starter activity How much can you remember about Roman law & order? You have 2 minutes to answer 5 questions plus one extension question Quiz How would soldiers be punished if they lost a battle? What were the people who patrolled Roman streets called? What was the punishment for stealing from a temple? How were slaves often punished if they attempted to kill their master? What were Roman laws known as? What were the strengths/weaknesses of Roman law? Quiz How would soldiers be punished if they lost a battle? Decimated What were the people who patrolled Roman streets called? Vigiles What was the punishment for stealing from a temple? Execution How were slaves often punished if they attempted to kill their master? They were crucified What were Roman laws known as? Twelve Tables What were the strengths/weaknesses of Roman law? Key words: wergild hue & cry tithing Who made the laws in Anglo-Saxon England? Learning objectives TBAT explain how AS were compensated, how suspects were caught & tried To compare justice under Romans & AS Your task Work in pairs. Watch the clip from Tony Robinson’s TV series ‘Crime & Punishment’ and answer the questions (including the extension questions if you can) on your sheet. Study this picture showing different types of wergild. You have 2 minutes to recall the Picture of injured information, and then you man will be given a team challenge. What are the problems with this sort of compensation culture? What would you pay for the following: Lost hearing Lost eye Picture of injured Broken teeth man Ear Rib broken Arm broken Lost thumb Belly wound Lost finger Leg broken Lost foot 1 point for each correct label you stick on your team member Your task Write a definition of ‘wergild’. Study Sources A & C on p.12 in Wilkes and note down at least 2 typical punishments for: Theft Violence Murder Would you rather live under the laws of Ethelbert or Alfred? Why? Note the reasons why you think laws were written down by the Anglo-Saxons This building in Bradford –on-Avon is one of the oldest prisons (or ‘Blind houses’) in Britain. Why do you think it is so rare? Your task Study the information in Dawson, p.23 and take notes to answer these questions: What did Anglo-Saxons use instead of police How were suspects tried? What types of courts were there? How similar / different is all this from Roman times? Tithing – all males over 12, group of 10; raise the ‘hue & cry’; take suspect to court Trial by jury – local men; character witness swore an oath –compurgation Types of courts – Hundred (minor crimes, monthly); Shire (more serious, twice yearly); Royal (king in charge, serious, high status crimes) Your task Write a 60 second advert for an Anglo-Saxon compensation firm. Your advert must include references to: 3 different claims How you will catch any criminals involved How they will be put on trial Success criteria Satisfactory Getting better Wow factor Includes a limited Includes most, but not all Includes references to 3 number of key points of the key points or more types of claims Uses occasional key Uses some key terms Includes references to terms from today’s lesson but the hue & cry could include more Some, but not many Includes references to examples are drawn Has some of the features the system of trial by jury from research of a claims advert Confident use of technical vocabulary, e.g. compurgation, wergild Has many of the features of a claims advert Extension task Visit the statue of King Ethelbert in Canterbury – the founder of Anglo-Saxon law. Write factoid on his life, and tell us more about the laws he introduced and the impact of his reign on the justice system of England Plenary Explain the meaning of today’s key words: wergild, hue & cry, tithing How were suspects caught under Anglo-Saxon laws? How were they tried? How similar / different was Anglo-Saxon justice compared with the Romans? Which was more important the Church or the King in improving justice?
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