Australia                    ++              -              -           o             o              o             +           ++           ++            ++           ++            ++
Austria                       -              -              -           +             o              o            ++           ++           ++            ++           ++
Canada                        +              o             o           ++            ++             ++                         ++           ++            ++            +            ++
Czech Republic                -              -             --           o            ++              o             +            +           ++             +            +            ++
Denmark                       o              o             o            o             o             ++            ++           ++            +            ++           ++            ++
France                        +              o             +            o             +              o             +           ++           ++            ++           ++            ++
Germany                       -              -              -           -             -              +             +            +            +             +            +             +
Greece                        -              o              -           o             -              -             o                         -             -            +            ++
Hungary                                      -                          -                            o             +                                      ++           ++
Iceland                                      -             +            +              +             o            ++           ++           ++             +           ++            ++
Ireland                        -                           --           +              +             -             o            o           ++             +           ++            ++
Israel                        o              o             o            -              o            ++             +           ++           ++            ++           ++            ++
Italy                         o              o             o            +              +             +             o           ++           ++            ++           ++            ++
Japan                        ++              o              -           o                           ++             o            o           ++            ++           ++             o
Luxembourg                     -             o              -           -              +             o            ++           ++           ++             +           ++            ++
Mexico                        --             -              -           -              -            ++             +                                      ++           ++             o
Netherlands                   o              -              -           -              +             +             +           ++           ++             +           ++            ++
Norway                                       o             o            o                            +             +           ++           ++             +           ++            ++
Poland                                                                  -                                          o                                                                 ++
Portugal                      --             o             o            o            ++              --            o           ++           ++              --          o            ++
Slovak Republic               +              -             o            -             o              +             o           ++           ++              +          ++             +
Spain                          -             o              -           o             -               -            +           ++           ++              +          ++            ++
Sweden                         -             -              -           o             o               -            +            o            o              +          ++            ++
Switzerland                   --             -              -           -             -              o             +            +            +              o          ++            ++
Turkey                         -             o              -           +            ++               -            o            +            +               -         ++             +
United Kingdom                 -             o              -                                         -            +            o            o              o          ++
United States                  -                           --            o             +                           o           ++           ++                                       ++
1. Unlike Executive Official I, Executive Official II does not require a Tertiary-type A qualification and sometimes works to an Executive Official II.
Source: EUROSTAT-OECD Purchasing Power Parities Programme (1996). Occupations are classified according to ISCO-88 (Categories 1 to 3).
Table D1.3
Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public schools (1999)                                                                              Adjustment is given all the time or most of the time
                                                                                                                                              Adjustment is given occasionally
Types of adjustments to base salary awarded to teachers in public schools, by frequency of adjustment awarded to teachers all or most of the time
                     Management          Teaching      Special tasks   Teaching more    Educational      Location        Other        Special       Holding a    Outstanding          Age        Successful       Teaching         Family status     Educational
                    responsibilities   students with                      classes or    qualification   allowances                   activities    higher than performance in   (independent    completion of    courses in a      (e.g. married,   qualification in
                     in addition to       special                        hours than     higher than                                               minimum level   teaching        of years of    professional   particular field     number of         multiple
                    teaching duties     educational                     required by a    minimum                                                    of teacher                     teaching)    development                           children)        subjects
                                          needs                            full-time                                                               certification                                  activities
                                                                           contract
                      P        T        P       T       P       T        P       T       P        T     P       T    P           T   P       T      P      T      P      T       P        T      P       T        P        T         P       T        P        T
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium (Fl.)
Belgium (Fr.)
Czech Republic
Denmark
England
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Scotland
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United States

WEI participants1
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Indonesia
Jordan
Malaysia
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Thailand
Uruguay
Zimbabwe


1. Year of reference 1998 for all WEI countries.
Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for more detailed descriptions of adjustments to base salary.

				
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