Parts of Speech Notes
NOUNS are words or word groups that name: PRONOUNS
Pronouns take the place of nouns.
The word or phrase replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent.
EXAMPLE: When Sarah was fixing the car, she cut her hand.
(Sarah is a noun. She is a pronoun that refers to the antecedent, Sarah.)
Personal Pronouns refer to people or things
Place EXAMPLES: I, his, her
Person Thing Idea Interrogative Pronouns ask a question (think: police interrogation)
Dr. Phil forest rain loyalty EXAMPLES: which, what
Chuck Norris city pets beauty Indefinite Pronouns refer to nonspecific persons or things
women Italy Eiffel Tower fairness EXAMPLES: all, both, either
team Middle East jewelry respect Demonstrative Pronouns tells or demonstrates which one(s)
EXAMPLES: that, those
Compound Noun: 2 or more words used together as a
Make sure your Pronouns:
single noun (for example: filmmaker, fire drill, self-control) 1. AGREE in NUMBER
EXAMPLE: If Martin parks a car on campus, he has to
buy a parking sticker. (NOT: If Martin parks a car on
Common Noun: any one of a particular group; more campus, they have to buy a parking sticker.)
ordinary and general (for example: country) 2. AGREE in PERSON If you are writing in the "first person" (I), don't
confuse your reader by switching to the "second person" ( you) or
"third person" (he, she, they, it, etc.), or the other way around.
Proper Noun: a particular one; more specific and EXAMPLE: When Laura comes to class, she should have
her homework ready. (NOT: When Laura comes to class,
individual (for example: Spain) you should have your homework ready.)
3. REFER CLEARLY to a specific noun. Here are examples that
would confuse your readers:
EXAMPLE: Although the motorcycle hit the tree, it was
not damaged. (Is "it" the motorcycle or the tree?)
Adjectives are words used to modify (describe or
change) nouns or pronouns.
Adjectives tell us:
What Kind How Many Which One
STONE house SEVEN rings NEXT customer
YELLOW hair MORE money FIRST day
RUSHING river SOME water THESE mangoes
SECRET message SEVERAL others THAT shirt
Articles are a type of adjective: a, an, the
Demonstrative adjectives demonstrate which one (i.e.
THESE and THAT)