Junior Solar Car Competitor Package 2012

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					Junior Solar Car Competition

     Team Package
       Hosted by the SciTech Students of

        Port Credit Secondary School
           70 Mineola Road East
              Mississauga, ON
                   L5G 2E5
            Tel: (905) 278 – 3382
        Website: www.pccsonline.com

                                           Page 1 of 14
Table of Contents
Introduction                                 Page 3
Background Information                       Page 4
Pre-Competition Details                      Page 5
List of Registered Teams                     Page 6
Frequently Asked Questions                   Page 7
Rules and Regulations                        Page 9
Judging and Evaluation                      Page 11
Schedule of Events                          Page 12
Guidelines for Parent/Teacher Mentors       Page 13

                                        Page 2 of 14
The SciTech Solar Car Team is a group of dynamic, hardworking students. Our team has participated in
the Queens Solar Vehicle competition, which they won in 2008. Involvement with the Queen’s
University Solar competition taught our students more than they would learn in any course or textbook.
Skills in leadership, teamwork, time management and problem solving are developed that will help
students now and in the years to come as they graduate and pursue careers not only in engineering, but
in any field.

Our goals with the Junior Solar Car Competition are to encourage interest in science and technology in
the future generation of engineering students. Hopefully by participating in the Junior Solar Car
Competition, students can gain some of the same valuable skills that will serve them for the rest of their
lives, regardless of their future education.

The Junior Solar Car Competition is ideal for students who…
    enjoy doing hands-on activities
    are creative and innovative
    have great ideas
    like to invent or design things
    are looking for something meaningful to focus on
    are interested in the environment, technology and science

Students can:
     experience science, engineering, and technology first-hand by applying their knowledge to a real
       design challenge
     learn about solar energy, energy efficiency, renewable resources, electrical circuits and
       engineering design
     get hands-on experience working in a team of people with different talents, abilities and
     work cooperatively toward a common goal.
     become inspired to continue studying math, science and engineering throughout high school
       and university
     be creative and have fun

Teachers/Parents can:
    allow students to apply classroom knowledge in a fun and meaningful way.
    encourage creative problem-solving approaches.
    reinforce critical science and technology concepts through hands-on experiences.
    inspire students to pursue science and engineering through high school and university.
    link this challenge with classroom learning about Environmental Science, Technology and
       Design, and/or General Science.

                                                                                             Page 3 of 14
Background Information
Please refer to the following websites for background information.

Building Mini Solar Vehicles
     Resources from the Pembina Institute: www.re-energy.ca/pdf/cp_solarcar.pdf
     Resources from the Power of One Solar Car Project: www.xof1.com/educationmini.html

Solar Vehicles
     Queen's University Solar Vehicle Team: www.qsvt.ca
     North American and International Solar Vehicle Teams: www.qsvt.ca/links
     World Solar Challenge: www.wsc.org.au
     North American Solar Challenge: www.americansolarchallenge.org

Solar Energy
     Active Solar Technology
           o Solar Energy Society of Canada, Active Solar Energy: www.sesci.ca/active.asp
     Passive Solar Technology
           o Solar Energy Society of Canada, Passive Solar Energy: www.sesci.ca/passive.asp
     Photovoltaic Solar Technology
           o Solar Energy Society of Canada, Photovoltaic Energy: www.sesci.ca/photovoltaic.asp

Renewable Energy
    Canadian Office of Energy Efficiency: http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca
    The Pembina Institute: www.re-energy.ca

                                                                                      Page 4 of 14
Pre-Competition Details
Junior Solar Car Competition competitors,

Date:        Friday, May 25, 2012 8:30AM to 2:30PM

Location:    Port Credit Secondary School
             70 Mineola Road East
             Mississauga, ON
             L5G 2E5

Parking:     Parking for competitors is available in the West parking lot (first school driveway on the
             right on Mineola). Please come to the sign-in table located behind the technology wing.
             Please DO NOT enter by the front entrance to the school.


                                                                                            Page 5 of 14
List of Registered Teams
School Name                      Team Name           Teacher Name
                                 Morning Star 1
Morning Star Middle School       Morning Star 2      Michael Pryce
                                 Morning Star 3

                                 NOT RECEIVED
Hazel McCallion Sr.P.S                               Meghan Pichanick
                                 NOT RECEIVED

                                 NOT RECEIVED        Michel Nassif
Hillcrest Middle School
                                 NOT RECEIVED        Trudy Hart

                                 DLMS Midnight Sun   Stephen Fowler
David Leeder Middle School
                                 NOT RECEIVED        Katherine Tiley

                                 Dolphins Inc.       Ripenjit Hothi
Great Lakes Public School
                                 Awesome Inc.        John Hovius

                                 Bristol Road # 1
Bristol Road Middle School                           Mike Krsul
                                 Bristol Road # 2

                                 HOMELANDS 1
                                                     Mark Peron
Homelands Senior Public School   HOMELANDS 2
                                                     Melissa Dockeray
                                 HOMELANDS 3

                                 Gator 1
Green Glade Sr. P.S                                  Jason LiYing
                                 Gator 2

                                                               Page 6 of 14
Frequently Asked Questions
Please read over the FAQs below before contacting the organizers with questions.

If you have any questions that have not been answered, please contact our teacher coordinator:

Mr. Vizarat Shaikh
Junior Solar Car Competition
Port Credit Secondary School
70 Mineola Road East
Mississauga, ON
L5G 2E5
Tel: (905) 278 - 3382
Fax: (905) 278 – 8936
Website: http://www.pcssonline.com
Email: vizarat.shaikh@peelsb.com

Competition Information
Any documents provided to the competing schools should be treated as living documents, and are
subject to change at any time. While the organizing team will endeavour to notify all participants of any
major changes/updates to these documents, it is in the teams' best interest to check the competition
website often to ensure they are as up-to-date as possible. Please visit www.pcssonline.com to view the
Junior Solar Car Competition page.

FAQs - General
Q: When and where is the Junior Solar Car Competition?
A: The competition will be held at Port Credit Secondary School on Friday, May 25, 2012. The last date
to register for the competition is Monday, Aril 2, 2012. In the event of rain or overcast skies, the
competition will be held indoors with enhanced lighting. We will announce the detailed schedule for the
day's events at a later date on our website.

Q: What is the Junior Solar Car Competition?
A: The Junior Solar Car Competition is an event hosted by students at Port Credit Secondary School
where students in grades six to eight are invited to race solar-powered cars they have built themselves.
Each team receives a kit from the organizers that includes a solar panel and a motor. Using any other
materials, competitors design and build their own vehicle in a series of time trials against the other
competing teams. Various prizes are awarded such as those for placement in the races, knowledge
about solar energy, excellently demonstrated construction skills, etc. The main goal of the competition
is to learn about practical applications for renewable energy and to have fun doing so.

Q: Who can participate in the Junior Solar Car Competition?
A: Students in grades 6, 7, and 8 of the Peel District School board can participate in the competition.

                                                                                             Page 7 of 14
FAQs - Registration
Q: How can I register for the Junior Solar Car Competition?
A: To register for the Junior Solar Car Competition, please complete the registration form included in the
initial interest package or which is available on the website and email the completed form to
vizarat.shaikh@peelsb.com, fax the form to 905-278-8936 or mail it to Port Credit Secondary School.

Q: How much does it cost to participate?
A: Please make a cheque payable to 'Port Credit Secondary School' in the amount of $40.00. Please
write JUNIOR SOLAR CAR COMPETITION in the memo area.

Q: What does this money go towards?
A: The participation fee covers the competition's costs such as the materials provided, lunch for the
competitors on the day of the competition, printing fees for promotional materials, and the cost of

Q: How many teams can register from my school?
A: Currently, a maximum of two teams per school are allowed to register. If there is space available,
schools will be allowed to register more than two teams.

Q: How many students can be on a team?
A: There can be no more than five students per team.

FAQs - Race Day
Q: What should I bring on the day of the races?
A: You should bring:
     Working solar car (Vehicles must be ready for competition - any vehicle not ready to compete at
        their designated time will be disqualified!)
     Sunscreen and a hat
     Lawn chairs to sit on
     Basic toolkit and materials to repair your car on-site
     If a student has any food allergies, they should bring their own lunch.
     Lots of enthusiasm!

Q: What will be provided on the day of competition?
A: The organizers will provide:
     A work table for each team to make repairs to their solar car.
     Common power outlet
     Glue guns
     Pizza and pop. (Any dietary restriction must be reported a week in advance)

                                                                                            Page 8 of 14
Rules and Regulations
The objective of the Junior Solar Car Competition is to design and build a vehicle that will complete a
race in the shortest possible time using the available power. Teams will receive a kit containing a solar
panel and a motor. Using any other materials, competitors will design and build a solar-powered vehicle
that will race on a racecourse in a time trial. The vehicle that travels the complete distance in the
shortest amount of time will place first in the time trials. Other awards, such as for construction of the
vehicle and most demonstrated knowledge of solar power and its applications, are also part of the

Competition Information
Any documents provided to the competing schools should be treated as living documents, and are
subject to change at any time. While the organizing team will endeavour to notify all participants of any
major changes/updates to these documents, it is in the teams' best interest to check the competition
website often to ensure they are as up-to-date as possible. Please visit www.pcssonline.com to view the
Junior Solar Car Competition page.

    The motor and solar panel contained in the kit must be used without modification
    The remainder of the vehicle must be your own design and can be made from any other

Vehicle Specifications
    The vehicle must be safe for contestants and spectators (e.g. no sharp edges, projectiles, etc.)
    The vehicle may be no more than 20cm tall and 30cm wide
    The vehicle must have at least 4 wheels in contact with the race surface at all times
    Sunlight will be the only power source for the vehicle. No batteries or energy storage devices
        are permitted
    Any energy-enhancing devices, like mirrors, must be attached to the vehicle
    The vehicle must be guided by the guidance system using at least two (2) eyelets affixed to the
        bottom of the vehicle
    The vehicle must have a chassis that is three-dimensional. Teams will not be allowed to attach
        the axles and wheels of the vehicle directly to the solar module. The solar module cannot be
        used as the chassis of the vehicle

Competition Criteria
    Each team may only consist of a maximum of five (5) members
    The solar vehicles may only be powered by the solar cells that are provided by Port Credit
      Secondary School
    The solar vehicles may only be electrically powered by the motor provided by Port Credit
      Secondary School
    A registration fee of $40.00 per team is required to enter the competition. The fees are used to
      pay for the material cost of the competition
    The solar cells are not to be tampered with; teams will not be allowed to participate in the
      competition if it is determined that the provided materials have been modified in any way
    As long as the team is not racing at the time, they can make modifications to their solar vehicles

                                                                                            Page 9 of 14
       Any team demonstrating unsportsmanlike behaviour will be disqualified at the discretion of the
       Use of commercially available drive systems or prefabricated kits to build the solar vehicle is
       Teams will be notified ahead of time when their races will take place
       Teams must bring their vehicle and tools that may be needed to work on the vehicle. It would
        also be preferable (but not required) to have a vehicle/team logo.
       Rules are subject to change at any time and will be updated on the website. More information
        will be available as it is developed so please check the website often.

Track Specifications
     The length of the racecourse is at least 20 meters over level terrain.
     A guide wire will be located in the center of the track and will not be more than 1.5 cm above
        the track surface.
     The track will be a hard, smooth, level surface. A large sheet of rolled material (e.g., plastic,
        heavy paper, roll roofing [half-lap],) may be used to cover an uneven surface.

Race Conduct
    At race time, vehicles will be placed behind the starting line with all wheels in contact with the
    The contestants must cover the solar module with an opaque material (e.g., a file folder)
       without touching the module
    At the start of the race, the contestants will remove the opaque covering to allow the solar
       module to generate electricity
    An early or push start may result in disqualification or re-running the race. The race judges will
       determine if a contestant is disqualified or if the race must be rerun
    Team members may not accompany or touch the vehicle while it is racing on the track. Vehicles
       stalled on the track may be retrieved after the end of the race has been declared.
    The race will start when the official signal is given. Once the vehicle has travelled the length of
       the track, the vehicle's time will be recorded
    One member of each team must wait at the finish line to catch the vehicle. One the time has
       been recorded, the vehicle must be removed from the track immediately
    Vehicles and team members must remain at the finish line until the time has been established
    Challenges protesting the outcome of a trial must be made before the race judges begin the
       next heat. All challenges may only come from team members who are actively competing in the
       trial. The decisions of the race judges are final
    Judges have the option to inspect vehicles prior to the final heat or at any time during or after
       the heats are completed.

                                                                                           Page 10 of 14
Judging and Evaluation
Judging Criteria
When constructing the solar vehicle, teams will find it useful to consider a number of criteria upon
which their vehicle will be evaluated, as well as areas which will allow them to produce the best vehicle
possible. Some of these criteria could include the following:

Potential speed                                    Best design in terms of Engineering
Accuracy                                           Most creative design
Acceleration                                       Team spirit & Teamwork
Distance covered                                   Friction
Appearance of vehicle                              Weight

Please note that this is only a guideline to assist teams in selecting areas to improve their vehicles, and
final judging criteria is still subject to change.

Analytical Evaluation
On the day of the competition, teams will be evaluated quantitatively. The total time for each team’s
solar vehicle to make it to the finish of the straight race course will be tallied, and the average time of
the runs will be used in judging. Thus, the best solar vehicle in this respect achieves the quickest time.
An example of this evaluation can be seen below:

                     Team Number                        Time (s)
                     1                                  25.42
                     2                                  23.67
                     3                                  19.03

Additional Judgement of Solar Vehicle
In addition to the quantitative evaluation in the form of race times, each solar vehicle and team will also
be evaluated on a number of other criteria. For example, teams may be asked to demonstrate their
knowledge of their solar vehicle and discuss their design process. Judges may ask questions to test a
team's understanding of solar power and its possible applications. An aesthetically pleasing vehicle may
garner additional points from the judges.

The vehicle's final time will be determined by calculating the average of all the vehicle's time trial runs.
The top three (3) teams will receive awards for First, Second, and Third, respectively. The other awards
will be awarded based on greatest total points earned from at least two (2) judges.

                                                                                              Page 11 of 14
Schedule of Events
The following is a tentative schedule of events for Friday, May 25th, 2012. A finalized schedule will be
emailed to all participants prior to the race date.

9:15    Registration & Vehicle inspection

10:15 Welcome & General announcements

10:20 Judging begins

11:00 Races begin (continue after lunch)

12:30 Lunch break (until 13:00)

13:00 Races continue

14:00 Break to finalize judging scores

14:20 Awards ceremonies

14:30 Team departure

                                                                                            Page 12 of 14
Guidelines for Teacher/Parent Mentors

Here are some guidelines for the teacher/parent mentors. These are meant to help provide some
direction in the organization of your students’ Junior Solar Car team. They are based on comments and
suggestions made by past parent/teacher supervisors.

Your Commitment

Although the parent/teacher mentor is not responsible for building the mini solar vehicle (the students
must do this!), the students will often need some guidance.

       Take the time to read over the RULES & REGULATIONS to familiarize yourself with the
        regulations and the format of the races.
       Take a look at the BACKGROUND INFORMATION links to find more information about solar
        vehicles, solar energy, renewable energy and electrical circuits.
       It is recommended that student teams meet once per week to allow students to report their
        progress and challenges to other members of their team. You, as an advisor, should be present
        at these meetings. (See Organizing Team Meetings below.)

Size of Student Teams

Student teams should consist of a maximum of 5 students from Grades 6, 7 & 8.

Student Leadership

       Students should be allowed (and encouraged!) to become leaders of their team.
       Teachers/parents should act as “project managers” or “mentors", only contributing in an
        advisory role. The students must do the majority of the work for the challenge. This is THEIR
        project and their chance to shine!
       Different students can be responsible for different aspects of the challenge. For example, some
        students can work on the design and construction of the vehicle, some students can work on the
        reports, and some students can work on the display board. All students should still be given the
        chance to get a feel for all aspects of the challenge.
       Students can take charge of:
            o Vehicle design and construction
            o Documenting team progress and writing Progress Reports

Organizing Meetings

       Weekly team meetings will help teams stay updated on their progress.
       Meetings should be held at a regularly-scheduled time and place to make it easy for all members
        to attend.

                                                                                          Page 13 of 14
   Working on the Solar Car doesn’t always happen during meetings. It is often better to touch
    base (to make sure everyone is keeping on schedule) and then break apart (to allow students to
    work on their component of the challenge on their own time). Meetings are a great time to
    bring up any design challenges or problems encountered so that the team can brainstorm
   Some students may need additional guidance, so some work may be necessary in meetings.

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