english by durga801980


									         Essay for School and College Students on the
                Importance Of English in India
The British had to leave bag and baggage and for good following the long drawn struggle
for freedom. Now, India is a free and sovereign country with Hindi as its national
language. And the importance of English as a second official and a link language

No doubt the British imposed English on India but now it is not a foreign language as are
German, French. Chinese or Russian. It continues to play an important role within the
country and outside in dealings with foreign countries.

For more than 2 centuries English has been in India and Indian writers and authors have
made generous contribution in the development of English language and literature.

Indianwriters in English include such well-known signatures as Sarojini Naidu,
Aurobindo Ghosh, Dom Moraes, Nissim Ezekiel, P. Lai, A.K. Ramanujan, Kamla Das,
R. Parathsarthy, Mulk Raj Anand, R.K. Narayan, Raja Rao, G.V. Desai, Bhabani
Bhattacharya, Manohar Malgonkar, Kamla Markendeya, Anita Desai, Khushwant Singh,
Nayantara Sehgal, Salman Rushdie, Sreenivas Iyengar, Vikram Seth, Sashie Tharoor,
Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Chandra etc.

Among great political leaders Mahatma Gandhi, Pt. Nehru etc. have been prolific writers
in the language. Though the percentage of English speaking people in India is very low,
yet it is most widely used among the educated urban people. It is also the medium of
instruction in the institutions of higher learning and education.

Hindi in Devnagri script is the official language of the Union and it was stipulated in the
Indian on stitution that English shall continue to be used for all official purposes of the
Union till January 25, 1965 but a completeswitch over to Hindi was not found practicable
within the stipulated and English in addition to Hindi continues to be used for all official

However, over 44 crore of people speak Hindi and it is their mother tongue followed by
Bengali and Tamil. The regional languages are the official languages of the States. There
are 18 statutory recognised languages in India. Many people are over-enthusiastic about
removing English and replacing it completely with Hindi and regional languages.

They argue that English is a symbol of slavery and colonialism. But they forget that
English is an international language and Hindi or regional languages just provide
translated material in higher learning and training. Without English it would not be
possible to keep pace with the rapid advancements and researches in science and

The mother tongues are important and so is Hindi and it is desirable that the students are
imported instructions and education in their mother tongues. But it does not mean that
English is no more important or can be completely replaced by Hindi or other Indian

The time is not ripe yet to see that happen. Total abolition of English would leave India
far behind other countries in the fields of medicine, engineering, communication,
business, space technology, agriculture etc. It would be suicidal to remove it completely
from the scene.

Moreover southern States in particular would never tolerate it and there would be a sort
of chaos. Discretion is the better part of valour and it is advisable that English retains its
present position and status for some more time to come. English is a link language and a
means of communication between different educated linguistic and regional groups.

It is a language of learning, higher studies, business, science and technology and
opportunities. Even those who advocate its removal in public send their sons and
daughters to English medium schools.

English is very rich, powerful, varied and widely understood language. It is spoken by the
majority of the educated people all over the world. It can be called a window upon the
world of business, science and culture.

As such, more and more Indians are learning English and there is a flood of shops and
institutions teaching Indians how to speak English. English is still an important
instrument which provides us access to a wealth of knowledge and information of the

It was English which helped Indian renaissance beginning/ from the time of Raja
Rammohan Roy and Rabindranath Tagore. English helped leaders and people come
together inspired by patriotism and national feelings. It gave our great leaders like Bapu,
Nehru, Aurobindo, Dr. Radhakrishnan and many others a tongue and voice to protest
against repression, exploitation and foreign domination.

It is this vehicle which carried their ideas, dreams and cries to the other peoples the
world. Without English it would not be possible to compete; with other nations of the
world in international relations, politics business and technological progress and also at
home in learning, education and training.

English has come to stay for longer time than many people think. It would be premature
and unwise to drive English away at this juncture. Removal of English would cut off
India from other countries and international affairs. If we want to grow and develop, we
will have to keep close contacts with the other nations of the world.

It would be unwise to discontinue the use of English because it was imposed by the
British or we learnt it at the time of the Raj. We cannot lose the expertise, efficiency and
advantage of English gained after many decades of efforts and exercise because we have
inherited it from the British.

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