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									LANGUAGE WORKSHOP
VERB+-ING
VERB+TO- ING

  INMACULADA GÓMEZ BENÍTEZ
OUTLINE
   VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING.
   VERBS FOLLOWED BY TO INF
   VERBS FOLLOWED BY BOTH WITHOUT
    CHANGE IN MEANING
   VERBS FOLLOWED BY BOTH WITH
    CHANGES IN MEANING
VERBS+-ING
   STOP, DELAY, FANCY, CONSIDER,
    ADMIT, MISS, INVOLVE, FINISH,
    POSTPONE, IMAGINE, AVOID, DENY,
    RISK, PRACTISE, SUGGEST, MIND,
    ENJOY
   SOME PHRASAL VERBS SUCH AS: GIVE
    UP, PUT OFF, CARRY ON, …..
VERBS+-ING
   EX: I don´t fancy going to the disco
    with my friend Jules. She is forty but
    she thinks she is twenty
VERB+SBDY+-ING
   Ex: I can´t imagine him riding a bike
   Ex: Sorry to keep you waiting so long
VERB+ HAVING+PAST
PARTICIPLE
   When we talk about finished actions:
   She admitted having stolen the money
Verb+ to- inf
   Offer, decide, agree, hope, deserve,
    threaten…..
   Ex: It was late, so we decided to take a
    taxi home
   More verbs: seem, appear, tend,
    pretend, claim
Verb+continuous inf/perfect
infinitive
   EX: She pretended to be reading when
    I walked in( She pretended she
    pretended she was reading)
   Ex: You seem to have lost weight ( It
    seems that you have lost way)
DARE
   After dare you can use the infinitive
    with or without to
   Ex: I wouldn´t dare to tell him/ i
    wouldn´t dare tell him
Verb +-ing/to-inf ( no change
in meaning)
   Like     love      hate     can´t bear
             enjoy     dislike  mind
                  can´t stand
   Love, hate, can´t bear, can be followed
    by to-inf
   Ex: I love meeting people
   Ex: I love to meet people
LIKE FOLLOWED BY TO-INF/-ING
   LIKE +-ING
   Ex: I LIKE COOKING. IT´S MY
    FAVOURITE HOBBY
   LIKE+TO-INF
   EX: I LIKE TO CLEAN THE KITCHEN AS
    OFTEN AS POSSIBLE ( That does not
    mean you enjoy it)
Other examples
   Would like, would love, would hate,
    would prefer…… are followed by to.
   Ex. I´d love to spend my holidays with
    you
   But would mind has to be followed by
    –ing
   EX: Would you mind closing the door?
Other verbs with no changing
in meaning
   Begin, start, intend, continue, bother.
   Ex: it has started raining or it has
    started to rain
VERB+ -ING OR TO-INF
   REMEMBER:
   I remember doing something= I did it
    and now I remember this
   Ex: I´m absolutely sure I locked the
    door. I clearly remember locking it
                    2         1
VERB+ -ING OR TO-INF
   I remember to do somethin = I
    remembered that I had to do it, and so
    I did it.
   Ex: I remembered to lock the door
              2         1
Verb + ing/to inf.
   The same situation: regret, forget
GO ON
   GO ON+-ING
   CONTINUE DOING THE SAME THING
   Ex: The Minister went on talking for two
    hours
   GO ON+TO INF
   DO OR SAY STH NEW
   Ex: After discussing the economy, the
    minister then went on to talk about foreign
    policy
TRY
   TRY+-ING
   DO SOMETHING AS AN EXPERIMENT
    OR TEST
   Ex: You should try these cakes they are
    delicious
   Ex: The photocopier doesn´t seem to
    be working. Try pressing the green
    button
Try
   TRY +TO.INF
   ATTEMPT TO, MAKE AN EFFORT TO DO
   Ex. I was very tired. I tried to keep my
    eyes open
HELP/CAN´T HELP
   You can say help to do or help do
   Everybody helped to clean up after the
    party
   Can´t help has to be followed by –ing
   She tried to be serious but she couldn´t
    help laughing

								
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