THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION
But First . . .
Massachusetts 9. 12.
New York 7. 11.
New Jersey 8.
Rhode Island 1.
Life in the Colonies
• In NE and the Middle Colonies, the town
hall was important
• In the South, decisions were made at
the county level because people were so
• Political Change in Europe
• English Bill of Rights (1689) took power
away from the king and gave it to
Parliament (English Congress)
English Trade Laws
• Navigation Acts
• Passed by Britain; prohibited the
colonies from trading with any
country other than England
• Resulted in Triangular Trade
• Trade between England, Africa, and
• Middle Passage of slaves to America
• The Great Awakening
• Spiritual revival in the American colonies
led by George Whitefield and Jonathan
• The Enlightenment in Europe
• People began arguing that logic
and reason could build a better
• Some thinkers began to talk about
natural freedoms and liberties
French and Indian War
• Britain & colonists vs. the
French, Spanish, and Indians
• British & colonists win; Britain
gains French and Spanish lands in
• England runs up very high debt in
doing so. . .
• Don Odom, director of schools, has
run up quite a debt buying new
technology for the Central Office.
• Read Chapter 3, Section 4 that
begins on page 90. Answer the
questions on page 97. 1-4 all
What’s happening in this photo? Give
me a one-sentence answer.
• In order to raise money to pay off the
debt, Mr. Odom has passed the
following rules for all LMS students:
• Lunches will now be $10.00
• Students must pay $1.00 each day to
ride the bus morning and evening
• A fifty cent tax must be paid everyday
for textbook use
• A monthly tax of $25.00 is to be paid for
building and facility use
• Refusing to pay will result in OSS and
possible transfer to Smyrna West; heavy
fines and possible imprisonment in
Juvenile Detention are possible as well.
• Use the next few minutes to
explain your anger at the new
taxes. Do so by jotting down all
the reasons that you think the
taxes are unfair, and provide
what you think what you think
are proper responses to the
• We will discuss them in a
• In your opinion, did Britain do
anything wrong to the colonists,
or did the colonists whine too
• Give me a one-paragraph
answer. A paragraph is 5-7
• Finish any work you owe me.
• Use pages 90-103 to make
• You may quiz one classmate
after you finish the notecards.
Britain Raises Taxes
• To pay for the war debt,
Parliament passes the Sugar
• Sugar, molasses, and rum
• First act specifically designed to
raise money from the colonists
• British officials in the colonies
given more power to stop
• More power given to British courts
in the colonies; no juries, only
The Result. . .
• Colonists are SUPER upset
• “No Taxation Without
battlecry of the colonists
• Colonists like Samuel Adams
begin organizing boycotts of
Britain Raises Taxes -
• Stamp Act (1765)
• Tax on all paper items (legal
documents, licenses, newspapers,
pamphlets, playing cards, etc.)
• First direct attempt at taxing the
colonist to raise money
The Result. . .
• Secret society called the Sons
of Liberty forms led by Samuel
Adams; uses violence to
terrorize tax collectors
• Colonists openly refused to pay
• Parliament is forced to repeal,
or take back, the Stamp Act
• But they aren’t happy about it. . .
More Acts. . .
• Townshend Acts (1767)
• Lead, glass, paint, paper, tea, etc.
• Gave British officials warrants to
intentionally search any ship or
vessel for smuggling
• One very influential colonist is
caught smuggling and this angers
the Sons of Liberty. . .
The Result. . .
• Sons of Liberty attack British
• The king of England sends
troops in to restore order in MA
• The new presence of British
soldiers angers the colonists,
and one night things get a little
heated. . .
MOVIE CLIP TIME!!!
• Watch the short clip
• Take on the mindset of an
investigator watching all this
take place; try to use clues to
figure out who the people are
and what has happened.
• Jot down your thoughts in your
notes. We’ll discuss them later.
The Boston Massacre
• Fighting breaks out on March 5,
1770 between British soldiers
and American colonists
• British soldiers fire into the
crowd, killing five colonists
• Colonists like Sam Adams and
Paul Revere use the story for
• John Adams, Sam’s cousin,
actually defends the troops in
their court case; wins the trial.
Result. . .
• The Sons of Liberty are extremely
upset by the verdict
• Parliament passes the Tea Act to
raise more money
• British East India Company was the only
provider of tea to the colonies
• Sons of Liberty respond by dumping 340
large chests of tea into Boston Harbor
• “The Boston Tea Party”
Result. . .
• The Intolerable Acts (1774)
• Closed down Boston Harbor until
the lost tea was paid for
• Quartering Act forced colonists to
house British troops
• Massachusetts has its charter
cancelled. Comes under direct
control of the king’s representative
• British officials accused of crimes
are to be sent back to England to
• Read pages 98-103.
• Answer questions 1-4 all parts
on page 103