how to teach writing.ppt by E0sMP6M

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									           Why write?
•   To communicate over distances
•   To communicate across time
•   To participate in society
•   To remember and record
•   To “make thought visible” and express
    your inner self
          How we write
Notes   emails   letters     essays     stories

Signs   advertisements       subtitles articles

Diaries/journals magazines plays recipes

Labels/brands    brochures     maps textbooks
 These
are the
steps in
  the
writing
process.
What are the steps?
Prewriting
             Drafting


     Editing / Revising


Presenting
     #1 Prewriting
 Planning and Thinking

      Getting your
thoughts down on paper.

Free-write, outline, notes
     Discuss, think
      EXAMPLES

• Brainstorming /
  Vocabulary
• Surveying / forms
• Researching / Discussion
 Authors must think about….

• The purpose of their writing
• The audience they are writing
  for
• The content
   (structure / sequence)
     ( genre / register)
     #2 Writing
     First Draft
Putting your ideas and
 thoughts together
Forming sentences and
     paragraphs
     #3 – Editing

Revising and Reflecting

      Rewriting or
rearranging sentences.
   Getting feedback
     Proofreading
  # 4 Presenting

    Final Draft

 Sharing your work

publishing, speaking
The whole process
      Conclusions?
What are the BENEFITS
 AND DRAWBACKS
 of using the Writing
     Process in our
      classrooms?
         DRAWBACKS
• Takes too much time
• Loss of student focus / interest
• Not suited to some personalities
• Students need to be taught it
  (peer editing / planning / stages)
• Restricts spontaneity and range
  of writing activities.
            Benefits
• The creation of a product
• Writing seen as a communicative
  and purposeful activity
• Teaches students to plan and
  research
• Student collaboration is developed.
• Feedback and response given.
      Speaking Vs Writing

• “Writing is a way of talking without
  being interrupted.” -- Jules Renard

• Isn't it surprising how many things, if not
  said immediately, seem not worth saying
  ten minutes from now? ~Arnot L.
  Sheppard, Jr.
          Speaking Vs Writing
        Impermanent                                    Permanent
Immediate (unplanned)                            Delayed (planned)
     Variation / Casual                      Conventional / Stylized
    Low lexical density                         High lexical density
   High Paralinguistics                         Low Paralinguistics
    Communal activity                             Solitary Activity
We have produced a Venn Diagram object. Each part is a separate PowerPoint object,
           Universal so you can colour them as you please
                                                         Learned
   Speaking Vs Writing
Simple sentences     Complex sentences
     Voiced           Thought / Read
   Pronounce              Spell
   Feedback            No feedback
Pause / Intonation     Punctuation
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http://eflclassroom.ning.com

								
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